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Fifth Series, Volamo LXXIII.
No. 2432.– February 7, 1891.
From Beginning, Vol. OLXXXVIII.
CONTENTS. I. HOME RULE AND HOME RULERS,
Contemporary Review, II. EIGHT DAYS. Part X.,
Cornhill Magazine, III. SHUT UP IN THE AFRICAN FOREST,
Nineteenth Century, IV. LORD MELBOURNE,
Belgravia, V. THE REPUBLIC OF SAN MARINO,
Spectator, IX. OLD FRIENDS IN NEW FACES,
323 330 347 357 364 372
THREE GENERATIONS OF FLIRTEES,
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One hand I held. - a captive small
In mute revolt. - was mine misplaced?
In point of taste!
I only meant to “illustrate,”
Or, as it were, rehearse the scene
Recalls with you, my dainty queen
With sweet sixteen.
H. CHOLMONDELEY-PENNELL. Temple Bar.
For they fly, they fly! What now remains
All The Year Round
FROM THE BASQUE.
High in the blue the swallows swim like Etcheco Jauna stood calm at his door,
moths : “Who goes ?” he shouted amid the roar, Bronzed brambles lean o'er chalky cliffs; As his sheep dogs' baying was echoed far
below Over the heights of Altabiscar.
The stream beneath the mill-wheel wbirls and
froths, Through Ibeneta's winding cleft
Then wounded writhes along the meadow The clamor sounded from right to left.
slow. 'Tis the noise of a host that comes from far! White roads with flinty margins rise and fall; Our mountains give back the shout of war! Red houses look out from their orchards Etcheco Jauna heard with a frown;
green; He took his bow and his quiver down. The garrulous magpies to each other call,
And, scant of grass, the tethered oxen glean. They come, they come! How the sunbeams A silvery sound of horse-bells shakes the air, dance
Now calm with coming night. The acacias On flutter of flag and flashing of lance;
stand Rank upon rank, like billows piled.
Etched on the orange sky, where shadows rare “Count our foemen; count well, my child." Guard, as mute sentinels, the enchanted He numbered them slowly to full a score —
land “Twenty 1 ay, twenty, and hundreds more ! Through which the sun sinks to the un
seen sea, Stay not to number them, on to the van,
Behind the wooded heights of Normandy! From the broad Basque mountains come
JOHN HOGBEN. Monville, Seine-Inférieure.
From The Contemporary Review. earlier than it did, and the course of Irish HOME RULE AND HOME RULERS.
history have been other than it was. If, THE possibility that the future of Ire in 1885, Mr. Gladstone had had a majority land and the integrity of the United King. independent oi the Irish vote, we might dom may depend on the issue of a suit in never have heard of Home Rule from his the divorce court suggests some curious lips. Finally, if the O'Gorman Mahon reflections. The part which accident had not introduced Captain O'Shea to Mr. plays in the determinations of history is a Parnell, we might be looking forward to favorite branch of speculation with those Home Rule a few years
hence. philosophers who have a fancy for dealing This doctrine that chance is king, this with the “ might have beens" of the world, historic casualism, was the theory of Bolerecting themselves into a sort of amateur ingbroke, who saw in mortal changes and Providence and constructing a succession events simply the cruel bantering of a of events which never happened. II Eve capricious fortune. It was the doctrine bad not listened to the serpent and eaten which Pope borrowed, as he did many the apple the whole course of the world other things, from him
66 What great would have been changed. If the Pero effects from trivial causes spring sians had not been defeated at Marathon, though he departed from it when he perEurope might have been another Asia. ceived in chance but invisible direction, If Julius Cæsar on the fatal Ides of and in a Borgia or a Catiline effects as March had listened to the soothsayer and natural as plagues and earthquakes. But to Calpurnia, and had stayed away from here too his philosophy was inconsistent the Senate House, the Roman Empire with the recognition that the Providence might have been built up on more durable which bound nature fast in fate left free foundations than those which the inferior te human will. The fact is that your genius of Augustus was able to lay. If “if,” though sometimes a very effective Cleopatra had been a plain and unprepos- peacemaker, is a very imperfect historic sessing person; if, as Pascal puts it, her philosopher. It requires no great