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present contest with the Greeks, and the barba-|| Matarin, where he was enabled to procure a rous massacres he has permitted, exhibits the supply of provisions and horses, and keep up a bloody tyranny of his government; his internal||correspondence with the revolted colonies, he administration is exercised with excessive rigour. sustained the place against Montaverde, twice
MANCHESTER, duke of, was born in 1768. routing his army with immense loss, and at a Although his father was a strong oppositionist, third attack, completely defeating him. Marino he joined the ministry, and was appointed lieu- soon after joined Bolivar, and has been engaged tenant governor, and afterwards governor of in many of the battles since that period. Jamaica, where he now resides.
MARMONT, duke of Ragusa, who has imMANUEL, M., one of the most eloquent and mortalized his name by his bravery and militaintrepid of the defenders of French liberty, was|ry talents, and stained it by being the first to deborn in the department of the Lower Alps, insert his benefactor, was born at Chatillon upon 1775. In 1815, he was a member of the chamber||the Seine, in 1774, and was educated for the arof deputies, convoked by Napoleon, and after my. This he entered in 1792, and was present wards, strongly contended for the rights of the in the first campaigns of the armies of the Alps, younger Napoleon, and moved a spirited protest and of Italy. He then becaine aid-de-camp to against the force employed by the allies to re- Buonaparte, and displayed much courage and store the Bourbons. In 1818, he was re-elected to talent at the battles of Lodi, Castiglione, and the chamber of deputies, and has since held a St. George. In 1798, he was made a brigadierseat there. In point of argument and elocution, general for his conduct at Malta. In Dalmatia, ze is one of the most formidable opponents of |he routed, with a handful of troops, the Russians the ministry.
and Montenegrins, and for this he was rewarded MARET, duke of Bassano, enjoyed the confi- with a dukedom. He compelled Wellington to ience and friendship of Napoleon, from the time raise the siege of Badajoz, took the command he was made consul to his abdication. He was of an army in Germany, and contributed at the made secretary of the council of state, and was victories of Lutzen, Bautzen, Dresden, and employed in negotiating the treaty of Presburgh ; others. He was made a marshal on the field of in 1811, he was made minister of foreign affairs, Znaim, where he had been victorious, and in and created duke of Bassano; in 1812, he nego 1814, shared in the laurels gained at Brienne, tiated treaties with Austria, and Prussia ; and in Champ Aubert, Vauchamp, and Montmirail. 1813 and 1814 was entrusted with various impor-Here ends the glory of his career. In the retant missions. He was banished by Louis, and is treat, on Paris, Marmont, finding himself in a si20w a resident at Gratz, in Syria, occupied in the tuation in which he could pursue his own views education of his children. He was born at Di- without accountability to Buonaparte, negotiajon, in 1758.
ted with the allies, and separated his division MARIA LOUISA, late empress of France, is from the rest of the army. Louis rewarded so daughter of Francis II. of Austria, and was valuable a subject with a peerage, and has since born in 1791. The younger branches of the appointed him one of the four marshals of the imperial family had been taught to think of royal guard and a commander of St. Louis. Napoleon with so much horror, that the princess MARSHALL, John, was born in Virginia, fainted at the first suggestion of her marriage to about the year 1756, and went through the usual him; but at length she yielded to the entreaties course of classical education in a private semiof her father, and to state policy, and afterwards nary. He shared in the dangers and fatigues of became sincerely attached to him. They were the army during the revolutionary war, and was married in 1810. During the absence of Buona-under the immediate command of Washington, parte in the campaigns of 1812, and 1813, she was after which he studied the law, and soon after, placed by him at the head of the French go-| he was elected to the legislature, and then was vernment as empress-regent, and in that capa- a member of the executive council. In a short city, she went in state to the senate, and dejtime he was at the head of his profession; was manded a levy of 190,000 men. On setting out a member of the Virginia convention, in 1788, for the army in 1814, Buonaparte took, as it and generally represented the city of Richmond afterwards proved to be, his final farewell of her. in the legislature of the state, until in 1797, he The officers of the national guard of Paris, 800 was prevailed on to accept the appointment of in number, were summoned to the great saloon an envoy to France, with Messrs. Pinckney and of the Thuilleries, to receive the solemn deposit Gerry. Mr. Marshall shared largely in the transwhich Napoleon entrusted to their honour, in actions and honours of this embassy. After his the persons of his wife and child. “I confide,” return, he had been a short time a distinguished said he, and he spoke it in a tremulous accent, member of congress, when he was appointed se
