eminence. Without making himself re- attracting a tithe of the attention given to markable there as a student of subjects “ Eothen." The book sparkles with fine which lead to honors, or of general litera- points like a brooch set with brilliants. ture, he was socially noted as a sayer of The “ Methley” described as his companthat kind of epigram, the force and neat. ion was Lord Pollington, afterwards Lord ness of which infuses such a special flavor Mexborough; the interpreter Mysseri, into his writings. And doubtless there kept, at the time of the Crimean war, an was already apparent that meditative habit hotel at Constantinople, where, perhaps in of mind which was afterwards so distinc. virtue of the fame derived from the book, tive of him, and which led him in discuss- in which he is favorably mentioned, he ing common matters to take views so exercised an independence of demeanor original and unexpected.

pot distinguishable from incivility. His repute might never have extended For many years Kinglake's reputation beyond the circle of his immediate ac- as a writer continued to rest, undiminished, quaintance — for he never showed himself on the excellences of this small volume. competitive or ambitious -- but for his Notwithstanding that he was always famous journey to the East. The interior among the most quiet and unobtrusive of of Turkey, the Troad, Cyprus, the Desert, men, he was by no means one of those Damascus, were comparatively untrodden who disappoint expectation. In his de. ground half a century ago, and the notes liberative way he would always utter somehe took had all the freshness and pictur- thing worthy to catch attention. A lady esqueness which come from the endeavor whose acquaintance with persons of note of so original an observer to depict what was extensive, and who has been honored is at once deeply interesting and little by pleasant verses from Thackeray, ber known. But the first casting of these frequent visitor, once observed to the notes into shape was by no means what present writer, in discussing her brilliant was finally given to the world. For many circle: “Kinglake always says the best years the most fastidious taste was con- thing." stantly at work upon it, altering, blotting, It was when he was well on for fifty that expanding, and polishing. Nobody who the two chief events of his later life ochas observed the fatal effects which have curred. In 1857 he entered Parliament as often attended this process, or, indeed, Liberal member for Bridgewater, not far who has considered the matter from the from which, at Taunton, his family dwelt. common-sense point of view only, would That this event had any important effect recommend such a concentration of soli- on his reputation or his success in life citude on a subject demanding, as did cannot be maintained. He never evinced Kinglake's, no especial research or exacti- the qualities which command the attention tude. It might well have been expected of the House. Matter however excellent, that in the long endeavor after perfection could scarcely make effective way through the sharpness, the distinctness, and the his unemotional manner and subdued utterforce of the original impressions would ance. It is probable, too, that his literary be hopelessly frittered away and lost. repute was of disadvantage to him, as it But it was the special character of not uncommonly is in the eyes of those lake's intellect to be able to indulge all who conduct the affairs of the nation, and this paternal fondness, not only without frequently conduct them so badly. But injury to the subject of it, but with a the incidents of political life were often constant infusion of interest and spirit. intensely interesting to him, and brought After an interval which would in most him in a wholesome way out of his shell, minds have dimmed into vagueness the and into contact with the movements of reminiscences of the trip to the East, the the world around him. It was not merely record of it came forth so rich in color, so the questions of the day that thus occuincisive in form, so finished in literary pied him; the system of Parliamentary grace, that it at once made its author business had also its charm ; and up to famous. Probably no book of travel the close of his life, he would foodly dwell

, which does not depend for its interest on in all the detail which his singularly acexciting adventure or absolute novelty of curate memory supplied, not only on a subject, ever gained more celebrity for its political crisis of his own day, but on the writer. Other notable works relating to forms of proceeding which attended it. travel in the East appeared about the But it cannot be said that, on public same period — such as Miss Martineau's grounds, his Parliamentary life, which “ Eastern Life," and Curzon's admirable lasted twelve years, need now be dwelt -6 Monasteries of the Levant” — without on.

