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his Maker man alone leaves traces behind him | Warren in or out of his place — located, as of his potent presence and intellectual actions. the Yankees say, or, as the geologists would Fossil remains exhibit to us no trace of our

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of any other fossil, dislocated — the adspecies, but myriads of the animals. When will mission is undoubtedly forced upon us that the animals build a literary and philosophical " we are totally and awfully different from hall ? Never - any more than man can make a the animals ; specifically different; and that star. We are totally and awfully different from the animals — specifically different ; and that specific difference it is that” produces a Warspecific difference it is that is at work in placing

Man inay be unable, as the Recorder on the earth such records of man, as will be profoundly observes, to “ make a star," but seen for, I hope, centuries in Hull, and on which the animals are not more able to make a you will be engaged — a noble task — next Warren ; and which has the advantage in week.

the incapacities the reader must determine. I think you are very fortunate, indeed, in Successive generations of Hull readers would having the presence of two such distinguished most assuredly cry out for the animals, if it noblemen as the Earl of Carlisle and Lord Londes- were possible to suppose that the cruel hope borough.

espressed to Mr. Frost should by any awful Believe me ever, my dear Mr. President,

dispensation ‘be brought about, and “such Very sincerely yours,

records" (or recorders) “ of man be seen for SAMUEL WARREN.

centuries in Hull” as Lord Derby and Mr. C. Frost, Esq., F. S. A.

Walpole bave lately placed on that part of

the earth. Is not this a masterpiece? Could an 56 or- Speculating on the scene to be enacted next dinary blockhead” have written this? Have week in the theatre at Oxford, the Times has wc not in it precisely the excess of what imagined . Warren at the lower end writing (according to Johnson)“ is not in nature,

,” the last lines of the Lily and the Bee. and which therefore may justly be entitled to With deference to our contemporary this the privileges of art -- of very high art ? composed attitude is very far from that in Viewing the letter, in short, as a study in which the newly-invested doctor will present foolishness, bas there been anything to com- himself. In his own astonishing production pare with it since the Lily and the Bee ? he has prefigured the scene. All poets are

If we descend from this view, however, we prophets ; and Mr. Warren could not groan must confess ourselves in a difficulty. “ The with such a conception as the Lily and the animals cannot do these things,” says Mr. Bee without foreseeing, not dimly, some of Warren, with the pride natural to his achieve- its results and rewards. In the following ments — and certainly the animals cannot passage, which we quote exactly as we find it write as he does ; but is it so certain that the in the volume, it is quite evident that the eye inability is the disadvantage? Fossil re- of the future Recorder of Hull and Doctor mains, continues the learned Recorder, exhibit of Oxford, in a fine phrensy rolling, had seen to us no trace of our species ; but surely an by anticipation the exact part he would play argument derogatory to the animals, based on at the Derby Celebration in the venerable any such assumption, would be manifestly un- university. The ancient ghosts are, as we fair. Fossil remains are not exclusively of now perceive, the tutelary deities of Oxford ; bones, nor always dug out of the earth. We and the “subyerted system” which 80 sorely have just printed one of the “remains" which amazes them is, of course, the system which the Recorder of Hull will leave behind him, is making a doctor of Mr. Samuel Warren. and will any geologist venture to assert that The entire passage, formerly very obscure to a inore gigantic specimen of the absurd could us, now lucidly explains itself : be produced from before or after the food ? The letter to Mr. Frost is a fossil, if ever there

0, ancient Ghosts !

