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that Hope bad mixed bis gases in the moist state, hameha, the second King of the Sandwich Islands...... and chlorine has so strong an attraction for hydro- We learn that the immediate cause of her Majesty's gen that it separates it from the vapoar of water death was inflammation of the lungs.- Courier. and so liberates oxygen ; but if the gases be mixed so tragical a termination to the absurd farce wbich has

July 8.- We [John Bull) certainly did not anticipate in the dry state, no red fumes are produced. been acted......and yet the smallest consideration would

By means of these important discoveries our have prepared us for the event. A groupe of savages knowledge was greatly improved, together with are suddenly transported from their

huts in their native the language in which it was expressed. Science climate, to a pent

up hotel in the dense smoke of London, advances by such steps 'as "these, and reduces the in European clothing, their bours of rising and sleeping

their limbs, for decency's sake, straitened and confined clumsy processes and nomenclature of a compara- wholly changed, their focd suddenly altered from yams tively ignorant past to the common-sense simplicity and plantains to rich soups and fricandeaux......the of nature. Why should not our literature and pure limpid stream, their wonted beverage, supplanted modes of speech undergo a similar purification ? by the mixture of Buxton, or Whitbread, or Calvert


......in which, together with wines and spirits, the poor Every gain to the cause of truth is an inestimable creatures have been, of course, allowed to revel with ungain to ourselves. C. TOMLINSON, F.R.S. limited and savage profusion. The consequence is, the Highgate, N.

poor female dies first, and in all probability will shortly be followed by the male...... Since writing the above wo

find from the Courier that bis Majesty has five wives. The King AND QUEEN OF THE SANDWICH July 18.- Poor Tamebameha was but twenty-eight ISLANDS. — We have more than once during the years of age. The pathos of the Courier, in describing present century entertained in this country the his death, is somewhat marred by the grave statement sovereign of the islands on one of which Capt. tioned.... that he was dead and happy."

......which it appears that the poor fellow himself men.

We bad Cook met his death. The quite recent visit of hoped that our poor visitor, after his removal to the King Kalakana in 1881 is yet fresh in the memory. Terrace for the benefit of the mud, would have recovered Few, however, remain with us to-day who lived in from his illness, and returned to happiness and his George IV.'s reign and can remember the sad ter- domestic circle' at Owbyhee ;......but we were dismination of the visit of King Tamehameha with appointed, and really and sincerely regret the sad fate his wife in 1824. From John Bull for that year I cull of these over-fed, ill-regulated poor creatures. the following references (which some octogenarian

N. E. R. may recall) to the royal couple and their tragic

West Herrington. fate:

SILVER IN BELLS.- We think there was some May 23.- The King and Queen of the Sandwich years ago a discussion in ‘N. & Q.' as to whether Islands, as everybody knows, are arrived in a whaler, on it was ever the custom to mingle silver with the a visit to this country. Her Majesty is nearly seven feet high, and smokes cigars with evident satisfaction. other metals used in bell-casting. If this be so, It is a curious fact that she and her husband are remark: it may be well to note that in the Tablet of ably good whist players. They have brought over the Jan. 14 there is an article on the Interesting bones of the celebrated Captain Cook, which will now

be Relics of the Franciscans in California,' in which consigned to some suitable place of interment. The it is stated that at the mission of San Juan Capisking's travelling name is Tirahee Tirahee, which being translated signifies Dog of Dogs. How her Majesty is trano there are five bells which contain five per designated, as the female of so noble a race, we have not cent. of silver, and that at another mission, called yet learned.

Santa Barbara, there are some bells, imported from We understand that the object of the visit of their Spain,

which are composed of equal parts of copper Majesties to this country is to make an offer of ceding and silver (see p. 53).

N. M. & A. their possessions to the Crown of Great Britain, and in return to demand its protection against all hostile attacks that may be made upon their territory.

