Tim. Ay, you are honest men.

Offering the fortunes of bis former days, Pain. We are hither come to offer you our The former man may make him : Bring us to service. And chance it as it may.

(him, Tim. Most bonest men! Wby, how shall I re. Flav. Here is his cave. quit you?

Peace and content be here ! Lord Timon! Timoni Can you eat roots, and drink cold water ? no. Look out, and speak to friends : The AtheBoth. What we can do, we'll do, to do you nians, service.

By two of their most reverend senate, greet Tim. You are honest men : You have heard Speak to them, noble Timon.

[thee : that I have gold; I am sure you have : speak truth : you are honest

Enter TIMON. men.

Tim. Thou sun, that comfort'st, burn |--Speak, Paix. So it is said, my noble lord: but there- and be hang'd : Came not my friend, nor 1.

(fore for each true word, a blister! and each false Tin. Good honest men !—Thon draw'st a Be as a caut'rizing to the root o'the tougue, counterfeit •

Consuming it with speaking ! Rest in all Athens : thou art, indeed, the best; I Sen. Worthy TimonTboa counterfeit'st most lively.

Tim. or none but such as you, and you of Patn. So, so, my lord.

Timon. Tim. Even so, Sir, as I say :- And, for thy 2 Sen. T'he senators of Athens greet thee, Ti. fiction, To the POET.

mon. Why thy verse swells with stuff so one and Tim. I thank them; and would send them smooth,

back the plague, That thou art even natural in thine art.

Could I but catch it for them.
Bat, for all this, my honest-natur'd friends, 1 Sen. Oh! forget
I mast needs say, you have a little fault : What we are sorry for ourselves in thee.
Marry, 'us pot monstrous in you ; ueither wish I, The senators, with one consent of love,
You take mucb pains to mend,

Entreat thee back to Athens ; who have thought Both. Beseech your bonour,

On special dignities, which vacant lie To nake it known to us.

For thy best use and wearing. Tun. You'll take it ill.

2 Sen. They confess, Bolk. Most thankfully, my lord.

Toward thee, forgetfulness too general, gross : Tin. Will you, indeed ?

Which uow the public body,-which doth seidon Both. Doubt it not, worthy lord.

Play the recanter,-feeling in itself
Tia. There's ne'er a one of you but trusts a A lack of Timon's aid, hath sense withal
The nightily deceives yon.

(knave of its own fall, restraining aid to Timon; Both. Do we, my lord ?

And send forth us, to make their sorrowed Tim. Ay, and you hear hiin cog, see him dis

render, t. semble,

Together with a recompense more fruitful Know bis gross patchery, love hiin, feed him, Than their offence can weigh down by the dram; Keep in your bosom : yet remain assur'd, Ay, even such heaps and sums of love and That be's a made-up villain. +

wealth, Pais. I know none such, my lord.

As shall to thee blot out what wrongs were Pet. Nor I.

Tix. Look you, I love you well; I'd give you And write in thee the figures of their love,

Ever to read them thine.
RW me these villains from your companies : Tim. You witch me in it;
Hang them, or stab thein, drowu them in a Surprise me to the very brink of tears :
draught, 1

Lend me a fool's heart, and a woman's eyes, Colonnd fbem by some course, and come to me, and I'll beweep these comforts, wortby sena. fa give you gold enough.

tors. Bock. Narpe them, my lord, let's know them. i Sen. Therefore, so please thee to return Tin. You that way, and you this, but two in company :

And of our Athens (thine, and ours,) to take Exb man apart, all single and alone,

| The captainship, thou shalt be inet with thanks, Te an arch villain keeps him company. Allow'd | with absolute power, and thy good 11, -bere thou art, two villains shall not be.

