army on his first expedition to the north to enforce the adoption of the covenant by all recusants.

Shortly after his Lordship had become Earl of Southesk, an unhappy accident occurred which caused the death of his intimate friend the Master of Gray. Lord Southesk and the Master of Gray, were both expert swordsmen. After a convivial meeting near London in the end of August 1660, whilst they were fencing with their swords, with no intention to injure each other, the Earl of Southesk had the misfortune to inflict on his friend a mortal wound of which he soon died.

Tradition saith that the fame of the Earl of Southesk as an expert swordsman was attributed to the gift of supernatural power. He is said to have studied the Black Art at Padua, a place once famed for its seminaries of magic. The devil himself was the instructor, and he annually claimed as the reward of his tuition, the person of a pupil at dismissing the class. To give all a fair chance of escape, he ranged the class in a line within the school, and on a given signal, all rushed to the door, the devoted victim being he who was last in getting out. On one of these occasions Sir James Carnegie was the last, but having invoked the devil to take his shadow which was the object last behind, instead of himself, the devil caught by the ruse seized the shadow in place of the substance. It was afterwards remarked that Sir James never had a shadow, and that, to hide this defect, he usually walked in the shade.

There is also a tradition that at Earl James' death, the devil carried him away in a coach and six and plunged with him into a well near the family burying-ground. The adjoining valley is universally known as the “Deil's Den," and it is said that on stormy nights the Earl sometimes drives past his former home in the equipage provided for him by his Satanic Majesty!

James, fifth Earl of Southesk, is supposed to have been the brave Carnegie who is the hero of the popular song—“The Piper o' Dundee.” The subject of the song appears to have

been the proceedings of a private meeting held at Dundee for the purpose of favouring the Jacobite cause.

There was Tullibardine and Burleigh,

And Struan, Keith, and Ogilvie,
And brave Carnegie, wha but he,

The piper o' Dundee.” Sir David Carnegie, grandfather of the present Earl of Southesk, was educated successively at Eton, St Andrews, and Christ Church, Oxford. He very early gave promising indications of literary talent and poetic genius. In the year 1773, when Lord North was installed as Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Sir David, indulging the inspiration of his muse, wrote some really fine stanzas in commemoration of that event, which are carefully preserved in the archives of Kinnaird Castle.

In March next year (1774) Sir David read an Essay or Declamation on “A Comparison of the Athenian and Spartan Constitutions,” in the Hall of Christ Church College. The subject proposed was—“Whether the Athenian or Spartan Constitution was the most excellent ;” and Lord Lewisham to whom the option was given, having chosen to support the latter, it fell to Sir David to defend that of Athens.

At intervals Sir David continued to cultivate the muses. In 1777, he composed, and sent to Miss Doig an elegant poem, as an apology for his long silence. Again, he presented a poetic welcome to a relative on her arrival at Kinnaird, in 1779, commencing thus :

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“ Since with your presence you have deigned to grace

The uncouth mansion of this ancient place,
Accept our thanks, O Anna ! and receive
The heartiest welcome that your host can give.

Long from your country and your friends remov'd,
From those who loved you, and from those you loved,
You came at length to dry affliction's tear,
And make it lighter by the share you bear.
Though pleased that ought could move you to return,
We praise the motive, while the cause we mourn."

Sir David took an active part in the management of the affairs of the large and important county in which his estates were situated, and he was looked up to as a leader in political and other matters connected with the district where he resided. At the general election in 1784, he was elected Member of Parliament for the group of Burghs consisting of Montrose, Brechin, Aberdeen, Bervie and Arbroath. Again, at the general election in 1796, Sir David was elected member for the county of Forfar. Sir David continued to represent Forfarshire till his death, which took place in 1805.