SIR FRANCIS CHANTREY. June 13.-We are completely sick of the nonsense

“ No civilized race could exist as such without...... which we see in the newspapers and playbills about iron...... True, the ancients did manage at one time to their Majesties...... To see the Royal Boxes at our theatres manufacture cutting instruments out of bronze : true, ......occupied by a copper - coloured Chieftain and his that Sir Francis Chantrey, in our own times, in his female companion, whose first steps towards civilization reverence for classic metallurgy, caused a bronze razor have been taken since their arrival bere, in the assump- to be made wherewith he sbaved; nevertheless, we doubt tion of coats and petticoats, is quite abominable. It whether any one less ardent in the love of ancient savours of burlesque to see this person, attended by the metallurgy than himself would have borne contentedly Lord High Admiral of a navy, compri ed of five canoes the daily infliction."— The Useful Metals,' by John [five brige, Courier], and the Lord High Treasurer of a Scoffern and others (Loudon, 1857), p. 11. revenue, consisting of thirty pigs and fifty plantains per

L. L. K. annum, sitting in state amongst Englishmen. June 27.-Her Majesty, it is said, committed an extra

WM. LOVEGROVE (1778-1816), ACTOR.--He ordinary solecism at a party some few evenings since, entered the Bath company, a comparative novice, and “it was well it was no worse was the general under Dimond's management, and rising to a fore. observation upon it, but at present their Majesties have most place as a light comediad, succeeded, on Ellisgotten the measles, which will detain them within doors,

July 8.-We have this day to record the death of her ton's departure, to his position. Lovegrove afterMajesty Tamehamalu, consort of his Majesty, Taine- wards passed on to Drury Lane, and was making

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a highly favourable impression as a leading mem- whirlwind, and is most likely to occur with a southber of the company of the then national theatre, west wind. Sometimes the blasts are very violent, and when the rupture of a blood vessel, probably caused the marsh, convulsing the grasses or lifting the reed

come without warning. Even if you see one coming over by over-exertion, stopped short his career. He stacks high in air, you cannot tell whether it will strike retired to the village of Weston, near Bath, and you or not, its course is so erratic. It may wreck a was progressing to recovery and to the resumption windmill fifty yards away, and leave the water around of his profession, when the bæmorrhage returned, you unrufied. It may blow the sail of one wberry to and he died on June 26, 1816. His remains were | Occasionally you may see a dozen wberries in the same

pieces, and another wberry close by will be becalmed, laid in Weston Churchyard.

reacb, all bound the same way, with their sails now

DANIEL HIPWELL. jibing, now close-hauled, now full and now shaking with 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

the fitfulness of the wind. Sometimes, in a large reed

bed, you may see the reeds all laid fat in a circle, or in “ BROMMAGEM.”—In September, 1681, "whigs, a carr the trees uprooted for a space, where a rodgesfanaticks, covenanteers, and bromigham protest- blast has descended. Now and then, although rarely, a ants” were all included, by the other side, in the veritable waterspout crosses the country, and does great same category. This is the earliest instance of the damage when it breake." use of brummagem I have come across. I need,

These extracts explain what this strange pheno

Rodger's blast," perhaps, bardly add that I cite from the only Lut menon is ; but wby is it called trell.


as by most of the natives it is ?

In a correspondence on Broad Norfolk," which Beverley SANCTUARY.-In the Parish Maga. recently appeared in the Eastern Daily Press of zine for January, there is an article on 'Sanctuary,' Norwich, one writer boldly suggests that “ Rodger’swith pictures of churches at Hexham and Bever- blast," alias “ Sir Roger,” may be a corroption of ley. But the Beverley picture is of St. Mary's

sirocco." It is not likely that the name is so Church, whereas the sanctuary church was that of far-fetched. St. John of Beverley, commonly called Beverley Is it possible that the term is connected in any Mipster.

W. C. B. way with the water-fowl called a rodge? Or may

the origin be sought in the Anglo-Saxon rogge, to A MOTTO FOR THEATRICAL MANAGERS.-Dr. sbake, found in Chaucer ? Joboson, in his preface to the works of Shakspere, I may say that I do not know what sort of bird has a pertinent paragrapb, poetic, pathetic, and a rodge is, but, so far as I know, at the present prophetic; it was written more than a century day there is no bird so called in East Anglia. ago, and it will hold good for many centuries more.

