« ElőzőTovább »
their advice and instruction, whether it relate to their bodies or their souls.
The rules I send are in use in the south of England, and were last year introduced into a small agricultural village in Yorkshire.
Hoping that “ M. A.” will soon see much good arise from his endeavours, I remain, yours respectfully,
Y. L. Y. * * * * * * SOCIETY FOR AIDING THE INDUSTRIOUS. Rules for the allotment of land for spade culture :
I. That the land be always dug, and properly manured by the respective tenants.
II. That no person shall have an allotment exceeding a quarter of an acre.
III. The land must not be underlet to any other erson.
IV. That no tenant shall grow potatoes on the same portion of his land two years successively.
V. That no tenant shall lop, crop, or cut, any tree or sapling, without permission from the committee first had in writing.
VI. That the landlord shall put out the ground properly with stakes, &c.; shall put in order and so keep the fences; shall pay tithes, taxes, and all outgoings.
VII. That the land shall be let at such a rate as shall cover the orignal rent of the land, and all the above-named expenses.
VIII. That the rent be paid half-yearly by the several tenants, on the 1st of February, and the 1st of August.
IX. That an half-year's notice be given, or an half-year's rent be paid by each tenant, before giving up the occupation of his land.
X. That if any tenant shall neglect to pay his rent according to the eighth rule, or shall by himself or his family, wantonly injure the fences, the trees, or the allotment of any of the other tenants, or if the tenant shall not cultivate and manure his allotment to the satisfaction of the committee, his tenancy shall immediately cease, and the committe shall be at liberty to enter upon and re-let his allotment, and likewise to sell any crop that may be upon the ground; and if the tenant enters upon the allotment after a notice is given, he shall be proceeded against as a wilful trespasser.
XI. That all disputes shall be referred to the society, whose decision shall be final.
XII. That any tenant convicted of theft or habitual drunkenness, shall immediately be considered as having forfeited his allotment. No person will be allowed to work on his ground on Sunday. 1, the undersigned, do hereby agree to become tenant to
the treasurer of this society, for the allotment. No, in at the yearly rent of to be paid at the times: fixed
in rule eight. And I do hereby agree to abide by and perform the above rules and regulations; and in default thereof, I will inmediately quit my allotment when directed by the committee, without any satisfaction being paid me on account thereof; and the committee shall be at liberty, without any hindrance from me, to enter upon the said allotment, and re-let it to whomsoever they think proper, and also to sell any crop formerly belonging to me, and still standing on the ground when the committee desired me to quit the allotment. And that this agreement on my part shall be an effectual bar to any proceeding being taken either in law or equity, for such removal or such sale.
Rev. Sir,-In answer to your correspondent, “M. A.,” who requested, in the last number of the “ Teacher's Visitor,” to be supplied with some simple rules or conditions for letting allotments, I beg to enclose the following, which have been used with great success in two parishes in B- -1.
I must first observe, that these villages were notorious for drunkenness and Sabbath-breaking, and the young men belonging to them were especially loose and disorderly in their conduct; but since the introduction of the allotment system, under the enclosed rules, (which have been strictly adhered to,) the moral improvement in the villages has been, and is, most obvious to all, and has been commented upon by the magistrates visiting the county goals.
Young men, from 18 years of age, have portions of land allotted them, by which means their leisure hours are usefully employed, and they are kept from the public house, and other scenes of temptation, alike injurious to body and soul.
A copy of the rules is fixed in the house of every tenant who has an allotment. I remain, Rev. Sir, yours faithfully,
E. G. Hinducloy Rectory, March 17th.
from year to year, at per annum.
The rent to be paid half-yearly; on the day of and the day of , in each year; and if not paid on or before those days, the land to be immediately entered upon by
and the crop forfeited to the landlord. I. If the above A. B. shall be convicted of any offence against the law, the land to be immediately taken from him, and the crop forfeited as in the foregoing article.
II. No occupier shall be suffered to sub-let his land, or to sell any manure, but the same shall be spent on the allotment; and each occupier shall be responsible for the condition of the fence bordering his own allotment.
III. No occupier will be allowed to plough his land, unless when it exceeds one acre in quantity, but he will be required to cultivate it solely by spade husbandry.
IV. If any occupier be found neglectful in the cultivation of his land, he will not be permitted to hold it beyond the end of the current year.
V. It is particularly requested, every occupier of a cottage allotment be watchful over his own moral character and that of his family; abstaining from swearing and drunkenness; that they regularly attend the parish church, and his children the Sunday and daily schools; and that they are brought up in a decent and orderly
VI. The Minister of the parish, and whomsoever else shall be appointed by the landlord, are authorized to see to the due obseryance of the above rules and regulations.
