The 11th of June2 we set forth, the weather being very fair. But ere we had been long at sea, there arose 'a storm of wind and rain, with much lightning and thunder, insomuch that a spout arose not far from us. But, God be praised, it dured not long, and we put in that night for harbour at a place called Cummaquid,3 where we had some hope to find the boy. Two savages were in the boat with us. The one was Tisquantum, our interpreter; the other Tokamahamon, a special

1 The name of this boy was John 'Barnstable harbour; which is

Billington, according to Bradford, formed by a neck of land, about

in Prince, p. 192. He was the half a mile wide, called Sandy

brother of Francis, who discovered Neck, which projects from Saod

Billington Sea, and the son of John, wich on the north shore, and runs

the first culprit. See note ' on page east almost the length of the town.

149, and note * on page 172. Mas- The harbour is about a mile wide,

sasoit had sent word he was at and four miles long. The tide rises

Nauset. See Prince, p. 192. in it from 10 to 14 feet. It has a

* "This date being inconsistent bar running off northeast from the

with several hints in the foregoing neck several miles, which prevents

and following stories, I keep to the entrance of large ships. Mass.

Governor Bradford's original man- Hist. Coll. iii. 12. See note * on

uscript, and place it between the page 159.
end of July and the 13th of Au-
gust." Prince, p. 192.


friend. It being night before we came in, we anchored Chap.


in the midst of the hay, where we were dry at a low —~ water. In the morning we espied savages seeking 1621. lobsters, and sent our two interpreters to speak with day. them, the channel being between them; where they told them what we were, and for what we were come, willing them not at all to fear us, for we would not hurt them. Their answer was, that the boy was well, but he was at Nauset; yet since we were there, they desired us to come ashore, and eat with them; which, as soon as our boat floated, we did, and went six ashore, having four pledges for them in the boat. They brought us to their sachim, or governor, whom they call lyanough,1 a man not exceeding twenty-six years of age, but very personable, gentle, courteous, and fair conditioned, indeed not like a savage, save for his attire. His entertainment was answerable to his parts, and his cheer plentiful and various.

One thing was very grievous unto us at this place. There was an old woman, whom we judged to be no less than a hundred years old, which came to see us, because she never saw English; yet could not behold us without breaking forth into great passion, weeping and crying excessively. We demanding the reason of it, they told us she had three sons, who, when Master Hunt2 was in these parts, went aboard his ship to trade with him, and he carried them captives into Spain, (for Tisquantum at that time was carried away also,) by which means she was deprived of the comfort of her children in her old age. We told them we were sorry

1 Sometimes called Iyanough of stable and Yarmouth harbours.

Cummaquid, and sometimes Iya- See Prince, p. 193; Mass. Hist.

nough of Matlakiest, which seems Coll. i. 197, and iii. 15. F.

to be the country between Barn- * See pages 186 and 190.


Chap, that any Englishman should give them that offence,

that Hunt was a bad man, and that all the English

1621. that heard of it condemned him for the same; but for us, we would not offer them any such injury, though it would gain us all the skins in the country. So we gave her some small trifles, which somewhat appeased her.. 2d After dinner we took boat for Nauset, Iyanough ay' and two of his men accompanying us. Ere we came to Nauset,1 the day and tide were almost spent, insomuch as we could not go in with our shallop ;2 but the sachim or governor of Cummaquid went ashore, and his men with him. We also sent Tisquantum to tell Aspinet,' the sachim of Nauset, wherefore we came. The savages here came very thick amongst us, and were earnest with us to bring in our boat. But we neither well could, nor yet desired to do it, because we had less cause to trust them, being they only had formerly made an assault upon us in the same place,4 in time of

