Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 2, History of Scientific Thought

Első borító
Cambridge University Press, 1956. jan. 3. - 696 oldal
The second volume of Dr Joseph Needham's great work Science and Civilisation in China is devoted to the history of scientific thought. Beginning with ancient times, it describes the Confucian milieu in which arose the organic naturalism of the great Taoist school, the scientific philosophy of the Mohists and Logicians, and the quantitative materialism of the Legalists. Thus we are brought on to the fundamental ideas which dominated scientific thinking in the Chinese middle ages. The author opens his discussion by considering the remote and pictographic origins of words fundamental in scientific discourse, and then sets forth the influential doctrines of the Two Forces and the Five Elements. Subsequently he writes of the important sceptical tradition, the effects of Buddhist thought, and the Neo-Confucian climax of Chinese naturalism. Last comes a discussion of the conception of Laws of Nature in China and the West.
 

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Tartalomjegyzék

P
120
6 European parallels the Golden Age p
127
i The aims of the individual in Taoism the achievement
139
THE FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS OF CHINESE
153
i Taoism as a religion p
154
k Conclusions p
161
THE FA CHIA LEGALISTS
204
b Etymological origins of some of the most important
218
f Correlative thinking and its significance Tung Chung
279
THE PSEUDOSCIENCES AND
346
CHIN AND THANG TAOISTS AND SUNG
432
HUMAN LAW AND THE LAWS OF NATURE
518
d Stages in the MesopotamianEuropean differentiation
533
e The acceptance of the legislative metaphor in Renaissance
539
BIBLIOGRAPHIES
585
Books and journal articles in Western Languages p
616

c The school of Naturalists YinYang Chia Tsou Yen
232
d Enumeration orders and symbolic correlations p
253
e The theory of the two fundamental forces p
273
GENERAL INDEX
655
Table of Chinese Dynasties
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