my wife and child to iny faithful citizens of cretary of state by Mr. Jefferson. He soon after Paris, thus giving them the dearest mark of con- received the appointment of chief-justice of the fidence, which I have in my power to bestow." United States, which high office he has since On the 29th of March, the day before the battle continued to fill wiih dignity and reputasion, and of Paris, the empress filed to Blois, and in May, is alike conspicuous for his sound judgment and went to Vienna. The principality of Parina, luminous mind. Judge Marshall has published a had in the mean time been secured to her by Life of Washington, in five volumes, 8vo, and is treaty, and in 1817, she took possession of this now employed in revising it for a second edition. as princess of Parma, but her court is neither MATURÍN, rev. C. Ř., born in Ireland, in numerous nor splendid. Her son was sepa- 1782, was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, rated from her in 1815, and has not since been where he obtained several prizes and medals as under her care.
the reward of his acquirements, and yet was there MARINO, Don Santiago, one of the most more remarkable for his indolence and melanintrepid and indefatigable generals, who have choly, than for his talents. But, by the misforfought for the independence of South America. Itunes of his father, he was compelled to provide He is of a rich family, and was born in the pro- for himself, and he sought for a resource in litevince of Cumana. He espoused the cause of rary labour. Under the assumed name of Denliberty at an early period, and at the town of nis Jasper Murphy, he produced " The Fatal
Revenge,'' “ The Wild Irish Boy,” and “ Thel Cadiz, he hurried back to Navarre, and took a Milesian Chief.” “Bertram," a tragedy, through leading part in the struggle. After the king had the interest of Lord Byron, was brought out at submitted to the new order of things, Mina was Drury-lane, and its success established the fame appointed captain-general of Navarre, and afof its author. He has since published two finely terwards, taking command of the army destined written works: “Women, or Pour et Contre,''l to act against a formidable insurrection in Cataand “Melmoth, the Wanderer."
lonia, he completely subdued it. He is regarded MAXIMILIAN I., king of Bavaria, was born as the most experienced general in Spain, and in 1756, and succeeded his uncle, Charles Theo- as the sheet-anchor of the constitutional cause. dore, as elector of Bavaria, in 1799. He early MONCEY, marshal, duke Conegliano, was displayed the qualities of a wise and good prince; born at Besancon, in 1754. In 1793 he command. he introduced various popular reforms in his ed a corps in the army of the Pyrenees, and in states, and abolished the oppressive privileges 1794 was raised to general of brigade, and soon and inimunities of the nobles and clergy. In after to the rank of general of division. He 1806, he joined Napoleon, with an army of 25,000 served with distinction during the war with Bavarians, against Francis II., and at the con- Spain; in 1795 commanded the army of the clusion of peace, was elevated by his potent Eastern Pyrenees, and afterwards greatly distinally, to the dignity of king of Bavaria, and the guished himself in the campaign of Italy. In Tyrol and other provinces were added to his 1804 he was made marshal of France, and grand territory. Maximilian remained faithful to his officer of the legion of honour. He served in engagements with Napoleon till the disastrous the campaigns of 1812 and 1813, and, as second campaign in Russia compelled him to join the in command of the Parisian national guard at subsequent alliance against France. After the the attack of the allies on Paris, he displayed general peace of 1814, he purchased for himself much presence of mind and firmness of purpose. new titles to the affections of his people, After the return of Louis he was made minister giving them a representative government, and of state, knight of St. Louis, and peer of France. placing them in the rank of free nations. But, as he accepted a peerage of Napoleon, in
