Rev. SIR, Your correspondents on the subject, “When ought the doors to be closed?” after expressing their opinions, refer it for that of others. It is not that I presume to be more wise than others who have exercised their judgment before me, but possibly my experience may be greater, having had the principal charge of a Sunday-school many years.

I have ever looked upon punctuality of attendance as most essential to its prosperity. The example should on all occasions be given by the Teachers, that the children may not have the opportunity, on their part, of confirming their late attendance by the irregularity of those they look to for example.

I am no friend to coercive measures, in the conducting a SundaySchool. Respect, authority, and obedience from the children, may be obtained by the exercise of much patience, kindness, and a feeling interest in their welfare. Gain but access to the hearts of the chil. dren, and you have the attention and respect you can require.

But while a regularity of attendance is necessary, they will present many plausible excuses for their being late. Yet they are not such, in general, but a right feeling on the part of their parents for the children's welfare might overcome. Much may be done by an interview with them, showing the bad effects in the school the late attendance of their children has on the rest, as well as the interference with the discipline of the school; much more may be obtained in possessing the minds of the children to be punctual. With this the object is at once accomplished.

The most effectual way I have found is requiring the children, at the opening of the school, after prayer, to repeat the lesson given them to learn during the week; and as punishment to those late in attendance, to keep them back after the morning service, with those who have neglected to commit to memory their appointed lesson. This does not often occur. Thus as they have both distinguished themselves, part by late attendance, and the other by idleness, they are again distinguished by forming a class of delinquents, keeping them all in a while, till some lesson from each is repeated, (perhaps less than the appointed one.) This is altogether a mortification. It is felt by the children as such, and I have invariably found it a most


of gaining the desired end. I need not observe, it is imposing a further confinement upon the Teachers; but strictness of discipline cannot be obtained without the conductors of those to be taught being partakers of the necessary bedium. I trust my fellow teachers, having buckled on the barness,


are prepared to encounter all difficulties; and if it should be our inestimable happiness, to be made (by the grace of God) the honoured instruments of training the dear children in the path of virtue and true religion, of cultivating the young plantation in such a manner as, by the divine blessing accompanying such endeavour, to lead them to partake of the Saviour's love, that they may be adopted into his family, and become his elect children, this is an object deserving all our activity and energy, in the use of every means in our power. That both Teacher and children may

* Then with joy appear

Before the Judge's face,
And with the bless'd assembly there,

Sing his redeeming grace,
is the sincere wish and prayer of a fellow Teacher.

C. P. Margaret Roothing, 23rd Sept., 1845.


“There are many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel

of the Lord that shall stand." CAN

ye not discern the signs of the times ?” is an expostulatory query, which, if it had any force at the time when it was spoken by our Lord, has an infinitely greater one after the lapse of more than eighteen hundred years; and he must be blind indeed who looks around him into the world, who cannot see that the stamp of its final dissolution is becoming each year more widely and deeply marked, more discernible to the eye of mental observation, and more progressive to the grand crisis. It would be presumptuous in mortal man, to endeavour exactly to antedate this period, and contrary to the whole analogy of God's dealing with man, and the truths of revelation, to expect that he should be able; but as the pale flush of morning gradually deepens, as the dawn advances into the broad and well-defined lines of sunrising and day, so as the catastrophe of earthly things approaches, the signs of the times will become more decided ; events shadowy and unmarked will take form and substance, and accumulate in number as they are more frequent in significancy, and the expectation of men be fully aroused, as the “fulness of the times," in its secondary sense, is completed. The position of the Church, in the British Isles and abroad, does more than indicate that the “love of many shall was cold.” The strenuous efforts of Romanism in England, France, the British de

pendencies in India, and among the Chinese, seem like a prelude to those convulsive throes of Popery which prophetic visions teach us to look for, ere the millstone is cast into the sea, and Babylon falls.-The peculiar aspect of political affairs, the breaking up of parties, the reckless attacks made on long cherished principles and long settled convictions, the avowed support of forms of malignant errors spread over the horizon, their murky clouds of future dis, tress, perplexity, and dissension, such as the latter days will usher in the progress of Christianity among heathen nations, though far from general, or adequate in the remotest degree to our conceptions of the knowledge of the Lord, covering the earth as the waters cover the sea, ,'*is yet so striking as to arouse the attention of the thinking mind to these ulterior results. The knowledge of these things, while it keeps us from being unduly excited by a fanatical because ignorant notion of its nearness, is well calculated to keep us sober and watching unto prayer, for the end of all things is at hand.

