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said this severe censor "and that brings me whether our meditations would be always on to a subject I have for some time thought of. profitable subjects, at least not just yet. You and I can never link our lives to people When nuns turn out not so good as they of that sort.'

might be, who knows what share meditation Never,

,” said Lady Lee, fervently, may have had in it? We'll act now, Hester, “ Neither will we spend them in vain and put off meditation till we grow older.” regrets,” said Orelia. * In men that would Now, there was something in Orelia's be unmanly, and in us 't would be equally proposal that was not unpleasing to Lady unwomanly. We will drive out thought- Lee. To banish thought which she found so we will leare it no avenue to enter we will wearisome

to occupy time that hung so place a quickset round our hearts. Some do heavy — to labor with an object and obtain this by openly relinquishing the world, and a result — these were what she had long taking vows ; our resolutions shall be none desired in a dreamy sort of way, and, now that the weaker because we only take our vows the more energetic Orelia had struck out the privately, and to one another."

path, she was ardent to follow it. Thus the Lady Lee looked at her friend inquiringly. mind would be provided for; and, for the

· Why should we have done with life heart, why should n't she and Orelia, her because we have been disappointed in one of chosen friend, be all in all to each other ? its objects ?" said Orelia. Why should we which last idea was, perhaps even more languish or let ourselves rust because those brilliant than the other. we prefer are withheld from us? We could Accordingly the noviciate commenced forthnot be content to go lingering and dreaming with. They had, in Hester's maiden days, all our lives."

studied together. French and Italian; they “ Not content, certainly,” said Ludy Lee. now began a spirited attack upon the German " But what are we to do?"

language. Mathematics was desirable, as it “ Make business for ourselves in the required attention, exercised the mind, and world,” said Orelia.

66 Be of use

- turn our did not excite the imagination, and they energies to account. How many women plodded away at Euclid and algebra with a younger than we quit a life of ease without perseverance praiseworthy in an ambitious our provocation, and devote themselves to one freshman, but, in them, lamentable to behold. of active usefulness! We might be the The piano remained unopened, the harp unfounders of an unprofessed sisterhood. What touched, except on Sunday, when they perdo you say, Hester ? When shall we begin?" formed a piece out of Handel. Lady Lee's

** When?” said Lady Lee. My dear, copy of Corinne was put in the fire by Orelia, such a thing requires thought.”

who had never particularly admired the work ; Say a week,” said Orelia.

and, indeed, a great part of their library un“ A week !" cried Lady Lee - "a year derwent such a weeding as Don Quixote's you mean. Nuns have a noviciate."

suffered at the hands of the barber and curate. " And a contemptible thing it is,” said Both were dressed in mourning before for Orelia, “ that hovering between two worlds, Julius, 80 no great change was needed in their as it were that lingering on the bridge, attire. To crown all, they discovered, in a sbilly shally. No, Hester; we won't show couple of days, some babies in the small-pos any such want of confidence in ourselves — and croup, three distressed families with the we will begin after a week's trial. We must fathers out of work, and a pair of rheumatic coinmence by closing up all paths to thoughts old women, so that their charitable resolutions that might unsteady us - lay aside at once were not likely to fail for want of objects. poetry, romance, music, except anthems and It is very well known that heroines of reoratorios. We will prescribe for ourselves a spectability ought to be naturally benevolent. simple dress and a uniform and disciplined They ought, moreover, to have a happy knack life. Come, are you not anxious to begin?" of winning the hearts of all who experience

I do alınost catch a gloam of your enthu- their bounty. I would with pleasure bestow siasın,” said Hester. * To relinquish my on my heroines all the good attributes that present life will be no privation” (with a bolong to them, but I have already said they sigh).

must mature the idea were far from faultless, and, to say the truth, before acting on it. We must not begin the line they had chosen was not their forte. lightly."

