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too strong to allow us to coast along and manila. I said only cocoanuts throve on sbelter ourselves by the land. At last we Harbor Island ; I withdraw these words. round a corner, making our last tack, and We never saw finer or more healthyfind ourselves in the spacious harbor from looking sisal than here, where the sandy wbich the island takes its name, and which soil exactly suits it; and where, after would bold a fleet with ease. Harbor being abused, ill-treated, cut, and burnt, Island is a small island, almost encircled young plants are now sold at sixpence, by Eleuthera, a long, narrow, semi-circular ninepence, and a shilling a dozen. strip of land, and a few other cays to the Harbor Island looks a large place from west. A good gathering of the inhab- the sea ; its grey wooden houses are clusitants was of course on the little pier for tered along the southern shore, raised on the great event of the arrival of the Dart. posts two feet from the ground, the vacant A rose cockatoo, an unmentioned passen-space a shelter for fowls and goats. The ger, which had already visited Harbor church shows well on a rising ground with Island, was received as an old friend, and its pretty bell tower pointing upwards. we were not sorry to find ourselves on The tasteful carving, painting, and arterra firma and in our hired house. rangement of the sanctuary are entirely

We have often been amused at the the handiwork of the rector of St. John's business-like way in which our American Church. Above the church three casuavisitors sally forth on shopping expedi- rina-trees shelter the rectory; a long, bartions; no doubt, the stores of Nassau ap- row wooden building alongside is the S. pear as quaint to them as do the out. School; and two smaller ones at a little island shops to us. Of course we had distance are day schools for boys and taken a box of stores; but who can reckon girls. We have now reached the middle for the countless minutiæ of cooking ? of the island — just a quarter of a mile Our modest wants cost us many steps and and hear the booming of the ocean on the much time. We sought for mustard, and northern beach. We dip down a manilafound it in “the doctor's shop." (Croup lined path, filling our shoes with sand, toil does sometimes visit these latitudes.) up a short ascent, and are on some humTable salt was nowhere; but salt of island mocks covered with sea-bent; before us, manufacture did equally well; a tin of a vast stretch of firm, dry sands, the raceroast beef - all honor to the inventor; a course of the island, with the loveliest of bottle of pickles, soda crackers, fresh seas and the most refreshing of breezes. eggs — what could we want more? We At this season of the year (March) the returned home, only to retrace our steps beach is generally covered with masses of to our farthest limit for cheese and lard. gulf-weed, unpleasant for walking; but Finally, we had dinner, and did justice to there is compensation in all things; so at it. But water that too, we had to buy least thought a man who had the luck to at a halfpenny a bucket. Every tank was light on a piece of ambergris entangled dry, and the happy possessors of wells therein — a find of some thirty pounds made fortunes. Bathing-machines have value. not yet established a footing in the Baha- But though only half a mile wide, Har.

An enterprising P. Secretary once bor Island extends from east to west three planted two on the beach of Fort Mon- miles. Its chief feature is the abundance tagu, Nassau ; but they stuck high and of cocoaput groves, cool, shady retreats, dry on the sand, and finally fell to pieces the sunlight glinting on the rich colored, from sheer neglect. Our bathing cos glossy, drooping leaves; tempting one to tumes were threatened with the same lounge, book in hand, many a sultry hour. fate ; and our daily ablutions had to be We took a pleasant walk to one westward performed in a thimbleful of water. along the hummocks, the hollows of which

It is a pretty sight in the early morning were carpeted with the wild white ribbon to see all the little boats hoist sail and lily. Two ends of a rainbow were visible skim over the harbor to the neighboring over the sea; by degrees the perfect arch mainland of Eleuthera. The soil of Har- disclosed itself, and behind it an advancbor Island is simple sand ; ng but ing shower. The rainbow had the appearcocoaputs can grow in it. All cultivation ance of quickly walking over the water, of vegetables and fruit is carried on at and as it touched the shore, down came Eleuthera, where, by old legislation, a the rain. Fortunately, we were not far grant of land was made to the inhabitants from shelter ; a little shed, to which disof Harbor Island. Three thousand acres tance had lent the appearance of a chålet, of this land they are now desirous of sell. was our goal. To this we hastened; and ing to some Eoglish capitalist for growing though raised at least three feet from the

