JANUARY, 1844.

1. NUMBER OF ENGLISH IN FRANCE IN 1844.-The following is an official return made by the municipal authorities to the Minister of the Interior and Prefet de Police in Paris of the number of English residents (domiciliés) throughout France on the 1st of January, 1844:-Paris, 25,000; St. Cloud, Versailles, and St. Germainen-Laye, 6,000; Rouen, Havre-de Grace, and Dieppe, 5,000; Harfleur, Honfleur, and Caen, 2,300; Fontainebleau, Orleans, and Tours, 3,500; Bordeaux, Toulouse, Po, Barreges, Montpellier, Nismes, and Marseilles, 3,500; Aix, Avignon, and Lyons, 600; St. Quintin and Lille, 1,500; Amiens, Beauvais, Arras, Abbeville, and Montreuilsur-Mer, 2,800; Boulogne-sur-Mer and vicinity, 7,000; St. Omer, 2,700; Cassel, Warmhout, and Armentiers, 300; Bergues and Dunkirk, 2,000; Guines, Marquise, St. Pierre, and Calais, 4,800; making a total of upwards of 66,000 English residents in France. Admitting that each on an average expends five francs a day, the annual sum spent by the English is above 4,820,000l. sterling. This return does not include the number of English who pass through France VOL. LXXXVI.

on their route to Switzerland, Germany, Italy, the Mediterranean, and India, which on an average exceeds 50,000.

ESCAPE OF SIX CONVICTS FROM NOTTINGHAM COUNTY GAOL.---About 5 o'clock yesterday evening, the under-turnkey, John Williams, went into a cell, containing several convicts who had been sentenced to different periods of transportation for various offences, chiefly of a violent character, for the purpose of taking them their suppers. As soon as he entered the apartment he was knocked down, and the keys taken from him; he, however, seized Vickers, (the man who is supposed to have planned the escape,) and the other prisoners not daring to await the issue of the struggle, locked them both in the cell, and went away. They then proceeded to the Governor's house, and likewise locked him up; they afterwards went to the lodge, and finding a little old man there, they without hesitation, threw him into the coal-cellar. A number of debtors were standing near, and saw the whole affair, but they suffered the convicts to ill-use the poor fellow without attempting to rescue him, or to pre


vent their escape. They were now at the outer door, where they were met by William Lowndes, the head turnkey, who immediately attacked them; but, as might be expected, he was unable to stop them. One of the men (Smith) at last struck him a tremendous blow on the head with a bath-brick in a stocking, which disabled him, and stretched him senseless on the ground. The prisoners next procured the keys from the unfortunate man, and made their escape by clambering over some rails into the High Pavement. Some of them were soon afterwards recaptured.

2. THE MORMONITES. CHESTER, BEFORE MR. JUSTICE WIGHTMAN.Jonathan Pogmore, blacksmith, (an officiating minister of the Mormonites, commonly called Latter-day Saints,) and Thomas Cartwright, blacksmith also, were placed at the bar, charged with the offence of killing and slaying one Sarah Cartwright, at Monks Copenhall, in the vicinity of Crewe. The prisoners were decently attired, and presented the ordinary appearance of mechanics. The Attorney-General for the County Palatinate (with whom was Mr. Townsend) opened the case. The prisoners at the bar he stated, were indicted for having feloniously killed and slain one Sarah Cartwright, but whether from premeditation or negligence, it was for them (the jury) to decide from the character and tendency of the evidence. The prisoners were adherents to a peculiar sect of religionists, called “Latter-day Saints," who appeared anxious to carry out the tenets of which they themselves were the professors. One of their tenets was baptism by immersion, and to effect this, after repeated importunities by the prisoner Cartwright, (the husband of the de

ceased,) she was induced to accompany them both to the place where her death occurred. On her arrival there, Jonathan Pogmore, who was the officiating priest on the occasion, immersed the deceased several times. The deceased struggled violently, and it was a question for the jury, whether it was by this careless and negligent act that her death was occasioned-whether, in fact, ordinary caution had been used, it being dusk. Michael Kinty said, that he measured the depth of the brook. The prisoner Frogmore took him to it. He said that was the place where the woman was baptized. When the water was low it was only a small brook, about four yards wide, and in depth not more than a foot or a foot and a half. There was a flood at that time, and when he saw it, the day after the death of the deceased, it was six feet in depth; but the flood having in a great measure subsided, he should conjecture that at the time of the baptism, it could not be less than nine feet. George Bazley de posed, that he lived at Crewe. The brook in which the deceased was baptized was three-quarters of a mile from Crewe. The brook was then running in a strong current. The body was found near some hedg ing, about two or three yards from the brook. He helped to take the body out, which was that of a full; grown woman. There was nothing on the body but a singlet, which reached down to the waist. The continued absence of material wit nesses having excited the attention of the learned Judge, he observed, that never in the course of his ju dicial experience had he witnessed such palpable negligence in keep ing the evidence together. should, therefore, having expressed his his marked displeasure against


those who had the conducting of the case, direct that the recognizances should be estreated, and all the expenses of the witnesses disallowed, except those who had attended to give evidence. The jury, under the direction of the learned judge, in the absence of evidence, acquitted the prisoners.