Lady Lee's fastidious taste was speedily reLightly!” said Orelia. " I've been volted by misery, whose pathos was impaired thinking of it these four days. And, for our by selfishness or coarseness ; and Orelia, after plan - feeding the poor educating the a visit to one of the rheumatic patients, left a ignorant — comforting the sick — there is a sovereign for the sufferer, and vowed she would field! So much for our duty towards our never go near that horrid old grumbler again. neighbor — for ourselves, we will improve In fact, this was one of the points in which and occupy our minds with study, and I was they were both of them inferior to Rosa. going to say meditation ; but I'm not so sure Their benevolence sprang from a sense of

" But we

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duty, and was artificial in expression, like the become that formidable being, an exemplary conversation of one who has learnt a foreign woman, and I should like to see anybody tongue grammatically; while Rosa's was make love to her now. natural, and fluent in the happiest idioms of Lady Lee, too, now getting on for forty, goodness.

has changed from what we knew her. She is However, they persevered, and, though pot called, like Orelia, an exemplary woman, they were striving against nature, their con- but is stigmatized by the equally opprobrious duct was quite natural. Women are never epithet, a superior person. Her eyes, dimmed 80 enthusiastic about their duties as when they with long perusing of good wearisome books have just been disappointed in love. Your through a veil of tears, are still beautiful in pretty Puritans are sure to have had an at- their melancholy, but the rest of her charms tachment blighted, and Devotion is called in, have withered. She does not discharge her like a Beguino, to dress the wounds made by duties with the unfailing spirit of the more that rascal; Cupid.

energetic Orelia, but requires a new weary But yet, reader, if Hester and Orelia should effort for the performance of each ; and when really persist in their project, what a glimpse the old obstinate question recurs of what her of the possible is here opened! Let imagina- business in the world may be, she silences it tion hold up the curtain for a moment. by a contemplation of the indurated virtues

Methinks I see Orelia, aged say about of her friend, which she nerves herself to imthirty-five ; severe of aspect, and with what itate. There are no more confidences or connovelists call the traces of former beauty, "fessions of weakness between herself and though the arch of the nose has strengthened Orelia, but a friendship such as might have to Roman firmness, the mouth is quite stern subsisted between the Mother of the Gracchi in its decision, and the fire of the eyes has and Mrs. Fry. They are punctual in — but, some fierceness in its sparkle. Irreproachable, as Sterne says, when the idea of his captive but not amicable - unsparing to the indis- becomes too painful, “ I cannot sustain the cretion of others, and having none of her picture that my fancy has drawn.” Fane own rigid in the performance of duties, as - Onslow — to the rescue ! well as in exacting them — I see her, in fact,

RAUBARB WINE. We can grow grapes no used it, and very much approved of it, discoverlonger ; even our gooseberries are unsafe, and ing by mere accident that it was made from the supply from our cider counties is uncertain. rhubarb. As I before stated, the uses of rhubarb But rhubarb is always at hand, and the enor- are just beginning to be found out. I would admous quantity from one acre that might be vise amateur gentlemen to commence growing it made into wine is almost beyond calculation. for wine on a large scale ; if the land is not too Cheap land at 21. an acre, and in any county, it rich, so much the better, as then wine can be matters not where, will produce it; and casks made from every crop of stalks, say at least may be readily obtained. As to the mode of three times during the growing season. Our making it, the only recipe which it is in my London rhubarb is full of water, and that is one power to give has been handed to me. It is as reason why I recommend the wine not to be follows : — “Bruise sis pounds of rhubarb made till autumn ; but if the plants are grown stalks, add one gallon of cold spring-water, let upon a poorer soil, they will always contain less it lie five or six days, stirring it up three or water and more of the acid principle ; and they four times a day, strain it off through a sieve, can be converted at any time, not only into then add four pounds of foots' sugar, one lemon wine, but also into vinegar. I have likewise sliced ; let this be well mixed care must be been written to, to know where glass-preserving taken not to stir it afterwards ; let it stand in bottles can be had. Why do not glass-dealers this state for about ten days. It is again strained advertise these things, so that people may know through fine muslin or a fine sieve ; then put where to get them ? Gardiner's Chronicle. into the barrel for good. A small quantity of isinglass dissolved in the liquid must be added. An ounce of isinglass would be sufficient for a MESSRS. BIELEFELD have commenced the mannine-gallon cask ; but as the wine ferments for ufacture of papier-maché houses. The frameseveral weeks, I think that the isinglass ought work, the flooring and the doors are of wood; not to be put in until the fermentation ceases. but the rest is constructed of paper. A number The wine then is either bunged down or bottled of cottages, stores, and villas, have been erected off, and will be in prime condition for next at Messrs. Bielefeld's works at Staines ; and a summer's use. If a clear champagne is wanted, gentleman has purchased them as an investment loaf-sugar can be used.” The above recipe is for Australia, whither he is going. These buildno doubt imperfect. Rhubarb juice, however, ings can be readily taken down, and reërected in does not end with wine, for it makes a fine, a few hours. They have hollow walls, so that wholesome vinegar. The latter has been made damp is excluded ; and tropical insects will not by some party in town, but I cannot as yet find attack the paper, from the poisonous ingredients his whereabouts ; a gentleman, however, had lit contains.