[To the Painter. Live with authority :-80 soon we shall drive back Come sot near him.-If thou would'st not reside of Alcibiades tbe approaches wild ;

[To the Poet. Who, like a boar too savage, doth root up Dat where one rillain is, then him abandon.- His country's peace. kebce ! pack! there's gold, ye came for gold, ye 2 Sen. And shakes his threatning sword slaves :

(Hence! Against the walls of Athens.
You have done work for me, there's payment : 1 Sen. Therefore, Timou,
You are an alchymist, make gold of that : Tim. Well, Sir, I will; therefore, I will, Sir;
Out, rascal dogs!

(Exit, beating and driving them out. If Alcibiades kill my countrymen,

Let Alcibiades know this of Timon, [Athens,
SCENE II.-The same.

That-Timon cares not. But if he sack fair

And take our goodly aged men by the beards, Enter Flavius, and two SENATORS.

Giving our holy virgins to the stain Fler. It is in vain that you would speak with of contumelious, beastly, mad-brain'd war; For be is set so only to himself, (Timon; Then, let bim kuow,-and tell him Timon speaks Tat thing but hiinself, which looks like man, is friendly with bim.

In pity of onr aged, and our youth, 1 San. Bring us to his cave:

I cannot chuse but tell him, ihat-1 care not, is our part and promise to the Athenians, And let him tak't at worse ; for their knives care To speak with Timon.

not, 2 Sen. At all times alike

While you have throats to answer : for myself, Xca are not still the samne : 'Twas time, and There's not a whittle $ in the unruly camp, griefs,

But I do prize it at my love, before (you Tunt fram'd bim thus : time, with his fafrer band, The reverendist throat in "Albens. so I leave

with us,


• As a portrait was then called.

• With an united voice of affection. + Acesplete vitlaides la a jakes, or house of office. + Coofession. i Liceused. A clasp knik

To the protection of the prosp sous gods, And made us speak like friends :--this man was As thieves to keepers.

riding Flav. Stay not, all's in vain.

From Alciabiades to Timon's cave, Tim. Why, I was writing of my epitaph, With letters of entreaty, which imported It will be seen to-morrow ; My long sickness His fellowship i'the cause against your city, of health, + and living, now begins to mend, In part for his sake mov'd. And nothing brings me all things. Go, live

Enter SENATORS from Tivox. still ; Be Alcibiades your plague, you his,

1 Sen. Here come our brothers. And last so long enough!

2 Sen. No talk of Timon, nothing of him ex. I Sen. We speak in vain.


(ing, Tim. But yet I love my country : and am not the enemies' drum is heard, and fearful scour. One that rejoices in the common wreck,

Doth choke the air with dust : in and prepare ; As common bruit 1 doth put it.

Our's is the fall, I fear; our foes, the snare. 1 Sen. That's well spoke.

(Ereunt. Tim. Commend me to my loving country.

SCENE IV.-The Woods.-Timon's Cave, men, 1 Sen. These words become your lips as they

and a Tomb-stone seen. pass through them.

Enter a SOLDIER, seeking Tinox. 2 Sen. And enter in our ears like great triumphers

Sol. By all description this should be the In their applauding gates.

place. Tim. Commend me to them;

Who's here? speak, bo !-No answer I-What is And tell them, that, to ease them of their griefs,

this? Their fears of hostile strokes, their aches, losses, Timon is dead, who hath outstretch'd his span : Their pangs of love, with other incident throes Some beast rear'd this; there does not live a man. That nature's fragile vessel doth sustain

Dead, sure ; and this his grave.In life's uncertain voyage, I will some kindness do What's on this tomb I cannot read ; the character them:

I'll take with wax. I'll teach them to prevent wild Alcibiades' | Our captain bath in every figure skill ; wrath.

An ag'd interpreter, though young in days : 2 Sen. I like this well, he will return again. Before proud Athens he's set down by this. Tim. I have a tree, which grows here in my Whose fall the mark of his ambition is. close,

(Exit. That mine own use invites me to cut down,' And shortly must I fell it; Tell my trends, SCENE V.-Before the Walls of Athens. Tell Athens, in the sequence of degree, s

Trumpets sound. Enter ALCIBIADES, and From high to low throughout, that whoso please

Forces. To stop affliction, let him take his haste, Come hither, ere my tree hath felt the axe, Alcib. Sound to this coward and lascivious towu And bang himself :- pray you do my greet. Our terrible approach. (A Parley sounded, ing.

