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ous modes of deliberation and of counsel ; by either have done of their common adversagiving a sanctity to judicial bodies, before which ry; and we have now lying before us scores rank and riches bend in submission ; and, finally, of tracts and speeches in which the nextby opposing a check to every act of passion, door neighbors of the liberal party have whether in chief, nobles, or people, that the been very witty, very severe, and in many whole society is protected against the abuse of those faculties of government, the right use of observe that the hostile critics seize on the
cases very unjust, upon each other. We which produces some of the greatest of human imputation that the essential failing of Lord blessings.
John Russell is, indiscretion. Thus Sydney And elsewhere we find the remark:
Smith wrote It is impossible to sleep easy
while Lord John has command of the Political power is, generally speaking, a watch ;'- and the driver of the “Derby matter of permission ; and so lovg as a nation is tranquil , ensy and obedient, it is impossible Dilly” characteristically said, in 1834 – in
words that flew over the town to say that the power which rules them is not, has upset the coach.” And so, in the Quar
Johnny de jure as well as de facto, a legitimate government. Restore to the people their sovereignty ; terly Review, a well-known hand assimilated they will instantly delegate it afresh ; and there him to Lord Byron's ancestor who never went are times when a nation is more faithfully rep- to sea but in a storm the “s foul weather resented by the sword of Cæsar than by the Jack” of nautical annals ; — the allusion senate of Cato.
being probably suggested by the famous
• Channel Fleet" witticism. At this point it Whether the thinking of the foregoing pas. is interesting to turn to Moore's lines, and sages be right or wrong, none can deny that they exhibít philosophic generalization and heroism what the critics on Lord John have
see how the ideality of the poet converts into trenchant style. It is after reading such pas- called “ rashness.” sages, that we can appreciate those two stanzus from Moore's lines to his noble friend :
With a spirit as meek as the gentlest of those
Who in lifo's sunny valley lie sheltered and With an ardor for liberty, fresh as in youth
It first kindles the bard and gives life to his lyre ; Yet bold and heroic as ever yet rose Yet mollowed e'en now by that mildness of truth To the top cliffs of fortune, and breasted the storm : Which tompers, yet chills not, the patriot fire ;
- a stanza which illustrates a remark of With an eloquence, not like those rills from a Sheridan on Moore (as reported by Hazlitt)
height Which sparkle, and foam, and in vapor are oper; his fancy as Tom Moore. Ilis soul is like a
“ There is no man puts so much of his heart into But a current that works out its way into light Through the filtering recesses of thought and of particle of fire, separated from the sun, flutterlore.
ing to get back to its source of light and
beat.' - Moore was very proud of having written these lines — expostuluting with Lord Jobo
Although with the political convictions reRussell on his intention, nearly thirty years more of a sentimentalist than any other poli
sulting from thought, Lord John is perhaps since, to abandon politics. He used playfully tician of the day – the traditions of bis anto allude to them as the effusions of a real
cestry and the story of his famous race power“ vates." Ever since Lord John has become famous fully influencing his mind. He evidently feels
that in the senate he has been criticized with great severity by eminent persons belonging the branches that spring from the old Russell to adverse schools of thought. He has been quizzed and satirized by Sydney Smith, and are by liberty claimed for the use of her shrine. very barshly spoken of in a work of great He often argues modern questions in the ability, " The History of the Peace.” The style of a historical revivalist, and refers, as witty sayings of the late Canon of St. Paul's to some scientific canons, to the opinions of are uncommonly sbarp and shrewd — but we Locke and of Milton, without taking into accould no more accept as historical verities his count what Locke and Milton might think most amusing caricatures of Lord Melbourne, now with the new social experiences of modern Lord Palmerston, and the present leaders of Christendom. The philosophical radicals have the Commons, than we could think of taking always criticized him as not being enough of Moore’s “ Twopenny Post-Bag" or Byron's in- an economist in his political principles; and rectives as authorities against Lord Castle- they aver that ho ignores “ the principles of reagh. "The History of the Peace” is composed social progress” as discovered and established in the spirit of philosophical radicalism ; and by Bentham and Mill. His “ Letter to the in politics and in theology those who dwell in Electors of Stroud” is an able defence from the same vicinage are often contentious as his own pen to the charge of being indifferent
