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orders in council has added a duty of 8d. per cluded in the order of the house, and hope gallon. In some instances it may be ex- to be enabled shortly to lay a third report on pórted duty free. This trade has enjoyed your table. They are induced to present these advantages only since the introduction this report separately, vot only because it reof the warehousing system; as, before that lates to a separate and distinct object, but period, rum alone could be exported without also, that no time may be lost in acting upon duty; the consequence is, that rum must the recommendation contained in it. have lost what the other spirit gained in the export trade. The most obvious mode of
NEW ANNUITY PLAN. preventing the importation and use of fo- The following are the Resolutions moved reign spirits, would be by a law of direct by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, on the prohibition. Mr. Frewin states, that the 13th of May last, when be opened his Plan difficulty of preventing smuggling would not for granting Annuities : be rendered greater than at present, even by 1. That it would tend to a more speedy a total prohibition of the trade ; and Mr. and efficient reduction of the national debt,Jackson thinks that the contraband trade and would at the same time be of material might be more effectually checked under a accommodation and couvenience to the pube change of system, than by adhering to the lic, if erery proprietor of three per cent. present mode of granting licences and impo. consolidated or reduced bauk annuities were sing high duties. But in case it should be at liberty to exchange, with the commisdeemed more expedient to adopt the mode sioners for the reduction of the national of laying on a high additional duty, the re- debt, such bauk annuities for a life annuity venue might receive its compensation for the during the continuance of a single life, to be diminished consumption of foreign spirits, in named by such proprietor ; or for a life anpart by the increased consumption of British nuity during the continuance of the lives of made or colonial spirits, which at a lower (wo persons to be named by such proprietor, price would more than replace the quantity and of the life of the longer liver of sucha of that diminished importation, and in part two nominees.--2. That, in order to give by the increased amount of the duty on that effect to the aforegoing resolution, every reduced quantity of foreign spirits, which proprietor of 3 per cent. consolidated or re, would even under these circumstances con- duced bank annuities, who shall be desirous tinue to be consumed. Actuated by these of exchanging any such bank annuities tor considerations, your committee recommend, a life annuity on the continuance of a single either that the importation and use of fo. | life, shall, on transferring to the commisreiga spirits should be prohibited during the sioners for the reduction of the national war, or that the duties of customs and excise debt any such bank annuities, be entitled, on all such spirits imported should be greatly during the continuance of bis or her life, oi increased; and in the latter case, they also of the life of some other person to be named subrnit that it would be highly expedient to by him or her, to receive (under such vegu. lay a heavy duty on their re-exportation to lations as Parliameot may deem it expedient any part of the world.---Your comınittee to adopt) for every € 100 of such bank anconceiving that the greatest encouragement nuities, and so in proporjon for any greater which could be given to the consumption of sum than £100 of such annuities, transferrum, would be to equalize the duties on that red to the said commissioners, a life annuity article and British spirits, examined several of such annual amount, according to the age witnesses with a view to ascertain the pro- of the nominee, and the average price of bable ettects of such a measure. The evi- such bank annuities on the nearest open day dence shews, that very great relief would preceding the day of the transfer ibereof, thus be afforded to the planter; bat it is ob- as is specified in the following table. (Tbis jected, on the part of the distillers, that they | table is printing.]–3. That, in order to could not stand the competition, and that i give further effect to the aforegoing resolo, material injury, if not entire ruin to their tion, every proprietor of £3 per cent. contrade,' would be the consequence. If so, pero solidated or reduced bank annuities, who manent injury would also be done to the shall be desirous of exchanging any such market for grain, which is now afforded by bank annuities for a life onuity in the con. the distilleries. Your committee therefore tinuance of the lives of two persons, to be refrain from recommending the equalization named by auch proprietor (of whom such of the duties on rum and British spirits, to proprietor may be one) and the life of the the consideration of the house. - Your com- longer liver of them, shall on transferring to tiitee are proceeding in the examination of the commissioners for the reduction of the . other malters, which they conceive to be in. national debt any such bank annuities, be
