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This should blast in proof. * Soft ;-let me 2 Clo. Nay, but hear you, goodınan deliver. see ;
1 Clo, Give me leave. Here lies the water ; We'll make a solemn wager on your cun- good : bere stauds the man ; good : If the man nings, t
go to this water, and drown himself, it is, will I ha't :
he, nill he, he goes ; mark you that : but it the When in yonr motion you are hot and dry, water come to him, and drown him, he drowns (As make your bouts more violent to that end) not himself : argal, he, that is not guilty of his And tbat he calls for drink, I'll have preferr'd I own death, shortens not bis own life. bim
2 Clo. But is this law ? A chalice for the nonce : $ whereon båt sipping, 1 Clo. Ay, marry is't;crowner's-quest law. If be by chance escape your venom'd sluck, 2 Clo. Will you ha' the truth oui? If this bad Our purpose may hold there. But stay, what not been a gentlewoman, she should have been noise 3
buried out of Christian burial.
1 Clo. Why, there thou say'st : And the more Enter QUEEN.
pity; that great folks shall have counteuance in How now, sweet queen ?
this world to drown or hang themselves, more Queen. One woe doth tread upon another's than their even. Christian. Come, my spade. heel,
[Laertes, There is no ancient gentlemen but gardeners, Sa fast they follow :-Your sister's drown'd, ditchiers, and grave-makers; they hold up Adam's Laer. Drown'd! Oh! where?
profession. Qiseen. There is a willow grows ascant the 2 Clo. Was he a gentlemen ?' brook,
1 Clo, He was the first that ever bore arms. That shows his hoar leaves in the glassy stream; 2 Clo. Why, he had none. Therewith fantastic garlands did she make
I Clo. What, art a heathent? How dost thou of crow-flowers, uettes, daisies, and long understand the scripture? The scripture says, purples, f
Adam digged ; Could he dig without ams? That liberal ** shepherds give a grosser namne, I'll put another question to thee : If thou auBut our cold maids do dead meu's fingers call swerest me not to the purpose, confess thythem :
sellThere on the pendent boughs her coronet weeds 2 Clo. Go to. Clanbering to hang, an envious sliver broke ; 1 Clo. What is he, that builds stronger than When down her weedy trophies, and herself, either tlie inason, the shipwright, or the carFell in the weeping brook. Her clothes spread peuter ? wide ;
2 Clo. The gallows maker; for that frame And, meninaid-like, awhile they bore her up : out-lives a thousand tenants. Which time, she chaunted snatches of old I Clo. I like thy wit well, in good faith ; the As oae incapable 14 of ber own distress, (tunes, gallows does well: Blit how does it well? it Or like a creature native and indu'd,
does well to those that do ill: Now thou dost L'ato that element : but long it could pot be, ill, to say the gallows is built stronger than Tul that her garments, heavy with their drink, the church ; argai, the gallows way, do well to Pail'd the poor wretch from ber melodious lay thee. To't again; come. To muddy death.
2 Clo. Who builds stronger than a mason, a LANT, Alas then, she is dronn'd?
shipwright, or a carpenter? Queen. Drowu'd, drown'd.
I CW. Ay, tell me that, and unyoke. :) ! leer. Too Inuch of water hast thou, poor 2 Clo. Marry, now I can tell. Ophelia,
1 Clo. To't. And therefore I forbid my tears : But yet
2 (lo. Mass, I cannot tell. It is our trick; nature ber custom holds, Let sbame say what it will : when these are
Enter HAMLET and Horatio, at a distance. gone,
I Clo. Cudgel thy brains no more about it; The woman will be ont. It--Adieu, my lord ! for your dull ass will not mend his pace with I have a speech of fire, that fain would blaze, beating : ayd, when you are asked this question Bat that this folly drowns it.
(Erit. next, say, a grave-naker; the houses that he Aing. Let's follow, Gertrude :
inakes last till doomsday. Go, get thee to How mucb I had to do to calm bis rage ! Yaughan, and fetch me a stoup of liquor. Nos fear 1, this will give it start again ;
Erit 2 CLOWN. Tācrefore, let's follow.
I CLOwn digs, and sings.