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When the armies landed in the Crimea grees, of historical merit. Of one kind in 1854, Kinglake's quiet but genuine love are all those parts which express the preof adventure had already brought him to possessions of the writer, such as the the scene. Landed with his pony, he was terrible caricature - so clever, yet so gropresent at the battle of the Alma. Before tesque — of the French emperor; and of the opening of it, when near the headquar- St. Arnaud "formerly Le Roy;" and the ter staff, he met with a slight mishap from history of the origin and constitution of the slipping of his saddle, which was not the Times newspaper - very piquant, but without important results. One of the apparently founded on grounds entirely staff thus records the incident: “Lord fanciful. Prepossessions of this unfaRaglan was most kind, riding up with in- vorable kind found, however, an ample quiries and offers of help. Mr. Kinglake balance on the side of eulogy. In his was all thanks. That night, after the “ Crimead,” the part of Achilles is asbattle, Lord Raglan met him wandering signed to Lord Raglan, and of Hector about, not knowing where to go, so he quite justly to Todleben ; while on the asked him to dinner. Of course he came, other hand Louis Napoleon continues to and delighted every one present with his figure throughout as one of those ill-discharming manner and conversation." posed and somewhat futile deities who

Mr. Higgins, the well-known “ Jacob used, from their distant Olympus, to mudOmnium" of that time, took occasion dle the affairs of the Greeks. These afterwards to relate this accidentin print, representations are often supported on and went on facetiously to remark that ingenious and refined surmises too in. Kinglake was “the first man who fell on genious and too refined to afford a secure the British side.” It so happened that foundation. Of quite a different character the whirligig of time before long brought are the parts of the history in which he Jacob up for ballot at the Athenæum, of deals with facts. These were collected which club Kinglake was an influential with astonishing patience, and fitted in his member; and the unlucky narrator of the mosaic with an interest always fresh, so incident, seeing too late the impolicy of that no chronicle has ever devoted so his offence, begged Kinglake not to black- large a proportion of space to the incidents

all him. “I will not blackball you,” was of conflict and to individual effort and the answer,

“but I will not vote for you.” | achievement. The result of this unique It was mainly for other reasons, however, mixture of fact and fancy, conveyed in a that Jacob, who had for long been sowing style of extraordinary and sustained ani.. similar dragon's teeth broadcast, was all mation, has been found, and will continue too plentifully blackballed.

to be found, highly attractive as the exLord Raglan, most amiable and cour- pression of an intellect rare both in its teous of commanders, followed up this qualities and in the combination of them, introduction with a considerate kindness and wielding a great and refined literary wbich was all that Kinglake could have power. desired, and far more than he could have When, therefore, the family of Lord expected, and which continued through- Raglan invited him to undertake the hisout his stay of about four weeks in the tory of the war, he already possessed a Crimea - affording him, of course, many strong and personal interest in the subject, invaluable opportunities for observation. as well as another qualification for the It cannot be doubted that this degree of task - namely, an extraordinary ardor for favor won the sensitive heart of the future investigating and celebrating all kinds of historian, who, as he would have been warlike achievement. His view of his easily chilled by neglect, was in a propor- duties was so conscientious, and the tionate degree gladdened by treatment so pleasure he took in them so incapable of cordial; and it is quite conceivable that he cloying, that they occupied nearly all the may thus have been inspired by gratitude remainder of his life. The formidable with that view of Lord Raglan's military masses of official papers supplied to him qualities which became a chief motive of formed probably by no means the chief his history. That work has been so largely part of his materials. Upon every incidiscussed, and the conclusions come to dent, all the evidence of the actors in it, about it have been so generally in agree or others possessing special information, meot, that its merits and defects need not was brought to bear. All this had to be be entered upon here. It may, however, considered, reconciled, and put in form, be observed of what will yet find a multi- with a result that was sometimes happy, tude of readers, that its matter is of sometimes not. The charge of the Heavy different kinds, and widely various de. Brigade, for example, was an affair of

