A History of Ancient Philosophy II: Plato and Aristotle

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SUNY Press, 1990. nov. 8. - 437 oldal
In this book Reale presents Plato and Aristotle.

At the center of Reale s interpretation of Plato is the fulcrum of the supersensible, the metaphysical discovery that Plato presented as a result of the Second Voyage. This discovery of the supersensible is, in Reale s view, not only the fundamental phase of ancient thought, but it also constitutes a milestone on the path of western philosophy.

Reale presents Plato in three different dimensions: the theoretic, the mystical-religious, and the political. Each of these components takes on meaning from the Second Voyage. In addition, Reale has shown that only in the light of the Unwritten Doctrines handed down through the indirect tradition, do these three components, and the Second Voyage itself, acquire their full meaning, and only in this way is a unitary conception of Plato s thought achieved.

The interpretation of Aristotle that Reale proposes depends on his interpretation of Plato. Aristotle read without preconceptions is not the antithesis of Plato. Reale points out that Aristotle was unique among thinkers close to Plato, in being the one who developed, at least in part, his Second Voyage. The systematic-unitary interpretation of Aristotle which Reale has previously supported converges with the new systematic-unitary interpretation of Plato. Certain doctrinal positions which are usually reserved to treatments in monographs will be explored, because only in this way can the two distinctive traits of Aristotle s thought emerge: the way in which he tries to overcome and confirm the Socratic-Platonic positions, and the way in which he formally creates the system of philosophical knowledge.
 

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Tartalomjegyzék

I The Mediation Attempted by Plato between the Written and the Oral and the Structural Relationship between the Written and the Unwritten
7
II THE IMPORTANT PROBLEMS THAT HAVE BESET THE INTERPRETATION OF PLATO AND THEIR MOST PLAUSIBLE SOLUTION IN T...
23
I The Second Voyage as a Journey from the Physical Inquiries of the Presocratics to the Metaphysical Level
37
IITHE PLATONIC THEORY OF IDEAS AND SOME PROBLEMS CONNECTED TO IT
47
III THE UNWRITTEN DOCTRINES OF THE FIRST PRINCIPLES AND THE HIGHEST AND MOST IMPORTANT METAPHYSICAL CONCEPT...
65
IV THE METAPHYSICS OF THE IDEAS IN THE LIGHT OF THE PROTOLOGIC OF THE UNWRITTEN DOCTRINE AND THE ALLUSIONS T...
77
V THE DOCTRINE OF THE DEMIURGE AND COSMOLOGY
95
VI EPISTEMOLOGY AND DIALECTIC
117
V THE POLITICAL COMPONENT OF PLATONIC THOUGHT AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH THE PROTOLOGIC OF THE UNWRITTEN DO...
225
I THE MYTH OF THE CAVE AS A SYMBOL OF PLATONIC THOUGHT IN ALL ITS FUNDAMENTAL VALENCES
231
II SOME SUMMITS OF THE THOUGHT OF PLATO REMAIN REFERENCE POINTS IN THE HISTORY OF WESTERN THOUGHT
237
THE HISTORICALGENETIC METHOD AND THE MODERN INTERPRETATION OF ARISTOTELIAN THOUGHT
249
THE TRUTHFULNESS OF THE SECOND VOYAGE
253
III THE BASIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ARISTOTLE AND PLATO
259
I METAPHYSICS
265
II PHYSICS
293

VII THE CONCEPTION OF ART AND RHETORIC
131
I RELEVANCE OF THE MYSTICALRELIGIOUSASCETIC COMPONENT OF PLATONISM
139
II THE IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL ITS ULTRATERRESTRIAL DESTINY AND ITS REINCARNATION
141
III THE NEW MORAL ASCETIC
157
IV THE MYSTICISM OF PHILIA AND EROS
169
V PLATO A PROPHET?
175
VI THE ETHICALRELIGIOUS COMPONENT OF PLATONIC THOUGHT AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH THE PROTOLOGIC OF THE UNWR...
177
I THE IMPORTANCE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE POLITICAL COMPONENT OF PLATONISM
185
II THE REPUBLIC OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE IDEAL CITYSTATE
189
III THE MAN OF THE STATE WRITTEN LAWS AND CONSTITUTIONS
215
IV THE SECOND STATE OF THE LAWS
221
IIIPSYCHOLOGY
303
IV MATHEMATICS
313
I ETHICS
317
II POLITICS
337
I THE FOUNDATION OF LOGIC
351
II RHETORIC
367
III POETICS
377
I THE DESTINY OF ARISTOTELIAN PHILOSOPHY
385
II THE ACHIEVEMENTS AND APORIAS OF ARISTOTELIAN PHILOSOPHY
387
NOTES
393
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Giovanni Reale is Professor and holder of the Chair in History of Ancient Philosophy at the Catholic University of Milan.

John R. Catan is Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York, College at Brockport.

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