A Tuski Feast.— First was brought in on a toughness and mode of presentation, but we did huge wooden tray a number of small fish, un-not, of course, desire to appear too singular or cooked, but intensely frozen: At these all the squeamish. Next came a portion of whale's natives set to work, and we essayed, somewhat flesh, or, rather, whale's skin ; this was perfect ruefully, it must be confessed, to follow their ex- ebony in hue, and we discovered some apprehenample, but, being all unused to such gastronomic sions respecting its fitness as an article of food ; process, found ourselve as might be expected, but our fears were groundless. It was cut and rather at a loss how to commence. From this di- recut crosswise into diminutive cubes ; venturing leinma, however, our host speedily extricated us, upon one of which we were agreeably surprised by practical demonstration of the correct mode to find it possessing a cocoa-nut tavor, like of action, and under his certainly very able tuition which also it ate, very short ;'' indeed, so much we shortly became more expert. But, alas! a astonished were we on this occasion that we had new difficulty as soon presented ; our native com- consumed a very considerable number of these panions, we presume, either made a hasty bolt of cubes, and with great relish too, before we reeach niorsel, or had perhaps a relish for the fa- covered from our wonder. This dish was ever vor of the vinds now under consideration. Not afterwards a favorite with me. On its disapso ourselves ; it was sadly repugnant to our pal-pearance a very limited quantity of boiled reinates, for, aided by the newly-acquired knowledge deer meat, fresh and fat, was served up, to that the fish were in the same condition as when which we did ample justice ; then came portions taken from the water, uncleaned and unembow- of the gum of the whale, in which the ends of elled, we speedily discovered that we could nei- the bone lay still embedded, and I do not hesitate ther bolt nor retain the fragments which, by the to declare that this was perfectly delicious, its primitive aid of teeth and nails, we had rashly favor being, as nearly as I can find a parallel, detached from our piscatorial share.

like that of cream cheese. This, which the Tuski It was to no purpose that our host pressed us call their sugar, was the wind up to the repast to“ fall to ;” we could not manage the consump- and ourselves, and we were fain to admit that, tion of this favorite preparation (or rather lack after the rather unpleasant auspices with which thereof), and succeeded with difficulty in evading our feast commenced, the_finale was by no his earnest solicitations.

means to be contemned.- Ten Months among The next course was a mess of green stuff, the Turks. looking as if carefully chopped up, and this was also hard frozen. To it was added a lump of blubber, which the lady presiding, who did all THE ORIGIN OF THE AIR, “Don't say NAY, the carving, dexterously cut into slices with a CHARMING JUDY CALLAGHAN.” — It is not genknife like a cheesemonger's, and apportioned out erally known that the veteran Blewitt is the at different quarters of the huge tray before men- author of this melody, which long formed “ part tioned, which was used throughout the meal, of the stock in trade of every barrel-organ together with a modicum of the grass-like stuff, grinder in the kingdom.”. In 1811, Blewitt to the company ; the only distinction in favor of first visited Dublin ; and, in the Christmas of the strangers and guests of high degree being that that year, and in 1812, was employed by Toma their slices were cut much thinner than for the Cooke, then composer and musical director to rest. We tasted this compound, and ... we the Theatre Royal, Crow Street, Dublin. Mr. did n't like it ; at this no one will wonder ; the Fred. Jones, the lessee, had engaged Mons. St. blubber speaks for itself, and the other stuff, Pierre, the celebrated buffo dancer, from the which really was not very unpalatable, we dis- Opera House, London, together with the Misses covered in after-times to be the unruminated Adam. Mr. Jones, anxious to bring them before food of reindeer which had been slaughtered ; the Dublin audience as soon as possible, wished at least, so we were told, but I am not quite them to introduce a jig in the pantomime enticlear on this point. Our dislike to the dish had tled the Island of Saints. Mons. St. Pierre, not 110 offensive effect upon our host, who only seemed being well acquainted with that style of music, to be astonished at our strange want of taste, called on Mr. Blewitt, and requested he would and, with the rest of the guests, soon cleared the select a melody. The composer, anxious to meet board, the managing dame putting the finishing his wishes, played from Bunting's and Holding's stroke by a rapid sweep of her not too scrupu- Collection of Irish Jigs and Lilts; but there lously clean fingers over the dish, by way of was not one in either of the collections that he clearing off the fragments, to prepare for the re- approved, and he despaired of being able to hit ception of the next delicacy. After this inter- the style of St. Pierre's wishes, when a thought esting operation she conveyed her digits to her struck Mr. Blewitt (which he immediately put mouth, and, engulfing them for a brief period, into action), of having his pianoforte moved into withdrew them quite in apple-pie order once the centre of the room, requesting St. Pierre to