entitled, during the continuance of such rence to the redemption of the poblic debt, two lives, and of the life of the longer liver a separate account shall be kept half yearly, of them, to receive (under such regulations by the commissioners for the reduction of as parliament may deem it expedient to the national debt of all bank annuities which adopt) for every £100 of such bánk annui. shall have been transferred to them for the ties, and so in proportion for any greater purchase of any lite annuities, and of the sum than Liow of such annuities, transfer- dividends receiv. ble by them in respect red to the said commissioners, a life annuity thereof, up to the period of such account; of such annual amount, according to the distinguishing therein so much of the said respective ages of such two nominees and bank annuities as shall have been transferred the average price of such bank annuities on in the course of the next immediately prethe nearest open day preceding the day of the ceding half-year.--Also, a half yearly actransfer thereof, as is specitied in the fol- count of the amount of all the life annuities lowing tables.--[These iables are printing.) granted by them up to the period of such -4. That no person shall be admitted to account, distinguishing therein the amount be a nominee, either for the grant of an an- of the life annuities which shall have been nuity for the continuance of a single life, granied in the course of the next immeor for the grant of an annuity for the con- diately preceding half-year; and also of the tinuance of two lives and of the longer liver amount of all the annual sunis which, up of them, who shall be under the age of to the period of the said account, shall by thirty-five years.--5. That the dividends reason of the deaths of nominees have repayable in respect of the bank annuities, verted to the funds, applicable to the redacwhich shall be transferred to the commis- tion of the national debt, distinguishing sioners for the reduction of the national therein the amount of such annual sumis as : debt, in exchange for lite annuities, shall be shall have so reverted in the course of the received by the said commissioners, and next immediately preceding half-year, toshall constitute a pari of the funds applicable gether with an account of the amount of life to the reduction of the pational debt; and annuities then payable; and that in every that out of the said funds applicable to the such account shall be specified the excess in reduction of the national debt, the said com- the whole amount of all the life annuities missioners shall pay the respective life annui- then before granted above the amount of the ties granted in exchange for such bank an- dividends receivable. in respect of all the nuities during the continuance of the re- bank anguities then before transferred for spective lies for which the same shall be the nurchase of life annuities; and also the payable; and that the said respective life excess (if any) in the amount of the life anannoities shall be payable half yearly at the nuities then payable abore the amount of such : bank of England, on the same days on dividends. And thata separate account shall! which the dividends on the stock transferred also be kept half yearly of the capital stock, for the purchase thereof, may be payable which, upio the period of such account, shall in every year; and the first paynient of have been redeemed by the application of the every annoity shall commence on the same annual sums which shall from time to tinie day on which the tiost dividend on the bank have so reverted to the said funds by rea. annuities so transferred shall be payable to son of the death of nominees, and by the said commissioners; and that upon the the application of the accumulated dividends death of any single nominee, or of the sur- of the capital stock redeemert thereby. vivor of any iwo joint nominees, a sum Also, an account of the whole amount of equal to one-fourth part of the annuity de- 23 per cent capital stock, which, up to the pendant upon his or her life shall be paid to period of such account would have been the persons entitled to such anvuity, or his redeemed by the excesses in the amount or her exccutors or administrators, as the of the life annuities trom time to time case may be, provided the same shall be payable by the said commissioners above : claimed within two years after the death of the amount of the dividends from time? such single or surviving nominee ; and that to time receivable by them, in respect to ... the annual sum' payable for every such life. the Bank annuities iransferred for the purur annuity so ceasing as aforesaid, shall thence- chase of such life apnai ies; in casé such!"" forth revert to and constitute part of the escesses had been intermediately applied funds applicable to the reduction of the na. in the redemption of £3 per cent stock tional debt.-6. That for the purpose of as- in the winner prescribed by the laws now certaining the effect of the measure proposed in force for tbe reduction of the national in the aforegoing resolutions, with refe- debt.
that superb domain, and the forest'apperOFFICIAL PAPERS.