borderers. Calvinists and Lutherans to progress. A more highly finished piece of have written harder things of each other than political writing has rarely issued from any
practical statesman. Grappling with the oriental tourist. Miss Bunbury exhibits herdemand for more deference to theory and less self as bustling, curious, sentimental, resolute submission to established institutions, he to see, and not averse to be seen
- in a manquotes the remark made to himself in conver- der calculated to suggest whimsical thoughts sation by Sir James Mackintosh “ How of the impression which her solitary appearstrange it is that such a man as Mr. Bentham ance must bave produced in circles wherein does not perceive that Utility itself is part of the travelled English woman is a rarity. Our Prescription. We may add from ourselves authoress appears, avowedly, to have anthat Voet on the “ Pandects” has a sentiment nounced herself as travelling with a view to similar to that of Mackintosh. The conclud- publication ; and to have got on" in a fushing sentence of the Stroud letter — "I will ion sufficiently unique. Let us take an innot lift the anchors of the monarchy while the stance at random. While waiting in Christsigns of a storm are black in the horizon”. iania for an eclipse, it occurred to Miss Bunhave been quoted nearly as often as “ The bury that she would improve the interval by whisper of a faction shall not prevail against taking a run into the country. Never having the voice of a nation :". a mot which attained learned to drive herself in a carriole, and feels marvellous currency during the Reform Billing that a solitary expedition in a strange agitation.
land, of which she could not speak the lanAmongst leaders of the Commons Lord John guage, might be unsafe as well as “ conspioRussell has been signally successful. The uous,” she met williogly a proposition post is one of prodigious difficulty: - rightly made by those whom she consulted, that she billed it may be called the most arduous should hire a divinity student, on the point political office in the world. Its duties must of taking orders, to drive her and to keep ber be discharged before a wary opposition. It company. The narrative shall be continued demands readiness in debate and resolution in in her own words : confronting adversaries. There must be courtesy and good temper, without any ten
The “to-morrow" came ; I could scarcely dency to cringe or cajole; that fault being travels before me, I tried to make a good break
sleep from excitement. However, having my very fatal. Often compelled to resist, and sometimes to concede the leader must do
fust. Every book of travels in the north I had
read asserted that in these regions one might the first manfully, and the last gracefully. always calculate on good eggs. So eggs I always There must be either great talent or vast ex- have ordered hitherto ; in the Hôtel de Scandiperience in a parliamentary leader — but navie, however, I think they must be reserved ** character” is indispensable. Lord John for the use of us English only, for they have himself once wrote with significancy -" It is invariably been kept too long when presented to the habit of party in England to ask the me. I was ready, notwithstanding, and had my alliance of a man of genius, but to follow the bonnet in my hand when the professor came guidance of a man of character.”
into the room which is appropriated to my recepIt is a curious fact, that a Scotchman bas tions. Is the gig ready, Herr Professor?”. never yet led the British House of Commons.
Quite ready.' “And the cundidat?”
“ Yes, but the Earls of Bute and
But what?" “ He cannot Only two Scotchmen
“ Got in ! How?” Aberdeen
“ He is too be got in.” have been prime ministers of England. Two Irishmen - Castlereagh and Can-Ibig: He could not be got into the carriole, and ning — have led the Commons; and amongst candidat into a carriole would have been a re
he just fills the gig." It was true: to crush the prime ministers Ireland counts three — the
finement on thumb-screwing. “ No matter," first Marquis of Lansdowne, the Duke of said the good-natured professor, “I have anWellington, and Mr. Canning. As successful other plan for you, just what you call the very “ leaders,” Sir Robert Walpole and the thing. There is a lieutenant who wants to go younger Pitt are unrivalled in the duration of to see his family somewhere on the road to Ber
gen ; he is glad to have a free passage, and will
“ Then I must go on the road to Bergen. Very well, it is the most beautiful
road.” “I will go for him now, and return in Life in Sweden ; with Excursions in Norway half an hour.”. “ What easy resources they
and Denmark. By Selina BUNBURY. 2 vols. have here !" I said to myself. In three or four Hurst & Blackett.