METTERNICH-WINEBOURG, prince, com- 1815, he has since only been restored to his titles. menced his political career as ambassador to MONROE,James, was born in Virginia, is now various courts of the highest rank, and was born (1825) about 67 years of age, and resides at in Austria, in 1775. While ambassador to France, Loudon, in his native state. Ardently devoted he ingratiated himself greatly with Napoleon, to his country, he took part in the revolution and obtained an advantageous peace with him, when a youth, and his undaunted courage was at the conclusion of the war which commenced evinced on more than one occasion. He was in 1809, between France and Austria. On his devoted to Washington, an admirer and imitareturn, Francis made him minister of foreign tor of Jefferson, and a friend and companion of affairs, and afterwards prime minister. He Madison. Mr. Monroe was a member of the afterwards followed his sovereign to Paris, and old congress, and was instrumental in the forsigned the treaty of 1814, after the success of mation of the constitution. He was a successthe allies. He accompanied the king of Prussia, ful lawyer, and in the legislature of Virginia, and emperor of Russia to England, and received and in the new congress, bie was an intelligent, the degree of doctor of laws from the university active, and efficient member. France, Spain, of Oxford, and on his return to Vienna, was and Great Britain have been the theatres of his raised to the dignity of a prince, and received diplomatic career. He was successively secrethe lordship and estates of Arnvar, in Hungary. tary of state, and of war, and his constancy He assisted at the congress of Vienna, and also and capacity in the one, and vigour and firmness at that of Aix la Chappeile, and there is scarcely, in the other, were alike conspicuous. Mr. Mon. a prince in Europe from whom he has not re- roe was elected to the presidency in 1817, and ceived some token of distinction and esteem. had a most difficult part to perform ; but it will
MILORADOWITCH, count, one of the best be difficult to find a real blemish in his adminisof the Russian generals, was employed in the tration, and in the course of it, he bas proved campaign against the Turks, in 1789, and against himself a benefactor of his country, and a worthe Poles in 1794 and 1795. He possessed the thy patriot. He was re-elected president in 1821, entire confidence of Suwarrow, and was at the and in 1825 was succeeded by Mr. Adams. head of his advanced guard, in 1799. He com MONTGOMERY, James, an excellent poet, manded a division at Austerlitz, and in 1812, was born in Ayrshire, in 1771, and is the son of was again appointed to the command of the a Moravian minister. He was early devoted to Russian advanced guard, and greatly distinguish- poetry, and, as early as twelve years of age, ed himself in the action near Krasnoy, and Wi- had written three volumes. His education was azma. At the battle of Leipsic he led the Rus-li limited, but he acquired a knowledge of the sian and Prussian reserves, and took a conspi- Greek, Latin, French, and German languages, cuous part in the campaign of 1814.
in Yorkshire. He went to London, and for MINA, Don Francisco Espoz y, was born in sometime was in the shop of a bookseller; afNavarre, in 1782. He is one of the most distin- terwards he became the publisher of a paper in guished Spanish patriots: brave, active, and in- Sheffield, entitled “ The Iris.” For some pieces defatigable, at the head of Guerilla corps during which happened in this, he was twice imprisonthe war against the French, his exploits were soled, and while incarcerated, published “ Prison successful that he was often denominated king Amusements.” In 1806, he published " The of Navarre. Mortified to find that he had only Wanderer of Switzerland,” and other poems, been labouring to re-establish despotism, and the which rose in popularity, and established his redivision of troops of which he had been ap- putation. He has since published "The West pointed general having been dismissed, he gain- Indies," "The World before the Flood," " Songs ed over the garrison of Pampeluna, and was on of Zion," &c. He stili resides at Sheffield, is yet the point of proclaiming the constitution, when the conductor of “ The Iris," and is considered his plan was betrayed. He fled to France; but an amiable and pious man. when the standard of freedom was raised at MONTHOLON, marquis, celebrated for him
unshaken and generous adherence to the fallen|Transfiguration, from Raphael; a Magdalen, fortunes of his illustrious master, entered the from Murillo; a Head of ihe Saviour, from dá ! French army at the age of fifteen, serving under Vinci ; the Monument of Clement XIII., from Buonaparte, from whom he received a sword, Canova; and Theseus vanquishing the Mino for his services on the memorable 18th Brumaire. taur. He was aid-de-camp to marshal Berthier before MORILLO, Don Pablo, a man of courage and he was twenty-one years of age, and in that ca- talent, was originally a serjeant of artillery in pacity distinguished himself at the battles of the Spanish marines, but distinguished himself Austerlitz, Wagram, Jena, and Friedland. He so much during the war between Spain and commanded in the department of the Loire, France, that in the course of it he was promoted when he received the news of the emperor's ab- to be a general. In 1815, he was placed at the dication: with his wife and children, he volun-Khead of an expedition against South America, tarily partook of the ex-emperor's imprisonment consisting of twelve thousand men.
