If he sets industriously and sincerely to per turned away in disgust from words which preform the commands of Christ, he can have no sented no image to their minds. It was before ground of doubting but it shall prove successful Deily embodied in a human form, walking to him.

HAMMOND. among men, partaking of their infirmities, JeanBy ascending, after that the sharpness of death

ing on their bosoms, weeping over their graves,

slumbering in the manger, bleeding on the cross, was overcome, he took the very local possession of glory, and that to the use of all that are his,

that the prejudices of the Synagogue, and the even as himself before had witnessed, I go to

Si doubts of the Academy, and the pride of the

to | Portico, and the fasces of the Lictor, and the prepare a place for you. . HOOKER.

swords of thirty legions, were humbled in the In the beautiful character of the blessed Jesus

| dust. there was not a more striking feature than a LORD MACAULAY: Milton, Aug. 1825. certain sensibility which disposed him to take part in every one's affliction to which he was a

| The Saviour of mankind himself, in whose witness, and to be ready to afford it a miracu

blameless life malice could find no act to im. lous relief. He was apt to be particularly

peach, had been called in question for words touched by instances of domestic distress, in spoken. False witnesses had suppressed a sy which the suffering arises from those feelings of

lable which would have made it clear that those friendship growing out of natural affection and

words were figurative, and had thus furnished habitual endearment, which constitute the per

the Sanhedrim with a pretext under which the section of man as a social creature, and distin

| foulest of all judicial murders had been perpeguish the society of the human kind from the trated.

LORD MACAULAY: * instinctive herdings of the lower animals.

History of England, chap. v. BISHOP HORSLEY.

Across a chasm of eighteen hundred years What man indeed that still retains, I will not Jesus Christ makes a demand which is beyond say the faith of a Christian, but the modesty of all others difficult to satisfy: He asks that for a man of sense, must not feel that there is a l which a philosopher may often seek in vain at literally infinite interval between himself and

the hands of his friends, or a father of his chil. That Majestic One, Who, in the words of Jean

dren, or a bride of her spouse, or a man of his Paul Richter, being the Holiest among the

brother: He asks for the human heart: lle will mighty, and the Mightiest among the holy, has

have it entirely to himself: He demands it unlifted with His pierced Hand empires off their conditionally; and forth with His demand is hinges, has turned the stream of centuries out

granted. Wonderful! In defance of time and of its channel, and still governs the Ages ? space, the soul of man, with all its powers and


faculties, becomes an annexation to the empire

of Christ. All who sincerely believe in Him Christ will bring all to life, and then they

experience that remarkable supernatural love shall be put every one upon his own trial, and

towards Him. This phenomenon is unaccount. receive judgment.


able; it is altogether beyond the scope of man's Logicians may reason about abstractions. But

creative power. Time, the great destroyer, is

powerless to extinguish this sacred flame : time the great mass of men must have images. The strong tendency of the multitude in all ages and

can neither exhaust its strength nor put a limit nations to idolatry can be explained on no other

to its range. This it is which strikes me most. principle. The first inhabitants of Greece, there

I have often thought of it. This it is which is reason to believe, worshipped one invisible

proves to me quite convincingly the Divinity of Deity. But the necessity of having something

Jesus Christ.

NAPOLEON I. : more definite to adore produced, in a few cen

Liddon's Bampton Lectures, 1866. turies, the innumerable crowds of Gods and

Alexander, Cæsar, Charlemagne, and I myGoddesses. In like manner the ancient Per- sels, have founded great empires: but upon what sians thought it impious to exhibit the Creator

do these creations of our genius depend? Upon under a human form. Yet even these trans

force. Jesus, alone, founded His empire upon ferred to the sun the worship which, in specula. | love, and to this very day millions would die tion, they considered due only to the Supreme for Him. I think I understand something Mind. The history of the Jews is the record

of human nature; and I tell you, all these were of a continued struggle between pure Theism, I men, and I am a man: none else is like Him! supported by the mos: terrible sanctions, and

Jesus Christ was more than man. the strangely fascinating desire of having some

NAPOLEON I. : visible and tangible object of adoration. Per

Liddon's Bampton Lectures, 1866. haps none of the secondary causes which Gibbon has assigned for the rapidity with which

The exceeding umbrageousness of this tree Christianity spread over the world, while Juda

he compareth to the dark and shadowed life of ism scarcely ever acquired a proselyte, operated

man; through which the sun of justice being more powerfully than this feeling. Gud, the not able to pierce, we have all remained in the uncreated, the incomprehensible. the invisible. shadow or death till it pleased Christ to climb attracted few worshippers. A philosopher might the tree of the cross for our enlightening and admire so noble a conception; but the crowd | redemption.