Sorely amazed Ghosts ! “When," asks the Recorder, “ will the ani

With strangely beaming eyes mals build a literary and philosophical hall?"! Amid subverted systems standing, This is a homc-thrust; but on the other hand O Ghosts, forlorn, and well amazod we might ask, when will the animals make the

And yet yo surely aro majestic ones, , silliest of their species judges over the rest,

Living in men's holy memorios :

Thales ! Pythagoras ! Anaxagoras ! and when will they invent distinctions to be

Socrates ! Plato ! Aristotlo ! stow on the least worthy ? If they are not You see me not, sages enough for the one, at least they are Trembling in my innor soul, not fools enough for the other. They keep in

So little and so poor, their proper places ; and “think, my dear

You cannot see me — friends of Hull," as Mr. Warren writes,

Or you might dospiso

Me, and some other Little Ones "where your Recorder may be standing, while

of this our day, you are in your proper places,” &c.

0! - Away ye !- Into the oppressed, opoHowever, when we contemplate Mr. pressing air,

66

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For Littleness, in Greatness' presence trem- | the wrong way, at the mouth of a hot oren, bling,

Much wisdom crieth out in this ancient Is perishing. Awful Ghosts, away!

apologue. Oxford is the hot oven; the comThe Lily and the Bee, p. 144–5.

pliment of a doctorage in the Derby Company

will be the pat of butter swallowed the Now no one can say that this is not a moving, wrong way; and if Mr. Macaulay, Sir Ed. a harrowing picture ; and could the late ward Lytton, Sir Roderick Murchison, and premier have seen the matter in this light Mr. Disraeli, have yet sense enough to profit when he gave in the names of his ragged by the warning of Rabelais, the unlucky, regiment, of his Derby Recorder of Hull, of Giant Wide-nostrils will not have been choked his Derby Lord of the Treasury, of his Derby in vain. Foreign Secretary, of his Derby Colonial Secretary, of his Derby Home Secretary, of his

CRATER OF HECLA. — It was of very irregular Derby President of the Board of Trade, of his form, nearly a quarter of a mile in extent oue Derby Vice-President of the Board of Trade, way. - a long chasm some 200 feet deep — and of his Derby Postmaster-General, of his Derby

not over 100 yards wide. Some parts of the Lord Lieutenant, of his Derby Secretary to sides were perpendicular, and smoke was coming the Treasury, of his Derby Under-Secretary There were several deep snow-banks in it, and,

out of fissures and crevices in many places. for Foreign Affairs, and of his Derby idolators though a region of perpetual fire and brimstone, in Blackwood's Magazine — or, as Mr. War- there has been no eruption from this crater for ren pathetically describes the party, of

ages. We rolled some stones down the steep Me and some other Little Ones

side of the crater, 'that crashed and thundered to

the bottom, and there “ kicked up a dust,” and all of whom are to march with the ex

were lost in a vast cloud of smoke. The guides prime minister and new chancellor through now did nothing, without urging, but I was de Oxford, and cover their barrendess with red termined, if possible, to go down into the crater. gowns in presence of the “Awsul Ghosts” We went to the east end of it, where the descent nest Wednesday, he would surely not have was most gradual, and on a steep bank of snow, been so cruel. Speaking for Mr. Warren and by a process pretty well known to boys as the other little ones, we might ask him, in the

sliding down hill,” we soon found ourselves words of the old song, “ If you were an ass would at the bottom. Rather a ticklish place inside of you like it yourself". At the same time it is Hecla’s burning crater ; but if the lava and only just to Lord Derby to add that, appar: by jumping into a snow-bank. We went through

smoke proved too warm friends, we could cool off ently not unaware of the danger, he has not every part of this wonderful pit -- now holding left it altogether uncared for. He brings up our hands in a stream of warm smoke, and again the rear of his regiment with Forbes Winslow, clambering over rocks and standing under arches a physician famous for his treatment of lu- of snow. The ground under our feet was prinnatics; and

cipally moist earth; the sides of the crater, rock, Shows by that satiric touch

lava, and in many places loose slags and scoriæ. No party wanted one so much.