JAMES HOOPER. It is as follows:

[See 5th S. vi. 502 ; 6th S. i. 375; ii, 11.] “The stream of Time, which is continually washing the dissoluble fabrics of other poets, passes without

ERRATA : CURIOUS EDITORIAL NOTE.-The fol. injury by the adamant of Sbakspere."

lowing is a translation of a note “Ad lectorem

W. WRIGAT. which appears at the end of a volume comprising 10, Little College Street, S.W.

the Attic lexicons of Thomas Magister, Phrynichus,

and Moschopulus, with two trifles on military RODGER'S - BLAST OR RODGES -BLAST.


matters, and printed by Michael Vascosanus in Christopher Davies, a well-known writer on the Paris “mense Novembri 1532" : Norfolk broads and rivers, often mentions the

“Gentle reader, we had compiled a list of errors violent winds known as rodges-blasts. One such which have found their way into this book, partly he describes as follows :

through our following & corrupt copy which we trusted “ These rodger-blasts seem to come with a south-west overmuch at the outset, and partly through a degree of wind. We remember one day waiting on the staithe at

haste usual in work of this kind, when the printers, imColdbam, on the Yare, whistling for the wind, while patient of delay, injudiciouely press you to finish in a the cutter Zoe, with all sail eet, was moored by a strong the book be issued to the public correct or full of

moment what you have in hand, not caring a jot whether rope to a tree. It was a dead hot calm, when, without blunders, so long as they bring their task to an end. We any warning, a whirling puff of wind came upon us. The Zoo was thrown over almost on her beam-ends. meant to print these errata at the end, but we are She snapped the mooring-rope like a piece of thread, reluctantly obliged to abstain from doing so owing to shot out into the river, and then luffed up herself -' | want of paper, not a single entire leaf (nulla charta there was no one on board—and drove her bowsprit integra) remaining to us. Kindly, therefore, excuse us the

soil behind, whence it was a work of time to extri. best authors with the greatest possible accuracy, and so through the wood-casing of the staithe and deep into should you detect any errors in reading. Do this, and

we will take care in future to turn out editions of all the cato it. The blast passed in a moment, and there was again a dead calm." —Norfolk Broads and Rivers," | daily more and more advance your studies-our sole aim. 1884, p. 55.


F. ADAMS. At. p. 265 of the same work he writes :“We have not been able to traco the etymology of the

HISTORICAL MSS. COMMISSION: HOUSE OF name by which these blasts are known, and it is spelt LORDS PAPERS.-The very lengthy character of as it is pronounced. It is really a rotary wind-squall or the documents calendared in the report just issued,

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covering the years 1690-91, accentuates still more by the injunction, “Put away all strange notions, the need for a small concession to the reader who in order to pay profound respect to the instrucdoes not wish to wade through the whole work, tion that is correct and upright,” is culled from a but (with the guidance of the very excellent pre- contemporary :face) to select and study those documents which

"An American exchange tells a story of how a father bear on his own line of thought and research. As cured his son of verbal grandiloquence. The boy wrote the book is at present printed it takes sometimes from college, using such large words that the father re. two or three minutes to find the document to plied with the following: 'In promulgating your esoteric which a passage in the preface refers. This might and philosophical or psychological observations, beware

cogitations, or articulating superficial sentimentalities be easily obviated by each page in which a docu- of platitudinous ponderosity. Let your conversation ment is continued being commenced with the possess a clarified conciseness

, compacted comprehen. number of that document in heavy clarendon Bibleness, coalescent consistency, and a concatenated type, followed by a square bracket. The total cogency. Eschew all conglomerations of flatulent garspace occupied would not amount to a whole page your extemporaneous descantings and uopremeditated

rulity, jejune babblement, and asinine affectations. Let in this report, and the time and temper saved expatiations have intelligibility,

without rhodomontade would be immense-using the word in its etymo or thrasonical bombast. Sedulously avoid all polysyllogical sense—and I venture to express the hope labical profundity, pompous prolixity, and ventriloquial that this modest suggestion may be adopted in all vapidity. Shun double-entendre and prurient jocosity, future reports.

whether obscure or apparent. In other words, speak

truthfully, naturally, clearly, purely, but do not use large I am sorry to notice that the report is disfigured, worde.'" as were the Statutes of 1890, by a change of paper

JOSEPH COLLINSON. in the middle of the volume. Then it was from Wolsingham, co. Durham. white to cream ; now it is from cream to wbite. Mr. T. Digby Pigott, "these things ought not so

CowPER'S 'CASTAWAY.' - It seems to bave to be”!

