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mies of the Academy eventually found the part of his friends was put forth to they had a majority in the Convention, and save him. The Commission of Weights they hastened to make use of it. The and Measures, ħo ded by Borda and painter David pronounced the doom of Haüy, appealed to Committee of Pub. all the learned societies of France, and lic Safety. It refuse.. discuss the petithe Convention decreed their suppression tion, and two days ain. wards, on the on August 8, 1793. Fourcroy had tri. advice of the Committee of Public Inumphed; too timorous to work in the open, struction, of which Fourcroy and Guyton he had been the unseen power behind the Morveau were members, the names of Convention which had steadily under- Borda, Lavoisier, Laplace, Coulomb, Bris. mined the influence of the Academy, and son, and Delambre were removed from had at length effected its destruction, the Commission. The Committee of As. Still Lavoisier did not despair. He ap- signats requested in vain that Lavoisier pealed to the Committee on Public In. might be allowed to work in his laboratory. struction to allow the members of the The Bureau de Consultation des Arts et Academy to continue their labors, and he Métiers, of which Lavoisier was president entreated that the work of the Commission at the time of his arrest, addressed a of Weights and Measures might not be memorial extolling the value of his public interrupted. True to his trust, he pleaded services, and drawing especial attention for those of his colleagues who had been to the fact that the scheme of national reduced to poverty by the decree of the instruction then before the Convention Convention :
was entirely of his creation. All was in
vain. The Terrorists were in complete It is unnecessary to add, citizens, that the ascendancy in the Convention. Robes. continuance of their salaries to those who have pierre had swept Hebert and Danton from earned them is demanded by justice; there is his path, and the work of " not an Academician who, if he had applied his
purification intelligence and means to other objects, would was going on merrily. On May 8, 1794, the not have been able to secure a livelihood and fermiers-généraux were brought to trial, a position in society. It is on the public faith but their condemnation had already been that they have followed a career, honorable pronounced. Liendon, in the turgid rhet. without doubt, but hardly lucrative. Many oric of the period, demanded the heads of of them are octogenarians and infirm; several the prisoners. “The measure of the of them have spent their powers and their crimes of these vampires is filled to the health in travel and investigations undertaken brim ... the immorality of these crea. gratuitously for the Government; the sense of tures is stamped on public opinion; they rectitude of Frenchmen will not allow the
are the authors of ail the evils that have nation to disappoint their hopes; they have at least an absolute right to the pensions decreed afflicted France for some time past. in favor of all public functionaries. ... Citi- Hallé attempted to intervene on behalf zens, the time presses; if you allow the men of Lavoisier, and presented the memorial of science who composed the defunct Acad- of the Bureau de Consultation ; Coffinhal, emy to retire to the country, to take other who presided, pushed it aside, with the positions in society, and to devote themselves memorable words : “ La République n'a to lucrative occupations, the organization of pas besoin de savants; il faut que la jus. the sciences will be destroyed, and half a cen- tice suive son cours. The twenty-eight tury will not suffice to regenerate the order. fermiers-généraux were found guilty of For the sake of the national honor, in the death. They were sentenced to be exeinterests of society, as you regard the good cuted within twenty-four hours, and it was opinion of foreign nations, I beseech you to make some provision against the destruction ordered that their property should be conof the arts which would be the necessary con- fiscated to the Republic. Such was the sequence of the annihilation of the sciences. haste of the judges that the decision of
the jury was omitted from the minute of The Convention was inexorable and judgment - an act of informality which Fourcroy was relentless. He now acted Dobsen used with terrible effect a few as if his object was to crush Lavoisier, months later, when Fouquier-Tinville and and by an adroit move he caused him to Coffinhal found themselves in the place of be stigmatized as a counter-revolutionist. the unfortunate fermiers-généraux. On A few days afterwards the Convention the following morning the condemned men ordered the arrest of Lavoisier, together were taken from the Conciergerie to the with the rest of the fermiers-généraux Place de la Révolution. They bade each who had signed the leases of David, Sal- other farewell; Papillon d'Auteroche, seezard, and Mager, and he was conducted to ing the crowd en carmagnole as the carts the prison of Port-Libre. Every effort on passed through the streets, raised a smile
BY W. E. NORRIS.