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minutes; and when it came to be expanded | worth pondering, being far more appliinto seventy pages of the history, the cable now than when it was written. distinctive character of a short cavalry Kinglake's later years were passed in encounter was necessarily lost. On the that complete repose which wise men have other hand, the long and confused struggle in all times been supposed to covet. They of Inkermann formed a much more suit. will offer but scant material to a biogable subject for close investigation ; and rapher. His walk in the Park, his dinner the result was that, for the first time, the and evening at the Athenæum, were the phases of that obstinate and desultory chief of his recreations. Much of bis conflict were made intelligible.

time at the club was passed in a singular A whole generation thus not only grew companionship. Mr. Hayward was never to manhood, but was approaching middle satisfied to dine alone. he liked to have age, while Kinglake was seated amidst the one or two friends to rely on, and then to multitudinous materials of his task. And add such others as might fall in his way, when he had obtained all the testimony and whom he might consider eligible for possible respecting a particular feature of the purpose, it being indispensable that the campaign, and bad at last composed they should be persons of some note. A the narrative of it, the piece of work was minister, Forster for example; an ambas. still far from ended. For then his fastidi- sador on furlough, as Sir Henry Bulwer; ous taste stepped in, and the polishing of a traveller like Oliphant; such were inthe manuscript was continued with un vited (if a bidding so peremptory could be wearying zeal on the proofs, till finish called an invitation) to be of Hayward's could go no further. All this time the party. It was in vain to attempt an excollection of evidence for future volumes cuse, such as to say you were engaged to was going on; and perhaps the most sin- somebody else, - Hayward, like Justice gular witnesses who appeared before his Shallow, would reply : : There is no excuse judicial chair were Lord Lucan and Lord shall serve — you shall not be excused.” Cardigan, each intent on relieving himself People who had once assisted at these of whatever of blame might attach to the entertainments were sometimes a little famous action of the Light Brigade. Lord shy of coming again, for an absolutism Cardigan was especially urgent in his prevailed there, not a republic; the autorepresentations, insomuch that Kinglake crat Hayward seldom brooked contradicspeaks of “ a slight feeling of anger which tion - he was always positive not to say his persistency gave me.'

." But if either contentious - and for a guest to maintain noble lord imagined that he would be able his own opinions frequently led to war. to sway the mind of the judge he was griev. But however little inclined to venerate ously in error, for Rhadamanthus himself others, the irascible sage had an extraordicould not have come to conclusions more nary and invincible esteem for Kinglake, severely impartial.

whó, without the slightest apparent atHis one paper in Blackwood is on the tempt to assert himself, received such a “ Life of Madame de Lafayette,” which degree of deference as, coming from so appeared in September, 1872. Of the peremptory a personage, and being so Reign of Terror it takes, as was to be ex- spontaneous, had something touching in pected, a new and unconventional view. it. Moreover, this regard was of an active The establishment of that horrible domi- kind, and Hayward became in case of nation is ascribed to the supineness of need his friend's champion, — formidable those who should have made head against both for the ardor with which he would its leaders. "Everywhere,” says King. enter on a contest, and the logical power lake, “submission, submission, submis- with which he would maintain it, for bis sion, more than corresponding to the faculties were always ready to act with the triple audacity of Danton.” Speaking of precision and snap of a well-oiled machine. the rule by guillotine, the writer asks: Both of them had large acquaintance with “What is the meaning of all this? Were life and men, copious hoards of recollecpeople all madly wicked ? Not at all. tion, quotation, and anecdote, and remark. Only a few were wicked; the rest were able powers of memory. A trio was frecowed. . . . That fatal guilt which had quently made up by Mr. now Sir Edward, been the cause of so much evil in France Bunbury, who, with a wider and deeper is the guilt of Resignation.” In view of knowledge than either, bad also a surpristhe indulgence accorded, with such shame. ing memory to render its stores at once ful apathy, to mischief of various kinds, to available. Mr. Chenery was also welcome the commonwealth, which is crippling us as bringing a deep learning, as well as the is a nation, the matter of the paper is well | new and important contributions to dis