face him, and display such steps as he would The board was now again replenished, this like to introduce. These steps suggested the first time with viands less repellent to our unnurtured two strains of the jig, which the composer taste. Boiled seal and walrus flesh appeared, thought sufficient, and brought it to a final and our hospitnble friends were greatly relieved close ; but St. Pierre having so expressed his when they beheld us assist in the consumption delight at what had been done, particularly reof these items, which, being utterly devoid of quested that the third part might be written flavor, were distasteful only from their extreme Mr. Blewitt desired that he would give him

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further steps as a guide to the third part. St. | terill is piqued to do this, because Mr. Hobbs Pierre immediately gave three distinct beats with said that Saxley's lock, which he picked in three his feet which was instantly responded to from minutes, was made on Mr. Cotterill's principle. the piano, which forms the great feature of the This Mr. Cotterill denies. Mr. Hobbs repeats jig. So successful was this jig, that it was his assertion, but declines the challenge. He nightly encored, and often called for a third does not consider himself bound to pick locks time. It then became the fashion at the castle, whenever called on. during the time the Duke of Richmond was the lord-lieutenant of Ireland, was danced by his protégées, the Misses Gum, and in all the fash

ONIONS. ionable circles. In 1826, the author returned to London, where he was astonished to find it Onions, together with GARLIC, were held in equally popular ; he then succeeded in getting such estimation by the Egyptians, that they his friend Tom Hudson, the celebrated comic swore by these vegetables as divinities.* The writer, to write the popular lines. In the year satirist Juvenal ridicules them for their su1821, his Majesty George IVwas so pleased perstition, and calls them a happy people in with this melody, that he had Talbot, the piper, whose gardens their deities grow to play it every evening to him. A similar mark of approbation was bestowed on it by her Porrum et cæpas nefas violare, aut frangere morsu, present Majesty Queen Victoria and Prince O sanctus gentes ! quibus hæc nascentur in bortis Albert, in the year 1819, at the grand fête given numina. by the Duke of Leinster in honor of her Majesty's visit to Ireland ; and the author possesses a let

The Egyptian onion, being a very fne vegeter, by command of her Majesty, expressing her table, was forbidden to the priests of that entire approval of the jig (a manuscript of which country, as too great a luxury. Some have was sent to her Majesty by the author) ; and thought that the priests did not eat the onion, Prince Albert, immediately upon seeing it, recog- from some superstitious dislike. But the nized it as the one her Majesty and his Royal bulb they hated was tho red squill, because Highness were so delighted with during their it was dedicated to Typhon, their evil deity. visit to Dublin. Cocks' Musical Miscellany. Our English name of onion is derived from

the Latin unio (one); because the bulb is

solitary, and throws out no offshoots. DECIMAL COINAGE.— The committee of the Garlic was highly esteemed among the House of Commons have concluded the examina- Greeks. The Athenians believed that it countion of witnesses, and it is believed the result teracted the effects of bad air. Garlic, with will be a unanimous report in favor of the adop; flour and honey, was the fare set before Mation of a decimal system, making the pound chaon, in the royal tent of Nestor. (Iliad, book sterling the integer, and dividing it into 1,000 ii.) The herb moly, given by Mercury to mills or farthings. Dr. Bowring, on whose motion in Parliament the first step was taken, in Ulysses to protect him from the enchantments 1818, by the coinage of the florin, or 1-10th of of Circe, is believed to have been the garlic, of a pound sterling, was the last witness exam-called allium magicum. (Odyssey, book r.) ined, and he gave the most satisfactory evidence Garlic was sacred to the Roman penates, as to the accuracy, rapidity, and ense with which but the goddess Cybele admitted no one to all calculations are made and all accounts kept s her rites who had recently eaten garlic. Horthroughout the vast Chinese empire, with its ace's third cpode is an execration of the 400,000,000 of dependent subjects. He produced strong-scented herb. We must remember to the committee the abacus, or instrument by the tale in the “ Arabian Nights,” that dewhich the art of reckoning is taught in all the lightful book of our youth, in wbich the mierelementary schools of China, and stated, that chant is so severely punished by his lady wife after a single month's instruction a Chinese for entering her presence with unwashed youth is far more competent to apply the rules of arithmetic to all the business of life than is a hands after eating a ragout of garlic. Pliny learner in any of our common schools after the tells an easy mode of doing away with the lessons of years.

