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Gon. Holloa, holloa !
Edg. What's he, that speaks for Edmund earl That eye that told you so, look'd but a-squnt. .
of Gloster ? Reg. Lady, I am not well; else I should answer Edm. Himself ;-Wbat say'st thou to him! From a full-flowing stomach.-General,
Edg. Draw thy sword ; Take thou my soldiers, prisoners, patrimony ; That, if my speech offend a noble heart, Dispose of them, of me; the walls are thine : Thy arm may do thee justice : here is mine. Witness the world, that I create thee here Behold it is the privilege of mine honours, My lord and master.
My oath and my profession : 1 protest, Gon. Mean you to enjoy him?
Mauyre. thy strength, youth, place, and emi. Alb. The let-alone + lies not in your good
Despite thy victor sword, and fire-new fortane Edm. Nor in thine, lord.
Thy valour, and thy heart,--thou art a traitor : Alb. Half-blooded fellow, yes.
False to thy gods, thy brother, and thy father ; Reg. Let the drum strike, and prove my title Conspirant 'gainst this bigh illustrious prince; thine.
(Th EDMUND. Aud, from the extremnest upward of thy head, Alb. Stay yet; bear reason :-Edmund, I To the descent and dust beneath thy feet, arrest thee
A most toad-spotted traitor. Say thou, No, On capital treason ; and, in thy arrest,
This sword, this arm, and my best spirits, are This gilded serpent : [Pointing to Gon.)-for
bent your claim, fair sister,
To prove upon thy heart, whereto I speak I bar it in the interest of my wife;
Tbou liest. 'Tis she is sub-contracted to this lord,
Edm. In wisdom I should ask thy name : Aud I, her husband, contradict your bans. But, since thy outside looks so fair and warIf you will marry, make your love to me,
(breathes, My lady is bespoke.
And that thy tongue some 'sayt of breeding Gon. An interlude !
What safe and nicely I might well delay Alb. Thou art arm'd,
Gloster :-Let the By rule of knighthood, I disdain and sparn : trumpet sound:
Back do I toss these treasons to thy head; If none appear to prove upon thy person,
With the hell-hated lie o'eru belm ihy heart; Thy heinous, manifest, and many treasons,
Which, (for they yet glance by, and scarcely There is my pledge; (Throwing down a Glove.] bruisen)
(way, I'll prove it on thy heart,
This sword of mine shall give them instant Ere I taste bread, thou art in nothing less Where they shall rest for ever.-Trumpeis, Than I have here proclaim'd thee.
speak. Reg. Sick, 0, sick !
[Alarums.-They fight.-EDMUND falls. Gon. If not, l'll ne'er trust poison. (Aside.
Alb. o save him, save him! Edm. There's my exchange : (Throwing down
Gon. This is mere practice, 9 Gloster : a Glove.) what in the world he is By the law of arms, thou wast not bound to That names me traitor, villain-like he lies :
answer Call by thy trumpet : he that dares approach, An unknown opposite : thou art not vanquished, On bim, on you, (who not ?) I will maintain But cozen'd and beguild. My truth and honour firmly.
Alb. Shut your mouth, dame, Alb. A berald, ho !
Or with this paper shall I stop it :-Hold, Sir : Edm. A berald, ho, a berald !
Thou worse than any name, read thine ona
evil: Alb. Trust to thy single virtue! I for thy sol. diers,
No tearing, lady ; 1 perceive, you know it. All levied in my name, bave in my name
(Gives the Letter to EDMUND. Took their discharge.
Gon. Say, if I do ; the laws are mine, not Reg. This sickness grows upon me.
Who shall arraigu me for't i
(thine : Alb. Most monstrous ! Enter a HERALD.
Know'st thou this paper ? Alb. She is not well ; convey her to my tent.
Gon. Ask ine wol what I know. [Erit Regan, led.