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ground, and guiltless of steps, we vaulted easily in the Bahamas, and no one is in a into it with an agility which surprised hurry except some newly arrived Englishourselves. The rain over, we descended man. into the cocoanut grove, at the foot of a The Glass Window is the great sight of steep sandbank. Had we possessed a Eleuthera. One of the clergy was going sledge we might have done some tobogan- to the Cove hard by, and kindly combined ing. As it was, we looked about for duty and pleasure by taking us in tow. alpenstocks. It was almost too cold and The sail is the quickest part of the expe. damp to enjoy the cocoanut water with dition, followed on landing by a two-mile which our guide supplied us, robbing our walk over honeycomb rock which defies host with his own tools, for we had brought every effort of the roadmaker. But the down his macheté (bush-knife) from our sight repays the labor. The Glass Win. shelter. A cocoaput grove dripping with dow is a large, rectangular span worn by rain is not so captivating as the same the action of the sea through a mass of grove on a hot sunny day, the long leaves honeycomb rock, giving the effect of a swaying with each breath of wind, and a large window. There is some amount of soft subdued green light, making it look danger at the place, as a sudden wave like the fairy-tales of childhood. To sit in sometimes surges up, boiling and rushing the cocoanut groves on a fallen trunk or on through the window from the chasms be. the soft, dry grass is enjoyment indeed. low. But as you look at the dark blue

This is only one of many pleasant walks waters of the outer sea, and the light blue which this small but pretty island affords. of the inner basin, you forget that the sea Barrack Hill, with its winding walks and is treacherous, and associations come to clumps of bush, like an English common; you of Oxford and Cambridge boat-races, Spit Sands, with its white, sandy, cliff-like of English crowds and eager shouts and banks, a miniature Dover; and the Tract, eager faces. But no. This hot sun can. with groves of sappadillo, laden with fruit not belong to an English March, nor was for passing hand to pluck. Life might be ever English footpath at its roughest spent in worse places than Harbor Island guilty of such wear and tear to shoeby those who can recognize in their neigh- leather as left one of our party almost solebor “a man and a brother.” The library, less on her return home. an excellent one for so remote a place, can Eleuthera boasts also extensive caves, help on many a leisure hour; and of ex. which are said to rival those of Matanzas, cursions there are plenty by sea, for which with stalactites and stalagmites for curi: the kindly inhabitants are always ready to ous eyes, and guano for avaricious ones; lend a boat.

but the writer's only view of them was Three Islands is the popular spot for from the stern of the homeward-bound picnics, an easy distance for a hot country. schooner City of Nassau. With no wind Just twenty minutes' sail over the harbor and a chopping tide, scenery and blue to another cocoanut grove and shell-strewn waters soon lost their charm. On and on shore, with the bluest of water and green- we glided, scarcely moving, with sails full est of islets, surrounded with depths set, “a painted ship on a painted ocean," of mangrove. Coming back c'est autre till, at four o'clock A.M. – twelve hours chose. It took two hours to tack back later than our reckoning - the schooner - the sea like glass, the wind in puffs, crossed the bar, and in the stillness of and the wrong way. Still we slipped early dawn dropped anchor once more in along. What did it signify? Life glides | Nassau harbor.

