could not expect any favourable thange of sels belonging to the English squa the Berlu melts of the king of Sweden, and expressly

prohibited: an triat sho that it was the forthis

imperiát majesty to vessel or boat, of any description, pa secure his subjects agaostahe evils which the coast throughout all Portúgal, unde had been secretly Hanned against them prétext

whatever, even with a nag bftrah His

s majesty was accordingly compelled to it is ordered, that all officer's commandin alter the character of his measure. He has batteries or forts, do file or them any off

e that his ambassador Stockholm on the 20th of February (3 March) proach the shore, shall be tried by a court was pur in a stare of arrest by the Ring's martial and broke ml. An individual de order, that all the persons belonging to the tected in endeavourtig to get on board an Russian embassy were also coiffined in one English vessel under any pretext whatever, lrouse, by his command, that the said mo shậl be brought before a military commitree, narch bad even proceeded so far as to order and condemned to six months imprisonment, all the papers and letter of the embassy toor to death, according to the case. -IH. be taken inder seat, and the whole missiou Any master or owner of a boat, or other irto be guarded by the military; his majesty dividual, who shall be proved to have facilihas therefore to complain of an act of in- tated the passage of any person to the Englence committed against his prerogatita thie dignity of his crown, which concerns tary committee, and tried as an accomplice all other powers as well as himself. The with the enemy, and as an instigator and diplomatic body, resident in Stockholm, was. spy, and be punished with death. IV. Any so perfectly sensible of the truth of this as- individual, convicted of exciting the soldiers sērtion, that it immediately protested against of the French and Portuguese arbiy to dean act of violence unprecedented in Europe, sertion to any power whatever, will be with the exception of Turkey.--The empe. purished By death as a crimp traitor. -V. ror might aše reprisals, but he lias preferred. Any person who shall give information of a to direct his ministers to increase the atten- mister of a bąnt having conducted any one tion which they liave always paid to the Swe- to the English squadron, or any person using dish ambassador who is still in Petersburgh, endeavours to get there, through the interand to take care, that, should be chuse to rention of a crimp or spy, on the fact being take bts departure from hence, he may not proved, shall receive as a reward the boat and experience any difficulty or unpleasant pro one hundred-cruzados for any individual, ou ceedings on his journey.--His imperial ma- two hundred for a crimp orany,

.--VI. Al the jesty hereby informs all European powers, property of those who have quitted Portugal that, from this māment, he considers the # up to this moment, and are gone off to the former Swedish Finland, which his troops enemy's squadron, shall be keqnêstered, if have not been able to subdue, but in conse they do not return before the 20th instant. quence of several actions, as a province cori- The magistrates in euch department will quered by his arms, and in the incorporates examine the respective inhabitants, and take it for ever with his empire. His majesty

His majesty, a list of those persons who have fed, and expects that Providence will continue to transmit the same to the intendant general of bless his arms in this war", and assist him to the police.-VII

. The French military penat retnove the evil from the frontier of his code from this day will be put in execution empire, to which the errenties of Russia'en- against the Portuguese army, agreeable to deavour to expose bini.

which every deserter out being arrested will

be punished with dea:h-vili. The secretaortue anual Proclamatiôn ly General"Jus rj of state, the commanders of the French,

not, Dated April 5, 190S. Spanish, and Portviguesë armies, all magisThe general i chief of the army of Pora trates and justices of every description, are tagal, understanding that mapy, soldiers and charged with the executiod of this decree, inhabitants of the kingdom of Portugal have throughout the kingdom, and to make the suntered themselves to be deluded by false same generally known any. Boats found proclamations, published by the English, to without a copy of this edict, sbàll be seized procure soldiers, of which the British squad aniel sola for the benefit of the captor. (SignTa isto much in need, and wishing to pre- ed) JuxOT. the misér or those who may herenftet

***i listas en become the vidlms of the perfidicus in sinuaSerpes The King of

SitrDEX.The King *** Sueden's Proclamons of the commanders of that squadron, it mation

the Intercourse it detreed. That all communication be. Žlui: Prussia. barca Stockholm carite, tween the kingdom of Portugal and the yese dpril 5, 1908.