(Erit GOXERIL. Come hither, herald, -Let the trumpet sound,
Alb. Go after her : she's desperate ; govern And read out this.
her. (To an OFFICER, who goes out. Off. Sound, trumpet. (4 Trumpet sounds. Edm. What you have charg'd me with, that
have I done;
(out; HERALD reads.
And more, much more : the time will bring it If any man of quality or degree, within the 'Tis past, and so am 1: But what art thou, lists of the army, will maintain upon Ep-That hast this fortune on me? li thou art noble, MUND), supposed earl of GLOSTER, that he is I do forgive thee. a manifold traitor, him appear at the
Edg. Let's exchange charity. third sound of the trumpet : He is bold in his I am no less in blood than thou art, Edmund; defence.
If more, the more thou hast wrong'd me.
My name is Edgar, and thy father's son. Edm. Sound.
The gods are just, and of our pleasant vices Her. Again.
Make instruments to scourge us : Hir. Again.
The dark and vicious place where thee he gol, [Trumpet ansuers within.
Cost him his eyes.
Edm. Thou bast spoken right, 'tis trne ; Enter Edgar, armed, preceded by a Trumpet. The wheel is come full circle : I am here.
Alb. Methought, thy very gait did prophesy Alb. Ask bim his purposes, why he appears A royal nobleness :-I must embrace thee; Upon this call o'the trumpet. Her. What are you?
Let sorrow split my beart, if ever I
Did hate thee, or thy father :
I know it well.
Alb. Where have you hid yourself ! (ther! By treason's tooth bare-grawn, and cankerbit : Yet am I noble, as the adversary
How have you known the miseries of your fa.
Edg. By oursing them, my lord. Listi a I come to cope withal.
brief tale ;Alb. Which is that adversary?
• Notwithstanding. • Alluding to the proverb : “Lore being jealous makes a good eye look a-squini,"
+ Because if his adversary was not of equal rank, Ed + The hinderauce.
mund might have declined the combat, il. e, Valour.
And, when 'tis told, Othat my heart would | Speak, Edinund, where's the king ? and where's
See'st thou this object, Kent ?
(The Bodies of GONERIL and RECAN Dess!
are brought in.
And after slew herself.
Edm. I parit for life :- Some good I mean to
(despair: Despite of mine own nature. Quickly send, -
Alb. Run, run, O run-
Thy token of reprieve.
Edm. Well thought on ; take my sword,
Alb. Haste thee, for thy life. (Exit EDGAR.
To hang Cordelia in the prison, and
Alb. The gods defend her! Bear him hence
(EDMUND is borne af. Hearing of this. Edg. This would bave seem'd a period
Enter LEAR, with CORDELIA dead in his
Arms ; EDGAR, OFFICER, and others.
men of stones;
gone for ever I---
She's dead as earth ;-Lend me a looking-glass;
Kent. Is this the promis'd end ? +
That ever I have felt.
Kent. O my good master! [Kneeling.
Lear, Pr'ythee, away.
Lear. A plague upon you, murderers, traitors
(ever ! Improper for a slave.
I might bave sav'd her; now she's gone for
Cordelia, Cordelia, stay a little. Ha !
(man :Gent. Help! help! O help!
Gentle, and low ; an excellent thing in wo-
I kill'd the slave that was a banging thee.
of. 'Tis true, my lords, he did.
Lear. Did I not, fellow?
(chion Gent. 'Tis hot, it smokes ;
I have seen the day, with my good biting faul. It came even from the heart of
I would have made them skip : I am old now, Alb. Who, man ? speak.
And these same crosses spoil me.-Who are Gent. Your lady, Sir, your lady: and her
(straight. By her is poison'd; she confesses it. (sister Mine eyes are none o'the best I'll tell you
Kent. If fortune brag of two she lov'd and
Lear. This is a dull sight: Are you not Alb. Produce their bodies, be they alive or
Kent ? dead !
Kent. The same :
(Caius? This judgment of the heavens, that makes us
Your servant Kent : Wbere is your servant tremble,
Lear. He's a good fellow, I can tell you Touches us not with pity. (Exit GENTLEMAN.