He was at St. Helena, and continued with him till his at first successful: Carthagena surrendered to decease. He is now arranging for the press, him after a siege, during which he confiscated memoirs dictated to him by his late sovereign. the property of the Venezuelans, and committed
MOORE, Thomas, one of the first of British many cruelties. New Granada was afterwards poets, was born in Ireland, and was educated reduced, and again Morillo had recourse to the at Trinity College, Dublin. He went to Lon-| system of bloodshed and pillage. These events don, with a view of making the law his pro-roused the spirits of Bolivar, Paez, and Arisfession, and was called to the bar. It was then mendi, and Morillo was several times defeated, that he translated the Odes of Anacreon; these he was driven from Granada, and a great part met with so favourable a reception, that he of Caraccas. In 1820, having heard of the revoabandoned the law, and devoted himself to lution, he returned to Spain, joined the patriots, literature. Under the name of Little, he pub- and for a time was the political chief of Madrid. lished a volume of poems, which were justly But he has been removed, and appears to be censured for their licentiousness, He visited viewed with suspicion by the liberal party. the United States in 1805, but his prejudices did MOSTONSKI, count Thaddeus, an illustrious not allow him to form a favourable opinion of patriot of Poland, was born at Warsaw, in 1790. our country. Since his return, in 1806, he has When Stanislaus was compelled to accede to published " The Two-penny Post-bag ;" "The the confederation of Targowitz, and consequentFudge family in Paris;" "The Loves of thelly to the overthrow of Polish liberty, Mostonski Angels ;” and “Lalla Rookh," an oriental ro-fled to Paris, became connected with the Gironmance, which unites the purest and softest dist party, and obtained a promise of assistance tenderness with the loftiest dignity, and in every for the Poles; but the triumph of the jacobin page, glows with all the fervour of poetry. party put an end to his prospects; he returned
MORE, Mrs. Hannah, was born near Bristol,|| io Poland, took an active part with his counabout the year 1750, and is the youngest of five trymen in their efforts to expel their oppressors, sisters. At Bristol, her taste and knowledge and when no hope was left of saving his country, acquired her the friendship of Dr. Stonehouse, he refused to fly from Warsaw, was taken priwho encouraged her to write, and corrected all soner, and was some time confined at St. Peters he
early effusions. The “Search after Hap-burgh. He afterwards resided in France, till, piness,” her first publication, was favourably in 1815, he was recalled to Poland by Alexander, received; and she soon after published several appointed minister of the home department, and other pieces. In 1782, she published her “ Sa- of police. cred Dramas." She retired about 1798, to Somersetshire, with her sisters, where they
N established charity schools among the colliers, with much advantage to them. She has con NESSELRODE, count Charles Robert de, setinued since to give her productions to the cretary for foreign affairs, and privy counsellor world, and besides many others, has published to the emperor of Russia, was born in Livonia, 'Thoughts on the Manners of the Great ;"||about the year 1770. This minister stands high “ Strictures on the Modern System of Female in the confidence of his sovereign, and has often Education;" and being consulted on the subject received marks of his esteem. He accompanied of the education of the princess Charlotte, pro- the emperor into France in the campaign of duced “ Hints toward forming the character of 1814, and was one of the four plenipotentiaries a young Princess," which was highly approved that signed the treaty of quadruple alliance, at of, and received with royal approbation. This Chaumont, in March, of that year. All the notes excellent woman, who has constantly been la- and addresses of the emperor, at this period, bouring to benefit mankind, bas been inany bear his signature, and were mostly drawn up years confined to her bed by an excruciating by him. After a short stay in Paris, he repaired Jisease; but in this situation, she has produced to Vienna, to assist in the conference relative to some of her best works, among which are the future constitution of Germany. And after
Calebs in Search of a Wife,” “Practical wards, in 1815, he was one of the committee Piety,'
;”. “Christian Morals,” “Essay on the that signed the declaration or profession of faith Character and Writings of St. Paul," and of the several powers with respect to Buona“Moral Sketches of Prevailing Opinions and parte. Manners.” Amongst her most intimate friends, Mrs. More has numbered Dr. Porteus, Dr. Beat
0 tie, Mrs. Montague, Dr. Johnson, Sir Joshua Reynolds, and Mr. Garrick.
