he says that two antediluvian monsters, prominent teeth, were in great request by which he at first took for boulders of gran- dentists to make artificial teeth. They ite, were as thick as the body of a hippo- were superior to ivory in the permanence potamus and of enormous length. He of their color, and they never turned yelseems to think that the crocodiles are low. But the American invention of much larger in Africa than they are in porcelain enamel for artificial teeth has India. But he would probably correct this destroyed the value of the hippopotamus's opinion if he met some of the huge croc- tusks, and they are now cheaper than odiles that infest the sunderbuns of Ben- ivory. Some people may have wondered gal, or if he would examine some of the for what good purpose such an ungainly heads of the specimeos that are to be seen and seemingly useless beast as the hipin the Calcutta Museum, where the base popotamus was created. Sir S. Baker of the skull measures more than a yard in writes that " a young calf hippopotamus is width, whilst the skeletons are eighteen delicious eating. The feet when stewed feet in length.

are far superior to those of any other aniAlthough the hippopotamus may be mal, and the skin makes excellent turtle less loathsome than the crocodile, Sir S. soup. The flesh of the animal is always Baker writes that“ there is no animal that palatable; and, although the meat of an he disliked more than the hippopotamus, old bull is tough, it can be successfully if he was compelled to travel at night treated by pounding and beating it on a upon an African river in an ordinary boat.” flat stone until the fibre is totally de. Even without this limitation the hippopot. stroyed. If it is then mixed with chopped amus seems remarkably dangerous. Sir onions, pepper and salt and wild thyme, S. Baker tells how in broad daylight a it will form either rissoles or cotelettes de hippopotamus charged the steamer that veau by a pleasing transformation.” What was towing his Diahbeeah, and perforated a pity it is that Sir S. Baker was not at the iron plates of the vessel in two places hand to act as cook when Dr. Buckland, with its projecting tusks, so that it made the dean of Westminster unfortunately a dangerous leak. On another occasion, made the Archbishop of Canterbury seri. when the steamer passed over a hippopot- ously ill by inducing him to partake of amus that was walking (after the manner plain roast hippopotamus! of these beasts) under water along the bed From these amphibious and odious of the river, the steamer of one hundred monsters it is a relief to turn to the more and eight tons gave a leap into the air, as noble beasts of the forest, the lions and the water was too shallow to permit the the tigers, with which Sir S. Baker had hippopotamus' to pass beneath the keel. so many an encounter. It may be safely What became of the hippopotamus was asserted that the lion was his favorite aninot ascertained. On another occasion amal, which might be interpreted as meanbull hippopotamus charged the Diahbeeah ing that he would rather have shot a lion in the middle of the night, and sank a than a tiger a form of favoritism which small boat that was fastened alongside by would not be acceptable to the lion. On biting a large piece out of it. “ Not satis- the other hand, the favoritism means that fied with this success, it then charged the he preferred the qualities and characteriron vessel, and would assuredly have istics of the lion to those of the tiger. sunk her if I had not stopped the onset by Undoubtedly there is in England a popa shot in the skull with a No. 8 rifle.” Sir ular prejudice in favor of the lion, to the S. Baker calls the animal“ stupidly fero- support of which Sir S. Baker stoutly concious " when it is in the water, though it tributes. He says that “there is a nobility is comparatively timorous on land." On in the character of the lion which differs one occasion he saw a man in a boat wan- entirely from the slinking habits of tigers, tonly attacked and killed by a hippopota- leopards, and the feline race in general. mus. The Hamran Arabs and some of the Although the lion is fond of dense retreats, tribes attack the hippopotamus with their he exposes himself in many ways. This harpoons, and when the beast has been exposure or carelessness of concealment thus securely hooked they drag iton shore renders his destruction comparatively and slay it with their spears, whilst they easy." Owing to these causes Sir S. half blind it by throwing sand into its eyes. Baker thinks that the number of lions in But the hippopotamus sometimes gets the the world has greatly diminished. In better of them and escapes. Sir S. Baker India and other parts of Asia they are states a curious fact concerning a com- almost extinct, and in Africa they have mercial change that has affected the hip. been continually destroyed from the time popotamus. Formerly its tusks, or large, I of the Roman emperors, when, according



