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so upon a portion of the Scriptures. Moreover, the clergy and superintendents are not all sufficiently at home in their work of conducting Sunday-schools, to say what course of Sunday instruction is best to be pursued, nor yet able to decide how the hours may be best allotted to the subject. It would be very useful, therefore, in my opinion, to have a kind of time table, with the business of the day printed opposite the several portions of time, and also a paper of printed questions for the subjects of each month, for the use of those Teachers who find a difficulty in catechising themselves.

Hoping that you will forgive the intrusion upon your time, which this letter may occasion, I am, Rev. Sir, very faithfully,

F. H. SEWELL. Lindfield, Cuckfield, August 19, 1345.

CATECHETICAL HISTORY OF THE BIBLE.

Brighton, August 19, 1845. REV. AND DEAR SIR,-In answer to the enquiry of your Correspondent, “ a Teacher,” in this month's No. of the “ Teacher's Visitor,” respecting a Catechetical History of the Bible, I beg to mention Watts' “ Short View of the whole Scripture History, &c., represented in the way of Question and Answer,” as giving a connected sketch of the Scripture Narative, and being unobjectionable in its mode of statement. It does not enter upon any discussion of

doctrinal points.

With regard to the other subject of enquiry, brought forward in your Correspondent's letter, that is, the best manner of conducting Public Annual Examinations of a daily school, I would suggest, as a part of the plan to be pursued, that such examinations be held at least twice in the year. When held at longer intervals, the matter is too large for the memory to be teased with. The interest too is liable to droop, for want of freshness in the subject, and the children are apt to be dull, and not sufficiently clear in their answers, from not being more frequently questioned.

Another suggestion is, that the parents be invited to attend ; not only, in order that, by being present on such an occasion, they may see what is being done for their children, and take a livelier interest in their education, but that it may be a means of instruction for themselves, when they have important truths brought out in the examination. There is also presented here a favourable opportunity for addressing the parents generally on any irregularity of the children, which may be connected with improper management, or neglect at their own homes.

To attain this object of the parents' attendance, the examination should be held in the evening. I have then adopted the plan of dividing the school into three sections; the examination beginning with the youngest, who, if it was considered too late for them to remain, might go home before the rest.

I gladly take this opportunity of returning you my best thanks for the production of the “ Teacher's Visitor,” which is full of interest and much sound Christian instruction, and valuable information. I circulate it among my Sunday-school Teachers every month, and I pray that a blessing may rest upon its perusal, as well as upon the labour of those who are instrumental in furnishing its materials.

R. S. S.

SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS.

“There are many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel

of the Lord that shall stand.”

The contest is still being continued in different parts of the country between the opponents and supporters of Sunday traffic on Railways. At the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway Meeting, on the 26th August, the question was discussed, and a motion put forward, relative to the discontinuance of that traffic on the above-mentioned day. At a meeting of the North British Railway, (which is not yet completed,) on the 10th September, the same question was brought forward by other parties, who are interested in the subject. We cannot, indeed, report that the motion was favourably entertained at either meeting ; but we are convinced, from the tenor of the speeches, and from many little facts which are happening around, that its importance is gradually making way into the minds of people, and that success will be gained by little and little which could not be at one rapid stride. It is a great question; and, like all great questions, the public mind has to undergo a long process of seasoning, as it were, ere it becomes alive to its importance. Many endeavours may seem to be futile, and many repulses may discourage ; but the progress to a happy consummation, though slow, still advances, and God's glory be again promoted. Nor is it only Railway traffic which is involved in the question of the due observance of the Lord's Day; but it cuts at the root of a multitude of practices, sanctioned by custom, supported by self-interest, and pleaded for by the passions of pleasure and indulgence. The business of the Post-office and the letter-carrier, the opening of places

of amusement and exhibitions of the wonderful and curious, the voyages of steamboats on parties of pleasure, the sale of intoxicating liquors, the vending of articles of general and daily consumption, are likewise contrary to the spirit of a religious observance of that day, and therefore to be watched against and broken through, if it may be, as well as railway traffic. On some of these points we know that much has been done, and while there still remains a vast mountain to be overthrown, yet the effects already produced are a proof of God's blessing on the undertaking, and a stimulus to encourage us in our future efforts.