Q. V.

escaped the notice of critics up to the present that

no such "story" as that alluded to by Cowper in DIVINING ROD. (See 1st S. viii., ix., I., xi., xii. bis note to the Castaway,' is related in ' Anson's passim.) - The appended modern instance," Voyages.' This is a very serious matter, as it will

, corroborative of its powers, may be notewortby :- doubtless, lead many readers of that poem to

“Will you allow me to state my experience of the entirely miss the point of it. It has a certain powers of the divining rod in searching for water? bearing, too, on Cowper's sanity that, I think, Having had very great difficulty in the supply of water cannot be mistaken. Let me add that the three at this house, I sent for John Mullins, of Colerne, near Chippenbam, who, by the aid of a twig of hazel, pointed opening lines are suggestive of an acrostio-quite out several places where water could be found.' I have in Cowper's manner, pamely, O T W. sunk wells in four of the places, and in each case have

J. O'BYRNE CROKE. been most successful. It may be said that water can be found anywhere. This is not my experience. I have had the best engineering advice, and have spent many hundreds of pounde, and hitherto have not obtained

Queries. sufficient water for my requirements, but now I bave an We must request correspondents desiring information abundant supply.-HENRY HARBEN, Warnbam Lodge, on family matters of only privato interest to affix their Horsbam. January 3, 1893.” Sussex Daily News,

dames and addresses to their queries, in order that the January 6.

answers may be addressed to them direct.

JNO. A. FOWLER. 55, London Road, Brighton.

St. GRASINUS.—Can any of your learned and GOD SAVE THE QUEEN.” — The following expert readers give me information on this paragraph is taken from the Manchester Adver-point ? In the will of John Regnolde, in Somertiser of July 22, 1837, when William IV. had been set House (Dogget 21), he bequeaths lights to the dead about a month :

images, among others, of St. Blasius, St. Grasious, “ IMPORTANT TO Toast Masters. — At public dinners, and St. Dominic. Who was St. Grasious ? I can after. The health of her majesty, Queen Victoria,' is find no such dame among the Roman saiots. given, the second toast is 'Queen Adelaide and the rest

J. CAVE-BROWNE. of the royal family'; and the National Anthem is com.

Detling Vicarage, Maidstone. menced thus :-God save our gracious Queen,

Oasts."-In the 1668 by-laws of the Fish. Victoria, England's Queen, God save the Queen."

mongers' Company, Oasts are forbidden to sell It would be interesting to know whether this four hours old. Hitherto I have been unable to

overday fisb, that is, over a day, or fish over twentyfashion of varying the verse was long continued.

fiod any explanation of this word in reference to ALFRED F. ROBBINS.

the fish trade. Does not “oasts” mean owners or PROLIX VERBOSITY.—The following example of vendors of fish? The 'Century Dictionary: gives prolix verbosity, wbich seems to bave been inspired a picture of an oast, or kilo used to dry hops or

malt, but this evidently has nothing to do with principal collections in England, told Mrs. R. the oasts in the by-laws of the Fishmongers' Gurney he knew of no other specimen.

Who was Company.

the Burton who married a Hyde ? J. LAWRENCE-Hamilton, M.R.C.S.

G. MILNER-GibsoN-CULLUM, F.S.A. 30, Sussex Square, Brighton.

BENJAMIN BRADFORD, of Charmouth (will proved BUCKINGHAM PALACE. - The following para 1792), directs a monument to be set up at Wootton graph appeared among the “Domestic and Mis Fitzpaine, Dorset, to memory of himself, his wife cellaneous” intelligence of the Manchester Guar- and children. Would any reader who may happen dian for July 22, 1837:

to live in the parish favour me with a note of the "It is intended henceforward to call Buckingham inscription, for a manuscript collection relating to Palace by a much more appropriate title, and one the name ? Reply may be sent direct. which will record the time when the sovereign of these

J. G. BRADFORD. realms first took up her abode there. The new name is 157, Dalston Lane, N.E. to be The Queen's Palace.'' Was this intention ever seriously contemplated

GLASS EYES.-Lear exclaims :or attempted to be acted upon ?

