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rest; such, for example, as the enormous From the Spectator, 13th Aug.

massacres imputed to the Neo-Christians of CHRISTIANITY A LA CHINOISE. Chiņa, tending to the extermination of the

rest - 20,000 Mantchou men, women and If some intelligent Chinese officer charged children, subjected to Christian vengoance ! with promoting the trade between Great Persons not the least acquainted with that Britain and China had nded in Ireland in country utterly doubt the probability of such 1848 maugre the vigilance of the queen's acts; and if that one peculiar incident, which officers, had penetrated to Widow M'Cor- appears to be so characteristic of a headlong mack's garden, and had obtained a personal missionary rebellion, is not to be relied upon, acquaintance of Mr. Smith O'Brien and his how are we to believe the rest? How believe allies, he would have been able to write home that “ Loboson" - which is not more unlike letters to the Chinese newspapers filled with Robinson or Robertson than the Tahiti actual information collected on the spot. He “ Opano" is uplike Banks — is really a wellwould have been able to tell the public of know Mr. Roberts of Canton; and if not, how Pekin and Nankin the details of the personal are we to understand that “ the Great Tranappearance of Mr. Sunith O'Brien, Mr. quillity” or Supreme Pacificator” of China Meagher, Mr. John Mitchell, and others. He is one of the pupils of that gentleman ? It could have described their costume, and could may be 80 ; but the statement, amidst the have reported from their own mouths their indiscriminate tissue of gossip collected from intentions and the principles of their political a race expressing itself in alien language, and philosophy. But when all that was done, perhaps misled by its own ignorance, derives how far would he have gone to enlighten the uncertainty froin its context. Chinese people as to the general state of the Quite as doubtful as all the rest is tlie British empire, the progress of the rebellion assertion that the Chinese are not only Chrisin Ireland, or the relation of Mr. Smith tians but “ Protestants.” What knowledge O'Brien to her majesty Queen Victoria ? To is it possible they can have of the spiritual have “ been there does not involve sufficient régime called Popery ; a knowledge of which knowledge to describe the circumstances is necessary to comprehend the mere idea of which mark the real value and probabilities Protestantism? How could a Chinese underof any anomalous movement in a strange stand the doctrine of the real presence, of country. Before we can understand the apostolic authority transmitted ex officio, or rebellion, we must understand the people, and any other of the essential questions in debilte those circumstances that define the rebellion. which mark the distinctions between Romanist A revolt in Geneva means far less than a and Protestant? They say that they are revolt in St. Petersburg, although the govern

" followers of Jesus ;' but 80 would the ment of one place is far more popular than Jesuits say; and it would be as correct to the other. Actual possession of Widow describe the Celestials as enrolled in that inM'Cormack's garden appeared for an instant Auential order, once not unknown amongst a fact, and might have deceived a Chinese them, as it is to rank them statistically with roving commissioner ; and yet how frail the the supporters of the Protestant Alliance. tenure was we all know. O'Connell, standing The fact is, that the special accounts do not on the Rath of Mullaghmast to be crowned bring us nearer to a knowledge of the preciso with something or other, might have appeared tenets and purposes of the rebels — perhaps to a Chinese commissioner as if he had really no nearer than they themselves have arrivud made some progress towards restoring the at. It is natural that their purposes should Dling dynasty of Ireland ; and yet the O'Con- be vague, and therefore incapable of communell dynasty bas passed, and England con- nication ; even still more natural that their tinues as she was. The Chinese reporter Christianity should not be that of England or could have given the actual words of a patri- of Rome, but of Quangtung and Shanghae. otic song performed on the occasion ; and yet It is not only to be expected that they should his proofs would have been insuficient to give their peculiar version and application to stand the test of subsequent facts. The truth the doctrines which they cannot comprehond is, that the most important proofs as to the in their original form, but it was inevitablo tendency and extent of the rebellion were that genuine Christianity should be unuble to gathered before the last letters, from an officer penetrate the comprehension of a race 80 on the spot. A movement which is felt from limited in its experience and its ideas. How Canton to Shanghae, if not to Nankin and the can any European ideas of Christian tenets borders of Pekin, establishes its importance penetrate to a people who think in a language by its geographical extent; and, whatever written with a camel's hair pencil and the may be the unintelligible tenets of its pro- fingers of the flying dragon," arranged with moters, it is a great fact.

the form of a Chinese puzzle, and familiarized Some of the most circumstantial statements to us by the ornamental gridiron hieroglyphic with regard to the rebels cast discredit on the of the tea-chest?