I will confess that the majesty of the Scrip- Are we proud and passionate, malicious and tures strikes me with admiration, as the purity revengeful? Is this to be like-ininded with of the gospel has its influence on my heart. Christ, who was meek and lowly? Peruse the works of our philosophers, with all

TILLOTSON. their pomp of diction : how contemptible are

A mediator is considered two ways, by nature they, compared with the Scriptures! Is it pos

or by office, as the fathers distinguish. He is sible that a book at ouce so simple and so sub

a mediator by nature, as partaking of both lime should be merely the work of man? Is it

natures, divine and human; and mediator by possible that the sacred personage whose name

office, as transacting matters between God and it records should be himself a mere man?


WATERLAND. What sweetness, what purity, in his manner! What sublimity in his maxims! What profound Perhaps there was nothing ever done in all wisdom in his discourses! Where is the man, past ages, and which was not a public fact, so where the philosopher, who could so live and well attested as the resurrection of Christ. so die without weakness and without ostenta

DR. I. WATTS. tion? If the life and death of Socrates were those of a sage, the life and death of Jesus were

so those of a God. J. J. ROUSSEAU.

CHRISTIANITY. The vast distance that sin hath put between the offending creature and the offended Creator What can that man fear who takes care to required the help of some great umpire and please a Being that is so able to crush all his intercessor to open him a new way of access to adversaries ? A Being that can divert any misGod; and this Christ did for us as mediator. fortune from befalling him, or turn any such

SOUTH. missortune to his advantage ? The arguments brought by Christ for the con

ADDISON: Guardian. firmation of his doctrine were in themselves

The great received articles of the Christian sufficient.

SOUTH. religion have been so clearly proved, from the That spotless modesty of private and public

authority of that divine revelation in which they life, that generous spirit which all other Chris.

are delivered, that it is impossible for those who tians ought to labour aster, should look in us as

have ears to hear, and eyes to see, not to be if they were natural.


convinced of them. But were it possible for

anything in the Christian faith to be erroneous, But however spirits of a superficial greatness

I can find no ill consequences in adhering to it. may disdain at first sight to do anything, but The great points of the incarnation and sufferfrom a noble impulse in themselves, without any

ings of our Saviour produce naturally such future regards in this or any other being ; upon l habits of virtue in the mind of man, that, I say. stricter inquiry they will find, to act worthily,

| supposing it were possible for us to be mistaken and expect to be rewarıled only in another

in them, the infidei himself must at least allow world, is as heroic a pitch of virtue as human

that no other system of religion could so effecnature can arrive at. If the tenor of our actions

tually contribute to the heightening morality. have any other motive than the desire to be

They give us great ideas of the digniiy of human pleasing in the eye of the Deity, it will neces

nature, and of the love which the Supreme Being sarily follow that we must be more than men,

bears to his creatures, and consequently engage if we are not too much exalted in prosperity

us in the highest acts of duty towards our Cre. and depressed in adversity. But the Christian

ator, our neighbour, and ourselves. world has a Leader, the contemplation of whose life and sufferings must administer comfort in

ADDISON: Spectator, No. 186. aMiction, while the sense of his power and It can never be for the interest of a believer omnipotence must give them humiliation into do me a mischief, because he is sure, upon prosperity.

the balance of accounts, to find himself a loser Sir R. STEELE: Spectator, No. 356. by it.

ADDISON. Christ gave us his spirit to enable us to suffer. The pre-eminence of Christianity to any other injuries, and made that the parts of suffering religious scheme which preceded it, appears evils should be the matter of three or four from this, that the most eminent among the Christian graces,--of patience, of fortitude, of pagan philosophers disclaimed many of those longanimity, and perseverance.

superstitious follies which are condemned by JEREMY TAYLOR. revealed religion.

ADDISON. Our religion sets before us, not the example When religion was woven into the civil gov. of a stupid stoic who had by ob-tinate principles ernment, and Aourished under the protection of hardened himself against all sense of pain be. the emperors, men's thoughts and discourses yond the common measures of humanity, but were full of secular affairs; but in the three an example of a man like ourselves, that had a first centuries of Christianity men who embraced tender sense of the least suffering, and yet this religion had given up all their interests in patiently endured the greatest.

this world, and lived in a perpetual preparation TILLOTSON. I for the next.


It happened, very providentially, to the tribe only, but in the hearts and daily business honour of the Christian religion, that it did not of all civilized nations. Or figure Mahomet in take its rise in the dark illiterate ages of the his youthful years “ travelling to the horse-fairs world, but at a time when arts and sciences of Syria.” Nay, to take an infinitely higher were at their height.