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BRAZIL'S LIMITED LIABILITY ACT.— Since that no company shall be formed of which the the Limited Liability Company's Act came entire capital is not promised, and one-third into operation in 1862, some thirty thousand actually deposited in an approved bank. The companies have been registered, with a nomi- first stipulation seems to be rather foolish, nal capital of more than £3,000,000,000. Offering, as it does, an inducement for the They have survived in the proportion of about formation of companies with too small a capia third. lIow many of the failures have been tal; but the principle of requiring a substandue to insufficient capital it would, of course, tial deposit is wholly admirable. A tenant be difficult to approximate; but there can be who fills his house with furniture offers the no doubt that this is a main cause of ultimate best proof in his power that he has come to liquidation. Brazil, at any rate, is alive to stay. this evil; and its government has just decreed

Financial News

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Fifth Series, Volume LXXIII.

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No. 2430.- January 24, 1891.

From Beginning, Vol. CLXXXVIII,

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195

204

CONTENTS 1. ALSACE-LORRAINE IN 1890, .

Westminster Review,
II. THE FLIGHT OF THE SHADOW. By George
MacDonald, LL.D.,

Sunday Magazine,
III. RURAL LIFE IN FRANCE IN THE FOUR-
TEENTH CENTURY. Conclusion,

Fortnightly Review,
IV. HENRY VAUGHAN,

Macmillan's Magazine, V. GIVE BACK THE ELGIN MARBLES,

Nineteenth Century, VI. LIFE AMONG THE DRUSES IN 1845 AND 1882,

Asiatic Quarterly Review, VII. WESTMINSTER ABBEY,

Spectator, VIII. THE CAROL, •

Speaker, IX. METEORITIC THEORIES,

Leisure Hour,

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POETRY.
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* BY THE WATERS OF BABYLON,"
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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For EjGHT DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If peither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTBLL & Co.

Single Numbers of The LIVING AGE, 18 cents.

1

SIR CUPID.

He gave them, too, their uses. They will SIR CUPID once, as I have heard,

bring
Determined to discover

Rejoicing to the earth;
What kind of man a maid preferred

The flowers, the leafy boughs where glad

birds sing,
Selecting for a lover,
So, putting on a soldier's coat,

The streams that laugh with mirth.
He talked of martial glory;
And from the way he talked, they say,

And we, whose hopes are here so incomplete,
She seemed to like — the story!

Who vainly pine and brood,

May learn that disappointment may be sweet,
Then, with a smile sedate and grim,

And loss our only good.
He changed his style and station,
In shovel hat and gaiters trim,

There shall be no more weeping, we are told,
He made his visitation.

Where no more there is night,
He talked of this, discoursed on that, Where he shall satisfy us, and enfold,
Of Palestine and Hermon;

Who is both love and light.
And from the way he preached, they say,
She seemed to like- the sermon!

Beloved, take courage. All our sorrows here,

If we but consecrate
Then changed again, he came to her To him, he will transform them. Do not fear,
A roaring, rattling sailor,

But pray and trust and wait.
He cried, “Yo ho! I love you so !
And vowed he'd never fail her.

He who can make the harvests of the earth
He talked of star and compass true,

From rain and sun and air,
The glories of the ocean,

Will, maybe, change to gems of priceless
And from the way he sang, they say,

worth She seemed to like - the notion !

Our tears, our griefs, our care.

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TWILIGHT
THE mystic twilight shrouds the dying day,
The wind sobs through the rain,

"BY THE WATERS OF BABYLON.” Which falls like human tears that must have O WINTER tide, O winter tide,

way,
And ceasing, flow again.

Thy coming brings us sadness;

Afar are those we hold most dear,
The damp and faded leaves give forth a scent Here men are strange, and skies are drear;
Sweet, subtle, but which blends

O winter tide, O winter tide,
With nature's woe, and adds to the lament Thy days are days of sadness.
Of life that all life ends.

O merry bells, O merry bells,
What wonder that we, too, attuned to grief, That ring a Christmas greeting;
To sadness ever prone,

As through the air thy full notes peal,
Find the world's dreary aspect a relief, What softer feelings o'er us steal :
And claim it for our own!

O merry bells, O merry bells,

Ring out a Christmas greeting.
How many men and women, even as I,

Behold the day depart,
And consecrate its ending with a sigh

O fairy tide, O fairy tide,
From an o'erburdened heart!