(rotten. Enter KENT.
He'll strike, and quickly too :-He's dead and Edg. Here comes Kent, Sir.
Kent. No, my good lord; I am the very
man; Alb. O it is he.
Lear. I'll see that straight. The time will not allow the compliment,
Kent. That, from your first of difference and Which very manners urges.
Have follow'd your sad steps.
(decay, Kent, I am come
Lear. You are welcome hither.
• Destroyed herself. Is be not here 1
+ The end of the world, or the horrible circumstan
ces preceding it ?
11. 2. Die ; 'Albany speaks to Lear. For ever.
To bid my king and master aye good night;
Alib. Great thing of us forgot!
Kent. Nor no man else ; all's cheerless, dark, | And thou no breath at all 1 o thou wilt coma and deadly:
no more, Your eldest daughters bave fore-doom'd them- Never, never, never, never, never ! selves,
Pray you, undo this button : Thank you, Sir. And desperately are dead.
Do you see this! Look on her,-look,-her Lear. Ay, so I think.
lips,Alb. He knows not what he says; and vain Look there, look there !
(He dies, That we present us to him.
Edg. He faints (-My lord, my lord, Edg. Very bootless. •
Kent. Break, heart; I pr'ythee, break!
Edg. Look up, my lord.
Kent. Vex not his ghost : 0 let him pass! • off. Edmund is dead, my lord.
he hates him, Alb. That's but a trifle here.
That would upon the rack of this tough world You lords, and noble friends, know our intent. Stretch himn out longer. What comfort to this great decay + may come, Edg. O be is gone, indeed. Shall be applied : For us, we will resigli,
Kent. The wouder is, he hath endur'd so long: During the life of this old majesty,
He but usurp'd his life. To him our absolute power :-You, to your Alb. Bear them from hence.-Our present rights ; (To EDGAR and KENT.
business With boot, and sneh addition ý as your honours is general woe. Friends of my soul, you twain Have more than merited.-All friends shall
(To KENT and EDGAR. taste
Rule in this realm, and the gor'd state sustain. The wages of their virtue, and all foes
Kent. I have a journey, Sir, shortly to go; The cup of their deservings.- see, see ! My master calls, and I must not say, no. Lear. And my poor fool) is haug'd I No, no, Alb. The weight of this sad time we must obey ; no life:
Speak what we feel, not what we ought to say. Why should a dog, a horse, a rat, have life, The oldest bath borne most : we, that are young,
Shall never see so much, nor live so long. • Useless. +l.e. Lear. Benefit. Titles,
(Exeunt, with a dead March | Poor fool, in the time of Sbakspeare was au express sion of endearmept.
LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE. In this matchless tragedy Shakspeare has closely adhered to historical fact, excepting that Banquo, out of com
pliment to bis descendant James I. is excluded from all participation in the murder of Duncan. In the reign of Charles 11. the songs of the witches were set to music by the celebrated Matthew Lock, and the play regarded as a semi-opera. The ghosts and witches, though admirably pourtrayed, have been censured as an insult to common sense ; and cautions have been held out to the young and uninformed against imbibing the absurd principles of fatalism which are seemingly couutenanced in many parts of this piece. But in the time of Shakspeare, the doctrine of witcherast was at once established by law and by fashion ; and it became not only enpolite, but criminal, to doubt it.---King James bimself in his dialogues of Domonologie, re-printed in Loudon soou after his succession, has speculated deeply on the illusions of spirits, the compact of witches, &c.; bad our dramatist only turned to his advantage a system universally admitted. In representation, some un. ieteresting scenes are omitted ; many of the witches' dialogues adapted to beautiful music, and a song or two, probably written by Sir W. Davenaut, added to the parts. Betterton, amidst many bad alterations, hit upon the plan of making the witches deliver all the prophecies, by which a deal of the trap-work is avoided, and Garrick substituted some