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ORDERS, SUB-ORDERS, AND GENERA:
VUSCI AND HEPATIC.E.
FLORA OF LIVERPOOL.
JOSEPH DICKINSON, M.A., M.D., F.R.S.
(READ BEFORE THE SOCIETY ON THE 14TH OF MAY, 1855.)
The “ Flora of Liverpool" was published in 1851. Since that time many ardent lovers of Botany have carefully re-investigated the ground, and consequently some most interesting discoveries and additions have been made. These are now embodied in the following Supplement. Amongst those who by their contributions have aided me in rendering the “ Flora more complete, I have much pleasure in enumerating the names of Messrs. J. Price, F. P. Marrat, H. C. Fisher, T. Williams, J. Shillitoe, and Dr. J. B. Wood, in addition to those given in the “ Flora" and in the Supplement itself. To Dr. D. P. Thomson, the able Secretary of the Liverpool Literary and Philosophical Society, I am especially indebted for much valuable advice and assistance. Most of the habitats named have been confirmed by a personal exanination, and where this has not been practicable, I have in almost every case examined the plant itself. The arrangement and abbreviations are the same as were adopted in the “ Flora."
DICOTYLEDONOUS, OR EXOGENOUS
SUB-Class I. THALAMIFLORÆ. (Ord. i.—xi.)
Ord. 1. RANUNCULACEÆ. Juss. The Crowfoot Family.
1. CLEMATIS. Linn. Traveller's Joy.
Polyandria Polygynia. L. 1. C. VITALBA. L. (Common T.) June-August. ☆
This plant is found climbing amongst the bushes and trees in many places between the Decoy and Ditton Marsh, but as some Lauris. tinas are found in the same situation, we may infer that both have been introduced.
2. RANUNCULUS. Linn. Crowfoot, Spearwort.
Polyand. Polygyn. L. 1. R. CÆNOSUS. Guss. (R. Lenormandi, Schultz.) June, July. 24
Pits, clayfields, Kirkdale.-H. Fisher. It does not seem to be very rare in the neighbourhood of Liverpool.
3. AQUILEGIA. Linn. Columbine.
Polyand. Polygyn. L.
" Apparently truly wild by the brookside in Lathom New Park.”—
Ord. II. BERBERIDACEÆ. Vent. The Barberry Family.
1. BERBERIS. Linn. Barberry. Hexand. Monogyn. L. 1. B. VULGARIS. L. (Common B.) May, June. ”
Simmon's-wood Moss, very stunted, and “truly indigenous." —
ORD. III. PAPAVERACEÆ. Juss. The Poppy Tribe.
1. MECONOPSIS. Vig. Welsh Poppy. Polyan. Polygyn. L. 1. M. CAMBRICA. Vig. (Common W.) June. 4
A specimen was brought to me in July, 1854, said to be gathered at
ORD. IV. CRUCIFERÆ. Juss. The Cruciferous Family.
SUB-ORD. I. PLEURORHIZÆ. 1. CHEIRANTHUS. Linn. Wall Flower. Tetradyn. Silig. L. 1. C. CHEIRI. L. (Common W.) May, June. 24
an old walls near Gayton, where it appears to have grown for many generations.-J. Shillitoe.
2. TURRITIS. Linn. Tower Mustard. Tetradyn. Siliq. L. 1. T. GLABRA. (Long-podded T.) May-July. O
“This plant is certainly not found at Southport.”—J. B. W., J. D. 3. THLASPI. Linn. Penny Cress.
Tetradyn. Siliculosa. L.
Hale bank, near the road side, by the Mersey. Potatoe field near
4. CAMELINA. Crantz. Gold of Pleasure.
Tetradyn. Siliculosa. L. 1. C. SATIVA. Crantz. (Common G.) June and July. O
I have seen a specimen said to be gathered on the Bath Farm, Ormskirk, by T. Williams. It has not been found elsewhere in this locality.