Enter SENATORS on the Walls. Flav. Trouble him no further, thus you still shall find him.

Till now you have gone on, and fill'd the time Tim. Come not to me again : but say to With all licentious measure, making your wills Athens,

The scope of justice ; till now, myself, and Timon hath made his everlasting mansion

such Upon the beached verge of the salt food;

As slept within the shadow of your power, Which once a day with his embossed froth | Have wander'd with our travers'd anns, and The turbulent surge sball cover; thither come,

breath'a, And let my grave-stone be your oracle,

Our sufferance vainly: Now the time is flush † Lips, let sour words go by, and language end : When crouching marrow, in the bearer strong, What is amiss, plague and infection mend ! Cries, of itself, No more : now breathless wrong, Graves only be men's works ; and death, their Shall sit and pant in your great chairs of ease;

And pursy insolence shall break his wind, Sun, hide thy beams! Timon hath done bis With fear and horrid flight. reign.

[Erit Timon.

i Sen. Noble and young, i Sen. His discontents are unremoveably

When thy first griefs were but a mere conceit, Coupled to nature.

Ere thou hadst power, or we had cause of fear, 2 Sen. Our hope in him is dead : let us re

We sent to thee; to give thy rages balm,

To wipe out our ingratitude with loves
And strain what other means is left unto us Above their quantity.
In our dear peril.

2 Sen. So did we woo
3 Sen. It requires swift foot. (Exeunt. Transformed Timon to our city's love,

By humble message, and by promis'd means ; * SCENE III.-The Walls of Athens.

We were not all unkind, nor all deserve

The coinmon stroke of war. Enter two SENATORS, and a MESSENGER. 1 Sen. These walls of ours 1 Sen. Thou hast pajufully discover'd; are his Were not erected by their bands, from whom files

You have receiv'd your griefs : nor are they such, As full as thy report?

Than these great towers, trophies, and schools Mess. I have spoke the least :

should fall Besides, his expedition promises

For private faults in them. Present approach.

2 Sen. Nor are they living, 2 Sen. We stand much hazard, if they bring who were the motives that you first went out; not Timon.

Shame, that they wanted cunning, in excess
Mess. I met a courier, one mine ancient Hath broke their hearts. March, noble lord,

Into our city with thy banners spread :
Whom, though in general part we were oppos'd, By decimation, and a tithed deaib,
Yet our old love made a particular force,

(If thy revenges hunger for that food,
Which nature loaths,d take thou the destin'd

tenth ;
• The gods who especially dispense prosperity.
The disease of life is drawing to a period.
la due succession from highest to

• Arms reversa.

Mature, lowest.

Swollen froth. Dreadful i loe. By promising bim a competent subsistence.



[ocr errors]

And by the hazard of the spotted die,

Both. 'Tis most nobly spoken.
Let die the spotted.

Alcib. Descend, and keep your words.
i Sen. All have not offended ;
For those that were, it is not square, to take,

The SENATOR$ descend, and open the Gates.
On those that are, revenges : crimes like lands,

Enter a SOLDIER.
Are not inherited. Then, dear countryman,
Bring in thy ranks, but leave without thy rage : Sold. My noble general, Timon is dead;
Spare thy Athenian cradle, and those kin, Entomb'a upon the very hem o'the sea :
Which, in the bluster of thy wrath, must fall, And on bis grave-stone, this insculpture ; which
With those that have offended : like a shepherd, With wax 1 brought away, whose soft impression
Approach the fold, and cull the infected forth. Interprets for my poor ignorance.
But kill not altogether.
2 Sen. What thou wilt,

Alcib. [Reads.) Here lies a wretched corse,
Thon rather shalt enforce it with thy smile.

of wretched soul berest : Than bew to't with thy sword.