con tihe Rupture of

Adolphus, by the grace of 831) Sweden, of the Guths and

Dutch BUDGET, A Commillee of the I uoto all our true and loyal

Council of State, consisting of M. I.
Geeting :-We herewith gracious-

Leyden, Van

Westharendrecht nown to you, that his majesty,

Cuypus, and Heinlopen, brought on the of Prussia, bas declared to us that

gik instant, to the Legislative Body, the of intercourse between his dominions weden is suspended, and that in con.

following Messaye, relating to the Finan

ces, and in the Sitting of yesterday the ence thereof all trade and navigation to Projet of a Decree, proposed in the Mes. edish ports is prohibited under severe pealties; and that further, all Prussian bar

sage, was adopted.-Duted, Utrecht,

March 30. cours are shut up against all Swedish ships, -This proceeding has not by any means

The King to the Legislative Body ;been occasioned on our part ; the said go

“ Gentlemen ;-We have charged a comvernment, reduced by French tyranny, af

mittee of our council of state to present to fords, a fresh proof of the oppression to you a projet of a law relative to the finances which all states must submit, chat entertain

of this year. ---At the commencement of any connection with the French govern

your present session, we expressed on our ment. An unfortunate lassitude, which part a strong desire to adopt a definitive and prevented Prussia from resisting in due time,

permanent system with respect to the finan. has brought her to the distressed situatioù in

ces, but since the 28th of November, affairs which she is now placed-groaning under

have not been ameliorated, and we have been the domination of France, which still occu

under the indispensible necessity of provisopies a considerable part of the remains of rily shutting our ports. This extreme and that monarchy with a numerous army, not

paintul measure ought to ensure to us comwithstanding the conclusion of peace. We

We pensation, to which we have so much title, commend you all and severally to the me

and atfords an irrefragable proof of the sincitul protection of Almighty God. -GUSTA-cerity and constancy of our efforts in the VUS ADOLPHUS.

common cause. Thus we must postpone all

idea of a definitive and permanent system Proclamation of General Armfeldt on enter

until a maritime peace, when alone it will

be possible to reduce our expenditure to the ing Norway.

amount of our reveoue."--It then goes on to Inhabitants of Norway,—The Danish go- state, that the expenditure for 1507 bad been vernment has declared war against Sweden 78,000,000 forins, and the revenues only without any cause or provocation on her 55,000,000, leaving a deficit of 23,000,000, part, and has increased the calamities which exclusive of previous arrears. To meet these affected the North, and spontaneously sub- a toan of 40,000,000 had been negotiated, mitted to a foreign yoke. The Swedish which produced 38,000,000; the 25,000,000, troops therefore enter your country according atter providing for the deticit; was applied to to the laws of war, and in order to prevent the payment of arrears. The estimate of exhostilities from being committed on their penditare for 1908 is 74,000,000, whilst the own country. But the laws of war are car- revenue is not estimated to produce more ried into execution only by soldiers. The than 50,000,000.- It is said in this part of principal inhabitants of the towns and coun- the Message, “ We cannot dispense with try, if they excite no disturbances, shall maintaining in a good state the squadrons of enjoy tranquillity and protection. The Swe- the Texel and the Mouse. We announce dish soldier, celebrated for order and disci- with pleasure to the Legislative Roly, that pline, respects the personal safety and pro- as the price of our efforts France has expressperty of the unarmed; and, should provis ly engaged to procure the restoration of our dence bless his majesty's arms, the army colonies, and particularly those of Guiana." under my command, so far from proving - To meet the deficit of the preseat year: hurtful to your different trades, shall open sort of forced assessment is proposed, whichi your ports to commerce and importation, was adopted by the Legislative Body, by quicken your industry, and secure in the which those paying it are to become credi: North an asylum for loyalty and honour.- tors of the state to the amount required. AUGUSTUS MAURICE AKMFELDT.

This is resorted to instead of a lean.

Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Brwiiges Street, Covent-Gerden, where former Numbers had may be sold also ; by J. Bucu, Crown and Mure, Pall. Mull.

Vol. XIII. No. 22.)