ON MOVING FROM ONE CLASS TO ANOTHET. DEAR SIR,-The remarks that were made on the subject of “Removing children from one class to another,'' in the last number of the “ Teacher's Visitor," by a “Sabbath-school Teacher,” led me to tender to you for insertion, a brief account of the plan adopted in the school in which I am a Teacher, about two years since, for the purpose of doing away with the evil your correspondent complains of.
The number of classes in our school is about sixteen, averaging about twelve in each class, and are classified in the following
The two first classes are termed local classes, and consist of the larger boys, which attend on the Sunday alone.
The next six classes are termed revolving classes: these classes consist principally of boys who attend on the week-days. The first of these last mentioned classes is made up of the most ad. vanced boys, and, consequently, are the most likely to be the first to leave the school. When this class is reduced to four or five boys, the next class with its Teacher moves up, and takes in these four or five boys, and constitute one class. The remaining four revolving classes move up also. So now the first class Teacher is without a class. A class is then provided for him out of the remaining eight classes, which are termed juvenile classes. So now the revolving classes are once more complete.
The juvenile classes are generally those which do not read in the Testament, but in little books named the “parables,” &c.; and these are the only classes which are likely to suffer from the evil your correspondent speaks of: but this, comparatively speaking, is nothing; for there has only been one change since the plan has been adopted.
The above plan, which I have feebly attempted to explain, was designed to do away with two evils, viz: “The removing children from one class to another,” and to remove a jealous feeling which was created, by some Teachers being placed in higher classes than others.
It has had the desired effect; and I have no doubt, that if a similar plan was adopted in other schools, it would have a beneficial result.
A SUNDAY-SCHOOL TEACHER. Liverpool, Feb. 21, 1846.
ON KEEPING UP THE ATTENTION OF A CLASS. TEACHERS frequently complain that they are unable to keep up the attention of their class. The following simple hint may be useful to some. Instead of giving a long and laboured address and comments to children, teach them to compare Scripture with Scripture. Let the Teacher name the chapter which contains the desired reference, and the children see who can first find the verse; the one who does, gives it out to the rest, and he whose turn it is, reads the verse.
This plan not only keeps alive the interest, but to a certain extent proves the question and subject to be understood.
“WHEN OUGHT THE DOOR TO BE CLOSED ?”
DEAR SIR, -As some Sunday-school Teachers appear to experience a difficulty with regard to “When ought the door to be closed ?” I am induced to lay before them the plan we have adopted; and which is found to answer far better than any other we have ever tried, and to be the most beneficial for the dear children.
The school-bell is rung at nine o'clock in the morning, and a quarter before two in the afternoon, and five minutes are allowed for assembling. The door is then closed and bolted, and we unite in singing a hymn of praise to God; after which it is opened, in case any children should have arrived during that time, and they are permitted to enter, and walk quietly to their respective classes ; when it is again fastened for prayer. All who are not in school before the door is shut for singing are marked "late," and lose a ticket.
The plan recommended by “W.M.” in your“Teacher's Visitor" for this month, I consider to be objectionable ; for, however quietly children may be “allowed to open the door during the time of prayer and praise, and to kneel or stand (as the case may be) immediately inside," yet it interrupts the devotion of the others many of whom cannot be prevented from turning round to see who are the late comers, just, alas ! as too many of their parents and betters are in the habit of doing in the house of God.
Hoping that this subject may soon be brought to a close, and that you will kindly favour us with your opinion upon it, I remain yours truly,
R. P. B. March 12, 1846.
In bringing this subject to a close, the Editor begs to offer his opinion.
Inasmuch as punctuality is an essential point of education, he considers that the best plan which most effectually enforces it. Let the list be called over in the first place—say at nine o'clock precisely, or the tickets given to those who are present, as the custom may be ; after which, let the school devotions commence. Let the doors then be bolted, and none admitted till after the prayer. An is thus kept quiet during the devotions of the school. This is an essential point; and experience proves that the fear of losing a ticket, or getting an absent mark when the list is called over, ensures, very successfully, regular attendance.
TICKET SYSTEM. Rev. Sir,-In the December No. of the “Teacher's Visitor," you detailed a plan that you intended to adopt in your Sundayschool for rewarding the children according to merit; since then I have also tried it; and my object in writing is to beg the favour of your inserting a more particular account of the kind of tickets given in exchange for the specified number, also the kind of rewards, so as to make a distinction. If you have a circulating library, you would perhaps give some hints as to the best way of lending ont the books. Could they be made rather a stimulus. to promote the attention and diligence of the children?
S.S. To the Rev. D. B. B.
MR. EDITOR, --In reply to the queries put to me by S. S., with regard to the ticket system I have adopted in my parish, I have pleasure in giving him any information which is likely to prove w&ful to him.
As to the kind of tickets made use of, bone are decidedly the best,