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To us, howerer, this view of the Chinese

From the Examiner, 20th Aug. missionary rebellion is far from diminishing

THE REBELLION IN CHINA. the importance of that movement. The more Chinese it is, the more important it appears.

NOTWITESTANDING its remoteness of scene, It might, indeed, on grounds of à-priori Chris- and our necessarily imperfect information, the tianity, appear to be a reproach that the rebellion in China is full of interest. The latBibles sold by Mr. Gutzlaff in Amoy should est accounts show it advancing to final success. flourish in this crop of insurrection and It is fast reaching the point when it will cease carnage. But what was to be expected, if the as rebellion, and be heard of as something whole social and political relations of a people else. Already the Hong Kong papers, which were unsettled ; and how was it possible to were obstinate unbelievers not many weeks make China Christian, without unsettling all ago, civilly refer to the insurgents as the patriits social relations? Some of the Bibles sown of army. We are likely, in short, to be the broadcast in China have been discovered as contemporaries of a very great event in the the linings of tea-chests ; so little power had history of mankind - - a revolution extending the Chinese mind of assimilating the ideas over one third part of the human race, accomembodied in the volume sent forth for distri- panied by the expulsion or destruction of bution. The next thing was, to receive the strangers who conquered and established themtruths, not in the form that we comprehend selves two centuries ago. We may also witthem, perhaps in itself somewhat different also neas possibly the origin of a new form of refrom the old Judaical perception of the same ligion. Such events are well worth watching. truths; but in the Chinese form

- a form

The last arrival confirms the intelligence which makes the seventh commandment which had reached us by its predecessor, of extend not only to offences cognate with that the capture of Amoy. It is also established, particularly prohibited, but also to the great by statements perfectly authentic, that the social vice of China, opium-smoking. It does insurgents have for some time been in possesnot follow, therefore, that because Chinese sion of Nankin, the ancient native capital, the Christianity is not English Christianity, it is commanding position from which we ourselves utterly contemptible or without a vivifying dictated our own terms of peace to the Chipower. That the Chinese should at once be nese government. They are equally in occucompetent to be enrolled amongst the provinces pation of the cities of Chin-keang and Yangof his Holiness the Pope, except in some col- tsan, situated, like Nankin, on the great river orable and false manner, we hold to be impos- Yang-tse-keang, and this gives them the comsible; that they should , straightway be mand of the vast canal which connects the annexed to the Church of England, is å still southern provinces with the capital of the emmore impracticable idea. The only possible pire. They have, therefore, the power, which mode of their coming to Christianity was, they have exercised, of obstructing the supplies that they should frame a transition doctrine of food and tributes which support Pekin and for thepiselves. It would be equally impossi- its populous but sterile province. In fact they ble for genuine Christian patriots to write have established a virtual blockade of the seat down to their level. We saw something of of the Tartar government. The entire insursuch a process in the Demerara Bible, which in rectionary force at Pekin and its neighborhood its account of the marriage at Cana called the is stated at 8,000 of the original insurgents of steward the "grand foot-boy," and a maid- Qwansi, now increased by 25,000 levies which Bervant a woman foot-boy” a puerile joined the victorious progress through Honan, burlesque which must have degraded the Hopih, and other populous provinces of cenhand that composed it. For the Chinese, the tral China. In every encounter the “patriot Bible and the leading doctrines of Chris- army" appears to have routed the imperial tianity remain unaltered ? and when they troops, and to have defeated all the attempts have accomplished as much truth as they can of the latter to retako such places as they had realize, a further truth will lie open for their thought expedient to occupy. They were infurther conquest, upperverted by those who ferior only in a fleet, as of course was to be profess to teach it. The rudeness of the expected. Their overpowering advantage is in Chinese Christianity, therefore, is one mark of their enthusiasm, and the eagerness of the its genuine character - one reason why it can populations generally for the changes they spread amongst them - one facility for its effect. being incorporated in their institutions; and The first object of the insurgents is the subif it be regretted that Christianity should version of the Manchoo government, and 1100 become a war-cry and be propagated by the only the expulsion, but, after the normal fashsword, history will console us with the ion of Asia, the extermination of the whole reflection, that great reforms, spread over a Tartar race. With this purpose they are relarge extent of territory and accomplished in ported, and this by their own account, to have brief space of time, have usually been effected inassacred 20,000 Manchoos in Nankin, not by that suinmary weapon.