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cussion which the editor of the Times to find a companion at once helpful and must command. The alliance continued agreeable. He continued to spend much to prosper up to the time of Hayward's time in reading, but he probably did not last illness. Kinglake was warm and as- get through many books, for he dealt with siduous to the end in his companionship, the ideas of others as with his own, long which was the consolation that most of brooding over and revolving them. Even all brightened the latter days of his old novels he treated in this way, and of these friend. After that he still continued to he had (for which he is to be highly com. come to the club, and was as good com. mended) an unappeasable appetite for pany as ever. Deafness, to which he had Mrs. Oliphant's. We knew no surer path long been subject, increased upon him, to his favor than to place in his hand in however, and an eminent frequenter of the drawing-room a new production of that the Athenæum once observed to the pres- prolific authoress. He was quite miserly ent writer: "I always know when you are in his jealousy of this treasure; and in dining with Kinglake, for everybody hears discussing her merits, as he was always everything that you say — except King- ready to do, it would presently appear that, lake!” There was much humorous exag- though Scott, and Dickens, and Thack. geration, however, in this; he could hear eray, and Bulwer were all very well, the a companion quite well, and maintained a novelist par excellence was Mrs. Oliphant. conversation without difficulty, and always Only there was one path illuminated by with pleasure to the hearer. He was as her genius he would never enter on. precise in memory, as epigrammatic in don't like the supernatural," he would remark as ever, and his observations con. say; and hence that extraordinary inspiratinued to be no less quaint and uncommon tion, “ A Beleaguered City,” and her powthan those we had long recognized as erful ghost stories, remained unknown to peculiar to him. The present writer, sit. him. A book which was full of interest iing at table with him one evening when for him, rousing once more all his ready one who long ago was a leading advocate ardor for the military fame of the country, of an important policy entered the room, was Lord Stanhope's “ Conversations with observed :" I suppose, Kinglake, you knew Wellington.” He would take one of the Mr. hen you were in the House?” duke's opinions as a text to be cogitated “ Yes, yes, I knew him a clever man till on, viewed in every light, and all possible he destroyed his intellect.” Good heav- meanings extracted from it, which sermonens! how? surely not We were izing process caused the book to occupy about to venture on a wild surmise, when him for an extraordinary length of time. he continued: “Destroyed his intellect His last year was clouded by a terrible by reading the newspapers.” No explana- shadow of approaching, torment, from tion was vouchsafed of this oracular deliv- which the only hope left to his friends erance; but in these days when so many was that a painless death might deliver derive not only their information but their him; and this sad desire was realized. opinions from an indiscriminate flooding Mr. Kinglake, short and slight of frame, of their minds with light from the press, it preserved to the last a neat and always may not be deemed unsuggestive. well-dressed figure. His features

About his eightieth year he ceased alto- very neatly cut; their calm expression did gether to come to the club, and near the not often change. Friends might have same time he changed his domicile. He known him long without seeing him use had for twenty years inhabited the saine one hurried gesture or hearing him utter rooms, and it was characteristic of himn a loud or hasty word. Below this imperthat throughout that period he took this turbably placid demeanor were incessantly long-established home by the week. He at work the combative tendencies which was to be found there in a small double lead to strong opinions, the refining procdrawing-room — the scene of his labors esses of an intellect at once very unresting the front windows bearing on Hyde Park, and very acute, and that fire of the spirit those at the back looking into St. George's which lends animation to the expression burying-ground, a prospect not the more of thought. He will be remembered, as cheerful for being quite close. When he he was always spoken of, with an affecmoved it was farther west, to larger and tionateness undiminished by any suggesairier chambers, still looking on the Park. tion of abatement; for the effect of that He was now well taken care of, having remarkable personality was not only interplaced himself in charge of a professional esting and original, but singularly engagpurse, a lady in whom he was so lucky as ling.