The new reformation in Germany is rapidly increasing in the number of its adherents. Churches are rearing their heads, influential men seceding from Romanism, (witness Professor Theiner,) and whole communities uniting themselves with it. We regret, however, to record, that disturbances have in some parts arisen, and blood has been shed, as in Leipsic. Much blame is, of course, to be attached to the recently formed Church, whose members should spread their opinions as much by the blamelessness of their lives and their meekness under provocations, as by their published dogmas: but we fear there is much likewise to be attached to the Roman Catholics, who resort to persecution and secular coercion, when they cannot stay the current by gentler means. This the Lutheran Church had to undergo, in the 16th century, in the same country, and this too caused the blood of Protestants in the Netherlands, under the strong arm of Philip of Spain, to flow in torrents. The present movement of Germany, indeed, reminds us not a little of the revival in Religion of the 16th century. A code of articles, too, which they have lately put forth, coincides in many respects with the sentiments published at the Augsberg confession. May God grant them the spirit of a sound mind, a sober and unbiassed judgment, and a sincere and consistent piety. There is a fear lest Czerski, who is joint leader of the party with M. Ronge, should unite himself with the Unitarian portion of the German people; but we trust that his creed may be pure, untainted by any so serious and lamentable an error. The operations of the Societies Evangelique, in France, are also contributing at this time to a great and happy revival.Lyons, containing a large population, and important from the position which it holds among the silk manufacturing places in France, has become the centre of active and self-denying efforts for the diffusion of the Gospel. Many villages and towns in the neighbourhood, independently of the impression which has been produced in Lyons itself, have had their inhabitants aroused to reflection, examination of the Scriptures, and a rejection of the errors of the church to which they belong. While light seems glimmering in other parts of France, Limoges, Dijon, &c., which is likely to burst forth one day, we trust, in much fuller blaze and far wider extension. We must refer our readers, for fuller accounts, to the recent report of the Foreign-Aid-Society, in connection with these continential Societies.--Mr. Ward has at last quitted the Church of England, for the communion of that church in which he vainly hopes to find peace

and repose. We had hoped to have given our readers a short analysis of his manifesto, on seceding, in order that they might de. tect the unsoundness of the arguments advanced, but our space compels us to defer it.

MISCELLANEOUS.-Accounts from Russia state that 130 Jewish recruits, who had lately joined their battalion, have renounced Judaism, and entered the Greek Church on the same day. We could only wish that they had forsaken their own false religion for a purer form of Christianity. We hope, ere long, to see a Church of England Scripture Reader's Society, established for destitute parishes in this country.-A rumour has spread itself among the French papers, that their Government has determined to give up Tahiti to its own laws and management. We do not think there is much truth in in it, but we only hope it may indicate a spirit of less interference with the Tahitians and the missionaries there.

I OSTER, PRINTER, KIRKBY LONSDALE.

THE

TEACHER'S VISITOR.

No. 19.

NOVEMBER, 1845.

Vol. III.

HOPE. “For we are saved by hope : but hope that is seen is not hope : for

what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for ?”—Rom. viii. 24. These words, taken from one of the most exquisitely beautiful chapters of Holy Writ, appears to me to be expressly suitable for the meditation of the Sabbath-school Teacher. Hope is his peculiar anchor; and when he has been tossed on the ocean of uncertainty, blown about by the wind of cutting neglect, and is ready to despair, and say, even when reviewing his Sabbath labours, "all is vanity,” then, indeed, may he be said to be saved by hope—hope of a brighter future. Glancing beyond the narrow limits of time, he sees himself standing before the bar of his Creator, face to face with those he so fondly loved to lead Zionward, when travelling through this thorny wilderness, and hears a just Judge pronounce their sins blotted out, by their Saviour's most precious blood, and also hears those words, the sound of which no mortal can anticipate ; for ear hath not heard, neither hath it entered the heart of man to conceive" their import; “Well done, good and faithful servant, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord!” Here is the consummation of all his desires, the height of his felicity. But let us pause one moment to see what are the trials with which he has to contend; for had he rest here, this hope would afford no consolation. Suppose him, then, surrounded by a class of ten or twelve children, who, through the stated hours of instruction, appear to give their attention to the things belonging to their peace; yet he himself must constantly be an eye witness to the lamentable difference, as soon as his labour is over; and were it not for the powerful, overweighing promises with which the Bible abounds, that God's Word "shall not return

VOL. III.

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