hours the professor returned. — “I should have
come sooner,” he said, “but the lieutenant has WHEN we were speaking of the belligerent aud inconsolable Mrs. Hervey's travels in has come to see our country ; and a promise to
now promised to accompany a blind man, who Kashmir, we characterized thu present as an
a blind man, you know, must be kept. age of " odd female travellers.” Miss Bunbu- fore one to a lady?” « Perhaps — yes
- before ry's book does not tempt us to withdraw the one to a lady who has eyes. But no matter, I epithet - though it must be forthwith added, have another plan, much more suited to you. that her curiosities of travel" are of a more Yes, this you will say is the very thing. See, quaint and feminine order than those of the now, one of our fairy-legend writers is going to
From the Atheneum.
make a tour." “A tour in Fairyland !" I Hand-book says it is dangerous to take a heavy interrupted, clasping my hands, and feeling carriage over the hills of Norway, and certainly myself wafted back to the far, far distant years a roll down among such et ceteras would not be of my blessed childhood ; " and I shall share it?" pleasant," I added. Herr Fairy-hunter moved
“Yes, he will drive ; and if you wish to uneasily on his chair, worked his hands together, draw —“ Draw! what? The carriole ?" shook his head disprovingly, and said, “ You
“ Ack! nay; he is going to collect fairy- must be complained of.” legends ; and if you wish to what do you call it in English ?" said the professor, marking
Miss Bunbury at last succeeded in finding lines on the palm of his hand. “ Sketch ?"
a guide and companion. Such strength as “ Yes, if you wish to sketch, you can do so,
her book possesses lies in the record of advenwhile he collects the fairy-legends.”. " And i tures like the above. She spares neither her will give him my sketches for his legends.”— own scrapes nor the peculiarities of those by “No that cannot be ; native art and literature whose hospitable aid she studied the life and only are encouraged here. The government manners of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. sends this fairy-hunter, and has already paid The following bit of landscape, introduced as him for his legends, and sends him on his tour a specimen of Miss Bunbury's “ touch” ap
“O dear! No government would pay plied to other subjects than men and women, me for mine! We have no government train to reminds us, in its tone and temper, of the Fairy-land.” –“But you must wait till to-mor, northern vignettes of the Countess Hahnrow,” said the professor. . . The professor had told
Hahn: me that the firy-legend hunter spoke English ; a delightful knowledge this was to me, for I am Before the autumn expired, I resolved to visit hy no means strong in northern tongues. Thus, Upsala ; and, accompanied by a young woman, in the hope of using and hearing my own, I was whom I took as companion, I set off by the steamquite at case, when the next day they both made boat on Lake Mälar. It was truly a miserable their appearance. The professor presented me day, toward the latter end of September. The formally. Herr Fairy-hunter made a great cold was such that no amount of clothing seemed many bows ; and as so many bows involve a to me enough ; and there, on board that boat, good many curtsies, I inclined nearly as often. was a poor little Frenchwoman, the wife of a Then, with a last reverence he spoke, in English, professor of Paris, without any sort of cloak or and said, very slowly -“I complain of you defence against it. I gave her part of mine, and much, that you are so disagreeable ; but now I made her put her feet at the open door of the make an extra." I made my last reverence in fire-room. We sat there and talked French. reply. Such a speech, by way of a compliment. She told me her husband had come to Sweden ary one, was rather startling, and not a little in order to acquaint himself fully with its history, alarming. I looked nervously at the professor, politics, past and present state in regard to who, with profound gravity, interpreted his government, agriculture, produce, manufactures, friend's meaning, thus —“ He pities you for &c. &c. How long had lie been in Sweden? I being so disagreeably circumstanced ; but he is asked. Nearly six weeks, she answered. This making an abridgment of his book, and, there- seems, indeed, a favorite time for authors' visits. fore, cannot now make his tour." I bowed with