to Gibbon, hundreds were killed in the the former the tiger is driven out of his arena to make a Roman holiday, until the lair by a line of unarmed men on foot. present time, when such keen sportsmen The rocky and comparatively open nature as Sir S. Baker and his disciples have of the country affords opportunities for taken the field against them. The lion this mode of sport. In eastern Bengal it has but little chance against the •577 rifle would be impracticable, for there the tigers and its powerful bullet. Nevertheless, live chiefly either in high reeds and rushes Sir S. Baker seems to have given the lions or in tall grass studded with rose bushes, several times a good chance of killing from which they can only be ejected by a him, especially on that occasion when he well-directed line of elephants, whilst the crept stealthily through the low and dark sportsman shoots from a howdah. In the tunnels of the Nabbuk jungle right up to central provinces the use of a platform, or a party of three lions that were eating the machan, is common, and this is built carcass of a buffalo. Fortunately the three either on its own supports or up in the lions turned and fled. On another day he branches of a convenient tree. Sir S. crept up to and killed his lion, though the Baker invented a stool with a revolving jungle was so thick that he could not drag seat, on which he sat when perched in his out the lion's body. But even the brave machan. But he was also accustomed to hunters of the Hamran Arabs and the the use of elephants, and he seems to have Tokrooris protested against this need- been exceptionally unfortunate in the elelessly dangerous form of sport, and Sir S. phants that were supplied to him, for Baker abandoned it.

nearly all of them were large tuskers, unSir S. Baker has carefully compared the steady, and more or less cowardly, so as strength and other qualities of the lion to be a hindrance to good shooting, and and the tiger, and he decides in favor of almost a greater source of danger than the the lion. The magnificent mane of the tigers. lion may be said to turn the scale in its Sir S. Baker has very much to tell about favor as regards the appearance of the the ways of elephants, both wild and tame. animal in repose, but it may be doubted if His earliest impressions were derived a large tiger charging furiously at a line from the wild ones that he shot in Ceylon, of elephants does not really present a and subsequently in Africa. In both these grander sight. But it falls to the lot of countries the wild elephant was regarded few men to see such a charge. Usually as an enemy, destructive to crops and the sportsman gets his first sight of a dangerous to mankind; whilst in Africa tiger as it is slinking away through the the ivory tusks were a valuable and debushes or along a ravine, and a well- sirable spoil. So Sir S. Baker learnt to planted bullet either kills or so severely shoot wild elephants, and the bigger his wounds the beast that it crouches, and enemy, the more he liked it. Thus, when can only glare horribly with its lustrous he came to India, and to the employment green eyes until another bullet ends its of tamed elephants for shooting tigers, he sufferings. The pictures with which Sir could not shake off all his old ideas about S. Baker has so well illustrated his book big elephants, and it was his particular exhibit, this very clearly. The elephant pleasure to ride on the largest male ele. Bisgaum is shown “charging the dying phants, the use of which is studiously tiger," but all the beauty has been knocked eschewed by most experienced Indian out of the tiger as it struggles in its agony sportsmen. He tried to conciliate these to lift its head. In another picture the big tuskers by feeding them and talking tiger is shown and described as slinking to them, but they gave himn infinite trouble, away from the line of beaters, and it looks and they ran away with him, to the great like a skulking burglar. Very different, peril of his life, whenever they got exand much more favorable to the tiger, is cited or alarmed. The upshot seems to the picture of one that is described as be that in instituting a comparison between "offering a challenge to the line of ele- the intelligence of a dog and an elephant, phants ; but even in this picture the he decides in favor of the former, * who, tiger is shown passing along in front of when the day's work is over, lies down the line, and not as hurling himself with and sleeps before the fire at his master's irrepressible fury against the serried ranks feet, and dreams of the dangers and ex. of his mighty antagonists.