as he said disdainfully, in allusion to the
From Murray's Magazine. confiscation of his effects : “ What vexes
MARCIA. me is to have such disagreeable heirs." They were guillotined in the order of their
THIRLBY HALL," ETC. names on the indictment. Lavoisier saw fall the head of his father-in-law, and was himself the fourth to suffer. In common
WORSE THAN AN ASS." with all his companions, he bore himself with dignity, and met his end calmly and THERE is, no doubt, a certain bitter with courage. The spectacle of such for- sweetness in giving up all that we value titude awed the crowd into silence, and no for the sake of those whom we love ; but reproach or insult reached the ears of the it must be confessed that the bitterness dying man.
predominates largely over the sweetness Thus perished, at the age of fifty.one, from the moment that we begin to suspect one of the most remarkable men of whom them of being unworthy of such a sacrihistory has any record. All that was mor. fice. In reality they must always be so, tal of him was thrown into the cemetery because the worthy people will not accept of Madeleine, and the place of his inter- sacrifices; still self deception upon the ment was forgotten. The news of this point is not impossible. Unluckily for great crime profoundly affected the intel- poor Willie, it had become so in his lectual world. Eighteen months before, case, and without saying to himself in so our own Royal Society had sent Lavoisier many words that his mother's love for the Copley medal, the highest gift it has him was of a purely selfish order, he nevto bestow. It came to him as a ray of ertheless knew the truth. Looking for. encouragement, if not of hope, during the ward into the future, he could discern no dark hours of his struggle to save the prospect of compensation, nor any object Academy. There was not a scientific that seemed much worth living for, except body in Europe which failed to give utter. indeed his profession; and the profession ance to its sense of shame and sorrow. of a soldier in time of peace cannot be With the fall of Robespierre this feeling counted as a very exciting one.
It only penetrated France. On October 22, 1795, remained for him to submit to his destiny Lalande pronounced an éloge on Lavoisier with courage and resignation; to submit before the Lyceum of Arts, and in the to it cheerfully was, he felt, beyond him. midst of the extraordinary revulsion of It has been said that he had at last popular feeling which preceded the days begun to feel a little hopeful with regard of the Directory the same body decreed to Lady Evelyn. Nothing verbal, it is a solemn funeral ceremony in his honor. true, had passed between them of a nature It was, in truth, a lugubrious farce, marked to justify hope; but he had made tenta. by all the extravagances of taste and sentive advances which had not been repelled, liment which were then in fashion, and it and once or twice, when their eyes had was crowned by an éloge - from Four chanced to meet, he had fancied that he croy. Time-serving and timorous as ever. saw a look in hers which had not been Fourcroy had no other extenuation than there before — although, of course, he an appeal to the memories of the Great might have been quite mistaken. Well, Terror. “Carry yourselves back to that at any rate, there must be an end of all frightful time ... when terror separated that now. Whatever his chances might even friends from each other, when it iso have been, he had deliberately parted lated even the members of a family at with them, and there was no other course their very fireside, when the least word, open to him than to part also with her. the slightest mark of solicitude for the He must make some excuse for leaving unfortunate beings who were preceding Torquay, as as possible, since it you along the road to death, were crimes was no longer in his power to associate and conspiracies.". For Fourcroy to plead with her upon a footing of mere acquaintthat he was pusillanimous hardly serves anceship, nor permissible for him to assoto exculpate him. He would have us be- ciate with her upon any other footing, lieve that he was powerless to avert the Meanwhile, he resolved that he would catastrophe he now affects to deplore ; but avoid seeing her at all until he should have he stands charged, on his own showing, received his uncle's reply to the commu. with participation in acts which largely nication which he now sat down to write. contributed to it, and the charge lies heav- He could not, even if he had wished to ily on his memory.
