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A VOYAGE MADE BY TEN OF OUR MEN TO THE KINGDOM OF NAl'SET, TO SEEK A BOY1 THAT HAD LOST HIMSELF IN THE WOODS; WITH SUCH ACCIDENTS AS BEFELL us IN THAT VOYAGE.
The 11th of June2 we set forth, the weather being very fair. But ere we had been long at sea, there arose 'a storm of wind and rain, with much lightning and thunder, insomuch that a spout arose not far from us. But, God be praised, it dured not long, and we put in that night for harbour at a place called Cummaquid,3 where we had some hope to find the boy. Two savages were in the boat with us. The one was Tisquantum, our interpreter; the other Tokamahamon, a special
1 The name of this boy was John 'Barnstable harbour; which is
Billington, according to Bradford, formed by a neck of land, about
in Prince, p. 192. He was the half a mile wide, called Sandy
brother of Francis, who discovered Neck, which projects from Saod
Billington Sea, and the son of John, wich on the north shore, and runs
the first culprit. See note ' on page east almost the length of the town.
149, and note * on page 172. Mas- The harbour is about a mile wide,
sasoit had sent word he was at and four miles long. The tide rises
Nauset. See Prince, p. 192. in it from 10 to 14 feet. It has a
* "This date being inconsistent bar running off northeast from the
with several hints in the foregoing neck several miles, which prevents
and following stories, I keep to the entrance of large ships. Mass.
Governor Bradford's original man- Hist. Coll. iii. 12. See note * on
uscript, and place it between the page 159.
BARNSTABLE HARBOUR. 215
friend. It being night before we came in, we anchored Chap.
in the midst of the hay, where we were dry at a low —~ water. In the morning we espied savages seeking 1621. lobsters, and sent our two interpreters to speak with day. them, the channel being between them; where they told them what we were, and for what we were come, willing them not at all to fear us, for we would not hurt them. Their answer was, that the boy was well, but he was at Nauset; yet since we were there, they desired us to come ashore, and eat with them; which, as soon as our boat floated, we did, and went six ashore, having four pledges for them in the boat. They brought us to their sachim, or governor, whom they call lyanough,1 a man not exceeding twenty-six years of age, but very personable, gentle, courteous, and fair conditioned, indeed not like a savage, save for his attire. His entertainment was answerable to his parts, and his cheer plentiful and various.
One thing was very grievous unto us at this place. There was an old woman, whom we judged to be no less than a hundred years old, which came to see us, because she never saw English; yet could not behold us without breaking forth into great passion, weeping and crying excessively. We demanding the reason of it, they told us she had three sons, who, when Master Hunt2 was in these parts, went aboard his ship to trade with him, and he carried them captives into Spain, (for Tisquantum at that time was carried away also,) by which means she was deprived of the comfort of her children in her old age. We told them we were sorry
1 Sometimes called Iyanough of stable and Yarmouth harbours.
Cummaquid, and sometimes Iya- See Prince, p. 193; Mass. Hist.
nough of Matlakiest, which seems Coll. i. 197, and iii. 15. F.
to be the country between Barn- * See pages 186 and 190.
216 THE EXPEDITION REACH EASTHAM.
Chap, that any Englishman should give them that offence,
that Hunt was a bad man, and that all the English
1621. that heard of it condemned him for the same; but for us, we would not offer them any such injury, though it would gain us all the skins in the country. So we gave her some small trifles, which somewhat appeased her.. 2d After dinner we took boat for Nauset, Iyanough ay' and two of his men accompanying us. Ere we came to Nauset,1 the day and tide were almost spent, insomuch as we could not go in with our shallop ;2 but the sachim or governor of Cummaquid went ashore, and his men with him. We also sent Tisquantum to tell Aspinet,' the sachim of Nauset, wherefore we came. The savages here came very thick amongst us, and were earnest with us to bring in our boat. But we neither well could, nor yet desired to do it, because we had less cause to trust them, being they only had formerly made an assault upon us in the same place,4 in time of
1 The territory which the Eng- seem to have been two cantons or
lish afterwards settled by the name sachemdoms of the Cape Indians
of Eastham, and the northern part One extended from Eel river in
of which still retains the Indian Plymouth, to the south shore of the
name. The three light-houses, re- Cape, and comprehended what are
cently erected in that town, are now called the Mashpee Indians,
called the Nauset Lights. The and then extended upon the Cape
principal seats of the Nauset Imli- to the eastern part of Barnstable,
ans were at Namskeket, within the and as far westward as Wood's
limits of Orleans, and about the Hole; and divers petty sachems or
cove, which divides this township sagamores were comprehended in
from Orleans. Captain John Smith this division, of which Mashpee
mentions twice " the isle Nawset," was one. The eastern part of the
or "Nausit." See Mass. Hist. Cape, from Nobscusset, or Yar
Coll. viii, 160, xxvi. 108,119. mouth, made another sachemdom,
* The water is very shoal at the capital of which was Nauset,
Nauset, or Eastham. See note 1 or Eastham. Of these petty tribes
on page 152. the Nauset Indians appear to have
'"The Indians upon Cape Cod, been the most important." Hutch
although not considered a part of inson's Mass. i. 459, and Mass. Hist.
