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plete ; and he will thankfully avail himself of any additional information or correction, should the opportunity be presented of using them. Criticism simply hostile will be useless.

May a light from above shine into the darkness, of which the damnatory Catalogues of Rome are both an example and a cause; and may its blessed and emancipating influence encounter less and less of effectual obstruction, either from anti-christian bigotry or from antiprotestant infatuation !

CHAPTER I.

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Definition of Prohibitory and Expurgatory Indexes - Francus and James on the subject-Defence of the practice by Gretser, with the qualification necessary to render it just-Sources of the Censures

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CHAPTER II.

ANGLICAN Lists of Prohibited Books, from 1520 to 1558_Ordi. nance of Leo X. in Council of Lateran-Supposed Index at Venice, 1543—Index of John della Casa, 1549—SPANISH and Belgic Indexes from 1539 to 1550_GALLICAN Indexes from 1544 to 1551-ROMAN Indexes from 1549 to 1559-Bull in Cæna Domini-Index of Paul IV., 1559, with Reprints by Vergerio and Naogeorgus in the same year-SPANISH Index of 1559_Censura Generalis, 1554 and 1562 . 15

CHAPTER III.

Council of Trent-Roman Index of Pius IV., 1564-Rules of the Index - Belgic Indexes from 1568 to 1570-Expurgatory Index of 1571, with Reprints, by Junius 1586, by Pappus 1599, 1609, 1611PORTUGUEZE Indexes, Latin and Portugueze, 1581-SPANISH Index 1583, Expurgatory 1584, the latter reprinted thrice, wholly or in part, 1601, 1609, 1611--NEAPOLITAN Index, Greg. Capuccini, 1588-ROMAN Index of Sixtus V., 1590_Of Clemens VIII., 1596_EXPURGATORY Index of Brasichellen, 1607, &c.—Zobelius on that Index-Counterfeit edition of it

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CHAPTER IV.

SPANISH Index Prohibitory and Expurgatory, 1612—Reprint in 1619_MS. notice in a copy of the original edition in the Bodleian Library-Polish Index, 1617—Decreta from 1601 to 1637—PORTU. GUEZE Index Prohibitory and Expurgatory, 1624-Index by Dr. Thomas James, 1627-SPANISH Index, Prohibitory and Expurgatory, 1632-Elenchus Capiferrei, 1632, 1635, 1640-SPANISH Index Prohibitory and Expurgatory, 1640, 1662, 1666--Reprint in 1667, with

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Definition of Prohibitory and Expurgatory Indexes-Francus and James

on the subject-Defence of the practice by Gretser, with the qualification necessary to render it just-Sources of the Censures.

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Among the various principles and customs, more especially those of religion, which modern, and professedly Christian, Rome has adopted and perpetuated from the antient and idolatrous

possessors of the great city and its empire, there is none in which the resemblance, or virtual identity, is more conspicuous, than in that policy, by which she has acquired, and by which she retains, her dominion over a great part of the civilized world. No instrument for these purposes, whether of fraud, of flattery, of terror, or of force, was ever refused or overlooked by her. Her code of government embraced all objects, and comprehended the most distant extremes, with all which occupied the intermediate space. The most selftormenting ascetic and the most voluptuous profligate were almost equal objects of her attention ; and while to the tractable, submissive, and at

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tached she presented every indulgence which was, or was believed to be, in her power, she had tortures and deaths of all horrors to gain, retain, or recover, those who either might be rebellious, or meditate rebellion. In short, to no power but modern Rome is equally applicable the encomium of the poet on the antient :

Tu regere imperio populos, Romane, memento;
Hæ tibi erunt artes; pacisque imponere morem,
Parcere subjectis, et debellare superbos.

Aen, vi, 852.

Here is a gigantic, mysterious and long-established power, yet in existence; having indeed suffered much, and therefore the more intent upon retrieving her loss; having so far, most unexpectedly retrieved it, as, from a state of abject and imploring submission, to be put in a capacity, which she has not failed to improve, of re-erecting the two main pillars of her former domination ; and, therefore, looking back, not with diminished hope, nor with inactive zeal for the future, to the bright vision of past ages, when, as the centre, or, according to her own arrogant assumption, the sun, of a mighty system, she exercised her sway over vast portions of human spirits ; sending forth her energies to every and the most distant points of her dominion, and subduing to her will the entire substance and every particle of the compact, organized, and obedient mass. Such

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