ploits of the hunt.”. Sir S. Baker seems It has been Sir Samuel Baker's good to have forgotten the old story in Æsop's fortune to obtain tiger-shooting in two fables, where the horse was jealous of the very different parts of India in the cen-dog, and tried to ingratiate itself with its tral provinces and in eastern Bengal. In | master by imitating its rival's habits of

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fawning on its master and jumping on his | down. The poor antelope twisted and lap. Of course the horse fared badly in doubled, but the cheetah was too quick the contrast. And so would the elephant and clever for it. Sir S. 'Baker declares if he were to try to imitate the dog, and that "it was worth a special voyage to curl himself up at his master's feet before India only to see that hunt,” but he adds the camp fire. But Sir S. Baker himself that he learnt that it was quite exceptional acknowledges that the elephant is in. in its character, so that it will be hardly structed and guided by the mahout in all worth while to go out to India on the that he does. He writes thus: “I do not chance of seeing it repeated. know a more agreeable sensation than the It will be remembered that Sir S. Baker start in the early morning on a thoroughly began his great career as a sportsman in dependable elephant, with a mahout who Ceylon, although as a lad in England he takes a real interest in his work. A was doubtless initiated into the mysteries thorough harmony exists between man and of the craft. His hounds in Ceylon were beast, and you feel prepared for anything. a mixed and motley pack, but admirably But how much depends upon that mahout. suited to their work of hunting the elk or It is impossible for a bystander to compre- sambur deer; whilst, armed with only his hend the secret signs which are mutually hunting-knife, he followed his pack on foot understood by the elephant and his guide over mountain and moor and into deep

the elephant detects every movement, ravines full of precipices and waterfalls. however slight, and is thus mysteriously Those who know the climate of Ceylon guided by its intelligence; the mighty can only wonder at the marvellous vigor beast obeys the unseen helm of thought, with which Sir Samuel Baker pursued this just as a huge ship yields, by apparent sport on the hottest and most exhausting instinct, to the rudder which directs her days, following the distant cry of the dogs And he goes on

to observe : for miles and miles, and eventually coming What must be the result should an ele- up in time to find them at bay with the phant be guided by a malout of uncertain stag in some dangerous pool of water. temperament? The great trouble when His courage and his hunting-knife never riding on an elephant is the difficulty in failed him, though there were occasions getting the mahout to obey an order. In when some of his best and most beloved iiger shooting the elephant will at once dogs fell victims to their own excess of detect anything like tremor on the part of courage by impaling themselves on the his mahout. Frequently a good elephant buck's sharp horns. In comparison with may be disgraced by the nervousness of these exciting chases in the days of his his mahout, nothing being so contagious youth and early manhood, his exploits in

After this testimony it seems pursuit of the wapiti of North America reasonable to think that the elephant is seem almost tame and free from peril. as much superior in intelligence to the Probably there are many people who will dog as the mahout is to the elephant. take a nearer and deeper interest in his

Concerning leopards of the ordinary description of the deer-drive at Blair kind, Sir S. Baker has not much to say Athol when five hundred red deer were that is cew. The leopard's power of urged along almost in a line towards their climbing up a tree makes it a more insid. destruction by the organized skill of the ious and dangerous animal than a tiger to keepers and beaters. The driving of the men and beast in the villages in which it large herds of the red deer on the hills takes up its abode. The cheetah, or belonging to the Duke of Athol was hunting leopard of India, is totally differ- brought to such a pitch of perfection that ent in shape from all other leopards. At it could be predicted almost with certainty the courts of the independent native at what minute the horns of the leading princes of India trained cheetahs are stags would be seen coming over the brow usually kept for hunting wild antelopes. of the hill. But Sir S. Baker is at his The cheetah is taken out on a cart drawn best when he tells how he was able at by bullocks to a spot within sight of some Blair Athol to exhibit his old Ceylon unsuspicious black buck, and after two or tactics in hunting a stag on foot with the three stupendous bounds it generally aid of two of the duke's deerhounds. The seizes and kills its prey. But Sir S. chase was brief but exciting, and the Baker had the good fortune to see a cours. ground rather favored the hunter, whilst ing match in which a cheetah had to hunt the assembled spectators could see all a black buck at full speed for about six that passed. The deer took refuge in the hundred yards, and eventually pulled it river, where it was brought to bay by the