Seek not my name : A plague consume you 1 Sen. Set but thy foot

wicked caitiff's left! Against our rampir'd gates, and they shall ope : Here lie I Timon; who, alive, all living men So thou wilt send thy gentle beart before,

did hate : To say, thou'lt enter friendly.

Pass by, and curse thy fill; but pass, and 2 Sen. Throw thy glove.

stay not here thy gait.
Or any token of thine honour else,
That thou wilt use the wars as thy redress,

These well express in thee thy latter spirits :
And not as our confusion, all thy powers

Though thou abhorr'dst iu us our human griefs, Shall make their harbour in our town, till we

Scorn'dst our brain's flow, * and those our drop. Have scald thy full desire.

lets which
Alcib. Then there's my glove ;

From niggard nature fall, yet rich conceit
Descend, and open your uncharged ports it

Tanght thee to make vast Neptune weep for aye
Those enemies of Timon's, and mine own, On thy low grave, on faults forgiveni. Dead
W bom you yourselves shall set out for reproof, Is noble Timon ; of whose memory
Fall, and no more : and,--to atone * your fears Hereafter more.-Bring me into your city.
With my more noble meaning, --not a man

And I will use the olive with my sword :

quarter, or offend the stream Make war breed peace ; make peace stint † war ; of regular justice in your city's bounds,

make each
But shall be remedied, to your public laws

Prescribe to other, as each other's leech. 1
At beaviest answer.

Let our drums strike.

(Ercunt. • Not regular, not equitable.

• 1... Our tears.
Unattacked gateh
• Reconcile.


+ Physician.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]


LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE. THIS play, the anthorship of which has been much disputed, was probably written about the year 198. Pope

ranks it among the wretched pieces," which cannot be attributed to Shakspeare ; but Malone, who divided it inco scenes, considers the internal evidence, (such as the congenial sentiments, the situation of the persona, the colour of the style, and the similitude of its expressions, to passages in his undisputed dramas) suffici ently decisive as to his having written the last three acts, and occasional portions of the preceding two. Indeed, unless it be considered as the production of some inferior playwright, amended by Shakspeare, an earlier date must be assigned to its production, than acknowledged authorities will warrant ; for no play in the English language is so incorrect as this---the metre is seldom attended to---verse is frequently printed as prose--and the grossest errors appear throughout. With all these faults, however, it is mentioned as a very popular per formance ; and may still be read with pleasure ; for it abounds with situations of difficulty and danger, is fall of bustle and vivacity, the interest never Jags, and the results are all gratifying. Some of the dialogues are Devertheless gross and nonsensical---those which take place in the brothel are superlatively disgusting, nor can they be excused by the moral intended to be drawn from them. Steevens, upon this portion, has judiciously remarked, that Marina, who is designed for a character of juvenile innocence, appears much tou knowing ia the impurities of a brothel; bor are her expressions more chastised than her ideas. The unities of time and place are equally outraged: the action of the piece is alternately occurring at Antioch in Syria---Tyre ia Phænicia --Tarsus in Cilicia---Mitylene in the island of Lesbose--and Ephesus the capital of lonis. The story ou which the play is founded, is of great antiquity ; but the dramatic hero bears no resemblance to his great Athenian pamesake. It is taken from the history of Appolonius, king of Tyre, in the Gesta Romanorum, a very old boo's; which is also related by Gower, in his Confessio Amantis, a poem. Many incidents of the play may be found in the latter work, and even a few of its particular expressions ; and, therefore, as Gower himself is introduced, (like the chorus of old) it is reasonable to suppose that Shakspeare chietly followed the work of

that poct.

ANTIOCHUS, King of Antioch.

Gower, as Chorus.
PERICLES, Prince of Tyre.
}Two Lords of Tyre.

THE DAUGHTER of Antiochus.