ADDISON. instance: who has ever forgotten those lines of A few persons of an odious and despised

Tacitus; inserted as a small transitory altogether

I trifling circumstance in the history of such a country could not have filled the world with be

| potentale as Nero? To us it is the most earnest lievers, had they not shown undoubted creden. tials from the divine person who sent them on

and strongly significant passage that we know such a message.


to exist in writing : “. Ergo abolendo rumori,

Nero subdidit reos, et quæsitissimis pænis affeSuch arguments had an invincible force of cit, quos per flagitia invisos, vulguis Christianos those Pagan philosophers who became Chris appellabat. Auctor nominis ejus CHRISTUS, qui, tians, as we find in most of their writings. Tiberio imperitante, per Procuratorem Pontium

Addison. Pilatum supplicio affectus erat. Repressaque in Arnobius asserts that men of the finest parts

præsens exitiabilis superstitio rursus erumpebat, and learning, -rhetoricians, lawyers, physicians,

non modo per Judæam originem ejus mali, sed -despising the sentiments they had once been

per urbem etiam quo cuncta undique atrocia aut

pudenda confluunt celebranturque.' So for the sond of, took up their rest in the Christian religion.

| quieting of this rumour (of his having set fire to ADDISON.

Rome), Nero judicially charged with the crime There was never law, or sect, or opinion, did and punished with the most studied severities so much magnify goodness as the Christian re- that class haled for their general wickedness ligion doth.

Lord BACON: whom the vulgar call Christians. The originaEssay XIII., Of Goodness, etc. tor of that name was one CHRIST, who in the

reign of Tiberius suffered death by the sentence The countries of the Turk were once Christian, and members of the Church, and where

of the Procurator Pontius Pilate. The baneful the golden candlesticks did stand ; though now

superstition, thereby suppressed for the time, they be utterly alienated, and no Christian left.

again broke out not only over Judea, the native LORD BACON.

soil of that mischief, but in the City also, where

from every side all atrocious and abominable No religion ever appeared in the world whose things collect and flourish.” Tacitus was the natural tendency was so much directed to pro. wisest, most penetrating man of his generation; mote the peace and happiness of mankind. It and to such depth, and no deeper, has he seen makes right reason a law in every possible defi- | into this transaction, the most important that has nition of the word. And therefore, even sup- occurred or can occur in the annals of mankind. posing it to have been purely a human invention,

CARLYLE. it had been the most amiable and the most use

Had it been published by a voice from heaven, ful invention that was ever imposed on mankind

that twelve poor men, taken out of boats and for their good. LORD BOLINGBROKE.

creeks, without any help of learning, should But the introduction of Christianity, which, conquer the world to the cross, it might have under whatever form, always consers such in been thought an illusion against all the reason estimable benefits on mankind, soon made a of men; yet we know it was undertaken and sensible change in these rude and fierce man. accomplished by them. They published this ners. It is by no means impossible, that, for an doctrine in Jerusalem, and quickly spread it end so worthy, Providence on some occasions over the greatest part of the world. Folly outmight directly have interposed.

witted wisdom, and weakness overpowered BURKE: Abridgment of Eng. History. I strength. The conquest of the East by Alex

ander was not so admirable as the enterprise of That the Christian religion cannot exist in these poor men. CHARNOCK : Attributes. this country with such a fraternity will not, I think, he disputed with me. On that religion, Christianity, which is always true to the heart, according to our mode, all our laws and instilu- knows no abstract virtues, but virtues resulting tions stand, as upon their base. That scheme is from our wants, and useful to all. supposed in every transaction of lise; and if that

CHATEAUBRIAND. were done away, everything else, as in France,

I have known what the enjoyments and admust be changed along with it. Thus, religion

vantages of this life are, and what the more perishing, and with it this Constitution, it is a

rehned pleasures which learning and intellectual matier of endless meditation what order of things

power can bestow; and with all the experience would follow it.


ihat more than threescore years can give, I, now What was it to the Pharaohs of Egypt of on the eve of my departure, declare to you (and that old era, if Jethro the Midianite priest and earnestly pray that you may hereafter live and grazier accepted the Hebrew outlaw as his herds. act on the conviction) that health is a great man? Yet the Pharaohs, with all their chariots blessing, competence obtained by honourable of war, are buried deep in the wrecks of time; industry a great blessing—and a great blessing and that Moses still lives, not among his own l it is to have kind, faithful, and loving friends and relatives; but that the greatest of all bless. losophy, we are sure to contract its bounds, and ings, as it is the most ennobling of all privileges, lo diminish iis force and authority over the conis to be indeed a Christian. COLERIDGE. sciences of men. It is dogmatic; not capable Far bevond all other political powers of Chris.

of being advanced with the progress of science, tianily is the demiurgic power of this religion but fixed and immutable. over the kingdoms of human opinion.


