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possesses considerable merit as a sculptor. Mrs.lla marriage which he had contracted. In 1804, Siddons has accumulated an ainple property, he was named high chamberlain, and in 1806, with which she has retired from the stage to created prince of Beneventum, in Naples. On the quiet of domestic lite.
the approaching downfal of Napoleon, TalleySOUTHEY, Robert, esq., was born at Bristol, | rand began to intrigue against him, and provide in the year 1774. He was educated at West for himself. He was in consequence reinstated minster school, and at Oxford, and was designed as minister for foreign affairs, by Louis XVIII., for the ministry, but his partiality for the French and sent as his plenipotentiary to Vienna. He revolution inspired him with other thoughts.is now in private lite, an active and attentive For some office, which he held under bis go-observer of the political affairs of Europe. Provernment for a short time, he receives a pension bably no man living has taken a more active part of 2001. a year; this has converted him from an in the political changes which have occurred admirer of French republican principles, to al in Europe during the last thirty years, or gained zealous writer in the Quarterly Review. From a higher reputation for taleuts, intrigue, and 1795, when he first appeared before the public political cunnmg. as an author, this gentleman has been devoted TALMA, M. This distinguished and admito literary pursuits. His poetical and prose writ-| mirable actor, was born at Paris, in 1766. He ings are very numerous. He is the author of attended for some time the classes of declama"Thalaba the Destroyer," "Madoc,” a poem. tion in the royal school of Paris, and soon ob "Espriellas Letters," "The Curse of Kebama,"ltained an order for bis appearance on the stage “Life of Nelson,
," "Life of Wesley," "Remains and in a short time took the lead in his profesof Henry Kirk White," "Roderic, the last of|sion. Madam de Stael says of him, “Talma the Goths," and many other works, and he is may be cited as a model of power, and of disstill employed as a writer,
cretion in the use of it, of simplicity and true SPURZHEIM, Dr., a celebrated physiologist, grandeur. His attitudes recall to mind the fine was born near Treves, in 1776, and educated at statues of antiquity; and the expression of his Vienna, where he studied under the celebrated face and every look, ought to be the study of Dr. Gall, the founder of the science of craniology. our best painters. There is in the voice of this In Great Britain, in conjunction with Dr. Gall. man a magic, which I cannot describe; which, he published the result of his inquiries, in “ The from the moment when its first accent is heard, Anatomy and Plıysiology of the Nervous Sys- awakens all the sympathies of the heart; all tem," and several other works.
the charms of music, of painting, of sculpture, STEWART, Dugald, esq., a distinguished and of poetry; but, above all, the language of metaphysician, and professor of moral philoso- the soul.". Talma has succeeded in acquiring phy in the universiiy of Edinburgh, was born such dignity of mien, and grandeur of deportin that city, in 1753. His writings have gained ment, that the emperor Napoleon seriously took him a high reputation at home and abroad :/ lessons of him, ilie better to support bis own among them are his " Elenients of the Philoso- dignity on all great occasions; it may be added, phy of the Human Mind," " Outlines of Moral that these great cotemporaries loved each other Philosophy for the use of Students,”' &c. almost to idolatry. The wife of Talma is also
SUSSEX, the duke of, is the fourth son of possessed of considerable theatrical reputation, George III., and was born in 1773. He received both in tragic and comic paris. Her health, tbe latter part of his education at Gottingen, however, has coinpelled her to relinquish the and afterwards travelled in Italy. In that coun-stage since 1810. try he contracted a marriage with lady Augusta TEIGNMOUTH, lord, was born in DevonMurray, according to the Roinish church, and shire, in 1754, and sent early to India, as a wrion their retum to England, they were married ter in the service of the East India Company in Hanover Square. This marriage has since While in that country, he was intimate with been annulled, as violating the royal marriage Mr. Hastings, and under his government filled act. The duke has entered much into public several important offices. In 1793, he succeeded Jife, particularly by accepting the office of presi- to be governor of Bengal. From his different dent of various societies. He is grand-master employments in India, he realized a handsome of the society of freemasons in England. His fortune, with which he returned to England, annual income is fixed at 12,0002.