the Wamponoags, yet were sup- Coll. viii. 159.
posed to be under some kind of 'See page 156. subjection to Massasoit There
THE BOY RECOVERED. 217
our winter discovery for habitation. And indeed it Chap.
xn. was no marvel they did so; for howsoever, through
snow or otherwise, we saw no houses, yet we were in 1621.
the midst of them.
When our boat was aground, they came very thick;
but we stood therein upon our guard, not suffering any
to enter except two, the one being of Manamoick,1 and
one of those whose corn we had formerly found. We
promised him restitution, and desired him either to
come to Patuxet for satisfaction, or else we would bring
them so much corn again. He promised to come. We
used him very kindly for the present. Some few skins
we gat there, but not many.
After sunset, Aspinet came with a great train, and
brought the boy with him, one bearing him through
the water.2 He had not less than a hundred with him;
the half whereof came to the shallop side unarmed with
him; the other stood aloof with their bows and arrows.
There he delivered us the boy, behung with beads,
and made peace with us ;3 we bestowing a knife on
him, and likewise on another that first entertained
the boy and brought him thither. So they departed
Here we understood that the Narrohiggansets had
spoiled some of Massasoyt's men, and taken him.
This struck some fear in us, because the colony was
so weakly guarded, the strength thereof being abroad.4
1 Chatham, the "southern extre- * Bradford adds, " We give them
mity of Cape Cod. full satisfaction for the corn we
* "He had wandered five days, had formerly found in their coun
lived on berries, then light of an try." Prince, p. 193. See note'
Indian plantation, twenty miles on page 134.
south of us, called Manomet, (Sand- * There were ten men in this
wich,) and they conveyed him to expedition. At the same time, ac
the people who first assaulted us." cording to the dates of this and the
Bradford, in Prince, p. 192. previous paper, Winslow and Hop
218 RETURN TO BARNSTABLE AND HOME.
Chap. But we set forth with resolution to make the best haste xn. home we could; yet the wind being contrary, having
1621. scarce any fresh water left, and at least sixteen leagues1 home, we put in again for the shore. There we met again with Iyanough, the sachim of Cummaquid, and the most of his town, both men, women, and children with him. He, being still willing to gratify us, took a runlet,2 and led our men in the dark a great way for water, but could find none good; yet brought such as there was on his neck with them. In the mean time the women joined hand in hand, singing and dancing before the shallop, the men also showing all the kindness they could, Iyanough himself taking a bracelet from about his neck and hanging it upon one of us.
Again we set out, but to small purpose; for we gat but little homeward. Our water also was very brack3d ish, and not to be drunk. The next morning Iyanough ay* espied us again, and ran after us. We, being resolved to go to Cummaquid again to water, took him into the shallop, whose entertainment was not inferior unto the former.
The soil at Nauset and here is alike, even and sandy, not so good for corn as where we are. Ships may safely ride in either harbour. In the summer they abound with fish. Being now watered, we put forth again, and by God's providence came safely home that night.
kins were absent on their expedition 1 The distance from Eastham to
to Pokanoket, leaving only seven Plymouth is not more than twelve
men at the Plantation, the whole leagues. F.
number surviving at this time be- * A small barrel, ing nineteen.