Thy magic gives men gladness;

Though bleak the sky, though chill the wind, Ah, but God hears them, friends, our dreams If hearts be warm, if friends be kind, he knows,

O Christmas tide, O Christmas tide,
The yearning that is pain;

Thy magic gives us gladness.
He gave the moaning to the wind that blows,

T. M.
The sadness to the rain.

Göttingen.

Academy.

are

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From The Westminster Review.

visa, for which you pay eleven-and-sixALSACE-LORRAINE IN 1890.

pence. The gendarme challenges that We have heard a good deal about the visa, and querulously cross-questions you: efficacy of “twenty years of firm and res- " Who is Schmettau ?” to wit, the gentleolute government.” It so happens that man who has signed it. All this hapat the present moment Alsace and German pened to me at Diedenhofen. One'is Lorraine have completed the precise term afraid to think what the terrorism must of the course prescribed. It was, there. be to natives, when to inoffensive strapfore, I think, no altogether unnatural curi-gers it is so severe. osity which prompted me last summer to There is something also to be objected cross over into the “reichsland," in order on the score of hotels, the majority of to see for myself what the much-extolled which are not good, and as to the merit of panacea has done for conquered provinces. which neither Murray, nor Joanne, nor

The trip has more to recommend it be. Mündel serves as a trustworthy guide. sides the political lesson to be learnt. It But once you can manage to stomach is true, the German gendarmes make trav- these trifles, the country has plenty to elling rather a troublesome process. The make it attractive. The mountains are whole country seems under police surveil- splendid. There are truly magnificent lance. It literally bristles with spiked forests — forming, according to M. About, belmets. There are policemen every one-ninth in extent and one-sixth in value, where. You come upon them at every of the entire forest-wealth of undivided turo, armed as if for war, with a rifle on France. There interesting old their shoulders, and a bullet in the barrel churches, and abbeys, and other historical

fierce of aspect, and ready to bully you monuments, from Druidical times downas only German gendarmes can bully. ward. There is the rich, smiling plain of And they watch you with Argus eyes. the Rhine — from time immemorial “la " To have a bundle of notes about you, or cave à vin, le grénier, à blé, le gardea tourist's map," said the late M. Grad, “is manger des pays environnants." You can at once to make you an object of suspicion realize here what a Frenchman must feel and mistrust.” On such evidence you are at the thought of the loss of so rich a held, as Habakkuk was by Voltaire, to be possession. Industrial life offers some “capable de tout from simple espion- peculiar, noteworthy features. age up to bigh treason. To carry a does the highly perfected system of provMurray,”

." I found, with Alsace still in ident and co-operative institutions, which cluded in “ France," and places described has been the making of the Alsatian workby their French names, is ten times worse. ing-man – receiving him, as M. Grad You are supposed personally to have re-says, at his birth with a ready welcome, fused recognition to the treaty of Frank. assisting him through every incident of fort. But even asking for information bis toilsome life, and never withdrawing only — rather an excusable proceeding, its helpful hand, till the grave closes over one would think, in a tourist - is enough him. to stamp you a suspicious character. And But with all these things I have at the German gendarmes have no respect present nothing to do. My business is either for persons or for laws. Their em. with the governors and the governed, peror says that Englishmen may travel brought together twenty years ago, not by witbout passports. But the gendarme a mutual desire for union, but by the rules from his superior thrope that a pass. strong hand of fate. It was an interesting port every traveller must have.

The political experiment which Germany - or emperor has ordained nothing about Prussia - entered upon at that time, and passports being made out in German. one which Europe might well watch with The gendarme sulkily objects that he curiosity. There seemed to be no insu. does not know English – why was not perable obstacle in the way of reunion, at the passport written in his own language? any rate assuming the employment of tact Their emperor's ambassador gives you a 'and patience. Germany did not go among

And so

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