One most remarkable basaltic rock lay near the We turn in graver mood to a really hu- centre of the crater. It was spherical, nearly as miliating consideration connected with this round as a cannon-ball, and about twenty or Judicrous affair. It seems hardly creditable entirely on the surface of the ground, and

twenty-five feet in diameter. It lay apparently that such men as Mr. Macaulay, Sir Edward though of compact and solid structure, there Bulwer Lytton, Sir Roderick Murchison, and were small cracks all over it from the twentieth we will add, Mr. Disraeli, should consent to of an inch to a quarter of an inch across. From be dragged in such company through the dirt these cracks, on every side of the rock, smoke of such a celebration. Non bene conveniunt, and hot steam constantly came out. The ground nec in unâ sede morantur. Nevertheless, it is all round it was moist earth and volcanic sand, to be tried. The great essayist and historian, and exhibited no signs of heat. Not ten feet the delightful novelist and poet, the scientific from this rock was an abrupt bank of snow, at investigator, the versatile orator and writer, least twenty feet deep. In one place under it are announced to take their places on Wednes- was a crevice in the lava where the heat came day side by side with discredited politicians, out, and it had melted away the snow, forming a fifth-rate factious partisans, inflated adulators beautiful arch some ten feet high. We walked of the most contemptible administration on ning from the snow.

under it, and found streams of clear water runrecord, and the author of the Lily and the in the American Courier.

Froin an Original Tour Bee! It is a terrible sacrifice 66

pour encourager les autres ;” not in the witty sense, but in

“CLAUDIUS," says Suetonius, “had a grent sober seriousness. very Rabelais has told us of the lamentable fate subject of a book.

taste for gambling, and he made this art the

He would play even while of a celebrated giant, whose fare ordinarily travelling ; his carriage and play-tables being was of the most gigantic sort, yet who was so arranged that the jolting of the vehicle should miserably choked by a pat of butter swallowed not disturb the game.”

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From the Spectator. fell and the ice which formed from the salt water, INGLEFIELD'S

made all working of ropes and sails not only disSUMMER SEARCH FOR

agreeable, but almost impracticable.; so that I FRANKLIN.*

was not sorry when the wind moderated. Tue voyage of Commander E. A. Inglefield calm ; but a heavy swell, the thick fog and mist

By four A. M. of the 29th, it fell almost to a to the Polar Basin was a lucky one. Captain remaining, precluded our seeing any distance Inglefeld started late in the season — on the before us ; and thus we imperceptibly drew too 4th of July, 1852—as volunteer commander near the land pack off the western shore, so that of a small screw steamer which had been pro- a little after Mr. Abernethy had come on deck in vided by Lady Franklin for a search by the morning watch, I was called up, as he said Bebring's Strait; owing to adverse winds, he that the ship was drifting rapidly into the ice. arrived still later on the searching-ground; Soon on deck, I found that there was no question yet he was enabled to push through Sunith's on that score ; for even now the loose pieces Sound into the Polar Basin, reaching the were all round us, and the swell was rapidly latitude of 78° 28' 21" north, and piercing lifting the ship further in to the pack, whilst the by the eye about a degree further. Instead roar of waters surging on the vast floe-pieces gave of the narrow strait which Smith's Sound has us no very pleasant idea of what would be our usually been thought, Captain Inglefield chaos.

fite if we were fairly entrapped in this frightful

The whale-boat was lowered, and a found it about thirty-six miles across, expand- feeble effort made to get her head off shore ; but ing considerably as it extended northward. still in we went, plunging and surging amongst The sea was open

that is, free froin islands, the crushing masses. except one looming in the extreme distance, While I was anxiously watching the screw, to which the discoverer gave the name of upon which all our hopes were now centred, I Louis Napoleon, having received from that ordered the boiler, which had been under repair, persouage “ very flattering attentions. .” and was partly disconnected, to be rapidly seFrom appearances, the leader of the expedi- cured, the fires to be lighted, and to get up the tion considered that he had reached a more steam ; in the mean time, the tackles were got genial climate than that of. Baffin's Bay ; in- up for hoisting out our long-boat, and every