Sir David, however, was not the only poet of his race, for we find that Mrs Carnegie of Pittarrow and Charlton, was largely embued with an ardent love of the muses. In September 1761, when she was only seventeen years


she composed a poem entitled “A Vision,” in which some really fine thoughts occur.


commences thus:-
“Methought, I most devoutly pray'd
To great Apollo for his aid,
And that he'd give me—nothing less)
A muse to be my governess :
When on a cloud of purple dye
A nymph came swiftly from on high,
And stopt before my wondering eye;
Perpetual smiles adorned her face,

And heighten'd every youthful grace.” Our fair poetess wrote several other poems, entitled “On Light” “On the Approach of Winter ”. “Donottar Castle' &c., all of which exhibit an ardent love of Nature, and considerable fire of poetic genius.

At the early age of six years, Sir James Carnegie succeeded his father, Sir David, having been born at Kinnaird on the 28th of September 1799. After his education had been completed, Sir James, in the autumn of the year 1818, made a tour through parts of France, Germany, and Italy; and in the following year, he revisited these countries. During the year 1820, he travelled in Spain and Holland. And in the spring of the year 1824, he made another tour through parts of France and Italy.

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Sir James kept journals of all his travels, a part of which is preserved at Kinnaird. He also took a warm interest in the spiritual welfare of the people of his district. In 1834 he corresponded with Dr Chalmers on the subject of free sittings in churches and other matters connected with the extension and additional endowment of the church of Scotland.

Sir James Carnegie for sometime took an active part in those political questions which frequently agitated the country in his day. Like his father, Sir David, he became the representative of the Montrose district of Burghs in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. He was elected at the general election in 1830, and continued to represent these burghs till the dissolution of that Parliament. For many years before his death, he withdrew from taking an active part in public affairs, and lived retired with his family at Kinnaird.

James, sixth and present Earl of Southesk, (and but for the attainder, ninth Earl) was born at Edinburgh on the 16th of November, 1827. He received the earlier part of his education at the Edinburgh Academy, and in 1841, became a cadet at the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, where he passed examinations which entitled him to a commission without purchase. In 1845, he was gazetted to an ensigncy in the 92d Highlanders; and on 23d January 1846, he obtained a commission in the Grenadier Guards, in which he remained


for three years.

On the death of Sir Thomas Burnett of Leys, Lord Lieutenant of Kincardineshire, in 1849, the Earl, then Sir James Carnegie, was nominated to that office by the crown, and he continued to hold it until shortly after the disposal of his estate of Strachan in that county in 1856, when he deemed it his duty to resign the Lord Lieutenancy.

It being the great ambition of his life to see his family reinstated in their ancient family honours, Sir James Carnegie in the year 1853, renewed the claim originally made by his


father and grandfather to the titles of Earl of Southesk and Lord Carnegie. At the final meeting of the Committee of

. Privileges held on the 24th July 1855 after the Act of Restitution had been passed, the Attorney-General (Cockburn) on the part of the Crown, stated that he agreed in the opinion expressed by the Lord Advocate on a former occasion, that the pedigree had been satisfactorily proved ; and the Committee of Privileges resolved that the claim to the titles of Earl of Southesk and Lord Carnegie of Kinnaird and Leuchars had been established. Lord Southesk was afterwards placed on the roll of Peers in Scotland, with the same precedency as if no forfeiture had taken place, and his brothers and sisters received a grant of precedency in the same rank as the children of an earl.

In the year 1850-1, and again in 1864-5, Lord Southesk passed the winter in France and Italy. In 1859, he travelled in North America visiting parts of Canada, and of the United States; and proceeding by the Minnesota route to Fort Garry in the Red River Settlement. Thence he set out on a hunting expedition, crossed the prairies to the Rocky mountains, and stayed there some weeks, chiefly in the district near the heads of the two branches of the river Saskatchewan. During winter he travelled from Fort Edmonton to Fort Garry, and thence by St Paul to New York, and, after an absence of nearly a year, he returned to England in March 1860.

That the present Earl of Southesk has inherited the polished culture and literary genius of his distinguished ancestors, the publication in 1875, of “Saskatchewan, and The Rocky Mountains: A Diary and Narrative of Travel, Sport, and Adventure, during a journey through The Hudson's Bay Companies Territories, in 1859 and 1860,”—abundantly testifies.

The subject matter of this work, so carefully and truthfully treated, and written in such an easy gracefully flowing style at once captivated the reading public, whose universally

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