excellent passages to be uttered by Macbetli, whilst expiring, in lieu of the disgust. ing exposure of his head by Macduff. The neatest criticism upon the play, and the most concise record of its historical facts, are contained in the following extract from a standard publication : “ Macbeth Hourished in Scotland about the middle of the tenth century. At this period Duncan was king, a mild and humane prince, but not at all possessed of the genius requisite for governing a country so turbulent, and so infested by the intrigues and animosities of the great Macbeth, a powerful nobleman, und nearly allied to the crown. Not cou. tented with curbing the king's authority, carried still further bis mad ambition ; he murdered Duncan at Inverness, and then seized upon the throne. Fearing lest his ill-gotten power should be stripped from him, be chased Malcolm Kenmore, the son and heir, into Evgland, and put to death Mac Gill and Banquo, the two most powerful meu in his dominions. Macduff next becoming the object of his suspicion, he escaped into England ; but the inhuman usurper wreaked bis vengeance on his wife and children, whom he caused to be cruelly butchered. Siward, whose daughter was married to Duncan, embraced, by Edward's orders, the protection of his distressed family. He marched an army into Scotland, and baving defeated and killed Macbeth io battle, he restored Malcolm to the throne of his ancestors. The tragedy founded upon the history of Mac. besh, though contrary to the rules of the drama, contains an infinity of beauties with respect to language, character, passion, and incident ; and is thought to be one of the very best pieces of the very best masters in this kind of writing that the world ever produced. The danger of ambition is well described, and the passions are directed to their true ends ; so that it is not only admirable as a poem, but one of the most moral pieces existing."
MALCOLA, } his Sons.
SEYTON, an officer attending on Macbeth.
A Soldier.-A Porter.-An old Man.
Gentlewoman attending on Lady Macbeth.
HECATE, and three Witches,
Lords, Gentlemen, officers, Soldiers, Mur, FLEANCE, Son to Banquo.
derers, Attendants, and Messengers. SIWARD, Earl of Northumberland, General of the English Forces.
The Ghost of Banquo, and several other Young ŠIWARD, his Son.
Apparitions. Scene, in the end of the fourth act, lies in England ; through the rest of the play, in Scotland;
and, chietly, at Macbeth's Castle.
SCENE 1.-An open Place.
1 Witch. When shall we three meet again In thunder, lightning, or in rain ?
2 Witch. When the hurlyburly's * done, When the battle's lost and wou:
3 Witch. That will be ere set of sun.
All. Paddock calls :- Anon.-
SCENE 11.- A Camp near Fores. Confronted him with sell.comparisons,
Point against point rebellious, arm 'gainst arm, Alarum within. Enter King DUNCAN, MAL-Curbing his lavish spirit : Aud, to conclude,
COLM, DONALBAIN, LENOX, with ATTEND- The victory fell ou us ;-
Dun. Great happiness!
Sweuo, the Norways' king, craves composition ; As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt
Nor would we deign him burial of his meu, The newest state.
Till he disbursed, at Saint Colmes' inch, Mal. This is the sergeant,
'Ten thousand dollars to our general use. Who, like a good and hardy soldier, fought Dun. No more that thane of Cawdor, sball 'Gainst my captivity :-Hail, brave friend!
deceive Say to the king the knowledge of the broil, Our bosom interest :-Go, pronounce his death, As thou didst leave it.
And with his former title greet Macbeth. Sold. Doubtfully it stood;
Rosse, l'll see it done. As two spent swimmers, that do cling together, Dun. What be bath lost, noble Macbeth hath Aud choke their art. The merciless Macdon
(Eseunt. wald (Worthy to be a rebel ; for to that
SCENE III.-A Heath.-Thunder. The multiplying villanies of nature Do swarm upon him,) from the western isles,
Enter the three WITCHES. of kernes aud gallowglasses is supplied ; * And fortune, on his damned quarrel + smiling,
i Witch. Where hast thou been, sister!