Get tbee glass eyes,

And like the scurvy politician seem to see

The thing thou dost not. HERSE CLOTHS OR Palls.- I wish to make a

IV. vi. 174. list of all the pre-Reformation herse cloths or If Gloster, whom Lear addressed, were not blind, palls that now remain in England; and I shall be we might suppose“ glass eyes” to mean spectacles. much obliged for any information on the subject. But it seems clear that glass eyes in the modern Will any one who knows of the existence of one sense were intended, and therefore well known be so kind as to write to me on the subject, and in Shakespeare's time. How much further back say where it is and if any account of it has been is that witty invention traceable ? published, also if it is possible to obtain a photo

JAMES D. BUTLER. graph of it? Do any of the City companies possess Madison, Wis., U.S. one, other than the following !--the Merchant

FOREIGN PARODIES.-Can Mr. Walter HAMILTaylors, the Ironmongers, the Vintners, the Fishmongers, the Saddlers, the Brewers. There is a Ton, or any one else, tell me of any? Are there remarkably fine one at Danstable, and I wish, if any, French or other equivalents to the 'Rejected

Addresses' or the very possible, to make a complete list of those that are

clever parodies by Calverley now left. Communications on the subject may be and 0. W. Holmes ? I presume that so illustrious addressed directly to me. FLORENCE PEACOCK.

a mark as Victor Hugo did not escape the shafts Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey,

of parody. Has Balzac's or George Sand's prose

ever been parodied by French "jokers of jokes "? OBOE.—Can any one throw a light on the etymo- Is there any Italian parody? logy of the word oboe, a musical instrument,-Fr.

JONATHAN BOUCHIER. hautbois, Ger. hoboe, It. oboe? It is usually said [Theatrical parodies are common in France. We could to be so called because it is a treble instrument of supply the titles of scores. Scarron's · Virgile Travesti' wood, hence haut bois. Others, however, derive is, of course, well known.] it from Haut Bois, implying that it was first made

PRINT OF MR. Pitt.—There is a print as to at a place of that name in France; and I may the meaning of which I should be very glad if you mention that there are two villages in Norfolk could suggest the explanation. It represents Mr. still called Great and Little Hautbois

. The oboe Pitt speaking, and holding in his hand a paper being the modern representative of the schalmei, inscribed Ways and Means for 1799.' At his shawm, weyghte, or wait, I should be glad of side is a large cloak or pall, draped over something references to its occurrence under any of its various indistinct. Mr. Pitt introduced the budget at the names and spellings. May I appeal to HERMEN. end of January, 1799, his speech on that occasion TRUDE to give her valuable aid ?


being one of his most successful efforts; and I HERALDIC: BURTON AND HYDE.—Mrs. Regi

think it was on that occasion that he first proposed nald Gurney, in her collection of armorial china, that in the middle of his speech he received news

an Income Tax. There is a tradition, however, has a fine plate with the arms of Burton (Sa., a chevron ermine between three owls arg. ducally ately changed the subject and continued with un

of the death of some personage, when he immedicrown or.) quartering Hyde (Az., a chevron usual brilliancy. Can you throw any light on or between three lozenges of the second). Crest, an this story as connected with the print ? owl arg, ducally crowned or. There is no specimen

J. HAGGARD. of this set in the Franks Collection at the British Museum, and Dr. J. J. Howard, himself the PENINSULAR Medal.—When, in 1848, the medal owner of a fine collection and knowing well the was issued to the survivors of the great wars, I

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bave been told that two men claimed for the medal H. L. St. Clair, Esq., of St. Clair Abbey, near Stirling, with fifteen engagement bars. I should be glad to and granddaughter of Mr. and Lady Edith Maxwell,”

P. 225. know the names of the battles, and also of the

** Died of rapid decline at Cadiz May 2, 1850, H. L. regiment in which the men served.

St. Clair, Esq., of St. Clair Abbey, near Stirling, Scot

ROBERT RAYNER. land, and of the Grange, Yorkshire; and formerly of JOAN OF Gaunt was, as every one knows, Sir Roger Campbell.”—P. 226.

