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communication has been established between Rotherhithe and Wapping.
The Tunnel is considered one of the most astonishing and marvellous constructions of modern times. It consists of two arches built of brick; carriages as well as foot passengers will pass through it: the passages are well lighted with gas, placed in each of the arches. Its dimensions are as follow: length thirteen hundred feet, width thirty-five feet, height twenty-two feet, width of each arch fourteen feet, thickness between the vault of the Tunnel and the Thames above fifteen feet. Cost £446,000. Toll one penny.
THE STEAM BOAT PIERS Near each of the bridges, and at some of the wharves, on the city side, are spacious piers, for the accommodation of the vast traffic now carried on by the river steamers below bridge. From London Bridge to Chelsea, or any of the intervening piers, passengers are conveyed, for å fare of two-pence. There are also steamers which carry passengers from London Bridge to Westminster Bridge (Surrey side) for one penny; and from Dyer's Hall Wharf, near London Bridge, to the Adelphi Pier, Strand, for one half-penny, These are very convenient and cheap modes of conveyance, and afford a pleasing relief from the crowd and turmoil of the thronged thoroughfares of the Strand and Cheapside.
THE MONUMENT, Fish-street Hill. This noble column, of the fluted Doric order, was erected by Sir Christopher Wren, in commemmoration of the great fire of 1666, which destroyed nearly the whole of the metropolis from the Tower to the Temple Church. On the west side of the pedestal is a bas-relief, by Cibber, emblematical of this fearful event, in which King Charles is seen surrounded by liberty, genius, and science, giving directions for the restoration of the city. The diameter at the base is fifteen feet, and the height of the shaft one hundred and twenty feet; the cone at the top, with its blazing urn of gilt brass, measures forty-two feet; and the height of the pedestal is forty feet. Within the column is a flight of three hundred and forty-five steps of black marble, by which access can be had to the iron balcony, from which a noble prospect of the vast metropolis and the surrounding scenery is obtained. It was commenced in 1671 and completed in 1677, on the spot where formerly stood the parish church of St. Margaret. The inscription on the pedestal, ascribing the conflagration to the treachery and malice of the Papist faction, and which gave rise to the couplet of Pope,
" Where London's column, pointing to the skies,
Like a tall bully lifts his head and lies!" Having been universally considered to be unjust, has been erased. Open daily, Sundays excepted, from eight o'clock till sunset: admission sixpence; explanatory description sixpence.
THE YORK COLUMN, St James' Park. A plain Doric column, surmounted with a colossal bronze statue of the Duke of York, by Sir Richard Westmacott. The pedestal and shaft are of, fine granite. The plinth, or base of the pedestal, is twenty-two feet square, and the pedestal eighteen feet
THE YORK COLUMN. the circumference of the shaft is eleven feet six inches, decreasing to ten feet two inches at the top; the abacus is thirteen feet six inches square. The Duke is represented in a flowing robe, with a sword in his right hand, and in the left one of the insignia of the Order of the Garter. The height of the figure is thirteen feet six inches: the total height of the column, exclusive of the statue, one hundred and twenty-four feet. The interior of the column may be ascended by a winding staircase, of one hundred and sixty-nine steps, lit by narrow loop holes. From the top stair a doorway opens to the exterior of the abacus, which is enclosed with a massive iron railing, from which a most magnificent view of the surrounding scenery may be obtained. Open daily, Sundays excepted, from twelve till three o'clock : admission sixpence. No charge for children under three years of age.
THE NELSON MONUMENT
A monumental pile,
For Nelson of the hundred fights.”—Croker This noble column was erected from the designs of Mr. William Railton, who chose the Corinthian order, as being the most lofty and elegant in its proportions, and as never having been used in England for this purpose. The shaft is placed upon a pedestal, having on its four sides basso-relievo of Nelson's four principal engagements, viz.: St. Vincent, Copenhagen, Nile, and Tra