The whole passage on the lake to Upsala a sense of relief, and the fairy-hunter and my- was very dreary. It is not at any time so interself exchanged some sentences which I do not esting or beautiful here as it is in other parts. record, as I believe the fairies alone would be The prevalence of that drug in Swedish scenery, able to understand the language. “I have got and, indeed, in Swedish ground, the fir and pine, another plan for you," said the professor; and the nearly total absence of what are called
yes, this is the very thing. A teacher of music here, curiously enough, leaf-trees — that is, all here wishes to take his wife and child into the trees that bear leaves in summer and not in country, and one of our opera-voices, who also winter - gives a monotonous and rather heavy speaks Italian
- which you do likewise — will air to the banks, which is only occasionally digo with them. They will all join you ; but as versified by the appearance of such fine places as they must leave their affairs bere, they expect Skokloster. And if such be the case at all you will pay all the travelling expenses. They times, it may be supposed what it was on a dark, will bring their own provisions, because there rainy, and bitterly cold day. We landed, howare done to be got on the road. That is fair." ever, and got to an hotel, and were given an
Very fair, indeed," I answered. “The immense room, with a couple of sofas in it, which very thing.”—“I complain of you much !” at night were opened, and the treasures they murmured the fairy-hunter, looking at me com-contained were taken out and laid upon them ; passionately, “ You must, then, take a car- and so your sofa is turned into your bed, and riage,” said the professor. “ It will be quite your sitting-room into your sleeping room, with filled," I replied. “ Four persons, with Norse- very little ado. And the evening was so wet that I cloaks, pipes, tobacco pouches, provisions, and stayed in the house, and tried to persuade mylugguge !" “ And the child ?" added my pro- self I was in Upsala.
When I went out fessor. “ Ah ! I suppose I must take it on my of the hotel on a sunshiny morning, I went about
" You are very disagrceable,” said and about, and said, “ Where is Upeala ?” and the fairy-hunter, with a look of commiseration at my companion said, “You are in it ;” and I me ; but I thought, secretly, that others were answered, “No, I am in a clean, modern, goodstill more disagreeable. “But Mr. Murray's looking town, of new wooden houses, painted, or
colored, in all colors, chiefly red; the streets are, asked for monsieur, said she was his wife, and wide, very wide indeed ; and the whole thing supposed she would do as well. I replied no, looks as if it had sprung up in a night by the for I wanted him to come to dress iny hair. work of a few carpeuters' hands." There is an “ Not your own hair,” she said, in a soleniu and old orange-colored castle, partly in ruins, up questioning manner.
Certainly my there on a great elevation, from whence you see hair.”. —“On your head ?”-“ Certainly on interminably around, over one vast plain, un- my own head. Can I see him?” The good broken almost by a tree ; the widest, barest, woman looked at me with face that plainly said, most uninteresting scene I ever beheld. There “What an audaciously hardened creature this is an immense brick cathedral, deformed by must be to make such a proposal !” Then Swedish taste in renovation, standing in an open abruptly saying, “ He is absent ! he is in Paris ! space ; there are multitudes of men, young and he is very ill in bed !” she turned her back, and middle-aged, walking everywhere about with looked up at the articles on her shelf. I went cigars or pipes in their mouths, and hideous away ; on our road I saw a sign with “ Perukboys' caps, of white jean, on their heads, and no makare” upon it ; and before Fröken could stop other academic dress ; whenever they get to me I entered the shop. There was a man here. gether in groups, or set out on their favorite “ Is it to make a peruke?” he inquired. -“ No ! annual tours, they sing a great deal, make much to come to dress my hair.” The poor man noise, and generally act rather rudely. These seemed to undergo a convulsion to avoid laughare the students.