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dogs, until, with Sir S. Baker's encourage that attacked it. It is curious that the ment, they went in and seized the animal American buffalo or bison, which is a by the ears, whilst he gave the coup de much more terrific animal than the African grâce with his favorite hunting-knife. But buffalo in its appearance, should be of an there was one among the spectators who entirely different character, so that Sir S. was not pleased. Sandy Macarra, the Baker describes it as "a perfectly harmhead-keeper, who had trained the dogs to less creature, which will never offend unbay but not to seize, indignantly remarked : less previously attacked." “Weel, you've just ruined the dogs for; Want of space has led to the omission ever, and there'll be nae hauding them of any mention of such formidable beasts from the deer now. They'll just spoil the as the rhinoceros, the bear, and the wild flesh and tear the deer to pieces.”

boar, to say nothing of a large number of It would be a grave omission to con- the smaller animals, regarding whose ways clude this paper without some notice of Sir S. Baker has so much to tell. But the wild buffalo which Sir S. Baker hunted the reader must go to Sir S. Baker's book in Ceylon and India and Africa, and also if he wishes fully to enjoy and appreciin America, where the bison is called the ate it. When Sir S. Baker occasionally buffalo. There are several varieties of pauses to moralize on his subject he is the buffalo proper, but all are remarkable both instructive and consistent. It will be for their formidable horns and almost in- safest to conclude with his own words, in vulnerable heads. When the sportsman which he repeats and enforces his favorite has occasion to go forth to battle against doctrines thus : “ The lover of nature will a wild buffalo on foot, he will do well to never tire of studying her ways. When study what Sir S. Baker has written on young he will wonder and admire; when this subject : “It must be understood that old he will reflect but still admire. In when a vicious animal is your vis-à-vis, all his studies he will discover one great the duel has commenced, and your shot ruling power of individual self, whether must be delivered as “a settler.” If you among the brute creation or the vegetable miss, or if the shot be uncertain in its world. Of the civilized world I say notheffect, the buffalo will in most instances ing. In his wanderings as a naturalist he charge. The charge of a buffalo is a very will remember that, should he endeavor serious matter. Many animals charge to study in their secluded haunts the wild when infuriated, but they can generally be beasts and their ways, the law of force turned by a shot, though they may not be will always be present. It will accordmortally wounded. But a buffalo is a ingly be wise to secure the force before. devil incarnate when it has once decided hand upon his own side, and no upon the offensive. Nothing will then trusty and dependable agent can be found turn it - it must be actually stopped by than a double-barrelled 577 rifle to burn death, sudden and instantaneous, as noth six drams of powder with a bullet of pure ing else will stop it. If not killed it will lead of six hundred and fifty grains. This assuredly destroy its adversary. There is professional adviser will confirm him in no creature in existence that is so deter- the theory that the law of force will almined to stamp out the life of its oppo- ways govern the world.” nent. Should it succeed in overthrowing

C. T. BUCKLAND. its antagonist, it will not only gore the body with its horns, but it will try to tear it to pieces, and will kneel upon the lifeless form, and stamp on it with its hoofs until the inutilated remains are disfigured beyond recognition. I have killed some

AT THE REGENT STREET TUSSAUD'S. hundreds of these animals, and I never BEFORE the effigy of Dr. Koch, who is regret their destruction, as they are usually vicious and most dangerous brutes, whose

represented in the act of examining a

test-tube with the expression of bland ferocity is totally uncalled for.” Perhaps

blamelessness peculiar to wax odels, Sir S. Baker carries his enmity to the buffalo a little too far, for it must not be for. Well-informed Visitor. That's Dr. gotten that the courage and strength of the Koch, making his great discovery ! buffalo make it a dangerous enemy to the Unscientific V. What did he discover ? prowling tiger, whilst one of his own pic- Well.inf. V. Why, the Consumption tures shows us a wounded bull buffalo Bacillus. He's got it in that bottle he's fighting desperately against three lions holding up.