Royal York Crescent, Clifton, and grandson of the late descended from Henry II. in the legitimate line. It is, however, less known that he was also de: I find no trace of Lady Edith Maxwell or of Sir scended from Henry by one of the children of Fair Roger Campbell, and shall be grateful if any Rosamond. Though this is a certainty, I have not correspondent of N. & Q.' can throw light upon the links of the pedigree which demonstrate it. them, and on the families of St. Clair and Maxwell

referred to.

SIGMA. Will some one be good enough to give them ? Ex STIRPE PLANTAGENETARUM.

REFERENCE IN POPE.—Where does “Let us PENTELOW.—I am desirous of obtaining informa- while away this life ” occur in Pope ? Doeg Milton tion or notes regarding the Pentelow family, of or any other poet employ this phrase, i.e., Cambridge and Huntingdon, during the sixteenth “while away" (the time); and, if so, where?

” and seventeenth centuries. Some of their de.

J. T. M. scendants are still living in this district. Did they [No such expression appears in Dr. Abbott’s ‘Conserve the Royalists or Commonwealth ? E. cordance to Pope.'] Tooting.

“ONE HEARTH SEN."-In one of the terriers The Dover SLAVE MARKET.—Dr. Cupping- belonging to the parish of Saxted, near Framlingham, in his recently published volume, 'The bam, Suffolk, there is this term used. What is its Growth of English Industry,' refers in very strong meaning ?

W. B. GERISA, language to the horrors of the English slave trade, and states in particular that the" slave market at SOME WORDS IN Smart's Song To David.' Dover had no parallel in Christendom.” Perhaps -I shall be extremely obliged to any of the corresome ripe and widely read contributor of ‘N. &Q.’spondents of ‘N. & Q.' who will be so good as to can give further information with reference to this give me authoritative definitions of the following slave market, as Dr. Cunningham's observations words in tbis sublime song, viz.:have excited my curiosity.

Stanza 53. Ivis. (?) Ibis, v interchanged for b. JOSEPH COLLINSON.

Stanza 57. Silverlings, crusions. Smart was a Wolsingham.

Kent man. They probably are provincialisms, but “LUCY OF LEINSTER.”—I have a miniature of

I do not find them in Parish's Kentish Glossary' a lady, in dress of the last century, described on the (E.D.S.). The former may mean carp, the latter

sticklebacks, back as above, and signed « Lebonor, 1784."

Stanza 69. Anana. Was this the pineapple ? Who was Lucy of Leinster; a character of fiction, or some personage noted in her time? I shall be

Stanzu 75. Xiphias I take to mean the sword

fish. glad, too, of information about the artist, whose

Stanza 81. Alba. I at first imagined this to name is new to me as a miniature painter.

F. C.

mean the pearl ; but it can hardly be so, as the

last two lines of the stanza would be tautological. Mathew.-Can any one give me the pedigree

Francis W. Jackson, M.A. of the branch of this family which settled in Devon, Ebberston Vicarage, York. and afterwards subdivided into five branches, from (For "silverlings " as a silver coin see 6th S. i. 37, 222, one of which (settled in Ireland), Baron Landaff 246.] of Thomastown, Tipperary, is descended ? I want more particularly the pedigree of the branch which

"TAE CARISTIAN YEAR.'- I notice in a bookremained in Devon, descendants of Jenkin, son of seller's catalogue the following entry:Sir David and grandson of Sir Mathew, by whose “Keble (Rev. J.) Christian Year, Facsimile of the marriago the Barony of Landaff came into this original manuscript, with preface and collation of the family.


variations, post 8vo. cloth, scarce, 11. 108. (1822). This 254, Cowbridge Road, Cardiff.

Facsimile was rigidly suppressed just after its issue.”

I was previously unaware of the existence of such St. CLAIR, LADY Edith MaxweLL, AND Sir a facsimile. Is anything more known of its ROGER CAMPBELL. · The following obituary history ? There is anotber facsimile, but this is notices occur in vol. xcii. of the Annual “A Facsimile of the First Edition of the Christian Register':

Year, 1827, printed 1868.” This also has a "Died April 27, 1850, at the residence of her uncle “Notice” with “The Emendations in the later Major Maxwell, Catherine Methuen, third daughter of Editions."


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