OPIE, Mrs., was born in 1771. She is the MORGHEN, Raphael, an eminent professor daughter of Dr. Alderson, an eminent physician, of the graphic art, and one of the first European of Norwich. This lady early evinced superior engravers, was born at Naples, in 1756, and was talents, by composing poems and descriptive a pupil under the celebrated Volpato. Among pieces, at an age when young ladies have not the most remarkable of his works, are the usually finished their education. In 1798 she
married Mr. Opie, a celebrated painter, and soon them, and often, after fighting with them during after his death, in 1808, she published a memoir the day, amuses bimself by dancing with them of his life, prefixed to the lectures he had read at night. at the Royal Academy. By this and other publi PARRY, Edward William, a captain in the cations, she has acquired considerable reputa- English navy, was born in the year 1790. He tion, both as a prose and poetical writer. was placed in the navy when quite young, and
ORANGE, the hereditary prince of, is the sons gradually rose to the rank of first lieutenant, of the king of the Netherlands. He was born with a high reputation as an officer. Captain in 1792. In 1811, he became a colonel in the Parry has distinguished himself, as commander British army, and served with Wellington in of an English squadron fitted out on a voyage Spain. He was promoted to the rank of general of discovery to the north pole, by successfully in 1814, and was present at all the important penetrating into the Polar Sea as far as the 1101 battles in the peninsula. At the battle of Wa-degree of west longitude, and wintering on one terloo, he commanded the Dutch troops with his of the newly discovered islands. For this, he, accustomed gallantry, and was severely wound- and the men under his command, received the ed. In 1816, he married a sister of the emperor parliamentary reward of 5,0001. Captain Parry Alexander of Russia.
is now absent on a third voyage to the polar reORLEANS, the duke of, is a descendant of gions. It is to be hoped that the long agitated Henry IV., whose virtues he imitates. He was question of a northwest passage, from the Atborn in October, 1773, and in early life was dis-lantic to the Pacific, will be put to rest on his tinguished for his sedate character, and for bis return. prudence and moderation. As duc de Chartres, PEPE, general William, is a native of Cala. he was a soldier in the armies of the republic/bria, and was born in the year 1783, of one of for a short time, but was soon proscribed. He the most respectable families of that country. then escaped, travelled in disguise through dif- He received his education in the military college ferent parts of Europe, and at one time filled the of the province, and entered into the army of his professorship of mathematics at Reichman, in country, then declared a republic by the French. ihe Grisons country, under a borrowed name. He afterwards joined the French, and was acHe afterwards visited the United States, with ||tively employed in all the campaigns of that nahis brothers, and returned to Europe to assist ||tion in Italy. He subsequently returned to Na. his mother. In 1800, he took up his residence in ples, and was appointed aid-de-camp to king England. He married a daughter of the king Joachim, and general of brigade. He continued of Naples, and now lives in Paris. He is heir, in the service of that sovereign until his downin no very remote degree, to the throne of tal, and remained inactive after that event until France.