Sentiments Proper to the Present Crisis. Christianity is the companion of liberty in all! Whoever will compare the late delences of its conflicts, the cradle of its insancy and the Christianity by Locke, Butler, or Clarke with divine source of its claims.

those of the ancient apologists, will discern in the DE TOCQUEVILLE. I former far more precision and an abler method The mysterious incarnation of our blessed of reasoning than in the latter; which must be Savivur ... Milton made the grand conclusion attributed chiefly to the superior spirit of inquiry of Paradise Lost, the zest of his finished la-Ly which inodern times are distinguished. Wha bours, and the ultimate hope, expectation, and ever alarm then may have been taken at the glory of the world. Thus you find all that is liberty of discussion, religion it is plain hath great or wise or splendid or illustrious among

been a gainer by it; its abuses corrected, and its created beings, all the minds gifted beyond or

divine authority settled on a firmer basis than dinary nature, if not inspired by their universal | ever.

ROBERT HALL: Author for the advancement and dignity of the

On the Right of Public Discussion. world, though divided by distant ages and by The prime act and evidence of the Christian clashing opinions, yet joining as it were in one | hope is to set industriously and piously to the sublime chorus to celebrate the trutlis of Chris- performance of that condition on which the tianity, and laying upon its holy altars the never promise is made.

HAMMOND. fading offerings of their immortal wisdom. | Her coming (Christianity) found the heathen LORD CHANCELLOR ERSKINE:

worl«l without a single house of mercy. Search Speech on Paine's Age of Reason. the Byzantine Chronicles and the pages of Pub. The universal dispersion of the Jews through lius Victor; and though the one describes all out the world, their unexampled sufferings, and

the public edifices of ancient Constantinople, their wondrous preservation, would be sufficient

and the other of ancient Rome, not a word is to establish the truth of the Scriptures, if all other testimony were sunk to the bottom of the

Search the ancient marbles in your museums; sea. LORD CHANCELLOR Erskine.

descend and ransack the graves of Herculaneum

and Pompeii; and question the many travellers What other science can even make a preten

who have visited the ruined cities of Greece and sion to dethrone oppression, to abolish slavery,

| Rome; and see, if amid all the splendid reto exclude war, to extirpate fraud, to banish vio.

mains of statues and amphitheatres, baths and lence, to revive the withered blossoms of para.

granaries, temples, aqueducts and palaces, maudise? Such are the pretensions and blessings

soleums, columns and triumphal arches, a single of genuine Christianity; and wherever genuine fragment or inscription can be found telling us Christianity prevails, they are experienced. Thus that it belonged to a refuge for human want or it accomplishes its promises on earth, where for the alleviation of human misery. alone it has enemies : it will therefore accom

DR. JOHN HARRIS : plish them in heaven, where its friends reign.

Great Commission. OLINTHUS GREGORY:

There are two kinds of Christian righteousLetters on the Christian Religion.

ness; the one without us, which we have by Now you say, alas! Christianity is hard : 1 imputation; the other in us, which consisteth grant it; but gainful and happy. I contemn of faith, hope, and charity, and other Christian the difficulty when I respect the advantage.


HOOKER. The greatest labours that have answerable re Christianity did not come from heaven to be quitals are less than the least that have no re.

the amusement of an idle hour, to be the food ward. Believe me, when I look to the reward of mere imagination ; to be as a very lovely I would not have the work easier. It is a good song of one that hath a pleasant voice, and Master whom we serve, who not only pays, but playeth well upon an instrument. No: it is in

tended to be the guide, the guardian, the comings, but of His own mercy.

panion of all hours; it is intended to be the BISHOP J. Hall.

food of our immortal spirits ; it is intended to Christianity, issuing perfect and entire from be the serious occupation of our whole existthe hands of its Author, will admit of no muti ence.

BISHOP JEBB. lations nor improvements; it stands most secure The miracles which prove the Christian re

foreign aids, supports itself best by its own in- in deceiving us. ... When we take the prophternal vigour. When, under the pretence of ecies which have been so exactly fulfilled, we simplifying it, we attempt to force it into a closer have most satisfactory evidence. alliance with the most approved systems of phi. Dr. S. JOHNSON : Croker's Boswell, ch, xvi.