discernnose had been an inch shorter than nature ment to see that if a thread here and a actually made it, Antony would not have thread there are plucked from the texture taken flight at Actium ; rather, there would of history, the whole web will be ravelled bave been no sea-fight there for him to fly out and fall in pieces. The particular from. If the fates had granted long days thread which the attempt is made to disto Marcellus, there might have been no entangle is part of the web, and cannot be Tiberius, no Caligula, no Nero. If the severed from it. Instead of holding that accident which was nearly fatal to Richard the great revolutions of history depend Cromwell in the banqueting house had upon shifting and trivial accidents, it is actually brought his weak and worthless more natural to hold that these apparent life to a close, and his brother Henry had accidents are themselves effects of the succeeded to the Protectorate, there might general causes which they are vainly suphave been no Stuart restoration in 1660. posed to originate ; bubbles, or at most If Queen Anne had lived long enough ripples and eddies, on the great stream of
- a few weeks or months would have tendency which carries them along with sufficed to give Bolingbroke time to it. If the Duke of Burgundy, Mr. Lecky complete his plans, there might have been argues, had succeeded Louis XIV., and a Stuart restoration, and all that it implied, France had been spared the regency and
If the disreputable Fred, who the reign of Louis XV. the Revolution was alive and then dead, and left nothing might have been effected peaceably, and more to be said, had lived to succeed his without solution of the continuity of father on the thrope, there might have French society and institutions. But been no American War and no dismem. what reason is there to suppose that the berment of tbe British Empire. If George social pestilence which corrupted into III. had died before Pitt, Catholic Eman moral rottenness the Duke of Orleans and cipation might have come twenty years Louis XV. would have left the character
of the Duke of Burgundy unassailed, or cess. Bad as Mr. Parnell's conduct is in that the pupil of Fénelon would have itself, it is such as, after the decent interturned out better than the pupil of Seneca, val of retirement which Mr. Gladstone of whom even more extravagant hopes judiciously suggested, and after such were at one time, and with apparent rea. atonement as is possible, is usually conson, entertained. The murder of the doned. What has shocked men was less Duchesse de Praslin by her husband, and the sensual offence into which Mr. Parnell M. Teste's conviction of bribery, osten- has been betrayed, than other qualities, sibly led to that revolution of contempt which in one sense magnify his guilt and which overthrew Louis-Philippe; but they in another dwarf it. The cold treachery, were simply instances of a general dete- the protracted hypocrisy, the sneaking rioration of morals, personal and public. concealment under false names and in The popular imagination and indignation constantly shifted residences, the lying fastened on them; but, if they had been responses to the friend whom he deceived wanting, other examples of wickedness in and to the political colleagues to whom high and official places would not have he solemnly declared his innocence, all been lacking to supply the individual of the ignoble expedients of fraud and falsefences and offenders which are necessary hood to which he had recourse, double to concentrate and sharpen dissatisfaction and treble the iniquity which he has and disapproval into indignation and pun- confessed. It is viler in its accidents ishment. A saying of Mirabeau's has and attendant circumstances than in its been recently quoted, which, in its general essence. It is these things which fix the effect, amounts to this: that his private deepest brand upon Mr. Parnell, and ren. excesses had marred his power of serving der the proposal to hand over to him – his country; but his private excesses for to this Home Rule comes – almost were characteristic of his day and his unlimited power in the government of time. · It was a particular instance of a Ireland an act of criminal lunacy. Mr. general malady, which probably would Parnell's deposition from the leadersbip, have been fatal even though Mirabeau however, by no means gets rid of him. had not taken the infection.