1818. He was then employed by Ferdinand, OWEN, Robert, esq., a native of Great Bri- with a bigh military rank, in suppressing the tain, was born to a moderate fortune, and edu-| dreadful system of brigandism and robbery cated as a manufacturer. With a benevolent which then prevailed in that country. General disposition, and a powerful understanding, be Pepe has gained his principal reputation by headhas devoted his life to the study of plans forsing the late revolutionary movements in Naples, ameliorating the condition of the poor. With and by procuring a constitutional form of governthis view, he has formed an establishment in ment for that country. The interposition of an Scotland, called New Lanark, in which his plans Austrian armed force, has defeated the patriotic have been crowned with success. His principle views of this officer, and compelled him to retire seems to have been taken originally from the to England, where he now resides. Moravian'settlements, but with this difference, PERCIVAL, James G., a poet and scholar, that among them, property is in common, but, | alike distinguished for genius and the accuracy on Mr. Owen's plan, only such things are in of his learning. He was born in Berlin, Conn., common, as tend to general advantage. Mr. about the year 1795. He was graduated at Yale Owen is about forming a similar establishment College in 1815, and commenced the practice of in this country. How far bis plan will succeed medicine in 1820. He published his first work here, or as a public system, elsewhere, remains at New Haven, in 1820, and two numbers of to be seen. By his mode of living, he anticipates Clio soon after. In 1824, be published a handa saving of several thousand dollars per annum, | some edition of his works, which was repubto every association formed on his plan. lished the same year in London. He was
appointed a professor at West Point by the P
government, in 1824, which he was obliged to
relinquish on account of his health, and was PAEZ, general, is a native of Caraccas, and soon after employed as surgeon in connexion was born in 1787, of poor, but respectable pa-| with the recruiting service at Boston. This rents. In early life he was employed as a su-situation he soon left, to devote his attention perintendant of the flocks of an establishment more exclusively to literary pursuits. He is a in Barinas. When the first struggle for liberty regular writer for the Boston Literary Gazette, took place in Caraccas, he joined the royalist and his poetry in that is received with general party, and fought on their side until the cruel admiration. He resides in his native village, ries of his associates filled him with disgust. (1825,) and is engaged in editing some works He then left them with a body of cavalry, and for the press. His disposition is melancholy and joined the patriots in New Grenada, where he retiring, and his career bas been marked with performed such prodigies of valour, in opposing traits of great eccentricity. He is, bowever, a Morillo, that he was made a brigadier-general, man of singular elevation and purity of char and afterwards general of division. The libe-lacter in private life. ration of the Colombian republic, by the victo PORTER, Jane, and Ann Maria. These la ry of Carabobo, crowned his glory. Paez is of dies are sisters, and daughters of sir Robert Pora robust constitution, and possesses great mus-ter. They have long held a high rank among cular activity and power. He Mves as frugally the female novel writers of the day. The foras his soldiers, always divides his booty with mer bas written "Thaddeus of Warsaw," "The
Scottish Chiefs," and other works, which have Stewart. The reputation of this gentleman is been well received by the public, and very ex-well known on both sides of the Atlantic; as a tensively read. The younger sister has publish poet, he may justly be ranked above most of his ed“ The Hungarian Brothers," " The Recluse cotemporaries. His first literary attempt, was of Norway," and more recently the “ Fast of a translation of two ballads, froin the German, St. Magdalen." Until the appearance of thail. The Chase," and another. In 1802, he pubsplendid series of works, the Waverly novels, lished his “ Border Minstrelsy," a work which these sisters had gained a great degree of popu- opened to him a most brilliant literary career. larity. They have, however, with others, been Mr. Scout has since published, "The Lay of the obliged to yield to the unrivalled merits of the Last Minstrel,”. “Marmion, or Flodden Field," Great Unknown."