Each man stead of the eternal snow which he had preparation was made for the worst. left behind, the rocks appeared of their on board knew he was working for his life, and natural color. There was ice indeed, and in each toiled with his utmost might ; ice-anchors

were laid out, and hawsers got upon either bow pretty large quantities ; some of the mar- and quarter, to keep the "ship from driving iners conceived they saw an ice-blink to the further in ; but two hours must elapse before we north ; but the chief considered he could could expect the use of the engine. Eager were steam through. A gale, however, arose, the inquiries when will the steam be up? and which, increasing in violence, fairly blew them wood and blubber were heaped in the fornace to back — perhaps providentially, for they were get up the greatest heat we could command. not well" fitted to winter in those high lati- At last the engineer reported all was ready ; tudes, with the probability of being held fast and then, warping the ship's head round to seafor an indefinite time.

ward, we screwed ahead with great caution; and

at last found ourselves, through God's proviIt was deemed by every one on board madness dence and mercy, relieved from our difficulties. to attempt a landing; and thus I was forced to It was a time of the deepest suspense to me ; the relinquish those desires ere we bore up, which, lives of my men and the success of our expediwith the heavy gale that now blew, was the most tion depended entirely on the safety of the screw ; prudent step I could take. The rest of the 27th and thus I watched with intense anxiety the and the following day were spent in reaching pieces of ice as we drifted slowly past them; and, under snug sail on either tack, whilst the pitiless passing the word to the engineer, “ Ease her," northerly gale drove the sleet and snow into our Stop her," till the huge masses dropped into faces, and rendered it painful work to watch for the wake, we succeeded with much difficulty in the icebergs, that we were continually passing. saving the screw from any serious damage, On this account I could not heave the ship to, as though the edges of the fan were burnished bright the difficulty of discerning objects rendered it from abrasion against the ice. imperative that she should be kept continually under full command of the helm. The tempera- Besides penetrating one hundred and forty ture, 250, and the continual freezing of the spray miles further than previous navigators, and 'as it broke over the vessel, combined with the finding an open sea stretching northwards slippery state of the decks from the sleet that from Baffin's Bay to at least the latitude of

80°, Captain Inglefield discovered a strait in * A Summer Search for Sir John Franklin ; about 774° which he named Murchison with a Peep into the Polar Basin. By Commander Strait, and which forms, it is inferred, a E: A. Inglofiold, R. N. With Short Notices by northern boundary to Greenland. In addition Professor Dickie on the Botany, and by Dr. Sutherland on the Meteorology and Geology; and a to the shores of the Polar Basin, he more New Chart of the Arctic Sea. Published by Har- accurately surveyed the eastern side of rison.

Baffin's Bay from Carey's Islands to Cape -

was none.

Alexander, often remaining on deck the four-/ world, while assisting in preparing for future and-twenty hours round - for night there continents. We extract some passages.

He entered Jones' Sound, but was stopped by the ice ; and Captain Ingle- In Greenland [the glaciers], after descending field infers that there is no available channel to the sea through the valleys, they retain their from the sound into the Polar Basin, though hold of the parturient womb beyond until the there is possibly some narrow frozen strait ; buoyant properties of ice come into operation, and he draws the conclusion that Franklin and then they give birth to icebergs of some

The constant must be sought for in the direction of Wel- times inconceivable dimensions. lington Channel. Up this opening ne found rise and fall of the tide exerts great power in that Sir Edward Belcher had gone when he like action is set up as soon as the glacier comes