sparing even women or children. To Europe

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ans on the other hand they proclaim peace and ity, but even Protestant Christianity. We alprotection, and in evidence of their sincerity, ready have said that with the sensual Chinese immediately on the capture of Amoy - the engaged in a war of extermination, we hold only one of the fire emporia of European trade the adoption of Christianity, in any form ap, which they have yet reached they forth- proaching to its character with any civilized with sent a guard for the protection of the nation of Europe, to be highly improbable – British consulate and merchant stores. In let us add that in such circumstances we be. mere prudence this perhaps was to be expected lieve a rational Protestantism to be neither froin inen perfectly aware of the strength of more nor less than impossible. There are, it a power that had defeated in their own time may be remarked, three great prevalent forms both Chinese and Tartars. It has been ob- of religion in China. That of Confucius or the served that the conquerors have established do philosophic, and that of Taou or the rationalparticular form of administration of their own ist, are both of native origin and popular, in the conquered places; but this would hardly particularly the first, which is the universal have been necessary with a favorablo popu- worship of the literati

. The remaining relig. lation, stereotyped institutions, and a system ion of Buddha or Fo is of Indian origin, introof civil administration at all times in the duced through Tartary; and with its images, hands of native inhabitants.

and its idle and begging, priesthood, it has What we thus far know to be authentic of never been popular with the labor-loving Chithe state of the insurrection we owe to the nese. It is the exclusive religion, however, practical good sense and spirit of Sir George of the Manchoos, who on political grounds Bonham, who proceeded in a war-steamer up alone conform externally to the religion of Conto Nankin, in a stay of five days obtained all fucius; and the Chinese insurgents appear to the knowledge attainable, and duly published have declared war to the knife not only against the neutrality of the British government. the Tartars but against this religion of theirs, Thus there would seem to have been no truth and hence, we have no doubt, the numerous whatever in the rumors which at one time fragments of broken idols that the war-steamer reached this country of the English, French, encountered in ascending the Yang-tse-keand Americans, having united in tendering ang. assistance to the imperial government. Some sanguine writers have argued from the

Let us add that since we last adverted to latter fact that the insurgents were iconoclasts these matters there has been published a long in a Protestant sense. The greater probabiland interesting communication from the com- ity is that persons from Canton imbued with mander of the Hermes war-steamer which some knowledge of our religion are in their conveyed our envoy to the scene of the rebel- ranks, and that on political and other grounds lion. The writer held personal intercourse the patriots have thought it expedient to enwith the insurgents through the interpreter. graft some fragments of the Christian faith on He saw the arrested imperial tributes in corn their own superstitions. The new position inseized and stored by them, which he estimated deed in which the Chinese of the insurrection at 150,000 tons, the cargoes of 1,000 junks. have found themselves, would seem to have He was also witness to the construction of produced a change in their character little to batteries and their manning with 24-pounders. have been looked for in so unimaginative a Evidently the object of the insurgents is to people. Their leader has assumed the title strengthen themselves at Nankin, cutting off of " Prince of Peace.” He calls himself the the financial resources of the capital, and younger brother of Christ, adds the prohibition starving it into surrender. On the whole, of tobacco and opium to the seventh commandhowever, the commander of the Hermes does ment, and pretends to revelations from angels. not materially add to the information we al. | In short, he aims at being the founder of a ready possess, and he appears rather too stren- new religion, and follows, probably without uous a Protestant for absolute impartiality. knowing it, pretty closely in the track of the Moreover, he states things as facts which can- founders of the Mahomedan, Buddhist, and not be so, which necessarily throws some Sikh religions, who borrowed so largely from doubt on others that may really be so. Thus Christianity and Hinduism. If, however, on be tells us that the chief of the rebellion is the complete success of the insurrection, any the grandson of Coxinga, the Chinese rover permanent change should really take place that wrested Formosa from the Dutch. But, in the religion of the people, we venture to as the latter event happened in 1662, the as- predict that the new faith will bear as little sertion is about as credible as that any living resemblance to Protestantism as the religion Englishman should be the grandson of a fol- of Mahomed did to the Christianity of the lower of Charles the Second at the Restoration. seventh century.

Of course the most surprising part of all this news from China, if it were only true, or The British government have paid 40001. for likely to be true, would be that the Chinese a patent right of perforating or making holes insurgents had adopted, not simply Christian-round the penny postage-stamps.



From Notes and Queries. after some daily attendance, pouring forth his NEWSTEAD ABBEY.

lamentations, he appears to have returned

home to subside into the reckless operations The descent of property, like the family reported of him. His case was this : — Upon pedigree, occasionally exhibits the most ex- the marriage of his son, he, as any other traordinary disruption; and to those who father would do, granted a settlement of his may be ignorant of the cause, the effect may property, including the Newstead. Abbey appear as romance.