taining to it.- It is said tbat many Spaniards SWEDEN.-The King of Surden's Proclama- of disiinction are on the road to Bayonne,
tim, touching the Levy-en masse, dated where, it appears that the emperor is about Stockholm, 14th of March, 1809. to bold a general junta. It is presumed, We, Gustavus Adolphus, make known,
that he will be occupied, not only in reguthat as the eastern frontiers of the kingdom lating the succession to the throne, but also are already attacked by the enemy, and in fixing certain ameliorations which all good Those in the west and north are likewise Spaniards call for. Every, ibing is entirely threatened, we feel ourselves called upon tranquil in Spain. Things are on the best to make the utmost exertions for the de- footing there." fence of our invaded country. For this To the above article were joined, a manpurpose, and in order that we may be able date from king Churles to ihe junta of the to raise a sufficient force io attack the enemy, government, announcing the nomination of it is our will ihat all young men from 18 the grand duke of Berg, lieut. gen, of the 10 25 years, both inclusive, of whatever kingdom, and a proclamation addressed to rank or condition ibey may be, who have the Spaniards, both daled on the 4th of not enlisted io che regular army of militia, May; a proclamation of the 5th of May, or uavy, shall hold themselves in readiness from the junta to the inhabitants of Madrid; to take up arms for the defence of our na- a circular (proclamation) sent on the 6th by tive land, and assemble at such places as the inquisition to all the tribunals of the shall be pointed out to ihem at a moment's kingdum ; and, finally, a letter from the norice,
king to the supreme council of Castile, and REVOLUTION SPAIN. From the to the council of the inquisition. The first French oficial paper the Monileur. The three of those pieces are to the tenor folarticle where in the Moniteur announces lowing: this important intelligence, is dated Bay- To the Supreme Junta of the Government. onne, May 11, 1808, and is as follows: -Having judged it expedient to give the
By a treaty concluded bel ween the em. same direction to all the forces of our kinga: peror Napoleon and king Charles, and dom, in cider to maintaiu security of prowhich has been acceded to by the prince of perty and public tranquillity against enethe Asturias, and the infants don Carlos, mies, as well exterior as interior, we have don Francisco, and don Antonio, who com- thought it fit to nominare our cousin, the pose the whole of the members of the grand duke of Berg, lieutenant-general of house of Spain, all the existing differences the kingdom, who, at the same time, com have been adjusted. We are still ignorant mands the iroons of our ally, the emperor of of the conditions of the treaty. According
the French. We command the council of to the constitution of our government, it Castile, and the captains-general and governe: cannot be made public till it has been com- ors of our provinces, to obey his orders. In munieated to the sonale, But we perceive the same quality he shall preside over the by the proclamation of the king of Spain, junta of the government. Given at Bayonne, and i hai of the prince of Asterias, that the at the inperial palace, stiled the palace of emperor Napoleon is clothed with a!l the
the government, May 4, 1809. (Signed) righ's of the house of Spain. King 1, THE KING, Charles, queen Louisa Maria, queen Maria Proclamation. -Spaniards ! My beloved Louisa, and the intant don Francisco, dine subjects, pertidious men seek to mislead you. 10-day, with the emperor, and sel off to- They would put arms into your hands against morrow for Bourdeaux. · They will make the French troops; they sevk alike to arm you this journey in four days, and will repair to against the French, and the French against Fontainbleau, whence they will go to Com. you. The sacking of all Spain, calamities, piegne. It is believed that this residence of every kind, would be the results. The has been destined by his majesty to king spirit of faction, the saci effects of which I Charles, that he may spend the remainder of have alre:dy feil, is still in motion: In the . his days there. The prince of Asturias, the midst of these important and critical circum: infant don Carlos, and the infaut don Anto- stances, I am occupied in concerting with!.. nio, spent the evening yesterday with their my ally, the emperor of the French, all chati majesties die emperor and empress. They concerns your welfare. Beware of listenicg. will spend two days at Bourdeaux, and will to the enemies of it. All those, who speuk. afterwards proceed to Valency, wbence it is to yoa against I'rauca, thirst for your blood;' probable they will go to Navarre. It is trey are either the enemies.of your nation's believed that his majesty has ceded to them pents of England, who are busilyo avai:
ing thernselves of circumstances, and whose most urgent necessity, and in no case sball intrigues would involve the loss of your colo- they be detained longer than three or four nies, the separation of your provinces, or a days, for which they shall be paid at the series of years of trouble and calamity for prices, already given out. Orders shall be your country.---Spaniards ! trust to my ex- given at those gates of the town, where perience, and obey that authority which I carriars bave suffered arbitrary detentions
, hold from God and my fathers; follow my in order to be searched and stripped of their example, and think that in the position in arms, that this abuse be in future prevented. which you stand, there is no prosperity and But it is also necessary to repeat the order safety for Spaniards, but in the friendship of against introducing fire-arms, or other prothe great emperor, our ally. Given at Bay
Given at Bay-hibited weapons into the city; they ought oune, from the imperial paiace, stiled palace always to be deposited at the gate. Given of the government, May 4, I, The King. at the palace, by order of the supreme junta
The Supreme Junta to the Inhalitants of of government, May 5, 1808. The Conite Alodrid.--- Inhabitants of Madrid, yovir tran
CASA VALENCIA, secretary. quillity will be from hencefortli unalterable. You will owe it to the loyalıy of your own Rome.--Circular Leller addressed by the character; but it will be still more assured Pope, through his Secrelary of Soute. to you by the confidence, which is inspired Dated April, 1803. by the laws, and by the prudence of zealous His holiness, our master, has commandmagistrate's, to wlion their execution is ed his secretary of state, cardinal Doria committed. It is in this conviction that the Panisili, to make known to your eminence, soprene junta of government proclaims, that his heart has been penetrated with the that in obedience to the dictate of humanity, most poignant grief, on being juformed of the allied army has suppressed the military the order given by the French general to so commission, established only for oire day, many members of the sacred college, to
a necessary, though severe measure, quit Rome within three days. His holiness, which would not have been established, but who clearly sees that this measure tends to for the perverseness of some individuals ; overthrow the empire of the church, since that from henccforth every inhabitant, what- those members are removed from his pere hoever may be his rank, who shall have given son who are necessary to the direction of bis cause for being seized by the French troops, affairs, and at last his minister, bis vicar, provided he has not boruc arms against cannot in conscience permit this departure. them, shall be immediately given over to He probibits, therefore, every one upon his his proper judges, and tried by them. And oath of obedience to remove from Rome, even in the oniy excepted case, viz. that of unless absolutely compelled by force, and having borne arms against the French troops, his holiness foreseeing this case, that after a judge nominated by the competent tribunal having torn your eminence from his bosom, of the nation shall always assist in regulat- you might be leit at a certain distance from jog the whole of the process against the ac- Rome, is of opinion that you should not cilsed, till the sentence is pronounced. No continue your journey, unless compulsion countryman domiciliated in the town, or should be used, to the place designated to siranger shall be niolested on account of the you, in order that it may be a matter of peculiarity of his dress; and still les the public notoriety that your removal from the ecclesiastics. The carriers employed in head of the church bas not been voluntarily; bringing provisions to the town, siall hence- but from compulsion. The virtues of all forward be subject to no vexation, or deten- the individuals who have received the order tion of their carriages or meles. Every in- to depart, alone support the afflicted soul of dividual who shall have just complainis to his holiness, and are a pledge to him, that
, make, on addressing himself to the judge of according to bis example, they will support police, may rest assured, that he will, on these persecutions with patience, and that The same day, obtain full justice and repara- the sentiments of the sacred college far tion, for whatever damage he may have sus- from being weakened, will be strength. tained.--As to the muleteers, wbo are like- eped. wise employed in bringing provisions to (Though this piece had been sent to the town, and who generally stay there a few Cardinals before their depariure, it did not days, only one half of iheir cattle shall in
prevent some of them from going roluo. future be put in requisition, even under the tarily to the places pointed out to thein)
Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 73, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street faurerie-Garden, where former Nurubers may be had, sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Niue, Pals Mull.