DIONYZA, Wife to Cleon. SIMONIDES, King of Pentapolis.

THAISA, Daughter to Simonides. CLEON, Governor of Tharsus.

MARINA, Daughter to Pericles and Thaise. LYSIMACHUS, Governor of Mitylene.

LYCHORIDA, Nurse to Marina.
CERIMON, a Lord of Ephesus.

THALIARD, a Lord of Antioch.
PHILEMON, Servant to Cerimon.

Lords, Ladies, Knights, Gentlemen, Sei. LEONINE, Servant to Dionyzu.-MARSHAL.

lors, Pirates, Fishermen, and MessenA PANDAR, and his WIFE.-BOULT, their Ser.

ger, sc. vant.

SCENE, dispersedly in various countries.


Enter GOWER.
Before the Palace of Antioch.
To sing a song of old • was sung,
From ashes ancient Gower is come ;
Assuming mau's infirmities,
To glad your ear, and please your eyes.
It hath been sung at festivals,
On ember-eves, and holy ales ;
And lords and ladies of their lives
Have read it for restoratives :
'Purpose to make inen glorious ;
Et quo antiquius, eo melius
If you, bom in these latter times,
When wit's more ripe, accept my roymes,
And that to bear an old mall sing,
May to your wishes pleasure brius,
1. e. That of old.

4 Whitsun-nies, &c.

U life would wish and that I might,
Waste it for you, like taper-lighi.
This city then, Antioch ihe great
Built up for his chiefest seat;
The fairest in all Syria;
(I tell you what mine authors say :)
This king unto him took a pbeere,
Who died and left a female heir,
So buxom, blithe, and full of face,
As heaven bad lent ber all his grace,
With whom the father liking took,
And her to incest did provoke :
Bad father! to entice his own
To evil, should be done by none.
By custoin, what they did begin,
Was, with long lise, account + no sin.
The beauty of this sinful dame
Made many princes thither frame,

• Wife, the word signifies e mate or companion

+ Accounted.

[ocr errors]

To seek her as a bed-fellow,

Ant. Read the conclusion thea;
In marriage pleasures play fellow :

Which read, and not expounded, 'us decreed,
Which to prevent, he made a law,

As these before thee, thou thyself shalt bleed.
(To keep her still, and men in awe,)

Daugh. In all, save that, may'st thou prove
That whoso ask'd her for his wife,

prosperous !
Mis riddle told not, lost his life :

Per. Like a bold champion, I assume the
So for her many a wight did die,

As yon grim looks do testify,

Nor ask advice of any other thought
W bat now

ensues, to the judgment of But faithfulness, and courage,

your eye
I give, my cause wbo best can justify.

(He reads the Riddle.)

I am no viper, yet I seed

On mother's flesh, which did me breed :
SCENE 1.-Antloch.--
A Room in the Palace.

I sought a husband, in which labour,
Enter ANTIOCHUS, Pericles, and Attendants.

I found that kindness in a father.

He's father, son, and husband mild, Ant. Young prince of Tyre, you have at large I mother, wife, and yet his child. receiv'd

How they may be, und yet in two,
The danger of the task you undertake.

As you will live, resolve it you.
Per. I have, Antiochus ; and with a soul
Embolden'd with the glory of her praise, Sharp physlc is the last : but, O you powers !
Think death no hazard, in this enterprise. That give heaven countless eyes to view men's


Ant. Bring in our daughter clothed like a Why cloud they not their sights perpetually,

If this be true, which makes me pale to read it?
For the embracements even of Jove himself; Fair glass of light, I lov'd you, and could still,
At whose conception, (till Lucina reign'd,)

[Takes hold of the hand of the princess.
Nature this dowry gave, to glad her presence, Were not this glorious casket stor'd with ill :
The senate-house of planets all did sit,

But I must tell you,--now, my thoughts revolt; To knit in her their best perfections.