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From Longman's Magazine. there is little element of danger, almost WILD BEASTS AND THEIR WAYS.

every, sportsman uses his own favorite SIR SAMUEL BAKER's new book, en- weapon and ammunition. When he goes titled “Wild Beasts and their Ways,” into the African or Indian jungles he must will be the source of great pleasure and arm himself effectually, or he may suffer interest to all his disciples and admirers. for it. With the •577 rifle and its proper It is doubtful if there is any man now liv. ammunition the fearful wounds that Sir ing who has had a longer and more varied S. Baker so graphically and minutely deexperience than Sir Samuel Baker in the scribes are immediately fatal. The wild pursuit and destruction of all the large beast loses all power of offence or resistanimals fere natura. His knowledge of ance, for so great is the shock to the systhem must be described as cosmopolitan. tem that its vitality is crushed in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America have instant." Obviously it is a matter of life each and all provided him with a happy or death on both sides. If the sportsman hunting-ground. The elephant, the rhi- on foot pits himself against an elephant or noceros, the hippopotamus, the crocodile, a lion, or any other dangerous beast that lions, tigers, leopards, wolves, wild boars, is far his superior in strength and agility, and bears, bisons (which the Americans he must trust to his rifle to put the balance call buffaloes), Indian and Cape buffaloes, of the chances in his favor. If he holds elks, wapiti, sambur, and red deer, have all his rifle steady, victory will be on his side. been hunted, and hunted successfully, by Those who seek to follow in Sir S. Baker's him.

footsteps will see that Providence is on the There is one point to which Sir Samuel side of the big rifles in the hunting-field Baker desires specially to draw the at- as much as it was on the side of big battention of his readers, regarding his own talions on the battle-field. character as a sportsman. Although, by As there is no special order in Sir S. the necessity of the case, his pages are Baker's arrangement of his subjects, we somewhat blood-stained, he says that he will take the crocodile first amongst the never, if it could be avoided, fired an un- dangerous animals that he describes. The necessary shot, or tried to increase the crocodile, though not the most formidable, mere number of the animals slain by him seems to be the most loathsome antagonist when he had provided sufficient food for of man.

It makes the blood curdle to his companions and followers, or had ob- read the tales that Sir S. Baker has to tell tained a good specimen of head and horns of the murder of some of his favorite folto serve as a trophy of natural history. lowers by the crocodiles of the Upper Nile. Of course, when wild elephants were nu. It must be called murder, for most of the merous and the ivory was valuable, he shot victims of these beasts were not aggresto kill as many of them as he could out of sive, but were simply bathing after their a berd. And it is not to be supposed that day's labors were over, when the crocodile he ever spared a tiger or a lion, or a croc. stole up like an assassin and dragged odile, or any other ferocious animal dan- them beneath the water, so that they were gerous to human life. But when he was

Doubtless Sir S. Baker shooting bison and wapiti in America he felt bitterly the impotence of his wrath refrained again and again from pulling the against such an enemy. But if he could trigger, though his deadly rifle covered the not slay the individual murderer, he could vital points of those great animals within take vengeance on the rest of the family. easy range.

It is not easy to kill a crocodile outright The next point to which it is expedient so as to prevent it sinking beneath the to draw attention may be stated in simple surface. But they do not long survive the terms. Whenever Sir Samuel Baker fired crash of a bullet from a •577 rifle. Sir S. a shot, be fired to kill. Putting it in this Baker tells a curious anecdote of a large form, it seems as if every sportsman crocodile that was caught and conquered might say the same thing for himself. by a big and long-horned Abyssinian cow But with Sir S. Baker it meant a great that had once belonged to him. The cow deal more. Again and again he impresses went to the river's edge to drink, when a on his readers that they must not go out crocodile seized its nose and tried to drag to shoot dangerous wild animals unless it into the water. But the cow stoutly they have the right sort of rifles and bul-resisted, and it was able by its superior lets. His own favorite weapon was the weight to pull the crocodile up the bank of .577 Express rifle with a solid bullet and the river, when the patives surrounded a heavy charge of gunpowder. In ordi- and killed it. Sir S. Baker saw some very pary covert shooting in England, where I large crocodiles on the Victoria Nile, and

seen no more,

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