Methought, it was very sweet,
To contract, 0, the time, for, ah, ny behore
0, me thought, there was nothing moet. SCENE I.-A Church-Yard.
Ham. Has this fellow no feeling of his busiEnter Tro Clowns, with Spades, fc.
ness ? he sings at grave-making. I Clo. Is she to be buried in Christian burial, or easiness.
ilor. Custom bath made it iu bim a property that wilfully seeks her own salvation? ? 'lo. I tell thee, she is; therefore make her ployment hath the dairtier senst'
llum. 'Tis e'en 80: the hand of little emgrate straight : $ the crowner bath set on ber, and finds it Christian burial.
1 Clo. But age, rrith his stealing steps, 1 (29. How can that be, unless slre drowned
Hath claw'd me in his clutch, kerself in her own defence ?
And hath shipped me into the land, 2 (70. Why 'tis found so.
As if I had never been sich. I Cla. It must be se ofendendo ; it cannot be
[Throws up a Scull. eine. Ens here lies the point: "I drown iny. trip whiinly, it argues an act; and an
Ham. That scull had a tongue in it, and baib three branches; it is, to act, to do; and the ground, as if it were Cain's jaw-bone, what
could sing once : How the fuave jowis it to to liforin; argal, she drowned herselt wit did ihe first murder! This might be the pale tingly.
of a politician, which this ass now o'er-reaches : As firearms sometimes burst in prering their one that would circuurent God, mighit il nul? + Skill.
+ Giré over. 9 Octus mero mas.
The soug eptire is printed in Perey's Reliques of An1. lustasible.
11 Tears will flow. cicat English l'oetry, Vul, 1. I was written by tancdiately. 11 A Wunder for itgo.
Or. I could make a prologue to my brains, Osr. Sweet lord, if your fordship, were 3
Ham. I will receive it, Sir, with all diligence
Ham. No, believe me, 'tis very cold; the wind Hor. Ay, good inry lord.
is northerly. Ham. An earnest conjuration from
Osr. It is indifferent cold, my lord, Indeed. king,
Ham. But yet, methioks, it is very sultry and As England was his faithful tributary ;
hot ;'or my complexionAs love between them like the palm might Osr. Exceedingly, my lord; it is very sudflourish;
try, -as 'twere,- 1 cannot tell how-My lord, his As peace should still ber wheaten garland wear, majesty bade me signify to you, that he has laid And stand a comma I 'tween their amities;
a great wager on your head : Sir, this is the And many such like as's of great charge, - matter, 'That, on the view and knowing of these con Ham. I beseech you, remembertents,
(HAMLET moves him to put on his Hal. Without debatement further, more, or less, Osr. Nay, good my lord; for my case, in He should the bearers put to sudden death, good faith. Sir, here is newly come to court, Not shriving 9-time allow'd.
Laertes : believe me, an absolute gentleman, full Hor. How was this seal'd ?
of most excellent differences, + of very soft soHam. Why, even in that was heaven ordi- ciety, and great showing : Indeed, to speak feel naut;
ingly of him, he is the card I or calendar of I had my father's signet in my purse,
gentry, for you shall find in him the coutinent Which was the model || of that Danish seal : of what pari a gentleman would see. Folded the writ up in form of the otiier ;
Ham. Sir, this definement suffers no perditiota Subscrib'u it; gave't the impression ; plac'd it in you ;--thongh, I know, to divide him inversafely,
torially, would dizzy the arithmetic of memory; The changeling never known: Now, the next day and yet but raw neither, in respect of his quick Was our sea-tight; and what to this was se sail. But, in the verity of extolment, I take quent
him to be a soul of great article ; and his inThon know'st already.
fusion of such dearth and rareness, as, to make Hor. So Guildenstern and Rosencrantz go true diction of him, his semblable is his mirror; to't.
and, who else would trace him,'his umbrage, Ham. Why, man, they did make love to this nothing more. | employment ;
Osr. Your lordship speaks most infallibly of They are not pear my conscience ; their defeat
him. Does by their own insinuation grow :
Ham. The concernancy, Sir ? why do we Wrap "Tis dangerous, when the baser nature comes the gentleman in our more rawer breath? Berween the pass and fell inceused points
Osr. Sir! Of nighty opposites.