detaching these floating ice-islands. By it a hingesubsequently reached the North Star, the within its influence, and is carried on although dépôt vessel of the Admiralty Expedition, at the surface of the sea for many lengues around Erebus and Terror Bay. The same luck is covered with one continuous sheet of ice. attended Captain Inglefield in his homeward After summer has set in and advanced someas in his outward voyage ; for skill and what, the surface-ice either drifts or melts away, determination alone are of small avail against and we have winds prevailing in a direction Polar obstacles. In spite of the advancing contrary to what they had been during the cold season, he examined a considerable part of the season of the year, and the result of these winds western coast of Baffin's Bay; and, though is a great influx of water into Davis Straits, sorely beset on more than one occasion, causing tides unusual for height at other seasons managed to get through, and reached Strom- of the year, and thus setting at liberty whole ness on the 4th November - exactly four fields of icebergs, which then commence their months from the date of his departure from number set free in a deep fiord,

near Omenak,

slow southward course. In August, 1850, the Woolwich.

North-east Bay, so occupied the navigable pas. In speaking of the voyage, the word luck sage out of the harbor at that settlement, that must be used with limitation. Opposed to the Danish ship, which had but a month prethe commotion of icebergs, or, what is perhaps viously entered the harbor with perfect safety, worse, the vis inertie of an interminable and was in danger of being detained for the winter. impenetrable “pack,” human resources are In the same month of 1852, the whole of the coast powerless. No navigator can make his way southward of Melville Bay to Uppernavik, exwithout a favorable season ; but a favorable tending over a space of 180 miles in length, and season is useless without decision and prompt- probably twelve to fifteen in breadth, was renitude to take advantage of opportunity, a dered perfectly unnavigable by any means whatresolution to push through dificulties, a judg- ever ; and when we sailed along this portion of ment to win the way by yielding to the the coast, about the middle of the month, we tide,” and a zeal which can triumph over

were astounded, not disagreeably, by the constant fatigue and exhaustion. These qualities will booming sounds that issued from the whole fields be found indicated in Captain Inglefield's un- their frolicsome revolutions.

of these wonder-working agents while undergoing

To me there apaffected narrative of his autumn rather than peared to be a remarkable change in this localhis “suinmer search.” It may also be ity; for, two years previously, in the months of recommended as a brief, plain and spirited June and July, a whole feet- of large ships account of an interesting voyage; in which, occupied and navigated the very place which if there is little that is absolutely new to those now we could no more enter and navigate with acquainted with North Pole literature, there the ship than navigate her through the city of are many striking descriptions — lively in- London half submerged in the sea, and all the cidents at the Danish settlements and with houses tumbling about and butting each other as Esquimaux, nautical difficulties, dangers boldly they would do in an earthquake. At Cape York, overcome, and a spirit of active hopefulness this season, in a semicircle of twelve miles, one animating the whole.

could count nearly two hundred icebergs, all Some of the scientific results of the voyage And in the top of Wolstenholme Sound, the ice

apparently newly detached from the glacier are presented in an appendix ; the most popu- bergs that had come off from the three protrudlar of which is an essay by Dr. Sutherland, ing points of the glacier entering it, were so the surgeon of the expedition, and previously closely planted together that it was not without engaged in Arctic voyages, on the geology or some difficulty and danger that we advanced physical geography of Baffin's Bay. In this among them, although aided by steam. paper will be found a very interesting sketch of the origin, launching, voyage, and decom

In addition to such varied materials as we position of icebergs, with their probable have indicated, this new formation of " till"

the shores and bottom of the sea, will contain abundant remains of animals of a their means of transporting earthy and ani- much higher order. Of all parts of the ocean, mal substances to distant regions, and their the Polar are those most frequented by the i use in maintaining the present state of the cetacea and the seals. The numbers of the former

effects upon

sugar coated

are very great, and that of the latter almost | ing their explorations further and further beyond comprehension. In the Greenland seas, from the spot. One of the bives having beespecially during the months of March and come short of food in October, he placed near April, in the vicinity of the island of Jan Mayen, it a plate filled with lumps of I am informed that for hundreds of miles the with honey and slightly moistened. The bees fields of ice are studded with seals, which in the