do so, have concealed from the head of T. E. THORPE. the banking firm so important a circum
stance as that he desired to sell out £4,000 £4,000 somehow or other, and you know forth with, and he thought it best to de- or perhaps you don't knosy – I'm sure spatch a private letter to Sir George as I hope you don't — that applying to the well as a formal notification of his require. Jews is a horribly expensive way of doing ments to the bank. He said what he had business. The only thing I am sorry to say simply and without any attempt at for is that, according to your mother, excuse or apology; for his uncle, as he this may get you into trouble with your very well knew, would consider his action uncle. But, after all, I don't think he can hopelessly inexcusable. It was not even grumble very much. It isn't as if you worth while to state his motives, the had taken to betting or gambling, as most cogency of which could never be rendered young fellows with your expectations manifest to a sensible man like Sir would do." George. As to the results which would “My uncle will undoubtedly cut me out follow, Willie did not feel the slightest of bis will," answered Willie. “I shall doubt. It was all very well for his mother have enough of my own to live upon, but to smile at the threats of a man who had I shall not be able to afford any more no heir and would be puzzled to find one, loans. Perhaps it is as well to tell you but, as a matter of fact, Willie knew his that at once.' uncle to be not only obstinate but consci- And, having imparted this agreeable entious. There were many points upon piece of information, he left the room. which Sir George might be opposed and “That young man," mused Archdale, vanquished; but with regard to the cus. after he had gone, “has no sort of urbantody of his money and the performance of ity. What is the use of saying nasty what he believed to be his duty he was things to a man who is trying hard to be certain to be immovable.
civil to you? Well, I've done my best to The ensuing day was a very long and conciliate him, and if he won't make very sad one for our poor hero. He had, friends, why, he must do the other thing; as was only to be expected, slept little and as he justly remarks, it isn't I who owe was feeling wretchedly ill; he would not him any any thanks. As for old Brett's go to Malton Lodge, he did not know how cutting him off with a shilling, I expect to occupy himself, and he was bound in he knows as well as I do that there's no honor to keep up appearances as far as he fear of that.” could before his mother, who evidently But Willie, knowing Sir George a good thought that he was repenting a little of deal better than Mr. Archdale did, was not his generosity. However, he was under in the least surprised when, by return of no such obligation to his stepfather who post, a letter reached him from Blaydon had the bad taste to be profusely grateful Hall in which he was given plainly to un. to him.
derstand that he must expect no further "Really, it's uncommonly good of you favors from one whose wishes he had to help us out of this mess, my dear chosen to set at nought. fellow,” said Archdale, "and you may be “ Your instructions have been acted sure that you will get the interest of your upon," Sir George wrote, " and in a few money regularly until I can scrape to days' time the sum which you propose to gether enough to clear off the debt. I hand over to your mother will be placed don't think you will be put to any serious to your credit. Sioce your determination inconvenience about it; still you have has been made with a full knowledge of done me an immense service, which, lits necessary consequences, I shall not assure you, I shall never forget.”. waste time by reproaching you. I will
"I lent the money to my mother," an. merely mention that I shall this day sign swered Willie shortly.
a fresh will, in which your name will not “Yes, yes, I quite understand that appear. It would be idle to pretend that Only it was my fault that your mother had the news of your folly - and, I must add, to ask you for it, you see.”