VOL. XIII, No. 21.) .
LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 11, 1808.
Noching concedeti to America by Great Britain can be imputed to fear. She will only rise in dignity by • the mildness and moderation of her councils." --A. B.'s letters in the M. Chronicle, Dec. 1807. * Was there ever any thing so impudent as this! It must be imputed lo fear,' because it could be impute1 * to nothing else." -Register, Vol. XII, p. 909. * Nothing can be obtained from the British government, upon any point, which is not attorted ly necesa ** sily." - Mr. Munroe's letter to Mr. Madison. See below. 897]
(899 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. every thing connected with America. This AMERICAN States. -If ever vanity re- is very provoking, to be sure. si What!" ceived a wholesome check, such a check has (will the conceited American say) “ Do been experienced by this vainest of all vain you consider, tbat the population of the pations. Of late, Rittle bas been said here « United States is now equal to that of Engabout the dispute with Ainerica. The sub. “ land and Wales ?" Very likely; but, as ject, with much party effort, and much stir Voltaire is made to say to the friar: “Yes: amongst the merchants immediately interest- we are all men, my friend; but there are ed in the American trade, was kept alive, “ different sorts of men." America is, at and tolerably active, for about a month ; but, this moment, acting the part of the goat that since that, it has died away, by degrees, 'till, knocked his brains out against the horns of at last, the people in general hardly know, the bull, without being able to disturb the whether the dispute le terminated or not; grazing of the latter. In another part of while, at the very same time, the people of this double pumber I have inserted, as far as America are, by this dispute, thrown into a I had room (and shall insert the rentiaindar state of confusion, and almost of revolution. as soon as possible), the official papers, relaI wish it were possible to enable the people ting to the dispute with America; that is to of America to see and observe us, at this say, since that dispute was made to assume a time. It would certainly cure them of their new shape, in consequence of the attack upvanity, if any thing could. They are all in on the Chesapeake frigate. These docua bustle and an uproar about the embargo Inents begin with the first Letter from Mr. and the other measures adopted to punislı Madison (the American Secretary of State) England; while the people here, in general, to Mr. Munroe, then their envoy in Engdo not know any thing of the nature of land; then comes the Correspondence bethose measures, and, indeed, do not know tween Mr. Munroe and Mr. Canning, interthat any measures of the kind have been spersed with the Letters, in which Mr. Munadopted. The Americans are counting the roe, from time to time, gave his government days and the hours 'till they hear, the result an account of what was doing in England, of their extraordinary enibassies; we seem and how the negociation was going on. not to expect any news from America, and Next come the Letters, which passed benot to pay any attention to it when it comes. tween Mr. Rose and Mr. Madison ; and, The newspapers of the two countries present last of all, a letter from Mr. Erskiire to Mr. the contrast in the most striking light. Those Madison, informing bim officially of the of America are filled, almost wholly filled, Orders in Council, which had been issued in with publications respecting the dispute with England. These Papers will speak for England; with discussions upon this or that themselves, of course ; but, as I am not by point connected with it; with vehement at. any means, certain, that they will be genetacks upon England, on the one side, and rally read, and, as I have no where seen any with a defence of her, on the other aide ; brief bistory of the dispute, I will bere atwith speeches of members of parliament, re- tempt to give it, submitting a remark here lating to the dispute ; with extracts of pam- and ibere, as I proceed.--Áp account of phlets, and even with extracts from English the attack upon the American frigate, the newspapers. There is nothing of all this in Chesapeake, will be found in the Register, our newspapers, who scarcely afford a co- Vol. XII. p. 181. The attack took place lumn a month to American affairs, and who, late in June, 1807, and, as will be seen by eyen upon the return of Mr. Rose, have not the papers now inserted, Mr. Munroe rcthought it worth while to make the subject ceived the first intelligence of it from Mri a prominent one; a certain proof, that the Canning, late in the month of July. The nation in general teel great indifference as to latter, foreseeing that advantage would be