where, in 1797, he was created a peer by the
title of baron Teignmouth. He was the inti. T
mate friend of sir William Jones, whose life
and works he has published. Lord Teigumouth TALLEYRAND, Perigord, prince de. This is distinguished for bis piety and benevolence; celebrated nobleman, who is perhaps the most he was one of the founders, and is now presiconsiderable politician in Europe, was born in dent of the British and Foreign Bible Society. the year 1754, of one of the most ancient fami THENARD, M. This celebrated French lies in France. He was educated for the church, chymist was born in 1777. He early applied and in 1788 was made bishop of Autum. His himself to the study of chymistry, and with such inclination and talents, however, led him to en-li success, that at the age of 20, he was a chymical gage in political life; at the beginning of the teacher in the principal public laboratories of revolution he became a member of the legisla | Paris, and at the polytechnic school. When be tive assembly, took an active part in its delibo-l was 26, he was made professor of chymistry in rations, and was sent as the agent of that body, the college of France, and he soon after sucon a secret mission to Englaud. On his return, ceeded the celebrated Fourcroy, as a member his influence rapidly increased, and he was of the Institute. In conjunction with Gaymade minister for foreign affairs. He took an Lussac, he published in 1810, a highly interestactive part in the elevation of Buonaparte to ing work, entitled “Physico Chymical Enquithe consulship, and under the consular govern- ries.” He has also distinguished himself by ment was employed as a minister and diploma- several other scientific publications. tist. In 1802, the pope granted a brief, which THORVALDSEN, Albert, was born at Coretsored him to a secular life, and legitimated l penhagen in 1772. He is the son of an Icelander
who lived in that city. From his infancy he the passage of the Bidassoa and entered France. was fond of the comparatively rude carvings The restoration of the Bourbons following, and of his father, who was a stonecuttter, and who peace taking place soon after, he returned to had the sagacity to perceive the talents of his England, and was rewarded for his services son. He accordingly placed him in the free with a dukedom, and a gift from parliamento drawing-school at Copenhagen. After display-||400,0001. In July, he was nominated ambassa ing great talents there, particularly in modelling dor-extraordinary to France, and was then sen in clay, and receiving several prizes, he was sent to the congress at Vienna. He was there on tl. to Rome, where he resided for some time, giv- return of Napoleon froin Elba, and was instant ing the most assiduous attention to his favouritely nominated by the allied sovereigns, generalis pursuits. His first production there, was a mo- simo of the European troops. In this capacity dei of Jason, which was considered a master-||he gained the memorable victory at Waterloo, piece. He was afterwards commissioned to which crowned his fame and put an end to the execute the Jason in marble, and from that time wars that had so long desolated Europe. He is has been constantly employed. He has produ- now a field marshal of the forces, master general ced several other valuable works. Since the of the ordinance, &c. A part of the money death of Canova, Thorvaldsen and Chantrey voted him by parliament, amounting in all to may be considered as being at the head of modern more than 800,0001., has been appropriated to sculptors.
the purchase of an estate, on which is to be TRUMBULL, John, author of M'Fingal,lerected for him, a splendid mansion at the public was born in 1750, in Watertown, Conn. His expense. father was the congregational clergyman of that
WILBERFORCE, William, esq., a member place. He was graduated at Yale College, in of the English parliament, was born in York1767, and was admitted to the bar in Connecticut, shire, in the year 1759, and educated at Camin 1773, but soon after entered into the office of bridge, where he became the intimate friend of John Adams, at Boston, as a student. Here he the late English prime minister, Mr. Pitt. Mr. took a lively interest in the passing scenes in Wilberforce is particularly distinguished for the politics, and often was a contributor to the active part he has taken in the abolition of the papers with great effect. He has resided at African slave trade. His unshaken perseverHartford, Conn., since 1781, has passed through ance, his untiring zeal, and his unbounded
career of high success at the bar, and from philanthropy on this important subject, as well 1801 to 1819, was a judge of the superior court as on other occasions, entitle him to the highest in his native state. In 1820, he revised his seve- expressions of applause and gratitude from all ral works, and an edition of them was pub- good men. lished, for which he received a liberal compen WILKIE, David, esq. This distinguished sation. At the age of seventy-five, his conver- painter is a native of Scotland, and was born in sation is still marked with all that wit and 1785. Having early displayed a talent for drawvivacity which have distinguished him. ing, he was sent at the age of fifteen to the