It was suggested that the unpleasant smell of garlic, by eating with it general employment at the abacus (called swan beet-root roasted in the ashes. There is a wan by the Chinese) in the education of the sweet-scented garlic (allium odorum), a native young would greatly promote and popularize the of the south of Enrope. In the Levant garintroduction of a decimal system of currency and lic is hung over the doors of houses to avert accounts.

sorcery; a relic, among the modern Greeks,

of the veneration of Mercury's moly with its MR. COTTERILL, the proprietor of a patent lock, anti-Circean virtues. Our wild garlic, with has challenged Mr. Hobbs to pick one of his its pretty, white, star-like flower, is an orna“commercial locks” in one day; reward fifty ment to our woods, as far as the sense of guineas, and two hundred guineas if Mr. Hobbs sight goes, at least. can pick one of his “ best locks,” placed on an iron door, in "a reasonable time." Mr. Cot

* Pliny, lib. xix. c. 6.

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LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.— No. 486.— 10 SEPTEMBER, 1853.

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CONTENTS. 1. History of the Prussian Court, ArisFraser's Magazine,

643 tocracy, and Diplomacy, 2. Sunshine of Statistics, Spectator,

654 3. The Rebellion in China, Eraminer,

655 4. Beauty, Bruce's Portraits,

657 5. The Paradise of Spain, New Monthly Magazine,

659 6. A True Story, British Journal,

668 7. Bertha's Love – concluded, Fraser's Magazine,

671 8. The sisters of Provence, Hogg's Instructor,

682 9. The Hop-Garden; or, a Kentish Dublin University Magazine,

685 Academus, 10. Turkish and European Crisis, Spectator, Examiner, and Economist, 695 to 703 11. New Russo-Danish Question, Spectator,

703 POETRY : Sonnets, 641; The Leaf on the Stream · Evening, 642; The Contrast, 653 ;

0, Lovely Night, 694. Short ARTICLES : Correspondence, 041; Mercantile Marine, 642; The Policy of Peter the

Great, 651 ; Unequal Marriages, 652; Mint, 653 ; Coasting Trade — - Chervil, 656 ; Ameri

can Criticism, 681; The Isle of Man, 685; Protestants in Syria, 704. New Books : Cranford, 667; Indications of the Creator, 681.

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BY CRADOCK NEWTON.

I.

OFFICE OF THE LIVING AGE,

From Hogg's Lustructor. August 31, 1853.

SONNETS. CONSIDERING the unusual nature of the Russian course in the affair with Turkey ; its violence, and its insolent tone toward France and England ; the paltry pretences put furth by the

He vainly toils, who toils to make his life

A Babel Tower, whereby to reach the skies usually sagacious and dignified diplomatists of Aims are confounded, passions fall to strife, that nation ; - considering, also, the long-suf- Wisdom is but the folly of the wise, fering moderation of the British ministry, who And the soul's deed comes short of her emprise ;

So is she mocked, and darkness mazed, and led will not say a word in explanation ; — consid- To hunger in earth's deserts for heaven's bread. ering, especially, that the subject of the evacu. Bring, Sculptor, all the art that in thee-lies, ation of the provinces must not be mentioned Bring all of thine heart's love and thy soul's

thoughtto the Emperor, lest it should irritate him ; That so this brave life-statue may be wrought, wo venture to suggest, as an explanation wbich Give all thy days unto the toil — then see will satisfy all conditions of the enigma, It lies a limbless Dagon, overthrown

No bright God-image beaming from the stone that Nicholas has displayed hereditary in- Upon the bare plains of eternity. sanity — and that this has, by the Russian ministers, been communicated to England, All other things drink gladness with their breath, France, and Turkey. Perhaps we shall soon Sadness, unrest, have in their lives no part ; hear of the application of the mollifying part The bird's wild song, untuned to pain or death, of the Russian Constitution. Somebody said Springs from a hidden pleasure of the heart. that this was a Despotism, tempered by The violet dies not from the woodland side,

None empty from life's festal halls depart. A89assination.

Till all the soul it hath is satisfied. 41

II.

CCCCLXXXYI.

LIVING AGE,

VOL. II,

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