3. At the Oxford University, the Delegates of Appeals in Congregation gave their decision in the case of M Mullen versus Hampden, Regius Professor of Divinity. Mr. M'Mullen was a candidate for the degree of Bachelor of Divinity; and Dr. Hampden gave the follow ing subjects for his exercises:

"1. The Church of England does not teach, nor can it be proved from Scripture, that any change takes place in the elements of consecration in the Lord's supper.

"2. It is a mode of expression calculated to give erroneous views of Divine revelation, to speak of Scripture and tradition as joint authorities in the matter of Christian doctrine."

Mr. M Mullen refused to write on these subjects, and claimed to select his own. Dr. Hamp den, therefore, prevented the bestowal of the degree; and the candidate brought an action in the Vice-Chancellor's Court against the Professor. When the cause came on, the defendant objected that the plaintiff's "libel" was faulty and inadmissible. The Court decided that it should be amended and admitted. Against that decree Dr. Hampden appealed to the Delegates of Appeals in Congregation; who now reversed the judgment of the Assessor, with costs. Notice of another appeal to the Delegates was given by Mr. M'Mullen's proctor.

5. ACCIDENT TO HER MAJESTY. -An accident, which was, happily, attended with no serious result, occurred to Her Majesty this morning in the immediate vicinity of the village of Horton, near Datchet. The Queen, attended by the Marchioness of Douro, proceeded to the meeting of his H. R. Prince Albert's harriers (which took place at the Manor-house at Horton) in an open pony-phaeton and pair, driven by a postilion, who took too short a turn in entering the road near the Five Bells, and the near wheel of the carriage, from the rottenness of the side of the road, (occasioned by the late frost and rapid thaw,) sank into the ditch. The carriage was thrown against the hedge; the horse upon which the postilion was riding sinking in from the same cause. Her Majesty and the Marchioness of Douro were speedily rescued from their perilous position by Colonel Arbuthnot, who was in attendance upon the Queen on horseback. A small pony carriage, belonging to Mr. Holderness, of Horton, passing by at the moment, the use of it to Her Majesty was immediately proffered by the lady who was driving, and graciously accepted by the Queen, who was driven back to the Castle by Colonel Arbuthnot, attended by the Lady in Waiting. The hounds being near the spot, a messenger was immediately despatched to Prince Albert, who accompanied Her Majesty on her return on horseback. The labourers who assisted in getting the carriage out of the ditch were liberally rewarded by command of the Queen.

6. EXCELLENT FRENCH LAW FOR ENGLISH RESIDENTS.-The Correctional Tribunal of Tours was engaged with the trial of a Mr. TEnglish gentleman, moving in the first society of the town, for ill


treating his children. It appeared that this gentleman, who was a person of good fortune, had discharged his valet for some fault; and the latter, out of revenge, went and lodged the above complaint against him. The Commissary of Police, accompanied by a medical man, proceeded to Mr. T-'s residence, and found on the backs of his two little girls some black and blue marks. Mr. T at once admitted that those marks were caused by a small horsewhip, which he used for correcting his children. On the trial, a number of persons came forward, and bore testimony to the general good health of the children. Several English ladies declared that they had seen the little girls about the time of the Commissary's visit, and that they appeared to be both gay and cheerful. M. de Noé, captain in a hussar regiment quartered in the town, declared that a kinder man than Mr. T could not be found, but that it was the habit in England for parents to correct their children with a rod or whip. He had himself been educated at a public school in that country, and knew it to be a fact. After a lengthened sitting, the Court deliberated for half an hour, and then declared that Mr. T-, having been proved to have given blows to his children, be fined 50f. and pay the costs. M. de Noé was grievously mistaken in supposing that English parents flog their daughters with a horsewhip. It is It to be lamented that the Court in this instance had not the power to sentence Mr. T-[if we knew the name we would publish it] to the treadmill for a few months.


7. MURDER.-A great sensation was cansed in the neighbourhood of Guildford this morning, from Lord Grantley's keeper having been

found in the canal close to his lordship's preserves, which join the house, murdered. It appears he was at the public-house at Bramley between eight and nine o'clock yesterday evening, where there was a raffle for a fat hog, and said to the landlord he must go round his lordship's preserves, to look after the pheasants, and would return in an hour or so to take supper, after which he never was seen alive.— Guns were heard about that hour in the direction the body was found, and it is supposed he came on the poachers instantly, who not being able to get away, and most likely being recognized by the keeper, shot him through the head, and, from the mangled appearance, must have brutally beat him about the head, then dragged him about twenty yards, and thrown him into the canal, which is close to the spot. The marks of a severe struggle between the parties was very evident, and the ground was covered with blood. His hat and stick were left on the bank. He was a most powerful man, and lived with the late Lord Grantley. He was a great favourite of the present lord, and left a wife and seven children.

8. MYSTERIOUS DEATH.-Mr. Crisford, the proprietor for many years of the Bull, one of the principal hotels of Cambridge, was found drowned in the Cam this morning, under circumstances in which it was difficult to come to a conclusion whether his death proceeded from accident or selfdestruction. A labourer perceived a hat lying on the bank, near a place called the Bull Leys, and a few yards from this in the river he observed a human body standing upright with the water coming up barely over the head. This body proved to be that of Mr.

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