1 The territory which the Eng- seem to have been two cantons or

lish afterwards settled by the name sachemdoms of the Cape Indians

of Eastham, and the northern part One extended from Eel river in

of which still retains the Indian Plymouth, to the south shore of the

name. The three light-houses, re- Cape, and comprehended what are

cently erected in that town, are now called the Mashpee Indians,

called the Nauset Lights. The and then extended upon the Cape

principal seats of the Nauset Imli- to the eastern part of Barnstable,

ans were at Namskeket, within the and as far westward as Wood's

limits of Orleans, and about the Hole; and divers petty sachems or

cove, which divides this township sagamores were comprehended in

from Orleans. Captain John Smith this division, of which Mashpee

mentions twice " the isle Nawset," was one. The eastern part of the

or "Nausit." See Mass. Hist. Cape, from Nobscusset, or Yar

Coll. viii, 160, xxvi. 108,119. mouth, made another sachemdom,

* The water is very shoal at the capital of which was Nauset,

Nauset, or Eastham. See note 1 or Eastham. Of these petty tribes

on page 152. the Nauset Indians appear to have

'"The Indians upon Cape Cod, been the most important." Hutch

although not considered a part of inson's Mass. i. 459, and Mass. Hist.

the Wamponoags, yet were sup- Coll. viii. 159.

posed to be under some kind of 'See page 156. subjection to Massasoit There


our winter discovery for habitation. And indeed it Chap.

xn. was no marvel they did so; for howsoever, through

snow or otherwise, we saw no houses, yet we were in 1621.

the midst of them.

When our boat was aground, they came very thick;

but we stood therein upon our guard, not suffering any

to enter except two, the one being of Manamoick,1 and

one of those whose corn we had formerly found. We

promised him restitution, and desired him either to

come to Patuxet for satisfaction, or else we would bring

them so much corn again. He promised to come. We

used him very kindly for the present. Some few skins

we gat there, but not many.

After sunset, Aspinet came with a great train, and

brought the boy with him, one bearing him through

the water.2 He had not less than a hundred with him;

the half whereof came to the shallop side unarmed with

him; the other stood aloof with their bows and arrows.

There he delivered us the boy, behung with beads,

and made peace with us ;3 we bestowing a knife on

him, and likewise on another that first entertained

the boy and brought him thither. So they departed

from us.

Here we understood that the Narrohiggansets had

spoiled some of Massasoyt's men, and taken him.

This struck some fear in us, because the colony was

so weakly guarded, the strength thereof being abroad.4

1 Chatham, the "southern extre- * Bradford adds, " We give them

mity of Cape Cod. full satisfaction for the corn we

* "He had wandered five days, had formerly found in their coun

lived on berries, then light of an try." Prince, p. 193. See note'

Indian plantation, twenty miles on page 134.

south of us, called Manomet, (Sand- * There were ten men in this

wich,) and they conveyed him to expedition. At the same time, ac

the people who first assaulted us." cording to the dates of this and the

Bradford, in Prince, p. 192. previous paper, Winslow and Hop


Chap. But we set forth with resolution to make the best haste xn. home we could; yet the wind being contrary, having

1621. scarce any fresh water left, and at least sixteen leagues1 home, we put in again for the shore. There we met again with Iyanough, the sachim of Cummaquid, and the most of his town, both men, women, and children with him. He, being still willing to gratify us, took a runlet,2 and led our men in the dark a great way for water, but could find none good; yet brought such as there was on his neck with them. In the mean time the women joined hand in hand, singing and dancing before the shallop, the men also showing all the kindness they could, Iyanough himself taking a bracelet from about his neck and hanging it upon one of us.

Again we set out, but to small purpose; for we gat but little homeward. Our water also was very brack3d ish, and not to be drunk. The next morning Iyanough ay* espied us again, and ran after us. We, being resolved to go to Cummaquid again to water, took him into the shallop, whose entertainment was not inferior unto the former.

The soil at Nauset and here is alike, even and sandy, not so good for corn as where we are. Ships may safely ride in either harbour. In the summer they abound with fish. Being now watered, we put forth again, and by God's providence came safely home that night.

kins were absent on their expedition 1 The distance from Eastham to

to Pokanoket, leaving only seven Plymouth is not more than twelve

men at the Plantation, the whole leagues. F.

number surviving at this time be- * A small barrel, ing nineteen.

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