your ingratitude - has not come upon me “And I quite understand that,” said as a severe blow; but I must bear it as Willie. “You have nothing to thank me best I may. I trust that Lady Evelyn for;
; so we needn't say any more about it.” Foljambe, whom you appear willing to
But Archdale, thinking it a pity that resign without a struggle, will think, as I this tiniely advance should be a cause of do, that she is well rid of so weak-kneed a ill-feeling between him and his benefactor, lover. persisted in saying more. “Situated as “ There was some talk, I believe, of I am just now," he explained, “it is a your coming here again before Christmas, matter of sheer necessity for me to raise l but under all the circumstances I will ask
you to consider that engagement cancelled. “ What have you been doing with your Your aunt, I am sorry to say, is once more self all this time?”. Lady Wetherby in. seriously unwell, and I wish to spare her quired. “ I'm afraid it is bardly necessary the distress of hearing that you have to ask though, for I can see by your face ceased to be what we have always hoped that you have been ill again. Have you that you would be, namely, our successor any business to be here now, I wonder ? " here, and, to all intents and purposes, our “Oh, yes,” answered Willie, with a
This I could not do if you were in somewhat forlorn smile, for he was thinkthe house. I have nothing more to say. ing that if Lady Wetherby knew all she Your mind is made up, and mine, as you would be decidedly of opinion that he had are aware, was made up long ago. We no business in her house. 6. There is need not quarrel over it; but it will be nothing particular the matter with me; obvious to you that our relations must only I am feeling a little seedy to-day.' henceforth be of a far more formal kind Who wouldn't be in such weather?" than they have hitherto been.”
exclaimed Lady Evelyn. “If one must That much was certainly obvious, and needs be soaked to the skin and chilled to Willie could not take exception to the the marrow of one's bones, surely one terms in which his uncle's more or less might as well be following the hounds in valedictory epistle was couched. It was one's native county.". as unequivocal as he had expected it to “I suppose you will be in your native be and a good deal more temperate than county before the hunting is over,” said he had ventured to anticipate, And now, Willie interrogatively. since everything was settled beyond re- She shrugged her shoulders. “ Not call, he thought there would be no harm in until after Christmas, anyhow, and even his walking as far as Malton Lodge. He then I don't know. It depends upon could not tell Lady Wetherby in plain lao- mamma, who is bankering after the fleshguage that he had withdrawn the preten- pots of Egypt or the wind and dust of the sions of which she had been informed ; Riviera. But I live in hopes." but he owed it to her to make the fact This was perhaps as good an opporapparent, and this might easily be done by tunity as another for announcing that soon a casual mention of his intention to ex. after Christmas he himself would in all chaoge into the linked battalion of his probability be on his way towards a sun. regiment, which was quartered in India. nier clime ; but Willie did not profit by
Towards dusk, therefore, he set forth it. He was afraid of being catechized, to acquit himself of his duty, fighting his and thought it would be wiser to defer bis way against a south-easterly gale and a statement until the last moment. So he cold, driviog rain. Torquay, notwithstand. swallowed the tea which was poured out ing the high character that it bears as a for him, and talked and was talked to for health resort, is not exempt from occa- a time, though what the subjects conversed sional south-easterly winds, and no En about were he would have been puzzled to glishman requires to be told what a say afterwards. combination of south-easterly wind and The entrance of an old woman, envelwet weather means. One does not often oped in furs, who, by her own account, had meet with people who want to go to In- braved the elements in order to make sure dia ; but under such horrible atmospheric of finding dear Lady Wetherby åt bome, conditions even a man who proposes to necessarily threw the responsibility of en. leave his heart behind him may feel that tertaining him upon Lady Evelyn, and she Asia possesses certain advantages over proceeded to do so by retiring to the other northern Europe. Willie was not quite end of the double drawing-room and mak. philosophical enough to take that view, ing him a sign to follow her. A few days yet he was rather glad that the world. before he would have been overjoyed by looked so utterly dreary and woe-begone such a mark of favor, but now it only that evening. Suoshine and a blue sky made his heart ache the more. What would have been intolerable.
could he say to her? All he knew was The ladies were, of course, at home. that he was in duty bound to avoid saying He found them, as he had expected to too much. find them, drinking tea before the fire, As it happened, things were made com. and they welcomed him all the more paratively easy for him ; for Lady Evelyn, warmly, because, as they declared, they after some further disparaging criticisms had given up all hope that anybody would upon the climate of the west of England, be charitable enough to enliven their soli- asked him whether he expected to be tude on such a day.