2 Witch. Killing swine. Show'd like a rebel's whore : But all's too weak :
3 Witch. Sister, where thon ! For brave Macbeth, (well he deserves that
1 Witch. A Sailor's wife had chesnuts in ber name,) Disdaining fortune, with his brandish'd steel,
lap, Which smok'd with bloody execution,
And mounch'd, and mouch'd, and mounch'd :Like valour's minion
Give me, quoth 1:
Aroint thee, t witch! the rump-fed reagon : Carv'd out his passage, till he fac'd the slave;
cries. And ne'er shook bands, uor bade farewell to Her husband's to Aleppo gone, master o'the
him, Till be inseam'd him from the nave to the chaps, And, like a rat without a tail,
But in a sieve I'll thither sail,
(Tiger : And fix'd his head upon our battlements, Dun. O valiant consin! worthy gentleman!
I'll do, I'd do, I'll do.
2 Witch. I'll give thee a wiud. Sold. As whence the san 'gins his reflection
1 Witch. Thou art kind. Shipwrecking storms and direful thunders break;
3 Witch. And I another. So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to
I Witch. I myself have all the other; come, Discomfort I 'swells. Mark, king of Scotland, All the quarters that they know
And the very ports they blow, mark : No sooner justice had, with valour arm'd,
l'the shipman's card. Ø Compell’d these skipping kernes to trust their sleep sball, neither night por day,
I will drain bim dry as hay : heels; But the Norweyan lord, surveying vantage,
Hang upon his pent-house lid; With furbish'd arms and new supplies of men,
He shall live a man forbid : 1 Began a fresh assault.
Weary sev’n-nights, nine times nine, Dun. Dismay'd not this
Shall he dwindle, peak, and pine : Our captains, Macbeth and Bauqno!
Though his bark cannot be lost, Sold. Yes ;
Yet it shall be tempest-loss'd.
Look what I have. As sparrows, eagles ; or the hare, the lion.
2 Witch. Show me, show me. If I say sooth, $ 1 must report they were
i Witch. Here I have a pilot's thumb, As cannons || overcharg'd with double cracks; So they
Wreck'd, as homeward he did come. Doubly redoubled strokes upon the foe :
[Drum tithin. Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds,
3 Witch. A drum, a drum ;
Macbeth doth come.
All. The weird sisters, & band in hand,
Posters of the sea and laud, Dun. So well thy words become thee, as thy Thus do go about, about ; wounds ;
Thrice to thine, and thrice to mine, They smack of honour both :-Go, get him snr
And thrice again, to make up niue :
Peace !--the charm's wound up.
Enter MACBETH and BANQUO.
Macb. So foul and fair a day I have not seen. Mal. The worthy thane of Rosse.
Ban. How far is't call'd to Fores? - What Len. What a baste looks through his eyes !
are these, So should be look,
So wither'd and so wild in their attire : That seems to speak things strange.
That look not like the inhabitants o'the earth, Rosse. God save the king!
And yet are on't ? Live you ? or are you aught Dun. Whence cam'st tholl, worthy thane ? That man may question ? You seem to under. Rosse. From Fife, great king,
stand me, Where the Norweyan banuers flout ** the sky,
By each at once her choppy finger laying And fan our people cold.
Upon her skinny lips :-You sbould be women, Norway hinseif, with terrible numbers,
And yet your beards forbid me to interpret Assisted by that most disloyal traitor
That you are so. The thane of Cawdor, 'gan a dismal conflict : Mucb. Speak, if you can ;-What are yon! Till that Bellona’s bridegroom,tt lapp'd in proof, 11
i Witch. All hail, Macbeth! hail to thee,
thane of Glamis ! • They were light and heavy armed troops. 1 Cause. • The opposite to comfort. $ Truth.
I Cannons were not juveated unul some centuries • A small island in the Frith of Edinburgh. after this period.
+ Avaunt, begone.
I A scabby womaa. Make another Golgoths as memorable as the first.
| Accursed. •• Mock. + + Shakspeare means Mars. I Prophetic sisters: the fates of the Borihera Bations, ** Defended by armour of proof,
the three band-naids of Odin.