Even if it should be ratified by the opinion In the considerations which have been of the Irish race, as it is called, on both indicated is the true answer to the argu- sides of the Atlantic, that judgment is not meat that the personal character of Mr. irreversible. There will be an appeal Parnell is entirely irrelevant to the ques- from Philip sober to Philip drunk. tion of Home Rule, and that if Home If Mr. Parnell should be driven from Rule is right it remains right, no matter English public life without hope of return how wrong he may be proved to be. A to it, the matter is not much mended. very bad man no doubt may be, let us The Irish Gladstonians, to give them the say, a very good mathematician, and the name which best expresses their political worth of his demonstrations does not position, and the tenure by which they depend upon his fidelity to the Ten Com- hold their political existence, have never mandments. But in matters of govern- said any deliberate word in moral condemment, and especially in creating a new nation of Mr. Parnell's conduct. They government, the question of institutions are not in the least shocked by it. The is scarcely more vital than that of per. outcry of the English Nonconformists,
The character of the men into which alarmed Mr. Gladstone, did not in whose hands the conduct of affairs is to the first instance move them. They gathbe put requires to be as carefully weighed ered together in Dublin to denounce what as the powers with which it is proposed they described as the Pharisaic cant of to invest them. From the time of Alci. Ebenezer and Little Bethel. They debiades to that of Charles James Fox, not clared that the spheres of politics and to travel beyond the beginning of the morality were distinct, and they propresent century, great and brilliant states. claimed their unabated confidence in their men have often pushed profligacy to ex- gallant" leader, and the unchilled fervor of their devotion to him. They as little period of alienation, though the two sepdreamt of any political disqualification arate organizations may be maintained, in attaching to Mr. Parnell as Mr. Parnell order to keep up appearances with Mr. did himself. Mr. Parnell perhaps thought Gladstone, and through Mr. McCarthy to that he could better defend his leadership keep open communications with him, the as elected leader than as a candidate pro- divided Irish party will practically be. scribed by Mr. Gladstone. Mr. Parnell, come again one party, secretly directed with all his shrewdness and tactical skill, by Mr. Parnell, and working under bis lacks the dexterity which half a century's astute guidance for the gratification of his Parliamentary experience has conferred insatiable political ambition. Mr. Parnell upon his antagonist. His acceptance of may think that Home Rule may be for the Mr. Gladstone's proposal would, in return benefit of Ireland, but he is determined for temporary effacement in the English that Home Rule shall be his rule. His Parliament, have practically secured him, feeling, to adopt an illustration of the late in the event of Home Rule being carried, Lord Derby's, is not that of the father the Irish premiership; it would not be too who is anxious for the happiness of his much to say, the Irish dictatorship. That, child, through whomsoever it may come, indeed, an Irish Parliament would prob. but of the lover who cannot bear that the ably in any case confer upon him. Sharp object of his passion should owe her hapas have been the conflicts, and bitter as piness to any one but himself. are the animosities, between the Parnell- Those members of the British portion ites and the Irish Gladstonians, they are of the Gladstonian party who are trying not likely to be very long-lived. For a to persuade themselves that Mr. Parnell's time there will, no doubt, be the strongest compulsory retirement from the Irish mutual denunciations. There may be leadership in Parliament, or even the rerival Gladstonian and Parnellite candi-pudiation of him by Irish organizations in dates in every vacant Irish constituency. the United Kingdom and in America, will Mr. Parnell, who has of late years been permanently banish him from public life, the moderator of his party, will probably, do not understand the man and the influas against his successors and rivals, whose ences which work for him. business it now will be to temporize with Supposing that he were banished forand reassure alarmed English feeling, ever, matters would not be sensibly immake appeal to the extreme section, the proved. Except that they were not, and men of outside action. As he formerly could not be, co-respondents with him in incited the tenants against the landlords, the divorce suit, the Irish Parliamentary he is likely now to address himself to the party are nearly all of them accomplices laboring class as against the tenants, if in Mr. Parnell's offences. There are the tenants rank themselves with his ad- some honorable men among them, notably versaries. The more formidable each the distinguished chairman of the Irish section of the party can prove itself to the Gladstonian party, whose character and other, the more anxious each will be for accomplishments partly cover the multireconciliation with its antagonist - such tudinous sins of his colleagues. With reconciliation, that is to say, as is the these deductions, whatever Mr. Parnell condition of common action. Mr. Parnell has done they have done. All the ofis not a sentimentalist, and is indifferent fences which have been proved against to the union of hearts, provided only there him have been brought home to most of is a union of hands. The very fury and them. Men who would shrink from handclamor of the first conflicts between the ing over Ireland to Mr. Parnell, will not Paroellites and the Irish Gladstonians is a mend matters by handing it over instead sigo of a coming understanding. Hatreds to the anti-Parnellite Parnellites, even if may soon burn themselves out. The that should be more than indirectly giving sense of a common interest is a very it to him. It is not to be supposed that durable feeling. There can be very little the scruples of English Gladstonians are doubt, therefore, that after a suitable merely geographical, and that, though