Passing over the intervening continental courftries, we wish to draw the attention of our readers to that vast and most interesting dependency of the British Crown, India. Events are transpiring there, which every real Christian cannot but hail with delight, as likely to pave the way for its ultimate conversion to Christianity. There was discovered some time ago, in a district of country partly in the Bengal and Madras presidencies, bordering on the Godavery river, the existence of human sacrifices, to a frightful extent. The people who were found to be involved in the practice, are the Kauds; and their country is somewhat larger than Scotland. A bill has however been lately published in India, to institute means for effectually abolishing this diabolical custom. This will, of course, cause British agents to be stationed among them, and bring them into closer connection with the government; and we hope that thus a door will be opened for the diffusion of Christianity there. Another measure, bearing date 15th January, 1845, has been likewise Sanctioned, to abolish the law which previously existed, entailing the forfeiture of all possessions and property, on converts from the Hindoo or Mahomedan religions. This as it may be supposed, exercised a great influence over the native mind, and must have prevented many from embracing Christianity, through fear of total ruin. The removal of it will, consequently, give (we hope)

* Nor are we to anticipate, it is clear from Scripture, the universal

progress of Christianity over the earth before our Lord's coming; for when the Son of man cometh, will he find faith in the earth?” is doubtless equivalent to a negation.

additional impulse to true religion, and overthrow one bar, at least, to its spread and triumph.-Our readers cannot but have remarked the project for a railway through the Peninsula, the importance of which, if carried into effect, can scarcely be overrated. The native mind will imbibe more the habits and sentiments of Europeans, facility of communication will cause an increasing inter. change of opinion, European literature will become more diffused, the barriers of caste must be shaken, and break down, and we trust, with God's blessing, Christ's holy religion be propagated. There are so many interesting topics connected with this subject, that we fear we shall overstep our limits, if we proceed ; but we beg to refer our readers for a good account of the present state of India to “Weitbrecht's Missions in Bengal.

ECCLESIASTICAL INTELLIGENCE.—The Bishop of Calcutta has lately made a very wise and spirited reply, in answer to an address presented to him by the Propagation Society, with reference to the suspicion which has of late spread abroad relating to the society. We may state, that he confirms the truth of it, by narrating the unpromising state of their missions near Calcutta, “a blight-a temporary one only, (he hopes)-over the harvest;" adding, that where Tractarian sentiments have prevailed among the missionaries, “they are doing incalculable mischief in their respective spheres." He also expresses his disappointment at the present prospects of Bishop's College, of which he is the visitor. We trust that this society, which has facilities for unbounded good within it, will effectually relieve itself from a suspicion, so injurious in its tendency, if unfounded, and so distressing in its effects, if true. We ought to add, that the Bishop speaks with pleasure of the zeal and faithfulness of their missionaries in South India, Pope, Caldwell, Cæmerer, and others. Our readers will be glad to hear, that, the German reformer CZERSKI, has written a strong letter, condemnatory of the socinian and rationalistic movement, in that country. -A charge, lately delivered by the Primate of Ireland is well worthy of a perusal, as it refutes the charges, so often made during the last session of Parliament, of the unbounded wealth and vast vast revenues, and, we may add, uselessness of the Irish Church.

OBITUARY.—The Bishop of Bath and Wells; Earl Spencer; Marquis of Ely; Marchioness Dowager of Downshire; Sir John Mordaunt, M. P.




No. 20.


Vol. III.



MINGLED and deep are the emotions which are awakened in a reflective mind, when contemplating the fact that another brief revolution of time has been completed, and is now numbered with the years before the food. Let us pause for awhile on the remembrance of the departed year, fraught as it has been with mercies and trials, joys and sorrows, smiles and tears, disappointed hopes and realized desires. Looking abroad upon the varied characters and circumstances of the human race, in how widely diversified a manner will the past year have

passed to each of them. But we desire to dwell more minutely on the prospects and circumstances of the children of God, who, though differing it may be on many points, are yet one in Him. Many a devoted servant of the Redeemer has been growing in grace, increasing more and more in the knowledge and love of Him, and daily pressing forwards to the heavenly inheritance. Many a young and weak disciple has been built up and strengthened. Many a disobedient heart, by the working of the Eternal Spirit, has been turned to the wisdom of the just. Oh! that we dared to hope there are none who did run well

, but have gone back, and walked no more with Jesus. Oh! that we could indulge the idea that there were none who once sought the truth in sincerity, but have turned aside to empty forms and cold-hearted ceremonials, or who have been beguiled from their stedfastness by this present evil world.

Turn we to those to whom, since the dawning of the past year, it has been given to eat the bread of sorrow, and to drink deeply of the waters of affliction. How



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