- attracted, no doubt, by the scent of the case of the young ones are so tame as to be a pu honey came out in swarms, and in less than proached with a " sealing” club, with which they are killed. The bones of these animals two hours devoured the whole, thus showing must be strewed plentifully on the bottom ; and that they were perfectly well aware of its thus they will become constituents of the growing presence. As M. Dujardin relates in the deposit, if they do not undergo decomposition. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, “ They soon It may also contain the enduring remains of accustomed themselves so well to associate other mammalia. Every Arctic traveller is the idea of my person and dress with the idea aware of the fact that Polar bears are seen on of this too speedily exhausted daily provthe ice at a great distance to sea, and quite out ender, that if I walked in the garden at thirty of sight of land ; and my own experience bears or forty yards from the bive, eight or ten of testimony to the fact that not unfrequently they them would come and hover around me, setare found swimming in the sea when neither ice tle on my clothes and hands, and crawl oper nor land is in sight. The Arctic fox, and I them in remarkable excitement.” The bees believe also the wolf — animals not generally of the neighbor hive, however, made the disknown to take the water - are often set adrift upon the ice, and are thus blown out to sea, covery also, and fierce were the combats that where they perish when the ice dissolves, if they arose between the two parties, and numerous have not previously died of starvation ; and the slain ; and the war could only be prevented cases are known, although perhaps not recorded, by putting the food out of sight of the hive in which human beings have been blown away for which it was not intended, and with holdfrom the land upon the ice and were never heard ing the honey, so as to get rid of the attractof. Two persons of my knowledge hare disap- ive scent. peared in this manner from the coast of West One day, while on the watch, M. Dujardin Greenland; one of them, however, reached the saw a bee alight on some sugar placed on an opposite side of the straits, where he spent the ant-bill at a considerable distance from the remainder of his life among his less civilized hive. After eating a small portion, the creabrethren. And the ships engaged in the whaling ture flew away to the hive, and returned a on the west side of this strait sometimes have to few minutes later, accompanied by a number discharge a deed of humanity by taking up from of other bees, when the whole troop began to the drifting foes a group of natives whose avocations had proved too decoying to be safe. So devour the sugar. This remarkable fact led much as allusion has not been made to the re- M. Dujardin to try what he believes to be a mains of reindeer, and the other ruminant in- conclusive experiment as to the reasoning habitants of these regions ; for the reason that, faculty in bees. I believe, they frequent the ice much less than In a wall about twenty yards from the hives the others, and consequently are much less liable a small opening had been left, which was to be drifted away.

concealed by a trellis and numerous climbingplants. - A saucer containing slightly moistened sugar was placed in this opening one

day in November, and a bee from one of the FURTIER PROOFS OF INTELLIGENCE IN hives, having been allured by presenting honey

to it on a small stick, was carried to the sugar. BEES.

It began to eat, and continued for five or six M. Felix DUJARDIN, who, a few years ago, minutes ; then, having buzzed about for some published some interesting observations on the time in the opening, and on the outside, with brain of insects, in which the existence of its head towards the entrance, as though to such an organ is, as he believes, an established reconnoitro, it flew away. fact, has since pursued his investigations into A quarter of an hour passed ; after which the same subject, and has found many note- bees come from the hive, to the number of worthy proof of intelligence, which confirm thirty, exploring the locality, the situation his former views. He set up a few bee-hives of which must have been indicated to them, in his garden, to have the means of following as there was no scent of honey to attract or up the inquiry immediately at hand; and guide them. These, in turn, verified the with these he noticed a repetition of the well- marks by which they would be enabled again known fact, that the bees which had been to find the much-prized spot, or to point it out brought from a distance took the usual means to others; and from this time, day after day, to acquaint themselves with the entrance to bees continued to travel from the hive to the their new habitations and their site, hovering sugar, the latter being renewed as fast as for some minutes round the opening, with consumed. Not a single bee, however, came their heads towards it, and gradually extend- 'from the other hive; the occupants of this

From Chambers' Journal.

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