Then he looked so awkward. I think he
blushed. But I looked out, and saw Fröken standMiss Bunbury passed a winter in Stock- ing with a very pretty face of perfect distress holm, as the lodger of a countess – who in- in the street. - Madame! Madame !" she cried structed her benignantly on the manners and at the door, when I appeared," that is impossicustoms and short-comings of English ladies, ble that we can ask for a hair-dresser in Stockand who is depicted as being a mean, old-holm! Pray, madame, come home; I want to fashioned, prejudiced woman, illiberal in her be at home." I went home with the poor girl, notions, and not very generous in her hospi- thinking only that it is very unpleasant for any talities. The coming on of hard weather is not interested in an object to go about thus on an described with some sprightliness : though found. A few minutes after we
unpleasant day, looking for what is not easily
entered the as regards pictorial skill Miss Bunbury does house, I followed Fröken to the salong, and not equal other travelling Englishwomen – to found my hostess leaving her back against the name but two, the writer of the “ Letters kakelugn, or stove, and laughing most heartily; from the Baltic" and Miss Howitt. There is while Fröken stood before with a half-ashamed, life in her picture of Stockholm on a Christ- half-relieved countenauce, evidently in the act mas evening night, with all the prepara- of confession. “ Yes, madame, cried the tions for that merry season, which seem to former, interrupting her laugh to speak to me, become more and more elaborate in proportion and taking it up again, yes, I am telling her as we travel porthward. We can also recom- that is not so dangerous,” and the laugh recom
.“ What?"- “To ask for a hair. mend persons curious in that subject of inex- menced haustible interest, the marriage ceremony,
dresser." That there was some infection going to read Miss Bunbury's description of the which such persons were in danger of conveying, wedding of a distiller's foreman, to which she asked if this were the case, a roar of laughter
I was now quite convinced ; but when I simply was carried as a spectator – and which was echoed through the great room. solemnized, as not unfrequently happens on the some young ladies to see if what was going on
It brought out Continent, in a house hired and garnished for were rolig - a word, I think, oftener used in the the occasion. Then, we have the tale of Miss Swedish language than in any other, certainly Bunbury's presentation at court:- and an oftener than we use its English expletive illustration of conventional modesty new to us amusing. But to see all the modest faces that - in its comicality out-doing the most out- were put to the blush when they heard that rageous case or specimen gathered by Mrs. madame had actually been inquiring for a hairTrollope or by Captain Marryat:
dresser ! Well," said the hostess at last, “ it 1
is not wonderful that madame should do so, for i As I was unable to eke out the little adornment in my younger days it was not thought improper which nature herself had bestowed upon my to employ a man to dress hair." Improper!" head, by wearing the plumes more lavishly I cried, opening my eyes, as a new light dawned bestowed on other creatures, without being guilty on them, and that good wife's shocked expression of usurping the honors of matrimony, I felt it of face reäppenred before them ; “ Improper' necessary to make the most of my natural advan- why, in England, where propriety is very much tages, by calling in the aid of a hair-dresser. thought of, and in France too, that is an everyRecollecting having seen a shop of that descrip- day occurrence.”—“ Yes, yes, that is not dantion, kept by a Frenchman from Paris, some- gerous ; and that I find quite a foolish iden, where about Brunkeberg, I thought there was no though it is our custom," said our hostess, for difficulty in the way, and, asking Fröken to once in her life giving up the perfection and imaccompany me on a walk, I went out, intending mutability of Swedish ways. “ It was not so in to make this matter its object. The shop proved my youth. No, when I was in the world it was to be a perfumery and fancy stationery one also not improper to have a hair-dresser." The ladies There was a woman only therein, who, when I ran away ; and I asked the elder one in private
what it was that constituted this impropriety. I shall be removed unto any letter, the other, by a “ That is just what I cannot well say,'
” she wonderful sympathy, will move unto the same. replied ; “ but no lady here would have a man - Book II., chap. ii., 4to., 1669, p. 77. to dress her hair ; they have women who are taught to do so.” ó. But these women are taught
Thus it is that " coming events cast their by men.". “ Yes, but man kan inte hjelpe det." shadows before ;” and, in the present case,
.“ The fact is it is a lady's propriety, but not one is curious to learn how far back the a woman's, that is shocked by employing a male shadow may be traced. By whom has this hair-dresser," I remarked. “ It is our custom, conceit been whispered thorow the world ? madame; but I grant you I do not think it a and in what musty tomes is that tradition wise one, for it was not thought dangerous when concealed which speaks concerning it? KirI was in the world forty years ago.”— " Butcher's Calena Magnetica might haply tell us how can it be so now?"-" Why - you know something in reply to these inquiries. he must go into the ladies' apartments.”—“Yes, In conformity with an often repeated suggesbut men often do so here, at all times, and sit tion to the correspondents of “ N. & Q., and talk there with them.”—" Yes ; but you the simple signature of my habitat, alone hithknow their toilet is not complete when their hair erto adopted by me, I now subjoin my name. is to be dressed."'-“But propriety is much more outraged when it is complete," I answered.