As to the Christian religion, besides the strong The real security of Christianity is to be found evidence which we have for it, there is a bal. in its benevolent morality, in its exquisite adapance in its favour from the number of great men tation to the human heart, in the facility with who have been convinced of its truth after a se which its scheme accommodates itself to the rious consideration of the question. Grotius was capacity of every human intellect, in the conan acute man, a lawyer, a man accustomed to ex- solation which it bears to the house of mourn

nine evidence, and he was convinced. Grotius | ing, in the light with which it brightens the was not a recluse, but a man of the world, who great mystery of the grave. To such a system certainly had no bias on the side of religion. Sir it can bring no addition of dignity or of strength, Isaac Newton set out an infidel, and came to be that it is part and parcel of the common law. It a very firm believer. Dr. S. JOHNSON. is not now for the first time left to rely on the

force of its own evidences and the attractions The influence of Christianity has been very of its own beauty. Ils sublime theology conefficient toward the introduction of a better and founded the Grecian schools in the sair conflict more enlightened sense of right and justice of reason with reason. The bravest and wisest among the several governments of Europe. It of the Cæsars found their arms and their policy taught the duty of benevolence to strangers, of unavailing, when opposed to the weapons that humanity to the vanquished, of the obligation were not carnal, and the kingdom that was not of good faith,-of the sin of murder, revenge, of this world. The victory which Porphyry and and rapacity. The history of Europe during Diocletian failed to gain is not, to all appear. the earlier periods of modern history abounds ance, reserved for any of those who have, in with interesting and strong cases to show the this age, directed their attacks against the last authority of the Church over turbulent princes restraint of the powerful, and the last hope of and fierce warriors, and the effect of that author the wretched. The whole history of Christianity ity in meliorating manners, checking violence, shows that she is in far greater danger of being and introducing a system of morals which in corrupted by the alliance of power, than of being cuicated peace, moderation, and justice.. crushed by its opposition. Those who thrust

CHANCELLOR KENT: temporal sovereignty upon her treat her as their Commentaries on Amer. Law, i.9. prototypes treated her author. They bow the

knee, and spit upon her; they cry " Hail!" and I hope it is no derogation to the Christian re smite her on the cheek; they put a sceptre in ligion to say that ... all that is necessary to be her hand, but it is a fragile reed; they crown believed in it by all men is easy to be under- her, but it is with thorns; they cover with purstood by all men.

Locke. ple the wounds which their own hands have in.

Alicted on her; and inscribe magnificent letters Ours is a religion jealous in its demands, but over the cross on which they have fixed her to how infinitely prodigal in its gifts! It troubles | perish in ignominy and pain. you for an hour, it repays you by immortality.

LORD MACAULAY : LORD E. G. E. L. B. LYTTON. Southey's Colloquies on Society, Jan. 1830. The “greatest happiness principle” of Mr. One single expression which Mr. Sadler emBentham is included in the Christian moralily, ploys on this subject is sufficient to show how and, to our thinking, it is there exhibited in an utterly incompetent he is to discuss it. “On infinitely more sound and philosophical form the Christian hypothesis,” says he, “no doubt than in the Uulitarian speculations. For in the exists as to the origin of evil." He does not, New Testament it is neither an identical propo we think, understand what is meant by the sition nor a contradiction in terms; and, as laid origin of evil. The Christian Scriptures profess down by Mr. Bentham, it must be either the to give no solution of the mystery. They relate one or the other. “ Do as you would be done facts; but they leave the metaphysical question by: Love your neighbour as yourself :" these undetermined. They tell us that man fell; but are the precepts of Jesus Christ. Understood in why he was not so constituted as to be incapable an enlarged sense, these precepts are, in fact, a of falling, or why the Supreme Being has not direction to every man to promote the greatest | mitigated the consequences of the Fall more happiness of the greatest number. But this di- than they actually have been mitigated, the rection would be utterly unmeaning, as it act. Scriptures did not rell us, and, it may without ually is in Mr. Bentham's philosophy, unless it presumption be said, could not tell us, unless were accompanied by a sanction. In the Chris. we had been creatures different from what we tian scheme, accordingly, it is accompanied by are. There is something, either in the nature a sanction of immense force. To a man whose of our faculties or in the nature of the machinery greatest happiness in this world is inconsistent employed by us for the purpose of reasoning, with the greatest happiness of the greatest num which condemns us on this and similar subjects ber is held out the prospect of an infinite hap- to hopeless ignorance. Man can understand piness hereafter, from which he excludes himself these high matters only by ceasing to be man, hy wronging his fellow-creatures here.

just as a fly can understand a lemma of Newton LORD MACAULAY : only by ceasing to be a fly. To make it an Westminster Review's Defence of Mill, objection to the Christian system that it gives us June, 1829.

I no solution of these difficulties is to make it an

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