academy at Edinburgh, where he continued W
several years. He went to London in 1805, and
was elected a member of the Royal Academy, in WELLINGTON, the duke of, fourth son of 1812. He is said to be highly successful in paintthe late earl of Mornington, was born in Ireland, ing scenes of domestic life, in the manner of May, 1769. He was first placed at Eton school,||Hogarth, and like that great painter seems never and then sent to the military school of Angers, to omit the most trifling circumstance, which in France. He entered the army as an ensign, | can tend to exhibit the spirit of the scene which and rose by interest and purchase, to the rank he means to represent. of lieutenant-colonel, in 1793. The next year WILLIAM FREDERICK, king of the Netherhe commanded a brigade on the continent underlands, is the son of the stadtholder of the United the duke of York. In 1797, he accompanied Provinces, who was expelled from his country his brother, lord Wellesley, to India, where he by the French, in 1795. He was born at the rose to the rank of major-general, and to be Hague, in 1772, and married, in 1791, a princess governor of Seringapatam. On his return to lof Prussia. For several years he commanded England, in 1805, he married a lady of the fa- the Dutch troops opposed to France, but was mily of lord Longford, was sent to Ireland, as compelled to abandon his country, and retired secretary of state under the duke of Richmond, to England. In 1813, he was invited by a depuand subsequently elected a member of parlia tation from Holland, to assume the stadtholderment. In 1809, lord Wellington, then sir Arthurship, but was saluted by the populace as soveWellesley, was ordered to the Peninsula, as reign prince. The congress of Vienna added commander in chief of the British forces ; and the Netherlands and Luxemburg to his domiit is to his great talents, and brilliant successes, nions, and raised him to the rank of king. in Spain and Portugal, that he is principally Since the restoration of peace, he has given his indebted for his distinguished military reputa-sanction to a new constitution, which had been tion. During the time he commanded in those approved by the states-general, and has since countries, he was constantly opposed to Masse-been employed in reducing to order the discorna, Marmont, and Soult, three of the most dis- dant materials of his kingdom. tinguished French generals; and on all occa WILLIAM FREDERICK, the present sovesions, he proved himself their equal as a general reign of Wirtemburg, was born in 1781. He and as a commander. For his services there, he married, in 1810, the princess Charlotte of Bawas created duke of Rodrigo, with the rank of avaria, against his inclination, and solely in grandee of Spain, by the Spanish regency, and compliance with the wishes of Napoleon. His was successively made an earl and a marquis, marriage has since been dissolved by the pope. by his own government, with a pension of While prince royal of Wirtemburg, he com4,0001. per annum, and a present from parlia-manded the troops of his own country in the unent of 200,0001. In 1813, after the disasters allied army, and gave proofs of
br of Buonaparte in Russia, lord Wellington forced very on several occasions.
He succeeded his
father in 1810, at a time when the crown was late majesty, George III. He was born in 1763, engaged in disputes with the representatives of and educated by the same instructors as his the people. He has since given his people a brother, the present king of England. He was, liberal constitution of government.
when young, presented to the lay bishoprick of WORDSWORTH, William, esq. This dis Osnaburg, and made grand master of the order tinguished English poet was born in the year of the Bath, by his father. Being destined for 1770, and educated at Cambridge. He was in the army, he was sent to Germany, where he early life an enthusiast in the cause of liberty :||obtained a knowledge of the language and tacand, in consequence of his political views, hetics of the country. He was subsequently sent at one time contemplated an establishment into the continent as commander of the British the United States, with his friend, Mr. Coleridge forces, and was for some time employed there and others. Mr. Wordsworth is considered as in the military movements of that period. Neat the head of what is termed the Lake School ver, however, much to his credit as a soldier or of poetry; a poetical style of writing, novel and officer. On one occasion, he was compelled to simple in the extreme, which has been assailed capitulate to the French. On the investigation by the weapons of ridicule, satire, and argument ; of the charges against him for malversations in but which has nevertheless found many admir-|| office, by the house of commons, he resigned ers and imitators. Mr. Wordsworth has pub- his commission, but has since been reinstated. lished " The White Doe of Rylstone, “ Peter He was created duke of York and Albany in Bell," "The Wagoner," and many other poems. 1784. In 1791 he married a daughter of FredeY
rick William, king of Prussia. The duke is
heir presumptive to the throne of England on YURK, the duke of, is the second son of his the death of the present king.