Of the work it may be said that it has some claim to novelty, that it is comprehensive in its subjects, and calculated to afford a variety of information both entertaining and instructive. The sentiments exhibited will not perhaps be acceptable to all parties, but they are those of a writer little influenced by the opinions of others, and only desirous of promoting the cause of truth. How far the work may be conducive to that effect the Author does not presume to say; but this he is ready to declare, that the conviction of errors being ever salutary, he will quietly submit to the refutation of any of the many opinions he has advanced, glad that others are right, though he may perchance be



MARCH 10, 1846.


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The pillar the symbol of the Divine Power, 119–The pillars Jachin and

Boaz, 120—The pillar before Indra Subba, 122—The cause of the first

worship of pillars, 123—The establishment of Brahmens in Hindosthan, 124–

The Hyperboreans and Celts, 126—Of the worship of the Male and Female

Powers of Nature, 130—The pre-eminence of the Celtic goddess Ket, 135—

The Copt Oak of Charnwood Forest a Celtic Tau, 136—The introduction of

pillar worship among the Phænicians, 139_-Their use of pillars, 140—Use of

pillars by other nations, 141—The Maypole was a sacred pillar, 145—The

sanctity of the sceptre of kings, 146—Sacred stones still extant in England,

146—Tolmen stones and the new-birth, 148—The Egyptian Obelisk, 151-

The tops of hills the abodes of gods, 156—Pillars atop the barrow, 158—

Pompey's Pillar, 160—The origin of the capitals of pillars, 162–The Logan

or vibrating stone, 164-Symbolical pillars on sepulchral mounds, 169—Of the

power of departed spirits and the Hindu dherna, 173—the worship paid

them, 175—Opheltes the Nemean Jupiter, and temple of Abury, 177—The

temple of Shu-maha-deo-prà, 183— The ancient patriarchal altars were placed

in low situations, 185—The ancient altars of the heathen nations and sub-

sequently their temples, were situate at the foot of eminences, 187—The altars

or temples of the Celts or Druids were generally situate on eminences at the

fout of higher eminences, 188—The Persians and idolaters of later ages

worshipped and builded altars on the summits of hills, 189—Mussulman

imitations of the structures of Hindù idolaters, 191-Other imitations of the

Why caves should have been used for religious worship, 221—The Corycian

cave was probably one first so used, 223—Other caves of ancient record, 225—

The cave of Makkedah, 227— Titans, the sons of Ouranus and Gaia, were

worshipped in caves, 228—Tydain and Prydain, alias Titan and Saturn, were

Celtic deities worshipped in caves, 230—The Grecian Jupiter was at first

worshipped in a cave, 235—The Nymphean cave of the Odyssey, 237–

Sacred caves of record, 241—Rites performed at the oracular cave of Tro-

phonius, 242—Similar rites in India, 245—Cave of the Black Ceres of Phigalia,

246—of Black Calì in Bengala, 248—of Black Annis near Leicester, 249–

The cave of the Cyclop Polyphemus, 250—of Cacus, 252—Caves in Derby-

shire, 253— Traditional cave near Humberston, 255-Similar caves seen by

Bishop Heber in Hindosthàn, 256—Celtic Cromlechs, 258—were sacred caves

of simple form, 259—Cromlech of Cacus, 262—The Maen Amber, 265—The

interior of the cave of Cacus, and rites there performed, 266—and in other

Celtic caves, 269— Appendages 10 these caves, 271—Cromlechs with more

than one cell, 272—The kist-vaen, maen-arch or ark of the Cromlech, 274—

The rites performed at and in the kist-raen, 276_Of the ark of Ket, 279—

Of the tabernacle of Moloch and Chiun, 281–Arks of Osiris of different

furms, 281— The ark Cypselis, 284—Ark of Ericthonius, 284—The symbols

included within these arks, 285_Observations of Clement of Alexandria,

286_-The celebrity of these arks, 288—Argus was once the Supreme God,

Argo the Female Power, 290—The ark of the Mosaic Law, 291_Saturn was

under various names the special object of worship in Egypt and northern

Africa, 295—Troglodytes, 296_Temple of Ybsambul, 297—was probably

wrought by Sesostris, 299—is an improvement of the Cromlech, 301-The

Abusha Subba of Abyssinia, 303_Saint George and the Dragon, 305—Of the

form of Egyptian temples, 305— They were intended to represent cave-temples,

312—The Egyptian Labyrinth, 313-— Egyptian tombs, 317–The Labyrinth of


, 321 – Of Porsena king of Etruria, 322—Etruscan tumuli, 324—What were

the uses of the several cells of the Celtic Cromlech, 326—No Cromlechs extant

in Hindost hàn so perfect as those in Britain, 327_The Indra Subba, 328–The

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