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would, in a few years, go back to his retreat, and, perhaps, if shame did not restrain, or death intercept hiin, return once more from his retreat into the world: “ For the hope of happiness, said he, is fo strongly impressed, that the longest experience is not able to efface it. Of the present state, whatever it be, we feel, and are forced to confess, the misery; per, when the same state is again at a distance, imagination paints it as desirable. But the time will surely come, when desire will be no longer our torment, and no man shall be wretched but by his own fault.”
This, said a philosopher, who had heard him with tokens of great impatience, is the present condition of a wise man. The time is already come, when none are wretched but by their own fault. Nothing is more idle, than to enquire after happiness, which nature has kindly placed within our reach. The way to be happy is to live according to nature, in obedience to that universal and unalterable law with which every heart is originally impressed; which is not written on it by precept, but engraven by destiny, not instilled by education, but infused at our nativity. He that lives according to nature will suffer nothing from the delusions of hope, or importunities of desire : he will receive and reject with equability of temper; and act or suffer as the reason of things shall alternately prescribe. Other men may amuse themselves with subtle definitions, or intricate ratiocinations. Let them learn to be wise by easier means: let them obterve the hind of the forest, and the linnet of the grove: let them consider the life of animals, whose motions are regu
lated by instinct; they obey their guide and are happy. Let us therefore, at length, cease to dispute, and learn to live; throw away the incumbrance of precepts, which they who utrer them with so much pride and pomp do not understand, and carry with us this simple and intelligible maxim, That deviation from nature is deviation from happiness.”
When he had spoken, he looked round him with à placid air, and enjoyed the consciousness of his own beneficence. “ Sir, said the prince, with great modesty, as I, like all the rest of mankind, am defirous of felicity, my closest attention has been fixed upon your discourse: I doubt not the truth of a pofition which a man so learned has so confidently advanced. Let me only know what it is to live according to nature.”
“ When I find young men fo humble and so docile, said the philosopher, I can deny them no information which my studies have enabled me to afford. To live according to nature, is to act always with due regard to the fitness arising from the relations and qualities of causes and effects; to concur with the great and unchangeable scheme of universal felicity; to co-operate with the general disposition and tendency of the present system of things.”
The prince soon found that this was one of the sages whom he should understand less as he heard him longer. He therefore bowed and was silent, and the philosopher, supposing him' satisfied, and the rest vanquished, rose up and departed with the air of a man that had co-operated with the present system. Vol. XI.
P. THE PRINCE AND HIS SISTER DIVIDE BETWEEN
THEM THE WORK OF OBSERVATION.
ASSEL AS returned home full of reflections,
; doubtful how to direct his future steps. Of the way to happiness he found the learned and simple equally ignorant; but, as he was yet young, he fattered himself that he had time remaining for more experiments, and further enquiries. He communicated to Imlac his observations and his doubts, but was answered by him with new doubts, and remarks that gave him no comfort. He therefore discoursed more frequently and freely with his filter, who had yet the same hope with himself, and always asisted him to give some reason why, though he had been hitherto frustrated, he might succeed at last.
“ We have hitherto, said me, known but little of the world: we have never yet been either great or mean. In our own country, though we had royalty, we had no power, and in this we have not yet seen the private recesses of domestick peace. Imlac favours not our search, left we should in time find him mistaken. We will divide the task between us : you fall try what is to be found in the fplendour of courts, and I will range the shades of humbler life. Perhaps command and authority may be the supreme blellings, as they afford most opportunities of doing good: or, ferhaps, what this world can give may be found in the modest habitations of midule fortune; too low for great designs, and too h'ch for penury and distress.”
CHA P. XXIV.
THE PRINCE EXAMINES THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH
R ASSEL AS applauded the design, and appeared
next day with a splendid retinue at the court of the Baffa. He was soon distinguished for his magnificence, and admitted, as a prince whose curiolicy had brought him from diftant countries, to an intimacy with the great officers, and frequent conversation with the Bassa himself.
He was at first inclined to believe, that the man must be pleased with his own condition, whom all approached with reverence, and heard with obedience, and who had the power to extend his edicts to a whole kingdom. “ There can be no pleasure, said he, equal to that of feeling at once the joy of thousands all made happy by wise administration. Yet, since, by the law of subordination, this sublime delight can be in one nation but the lot of one, it is surely reasonable to think, that there is some satisfaction more popular and acceslible, and that millions can hardly be subjected to the will of a single man, only to fill his particular breast with incommunicable content."
These thoughts were often in his mind, and he found no solution of the difficulty. But as presents and civilities gained him more familiarity, he found that almost every man who stood high in employment hated all the rest, and was hated by them, and that their lives were a continual succession of plots and detections, stratagems and escapes, faction and
treachery. Many of those who surrounded the Barla, were sent only to watch and report his conduct; every tongue was muttering censure, and every eye was searching for a fault.
At last the letters of revocation arrived, the Bassa was carried in chains to Conftantinople, and his name was mentioned no more.
" What are we now to think of the prerogatives of
power, said Raffelas to his litter; is it without any efficacy to good? or, is the subordinate degree only dangerous, and the supreme safe and glorious ? Is the Sultan the only happy man in his dominions? or, is the Sultan himself subject to the torments of fufpicion, and the dread of enemies?”
In a short time the second Baffa was depofed. The Sultan, that had advanced him, was murdered by the Janisaries, and his successor had other views and different favourites.
THE PRINCESS PERSUES HER ENQUIRY WITH MORE
DILIGENCE THAN SUCCESS. The princess, in the mean time, insinuated herself
into many families ; for there are few doors, through which liberality, joined with good humour, cannot find its way. The daughters of iany
houses were airy and cheerful, but Nekayah had been too long accustomed to the conversation of Imlac and her brother to be much pleased with childish levity and prattle which had no meaning. She found their thoughts narrow, their wishes low, and their merriment often artificial. Their pleasures, poor as