Hor, Is't not possible to understand in auo. Hor. Why, what a king is this!
ther tongne ? You will do't, Sir, really.' Ham. Does it not, think thee, stand me now, Ham. What imports the nomination of this upon ?
gentleman ? He that hath kill'd my king and whor'd my mother, Osr. Of Laertes ? Popp'd in between the election and my hopes; Hor. His
purse is empty already ; all his gol. Thrown out his angel for my proper lite,
den words are spent. And with such cozenage; is't not perfect con Ham. Of him, Sir. science,
Ost. I know, you are not ignorantTo quit ** him with this arm ? and is't not to be Ham. I would, you did, Sir; yet, in faith, is damn'd,
you did, it would not much approve "* me ;To let this canker of our nature come
Well, Sir. In further evil ?
Osr. You are not igirorant of what excellence Hor. It must be shortly known to him from Laertes is-England,
Ham. I dare not confess that, lest I should What is the issue of the business there.
compare with him in excellence, but, to know Ham. It will be short; the interiin is mine ; a man well, were to know himself. And a man's life no more than to say, one.
Ost. I mean, Sir, for his weapon ; but in the But I am very sorry, good Horatio,
imputation laid on him by them, in his meed 11 That to Laertes I forgot myself ;
he's unfellowed. For, by the image of my cause, I see
Ham. What's his weapon The portraiture of his : I'll count ++ his favours : Osr. Rapier and dagger. But, sure, the bravery of his grief did put me Ham. That's two of his weapons : but, well. Into a towering passion.
Ost. The king, Sir, hath wagered with bim Hor. Peace; who comes here?
six Barbary horses : against the which he has Enter OSRIC.
impawned, it as I take it, six French rapiers and
poniards, with their assigns, as girdle, hang Ost. Your lordship is right welcome back to ers, 95 and so : Three of the carriages, in faith, Denmark
are very dear to fancy, very responsive to the Ham. I humbly thank you, sir.-Dost know hills, most delicate carriages, and of very liberal this waterfly? 11
conceit. Hor. No, my good lord.
Ham. What call you the carriages? Ham. Thy state is the more gracious ; for
Hor. I knew, you must be edided by the 'tis a vice to know him: He hath much land, margent, 11 ere you had done. and fertile ; let a beast be lord of beasts, and
Ost. The carriages, Sir, are the liangers. his crib shall stand at the king's mess : 'Tis a chongh, ji but, as I say, spacious in the possession
• The affected phrase of the time.
# Distinguishing excellencies. of dirt.
The country and pattern for imitation.
This speech is a ridicule of the court jargon of that • Before. + Stateemen. A note of connection.
• Recommend. Contessing
11 Imponed, put dowv, staked.
By Margin of a look which contains ex $6 A bisu likt a jackas,
* Compies of chart.
Hem. The phrase would be more gerinan Enter KING, QUEEX, LAERTES, LORDs, Osric, to the matter, if we could carry a cannou by and Attendants, with foils, c. our sides; I would, it might be bangers till
King. Come, Hamlet, come, and take this theu. But, on : Six Barbary horses against six
band from me. French swords, their assigns, and three liberal
[The King puts the Hund of LAERTES into Coficeited carriages; that's the French bet against
that of HAMLET. the Danish : Why is this impawned, as you call
Ham. Give me your pardon, Sir: I have done
you wrong; Osr. The king, Sir, bath laid, that in a dozen passes between yourself and bin, he shall not but pardon it, as you are a gentleman. exceed you three hits; he hath laid, on twelve This presence * kuows, and you trust needs lave for sine ; and it would come to immediate How I am pomish'd with a sore distraction. trial, if your lordship would vouchsafe the an- What I have done,
That might your nature, hoinut, and exception,
Roughly awake, I here proclaim was madness. person in trial.
let : Ham. Sir, I will walk bere in the hall: If it if Hamlet from himsell he ta’en away, please bis majesty, it is the breathing time of day with uie : let the foils be brought, the gen. And, when he is not himself, does wrong Latiernan willing, and the king hold his purpose,Then Hamlet' does it not, Hamlet denies it. will win for bim, if I cui; if not, I will gain who does it then? Ilis madness ? K't be so, nothing but my shame, and the odd hits.