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Unsc. V. And what's the good of it,

In the Children's Gallery. now he has discovered it? Well-inf. V. Good? Why, it's the thing logue a mine of useful information). Look,

An Aunt (who finds the excellent catathat causes consumption, you know ! Unsc. V. Then it's a pity he didn't leave Constantine's Cat, as seen in the Nights

Bobby, dear (reading). " Here we have it alone!

of Straparola,' an Italian romancist, whose Before a scene representing “ The Home book was translated into French in the Life at Sandringham.”

year 1585 First Old Lady (with catalogue). It Puss in Boots !

Bobby (disappointed). Oh, then, it isn't says here that “the note the page is hand

A Genial Grandfather (pausing before ing may have come from Sir Dighton Crusoe and Friday"). Well

, Percy, my Probyn, the comptroller of the royal house boy, you know who that is, at all events hold.” Fancy that !

eh? Second Old Lady. He's brought it in Percy. I suppose it is Stanley - but it's his fingers. Now that's a thing I never

not very like. allow in my house. I always tell Sarah The G. G. Stanley! Why, bless my to bring all letters, and even circulars, in soul, never heard of Robinson Crusoe and on a tray!

his man Friday? Before a scene representing the late Fred

Percy. Oh, I've heard of them, of course Archer, mounted, on Ascot Race.

they come in Pantomimes - but I like more grown-up sort of books myself, you

know. Is this girl asleep She ? A Sportsman. H'm Archer, eh?

The G. G. No — at least — well, I expect Shouldn't have backed his mount in that it's “The Sleeping Beauty."

You rerace !

member her, of course all about the

ball, and the glass slipper, and her father Before “ The Library at Hawarden.”

picking a rose when the hedge grew round Gladstonian Enthusiast (to Friend,

the palace, eh? who, with the perverse ingenuity of pa. had more time for general reading than we

Percy. Ah, you see, grandfather, you trons of wax-works, has been endeavoring to identify the Rev. John Wesley among get. (He looks through a practicable cot. the Cabinet in Downing street). Oh, never tage window.). Hallo, a dog and a cat. mind all that lot, Betsy; they're only the

Not badly stuffed ! gover'ment ! Here's dear Mr. and Mrs.

The G. G. Why, that must be “Old Gladstone in this next! See, he's lookin' Mother Hubbard." (Quoting from memfor something in a drawer of his side- ory.)

“ Old Mother Hubbard sat in a board - ain't that natural?

cupboard, eating a Christmas pie – or a look - a lot of people have been leaving Christmas cards on him [a pretty and

Percy. Don't know. It's not in “Setouching tribute of affection, which is lections from British Poetry,” which we

have to get up for “rep." eminently characteristic of a warm-hearted

The Aunt (reading from catalogue). public). I wish I'd thought o' bringing

" The absurd ambulations of this antique one with me!

Her Friend. So do l. We might send person, and the equally absurd antics of one 'ere by post - but it'll have to be a

her dog, need no recapitulation.” Here's

“ Jack the Giant Killer" next. Listen, New Year card now !

A Strict Old Lady (before next group). Bobby, to what it says about him here. Who are these two? 's Mr. 'Enery Irving, tation of the old British legend told by

(Reads.). “It is clearly the last transmuand Miss Ellen Terry in "Faust,?” eh? No— I don't care to stop to see them

Geoffrey of Monmouth, of Corineus, the that's play-actin', that is - and I don't 'old Trojan, the companion of the Trojan Bruwith it nohow! What are these two par

tus, when he first settled in Britain. But ties supposed to be doin' of over here? more than this - I hope you're listening, What - Cardinal Newman and Cardinal Bobby? more than this, it is quite eviManning at the High Altar at the Oratory, Greek mythology, that many of the main

dent, even to the superficial student of Brompton! Come along, and don't encourage popery by looking at such figures. incidents and ornaments are borrowed I did 'ear as they'd got Mrs. Pearcey and from the tales of Hesiod and Homer.” the prambilator somewheres.

Think of that, now!

I should like to see that, now.

[Bobby thinks of it, with depression.

And only bone was it?”

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