Cowgill. -“Man kan inte hjelpe det," said the noble dame, and ran off to the kitchen.
TRIUMPH OF Penny POSTAGE. Having been The above extracts will suffice to give the among the very first to recognize the merits, and reader a fair, and, we think, a not unpleasant, scheme of postage reform, it has afforded us great
prognosticate the success, of Rowland Hill's idea of Miss Bunbury's book. She is not so pleasure to record, from time to time, the gradual much wanting in good nature as wanting in realization of all the advantages wbich its author taste. She possesses the power of observation and most sanguine supporters anticipated from in larger proportion than the faculty of selec-it. We have seen the facilities for transmitting tion. A sledge accident which confined her letters trebled, if not quadrupled, and the rate to the house, made her the object of affection of postage reduced to less than one-sixthate ministration on the part of Miss Bremer, counting double letters, we might say less than to whose thoughtful and delicate benevo- one-twelfth — of what it was before, and while lence every one who has written concerning the public have gained thus as individuals, the the Swedish novelist bears concurrent testi- public revenue has not suffered. Mr. Hill's
promises in regard to the ultimate productiveness miony.
of the penny rate have been fulfilled — nay,
more than fulfilled. The last return, issued From Notes and Queries.
only a few days ago, is replete with facts of a THE ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH. most wonderful and gratifying kind. The gross I HAVE just met with a passage in the Pseu- revenue from the Post Office is now more by dodoaia Epidemica of Sir Thomas Browne, 100,0001. than it was in the highest years of the wherein this invention is foreshadowed in the public is measured by the fact that, instead
old system, and the increase of accommodation to terms more remarkable and significant, if less of 75,907,572 letters carried in 1839, and these imaginative and beautiful, than that from single letters, there are now carried 379,591,499,
The Spectator, to which public attention bas many of them really double, and the majority of already been directed, and which, I conceive, them such as would have been charged double must unquestionably have been written with postage under the old system. The gross revethis particular esainple of the “received nue of the Post Office was tenets and commonly presumed truths” of In 1839
£2,339,737 18 3 the learned physician's day distinctly present In 1852
2,434,326 15 7 to the mind of Addison. The passage referred The net revenue has not yet reached what it was to is as follows:
in 1839 ; but this is owing to the increased acThere is another conceit of better notice, and comodation afforded by double mails daily from whispered thorow the world with some attention ; London to the extremities of the kingdom, by a credulous and vulgar auditors readily believing great addition to the number of side posts, by the it, and more jndicious and distinctive heads not heavier expense of quick transit as compared altogether rejecting it. The conceit is excellent, with slow, and by the larger amount of work and, if the effect would follow, somewhat divine ; done to the government department. Still, the whereby we might communicate like spirits, and net revenue is coming up fast. In 1839 it was confer on earth with Menippus in the moon. 1,614,3531. ; in 1811, the first year of the cheap And this is pretended from the sympathy of two postage, it fell to 410,0281. ; but last year it needles touched with the same loadstone, and had risen to 965,4421., and the charge to the placed in the centre of two abecedary circles, or government departments should be now 124,rings with letters described round about them, 9771., instead of 45,1561., as it was in 1839. one friend keeping one, and another the other, Well may Rowland Hill and the friends of cheap and agreeing upon the hour wherein they will postage, and the friends of low charges generally, communicate. For then, saith tradition, at congratulate themselves on the result of this what distance of place soever, when one needle grand experiment. - Aberdeen Herald.