For he's no man on whom perfections wait,

That knowing sin within, will touch the gate. Enter the DAUGHTER of ANTIOCHUS. You're a fair viol, and your sense the striugs ; Per. See where she comes, apparell'd like the who, finger'd to make man bis lawful music, spring,

Would draw heaven down, and all the gods to Graces her subjects, and her thoughts the king

hearken; of every virtue + gives renown to men!

But, being play'd upon before your time,
Her face, the book of praises, where is read Hell only danceth at so harsh a chime :
Nothing but curious pleasures, as from thence Good sooth, I care not for you.
Sorrow were ever raz'd, and testy wrath

Ant. Prince Pericles, toucb not, upon thy life,
Could never be her mild companion.

For that's an article within our law,
Ye gods that made me man, and sway in love, As dangerous as the rest. Your time's expir'd':
That bave inflam'd desire within my breast, Either expound now, or receive your seutence.
To taste the fruit of yon celestial tree,

Per. Great king,
Or die in the adventure,-be my helps,

Few love to hear the sins they love to act : As I am son and servant to your will,

"Twould 'braid yourself too near for me to To compass such a boundless happiness!

teh it. Ant. 'Prince Pericles,

Who has a book of all that monarchs do,
Per. That would be son to great Antiochns. He's more secure to keep it shut, than shown;
Ant. Before thee stands this fair Hesperides, For, vice repeated, is like the wand'ring wind,
Withe golden fruit, but dangerous to be touch'd ; Blows dust in others' eyes, to spread itsell;
For death-like dragons bere affright thee hard : And yet the end of all is bought thus dear,
Her face, like heaven, enticeth thee to view The breath is gone, and the sore eyes see clear :
A countless glory, which desert mnst gain: To stop the air would hurt them. The blind
And which, without desert, because thine eye,

mole casts
Presumes to reach, all thy whole beap must die. Copp'd hills towards heaven, to tell the earth
Yon' sometime famous princes, like thyself,

is wrong'd

(die for't. Drawu by report, advent'rous by desire, By man's oppression; and the poor worm doth Tell thee with speechless tongues, and semblance Kings are earth's gods : in vice their law's pale,

their will ; That

, without covering, save yon' field of stars, And if Jove stray, who dares say, Jove doth ill ?
They bere stand martyrs, slain in Cupid's wars : It is enough you know ; and it is fit,
And with dead cheeks advise thee to desist, What, being more known, grows worse, to
For going on death's pet, whom none resist.

smother it.
Per. Antiochus, I thank thee, who bast taught All love the womb that their first beings bred,
My frail mortality to know itself,

Then give my tongue like leave to love my And by those fearful objects to prepare

head. This boily, like to them, to what I must:

Ant. Heaven, that I had thy head; He has for death remember'd, should be like a mirror,

found the meaning : Who tells us life's but breath; to trust it, error. But I will gloze † with him. (Aside.) Young prince I'll make my will then ; and as sick men do,

of Tyre, Who know the world, 'sce heaven, but feeling Though by the tenour of our strict edict, Wue,

Your exposition misinterpreting,
Gripe not at earthly joys, as erst they did i We might proceed to cancel of your days ;
do i bequeath a happy peace to you,

Yet hope, succeeding from so fair a tree
And all good men, as every prince should do ; As your fair self, doth tone us otherwise :
My riches to the earth from whence they came; Forty days longer we do respite you ;
But may unspotted fire of love to you.

If by which time our secret be undone,
(To the DAUGHTER Of ANTIOCHUS. This mercy shows, we'll joy in such a son;
Thus ready for the way of life or death,

And, until then, your entertain shall be, I wait the sharpest blow, Avtiochus,

As doth befit our honour, and your wortb. Scorning advice.

[Exeunt ANTIOCHUS, his DAVOUTER, and

Attendants. * Pointing to the scene of the palace gate at Antioch, on which the heads of these unfortunate wigbts were

Rising to n top or head. 1... That gives

+ Or, play falsely with him. To take away yonr life,


« ElőzőTovább »