Hamlet is of the faction that is wrong'd,
His madness is poor Hant's enciny.
Sir, in this andituce, your nature will.
Let my disclaiming from a purpos'd tvil
Free me so far in your most generous thoughts,
That I have shot my arrow o'er the bouse,
And hurt my brother.
Laer. I am satisfied in natare,
Ham. He did comply 1 with his dug, before To my revenge : but in my terms of honour, be sucked it
. Thus has he (and many more of stand aloof; and will no reconcilement, the same breed, tbat, 1 kuow, the drossy ý age i have a voice and precedent of peace,
Till by some elder masters, of known honour, dotes on,) only got the tune of the time, and to keep my name ungor'd : + Blit till ibat time, ontward babit of encounter ; a kivd of gestyll i do receive your offer'd love like love, collection, which carries them through and And will not wrong it. through the most fonds and winnowed opinions ; and do but blow them to their trial, the bubbles and will this brother's wager frankly play,
Ham. 1 einbrace it freely ;
Give us the foils; come 01).
Luer. Come, one for me.
Han. I'll be your foil, Laertes; in mine igLord. My lord, bis majesty commended him
norance to you by young Osric, who brings back to your skill shall, like a star i’the darkest night, bim, that you attend himn in the hall: He sends Stick fiery off, indeed, to know, if your pleasure hold to play with Laer. You mock me, Sir. Laertes, or that you will take longer time.
Ham. No, by this hand. Ham. I am constant to my purposes, they follow the king's pleasure : if kis fitness speaks,
King. Give them the foils, young Osric. -
Cousin Hamlet, mine is ready ; now, or whensoever, provided You know the wager?
Ham. Very well, my lord';
King. I do not fear it: I bave seen you
both: Lord. The queen desites you to use some But since he's better'd, we have therefore odds. gentle entertainment to Laertes, before you fall Laer. This is too heavy, let ipe see another.
Ham. This likes me well : Thurse foils have all Ham. She well instructs me.
[Erit LORD. Hor. Yon will lose this wager, my lord.
a tength ? (They prepare to play. Ham. I do not think so ; since he went into
Osr. Ay, my good lord. France, I have been in continual practice ; !
King. Set me the stonps of wine upon that
table: shall win at the odds. But thou wouldst notif Hamlet gives the first or second hit, think, bow ill all's here about my heart : but it Or quit in answer of the third exchauge, Hor. Nay, good my lord,
Let all the battlements their ordualice ire; Hash !! is but foolery ; but it is such a kind And in the cup an union ý sball he throw,
The kiug shall drink to Hamlet's better breath
Hier: If your mind iislike any tbing, obey it: In Denmark's crown have won ; Give me the
The trumpet to the cannoneer without, a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. 1
Namtel. al modelhe now, if it be not now, yet it will Now the King drinks to come : the readiness is all: Since nd mad, of And you, the judges, bear a wary eye, is!
Come, anght he leaves, knows wbat is't to leave betimes ]
Ham. Come on, Sir.
be so able as now.
is no matter.
are not ot.
it be now,
• A lin. 14 hatched. Worthless. ** Nasgiving
OTHELLO, THE MOOR OF VENICE
LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE. THE story upon which this beautiful and fastructive tragedy is founded, was taken, according to Mr. Pope, from
Cynthio's novels. It was probably written in the year 1611. Mustapha, Selymus's general, invaded Cyprus in May 1570, and conquered it in the following year. His fleet first sailed towards that island; but immediately changing its course for Rhodes, formed a junction with another squadron, and then returned to the attack of Cyprus : thus the actual historical periods of the performauce are satisfactorily determined, fu addition to the admirable lesson set forth in this impressive tragedy, so well calculated to produce an excellent efest upon the human mind, by pourtraying tbat banefal passion, which, when once indulged, is the inevitable destroyer of conjugal happiness; it may justly be considered as one of the noblest efforts of dramatic genies, that has appeared in any age, or in any language. “ The fiery openness of Othello, (says Dr. Johnsoo) ang nanimous, artless, and credulous ; boundless in his confidence, ardent in his affection, indexible in his reser Jution, and obduratu in his revenge--the soft simplicity of Desdemona, confident of merit, and conscions el innocence; her artless perseverance in her suit, and her slowness to suspect that she can be suspected--the cool maliguity of lago, silent in his resentment, subtie in his designs, and studious at once of his interest and bis vengeance---are such proofs of Shakspeare's skill in human nature, as I suppose it is vain to seek in aay modern writer; whilst even the inferior characters would be very conspicuous in any other piece, not only her their justness, bat their strength." In proportion to the enormity of such a crime watuliery, should be the caution with which a suspicion of it is permitted to be entertained ; and our great dramatic moralist was 39 doubt desirous of enforcing this maxim, when he made it, as he has done, the subject of no less than four of bis most finished productions.