quartered much longer at Plymouth, and
as that was a question to which he would | Willie rose to do likewise. He did not have to give a definite reply before quit- inform Lady Wetherby, of his plans, ting the house, he did not see his way to knowing that she would hear about them evade answering it at once.
presently from her daughter, so that his “The regiment will be there for another leave-taking was only such as is customary year most likely,” he said, in as uncon- between people who expect to meet again cerned a voice as he could command, “but on the morrow. I don't think I shall remain with it. 1 Nevertheless he had almost made up want to exchange to India if I can.” his mind that it should be final. When
There was no lamp in the room where he was once more out in the wind and the they were seated, and Lady Evelyn was rain, he said to himself that it would be shielding her face from the fire with a wiser not to risk a second visit to Malton hand-screen, so that it was impossible to Lodge. Lady Wetherby might, and very see how she was affected by his words, likely would, ask for explanations which though he stole an eager side-glance at it would be painful as well as useless to her as soon as they were uttered. It must give, and Evelyn, it was very plaio, would be owned that he was a little disappointed Dot trouble her head about him after he by the perfect indifference with which she should be out of sight. He must get the returned,
doctor's permission to return to duty, or, if “Really! Will you like that better that could not be obtained, he must invent than England, do you think?”
some pretext for running up to London. “In some ways, I dare say,” he an. It was now quite dark, and he would swered. “Of course, one is sorry to have passed without recognizing a solitary leave one's friends."
pedestrian whom he met breasting the hill “Oh, you will make new ones. Your which he was descending, had not that mother will be sorry to lose you though. individual hailed in Mortimer's voice, And what about your uncle - does he ap- “Hullo, Brett! It is Brett, isn't it?" prove ?”
Willie took his friend's outstretched "I don't suppose he will object; but I hand. • What in the world has brought haven't consulted him. I'm not bound to you here, Mortimer?” he asked. “I consult him, you know.”
thought you were never coming to Tor. “I thought he was rather under the quay any more." impression that you were; but old gentle- Well, so did I," answered the other, men are very liable to be under mistaken with a laugh ; " but I went off in such a impressions of that kind. When do you hurry that I left some things behind me propose to start ? ”
at the hotel, and then there were some To an experienced student of women, bills that I forgot to pay, and -- and so I like Cecil Archdale, this assumption of thought I would just run down for a couple nonchalance would have appeared decid- of nights." edly overdone; but it was quite artistic But perhaps he felt that this was really enough to deceive Willie, who accepted it too lame an explanation to pass muster; as a convincing proof that his half-formed for he added, with another apologetic hopes had been built upon sand and who laugh, "Well, the fact is, I wanted to have was scarcely as glad of that as he ought to a last glimpse of — of you all. Between have been. He explained that exchanges you and me, old man, I find that shooting could not be effected at a moment's notice, won't do - I must get out of the old and that there was little likelihood of his groove altogether. So I've made up my getting away from England before the mind to go round the world, and I expect spring, but that, as he had various ar- I shall be away for at least a year. Now, rangements to make, he would probably tell me, is everything settled between you rejoin his regiment very shortly.
and Lady Evelyn?" ' So that we shan't see much more of They were standing in the middle of you, I presume," observed Lady Evelyn the road, exposed to the full fury of the cheerfully. "Well
, I hope you will enjoy weather, but hard by was one of those yourself out there and have plenty of pig- Alights of steps, known in Torquay as sticking. If I were you I should make a slips,” which enable foot passengers to point of going to some place where there scale the many hills in a somewhat shorter are pigs to stick."
space of time than is required by vebicles, She went on chatting about Indian field and which are usually flanked on either sports and other kindred topics for ten side by the high walls of adjacent gardens, minutes or so, after which the old lady in Into the comparative shelter thus afforded the next room took her departure, and I Willie now drew his friend, and there