I have been particularly estate ; but, by some unaccountable inadverstruck with the two interesting papers con; tence or negligence of the lawyers employed, tained in the April number of the Archeological the ultimate reversion of the fee-simple of the Journal, having reference to the Newstead Abbey estate, formerly the property of Lord have been, in the father as the owner of the

property, instead of being left, as it ought to Byron's family, which, amongst other mat- estates, was limited to the heirs of the son. ters, contain some severe remarks on the con- And upon his death, and failure of the issue duct of one of its proprietors, the great uncle of the marriage, the unfortunate father, this und predecessor of our great poet, and baving eccentric lord, found himself robbed of the feereference to dilapidation. Mr. Pettigrew, in simple of his own inheritance, and left merely his paper, states that

the naked tenant for life, without any legal Family differences, particularly during the power of raising money upon it, or even of time of the fifth Lord Byron, of eccentric and cutting down a tree. It is so many years ago, unsocial manners, suffered and even aided the that I now do not remember the detail of dilapidations of time. The castellated stables what passed on these consultations ; but it and offices are, however, yet to be seen.

would appear, that if the lawyers were aware And Mr. Ashpital adds that

of the effect of the final limitation, neither

father nor son appear to have been informed The state of Newstead at the time the poet of it, or the result might have been corrected, succeeded to the estate is not generally known : and his lordship would probably have kept up the wicked lordhad felled all the noble onks,

the estate in its proper order. Whether destroyed the finest herds of deer, and, in short, hnd denuded the estate of everything he could! this case was at all a promoting cause of the The hirelings of the attorney did the rest ; they alteration of the law, I do not know ; but, as stripped away all the furniture, and everything the law now stands, the estate would revert the law would permit them to move.

The build- back to the father as heir of this son. Thi ings on the east side were unroofed ; the old case made a lasting impression on me, and I Xenodochium, and the grand refectory, were full once had to correct a similar erroneous propoof hny; and the entrance-hall and monk's sition in a large intended settlement; and I parlor were stable for cattle. In the only habit- quoted this unfortunate accident as an auable part of the building, a place then used as a thority. Now, although this relation may not sort of scullery, under the only roof that kept fully justify the reckless waste that appears to out wet of all this vast pile, the fifth Lord Byron have been committed, it certainly is a palliabreathed his last ; and to this inheritance the tive. I do not recollect whether our fifth lord poet succeeded.

had any surviving daughter to provide for ; It is not necessary for me to refer to the but, if he had, his situation would be a still lofty expression of the poet's feelings on such more aggravated position. his inheritance, nor to the necessity of his

W. S. HASLEDEN. parting from the estate, which appears now to be happily restored to its former splendor ; The ancient TRUFFLE was the wild red trufie but possessing some knowledge of a lamenta- of Italy; but the Romans also got the white ble fact, that neither Mr. Pettigrew nor Mr. truffle, called the Lybian, from Africa. Pliny Ashpitel appears to be aware of, I feel inclined believed truffles to be a mere excrescence of to soften the asperity of the reflections quoted; the earth, and related an anecdote of a Carand palliate, although I may not justify, the thagician governor who found a coin in the apparently reckless proceedings of the eccen- centre of one ; but doubtless, the fungus grew tric ifth lord, as he is called. In the year over the coin, and thus enclosed it. In Athens 1796 and 1797, after finishing my clerkship, I (after the people had become corrupted by luxhad a seat in the chambers of the late Jas. ury) the freedom of citizens was given to the Hanson, Esq., an eminent conveyancer of children of one Cherips, because their father Lincoln's Inn; and while with him, amongst had invented a new ragout of truffles. As these other peers of the realm who came to consult fungi never appeared over ground, it would Mr. Hanson regarding their property, we had not be possible to discover them but for their this eccentric fifth Lord Byron, who apparently strong odor, which is particularly powerful came up to town for the purpose, and under just before thunder, when the air is filled with the most painful and pitiable load of distress moisture, from which circumstance the coun

- and I must confess that I felt for him ex- try people, in some places, call them " thunceedingly; but his case was past remedy, and, der roots.”

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From the New Monthly Magazine. deeper than he knew," flash upon that inAMERICAN AUTHORSHIP, NO. V.

ward eye which is the bliss of solitude."

Sarcasm and rhapsody are so interfused in GEORGE WILLIAM CURTIS.