DRAMATIS PERSONÆ. DUKE OF VENICE.
CLOWN, Servant to Othello.
DESDEMONA, Daughter to Brabantio, axd OTHELLO, the stoor.
Wife to Othello. CASSIO, his Licutenant.
EMILIA, Wife to lago. JAGO, his Ancient.
BIANCA, a Courtezan, Mistress to Cassio. RODERIGO, a Venetian Gentleman. MONTANO, Othello's predecessor in the Go-Officers, Gentlemen, Messengers, Musicans, vernment of Cyprus.
Sailors, Attendants, &c. Scene, for the first Act, in Venice ; during the rest of the Play, at a Sea-port in Cyprus.
My mediators ; for, certes, says he,
I have already chose my officer.
And what was he?
Forsooth, a great arithmetician,
One Michael Cassio, a Florentine, Rod. Tush, never tell me, I take it much un
A fellow almost damn'd in a fair wife ; t kiudly,
That never set a squadron in the field, That thou, lago,--who hast had my purse, Nor the division of a battle knows As if the strings were thine, -shouldst know of More than a spiuster ; unless the bookish the this.
oric, 1 lago. 'Sblood, but you will not hear me: Wherein the toged consuls g can propose If ever I did dream of such a matter,
As masterly as he : mere prattle, without prac: Abhor me. Rod. Thou told’st me, thou didst hold him in Is all his soldierskip. But he, Sir, had the eleciby hate.
And 1,-of whom his eyes had seen the proof, lago. Despise me, if I do not. Three great At Rhodes, at Cyprus, and on other grounds ones of the city,
Christian and heathen,-must be be-leed and In personal suit to make me bis lieutenant,
calm'a Oft capp'd" to him ;-and, by the faith of man, Ry debitor and creditor ; this counter-caster, ll I know my price, I am worth no worse a place ? He, in good time, must his lieutenant be, But he, as loving his own pride and purposes, Evades thein, with a boabast circunstance, 1
. Certainly. Horribly stund with epithets of war ;
+ For ucife some read lite, supposing it to allude to the And, in conclusiuk, totsuits
denunciatiou in the Gospel,
Rulers of the state.
practice to ruckon vp sums with counters.
Wue tato you when all
1 Theory. It was anciently the
And I, (God bless the mark !) his Moorship’s àn-1 Rod. My name is--Roderigo. cient.
Bra. The worse welcome :
[doors; Rod. By heaven, I rather would have been his ! have charg'd thee, not to haunt about my hanginau.
In bonest plainness thou hast heard me say lago. But there's no remedy ; 'tis the curse of My daughter is not for thee; and now, in mad. service ;
ness, Preferment goes by letter and affection,
Being full of supper and distempering draughts Not by the old gradation, where each second Upon malicious bravery dost thou come Stood heir to the first. Now, Sir, be judge To start my quiet. yourself,
Rod. Sir, Sir, Sir, Sir,-Whetber I in any just term am affin'd'
Bra. But thou must needs be sure, To love the Moor.
My spirit and my place have in them power Rod. I would not follow him then.''
To make this bitter to thee. laga o Sir, content you ;
Rod. Patience, good Sir, I fello bi to serve my turn upon him ?