* The Lady of the Lake," "The Vision of Don Roderick,” “Rokehy,” and other poems. He has also been employed to edit the works of
Swift, Dryden, and other distinguished authors. QUIROGA, general Antonio. This distin-Sir Walter Scott's talents, however, are not guished Spaniard is indebted for his reputation, confined to poetry. He is understood to be the to his recent patriotic efforts in favour of the author of "Paul's Letters," and of the historiliberty of his country. When he commenced cal department of the recent volumes of the the daring task of limiting the powers of his Edinburgh Annual Register; and he is generally sovereign, and assembling the constituted but believed to be the author of the popular series almost obsolete authorities of the kingdom, helof novels, known by the name of ihe Waverley was but a colonel in the Spanish army. He was (novels. These alone would have placed the placed at the head of those troops, who, at Ca- name of Scott among the great men of the age. diz, declared in favour of a free constitution, With his other productions, they will perpetuate and he issued several spirited proclamations, and his reputation, so long as talents are esteemed, took every measure in his power to ensure suc- or fine writing admired. Sir Walter is clerk of cess to the cause in which he had embarked. the court of sessions of Scotland, for which lio Quiroga, with his associates, had the happi- receives about 1,5001. sterling per annum. Fle ness to accomplish their glorious purposes; to resides at Edinburgh during tlie session of the see a cortes assembled, a constitution adopied, court, and the rest of his time at his splendid and the government organized under that con- seat at Abbotsford, 40 miles froin Edinburgh stitution. Subsequent events have destroyed He has been from infancy quite lame; in his the prospects of the liberal party in Spain, and manners he is perfectly simple and unostentacompelled Quiroga to take up his residence in tious. He has four children; one of whom is England.
married to the celebrated professor Lockhart.
SEDGWICK, Catharine, author of two very R
popular novels, the “New-England Tale" and
*** Redwood,'' is the daughter of judge Sedgwick, ROSCOE, William, esq., a distinguished Eng- and was born at Stockbridge, Mass., in the year lish writer, was born of humble parents, from 1798. She is deservedly ranked among the most whom he received but a common education, and elegant prose writers of the day; and is underarticled to an attorney in Liverpool. His ardent stood to be now (1825) engaged in the preparamind led him to devote all his leisure time to the tion of a series of Tales, founded on scenes in study of the classics, and he soon made himself |New-England. acquainted with the ancient and modern lan SENEFELDER, Alois, was born at Munich, guages. Mr. Roscoe was early celebrated both and placed for education in the university of as a prose and as a poetical writer ; but the 'Ingoldstadt, as a student of jurisprudence. To work which gained him the greatest reputation, him the arts are indebted for the invention of was his “Life of Lorenzo de Medici;' a work, lithography; a process, by means of which which for purity and elegance of style, and ex- books may now be embellished with prints, tensive research, has seldom been surpassed without incurring such an expense as to place He has also been the great mover and supporter them beyond the reach of persons of small forof several public works in Liverpool ; so much tunes. An accurate account of the inventor 30, that his name is identified with the prosperi- and the invention, may be found in the 5th ty and even existence of that city.
volume of the supplement to the Encyclopædia
Britannica. We can only say, that he received S
the first suggestions of this useful art, from an
accidental discovery, and that he brought it to a SAN MARTIN, general Don Juan, was born degree of perfection, by successive experiments, in the midst of the Andes, and sent to Madrid which will make it of great service to mankind. for education. He entered the army in 1808, and Lithography has since rapidly extended, and displayed great valour in defending the indepen-been applied to a variety of purposes, connected dence of his country under the banners of the with the arts, in different parts of the continent, cortes.
After the dissolution of that body he and in Great Britain. quitted Spain for Buenos Ayres, and immediate SIDDONS, Mrs., is the daughter of Mr. R. ly joined the patriot forces of that country. As Kemble. She was born about the year 1749. an officer of the patriot army he has gained se- This lady commenced her career as a singer, veral important victories, and contributed much but she soon relinquished that employment, and o the independence of the South American attempted tragedy. On her appearance at states. He is now at the head of the independ-Drury-lane theatre in 1782, her success was ent government of Peru.
complete; the public were astonished at her SCOTT, Sir Walter, one of the most distin-powers, and she was acknowledged to be the guished and prolific writers of the present day, first tragic actress of the age. For more than was born at Edinburgh, in the year 1771, and twenty years she retained her high rank as an educated, first at the high school of that city, actress, and continued during that period, to and then at the university, under professor enchant the lovers of the drama. She also