" Nile Notes,” that one division of readers NOTHING had we heard of " Nile Notes"

admires or abhors just those particular chapor its author, when our eye was “ fixed ters or pages which another division abhors or a collection of mottoes imprinted on the fly- admires. Lydia Languish is in ecstasies with leaf. Anon we were fain to construe « Nile the sentimental paragraphs, “ love-laden with Notes ” as signifying promissory notes, issued most subtle sweetness,” or “ fringed with by a capitalist of substance, and paying some

brilliant and fragrant flowers,” and breathing thing more than simple interest. The travel- an atmosphere of " silent, voluptuous, sad ler who had chosen epigraphs of such a kind,

Major Pendennis reads the satirical was himself likely, we inferred, to indite a

expositions of knavish dragomen and travelnoticeable autograph. The bush he had hung fellow after his own (Major P.'8) heart (om

ling Cockaigne, and swears the Howadji is a out was so unlike the dry scrubby stump commonly in use, that, in spite of the adage, we revolto!), and that there's no nonsense about drew

up at his door, in the assurance of find the man, no bosh in him, sir. ing good wine within. Indeed, so fond is

Knavish dragomen and their knight-errant our admiration of Sir Thomas Browne,

victims are sketched amusingly enough among susceptible our ear to the musical pomp of these Nile Notables. So are the crew of the his rhetoric, that we should probably have Ibis; its old grey Egyptian captain, who heen won to read “Nile Notes" had its crouched all day long over the tiller with a title-page glistened with none other motto pipe in his mouth, and looked like a heap of than the old knight's stately, sonorous, mys- emitting smoke at a chance orifice ; brawny,

blaukets, smouldering away internally, and tically solemn sentence : “ Canopus is afar off ; Memnon resoundeth not to the sun; and ope-eyed Seyd, a clumsy being in the apo Nilus heareth strange voices” - a sentence, stage of development - slightly sensual, and by the way, which reininds us of the assur

with ulterior views upon the kitchen drippings ance of a lady-friend, that she has often, in

- and alas! developing backwards, becoming reading Sir Thomas, “ felt a sense * from the more baboonish and less human every day; organ-like grandeur of his style, before she Saleh or Satan, a cross between the porcupine fully comprehended it." Then again, there and the wild cat; together with a little oldare mottoes from the Arabiun Nights, and maidish

Bedouin, “ who told wonderful stories from Death's Jest Book, and the Sphinx Un- to the crew, and prayed endlessly,” and other riddled, and Browning's Paracelsus, and grisly mariners, all bad workers, and lazy exWerne's White Nile, and — not unaptly, for


familiarity with whom bred deMr. Curtis sometimes mouths it in almost

cided contempt, and convinced the Howadji, imitative parade – from Ancient Pistol him that there is a fallacy in the fashion which

in spite of his prepossessions to the contrary, self, who

lauds the Orient, and prophesies a renewed Sings of Africa and golden joys. grandeur (" as if the East could ever again Nor did a perusal of " Nile Notes” break its be as bright as at sunrise") — and that if word of promise to the hope. It made us you would enjoy Egypt, you must be a poet, acquainted with a writer sometimes labored pot a philosopher (the Howadji is a cross of and whimsical, but, on the whole, rich in both) - must be a pilgrim of beauty, not of fancy, and lavish of his riches — master of a

morals or politics, if you would realize your style glowing with the brilliancy of the region

dream. “The spent summer re-blooms no he depicts, and attuned to Memnonian reso- more," he says; the Indian summer is but nances and the strange voices” of Nilus. a memory, and a delusion. The sole hope of The stars of midnight are dear to him ; to his the East is Western inoculation. The child spirit there is matter in the “ silence and the must suckle the age of the parent, and even calm of mute insensate things ;

• Medea's wondrous alchemy will not restore

it loves to lean “ in many a secret place ;” and its peculiar prime. If the East awakens, albeit a humorist and a quiz," with the will be no longer in the turban and red slipsharp speech at times of a man of the world, pers, but in hat and boots. The West is the and a dush of the cynic in his composition, the shore cannot stay it, but becomes the

sea that advances for ever upon the shore he is no stranger to that vacant and pensive

Cairo is an mood when past impressions, greater and bottom of the ocean.

English station to India, and the Howadji * As in Wordsworth's sublime dream of the but champagne.” And thus be anticipates &

does not drink sherbet upon the Pyramids, Arab - in whoso shell the poet

speedy advent of the day when, under the Heard that instant in an unknown tongue, Which yet he understood, articulate sounds,

sway of England or of Russia (after the lion A loud prophetic blast of harmony. - Prelude, Book V. Il and the polar bear have "skivered the dosert

VOL. II. 51

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