Bra, What tell'st thou me of robbing ! this is We cannot all be masters, nor alt masters
Rod. Most grave Brabantio,
cause we come to do you service, you think we Whip me soch bonest knaves: Others there are, are ruthians : You'll have your daughter covered Whó, trimm'd in forms and visages of drty, with a Barbaty horse , you'll have your nephew's + Keep yet their hearts attending on themselves ; neigh to you : you'n bave coursers for cousins, Ani, throwing but shows of service on their lords, and genuets 1 for germans. Do well thrive by them; and, when they have Bra. What profane wretch art thou ! lin'd their coats,
lago. I am one, Sir, that comes to tell you Do themselves bomage : these fellows have some your daugbter and the Moor are now making the soal;
beast with two backs. And such a one do 1 profess myself.
Bra. Thou art a villain. For, Sir,
lago. You are a senator.. k is as sure as you are Roderigo,
Bra. This thou shalt answer: I know thee Were I the Moor, I would not be lago :
Roderigo1 Io following bim, i follow but myself ;
Rod. Sir, I will answer any thing. But I be. Hexeu i, my judge, not I for love and duty, But seerniag so, for my peculiar end;
If't be your pleasure, and most wise consent, For when my outward action doth demonstrate (As partly, I find, it is, that your fair daughter, The native act and figure of my heart
At this odd-even and doll watch o'tlie night, la comadsplinent extern, 'tis pot long after
Transported--with no worse nor better guard, * I wil wear my heart upon my sleeve But with a knave of common bire, a gondolier, For daws to peck at: I am not what I am. To the gross clasps of a lascivious Moor, hod. What a full fortune does the thick-lips If this be known to you, and your allowance, If he can carry't tous!
[owe + We then have done you bold and saucy wrongs : lego. Call up ber father,
But if you know not this, my manners tell me, Rowwe bim; make after him, poison his delight, We bave your wrong rebuke. Do not believe Pruchan him in the streets ; incense her kius- That from the sense of all civility, [ence :
If thus would play and tritle with your reverAnd, though he in a fertile clinate dwell, Your daughter,-- if you have not given her Plague him with dies; though that his joy be joy, leave, Yet throw such changes of vexation on't, I say again, bath made a gross revolt; As it may lose somne colour,
Tying her duty, beauty, wit, and fortunes, Red. Here is ber father's house : I'll call in an extravagant 5 and wheeling stranger, (self; aloud.
of bere and every where : Straight satisfy your. lago. Do ; with like timorous accent, and dire if she be in her chamber, or your house, yell,
Let loose on me the justice of the state
Bra. Strike on the tinder, ho!
This accident is not unlike my dream, lego. Awake ! what, bo! Brabantio l thieves. Belief of it oppresses me already thieves ! thieves !
(bags ! Light, I say I light! (Exit from above. Le to your bouse, your daughter, and your Iago. Farewell ; for I must leave you : Talleres ! thieves !
It seems not meet, nor wholesome to my place, ERA BAXTIO, above, at a Window.
To be produc'd (as, if I stay, I shall,)
Against the Moor: For, I do know, the state, Brs. What is the reason of this terrible sum. However this may gall him with some check, hat is the matter there ?
(mons ? | Canuot with safety cast || him ; for le's embark'd Red. Signior, is all your family within ? With such loud reason to the Cyprus' wars, lage. Are your doors lock'd ?
(Which even now stand in act)) that, for their Bra. Why it wherefore ask you this :
souls, lego. 'Zounds, Sir, you are robb'd; for shame, another of his fathom they have not, put on your gown ;
(soul; To lead their business; in which regard, Ya beart is burst, you have lost half your Though I do hate him as I do hell pains, Eres boa, very now, an old black ram
Yet, for necessity of present life, b tapp.ng your white ewe. Arise, arise ; I must show out a nag and sign of love, Awake the snorting citizens with the bell, Which is indeed but sign. That you shall surely ut else the devil will make a grandsire of you:
Lead to the Sagittary the rais'd search ; Bra. What, have you lost your wits ?
And there will I be with him. So, farewell. Red. Most reverend signior, do you know my
[Eait. voice ! Bra. Not !; What are you?
• A love farm house. Nephews, here means grand
1 A Spanish horse.