“ Undoubtedly, no report could spread through the kingdom, relative to any stoppage in the Distillery, * which would not immediately SİNK the price of barley." --- MR. ARTHUR Young's Evidence before the Committee. “ The price of barley has RISEN in consequence of the sitting of the Committee, and the discussion of the " intended measure for stopping the distilleries."- MR. COKE, MR. foster, MR. PONSONBY, SIR « HENRY MILDMAY, &c. &c. Speeches in the House of Commons. 833]

(834 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. West India proprietors and merchants, CORN AGAINST SUGA&.—This ques. " and the order, under which the committee tion, after having gone through a pretty good “ assembled, directed the committee to in- , discussion out of doors, has, at last, come quire, whether the most immediate and before the House of Commons, upon a mo- “ effectual means of relief would not be to, tion of LORD BINNING, made on Thursday, “ confine the Distilleries to the use of Sugar the 19th instant, to refer ihe report of the « and Molasses alone. In the course of this select committee to a committee of the whole inquiry, it became necessary to ascertain House. Upon this motion the House, " how far the agriculture of the country after a long debate,' divided; for it 122, “ would be affected by such a restriction, agaiost it 10s; of course, there was a majo- " and this investigation led to the knowledge, rity of 14 for going into the Committee.- " of facts, which established the wisdom This subject, owing to the principles that it “ and necessity of the restriction, exclusive of myolves, is of great and singular public im- “ all consideration whatsoever of the interests portance; and, owing to the discussion hav. " of the West India Islands. It was impossible ing been conducted free from considerations " to separate the two questions ; but this he of party, that discussion is worthy of the at- " would say, that neither he nor the comtention of the public. It must be interest- “ mittee conld have recommended the Re. ing, too, to bear what has been said in par- " solutions they had done, if the interest of Jiament upon a matter respecting which so " the country, distinct from those of the much has been said elsewhere ; and there- West India proprietors, had not, in the fore I shall here insert an account of the de- “ opinion of the committee, rendered such bate, as I find it given in the newspapers ; measures necessary. The committee findfor, though the report of the speeches will “ing that this country was generally depennot be found here nearly so full nor so cor- dent for a sufficient supply of corn and rect as it will be found in the regular Parlia- “ flour upon foreign countries, and that this mentary Debates, yet, the substance of the supply was cut off in the present state of greater part of what was said may be col- Europe, without any prospect of a suffi. lected, and it is necessary that whatever ob- “ cient resource in the last year's crop of servations present themselves to me should, " this country, thought it right as a precauto answer any useful purpose, be made with- “ tion against famine to stop the distillation out delayLORD BINNING rose pur- from corn, with a view to a more ample “ suant to the notice he had given some time « and satisfactory supply of sustenance for

ago, to make a motion on the subject of " the people. Here the noble lord went in" the Distilleries. Previous to moving that to a statement of the quantity of coru im. “ the house should go into a committes, he ported into G. Britain annually, and con“ would explain the nature of the Resolu- “ tended, that the saving, by the prohibition “ tiods he meant to offer in that commit- " of the Distilleries, would be 470,000 qrs.

tee, and the nature and causes of the só which would cover more than half the de. « changes made in those Resolutions since “ ficiency created by the stoppage of impor

he had first announced them. The topics « tation, and more than the whole importa. “ involved in the Report were important

" tion of oats. Under these circumstances " and momentous, and the highest authori- “ it seemed right to suspend the distilla ion “ ties differed among themselves upon the from corn, with a discretionary power to " principal points. The committee was ap- " the privy council, to extend or to put an

pointed in the first instance to consider " end to the restriction as circumstances of the means of affording relief to the Inay require. This was the substance of

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« the Resolutions of the commitiee, resolu- “ distillers had determined to stop whether " tions which they never would have come “ there was a provision to that effect or not.

to on account of the West ludia mer- " If the business could have been convo. "..chants, if the circumstances of the times niently gone into last night, he was pre“ had not rendered them necessary with a “pared to offer a resolution for restricting “ view to the general interests of the coun- «s distillation from corn for 12 months from “ try. He argued on the principle, that the "July 1; 1808; with permission to the “ distress of one class of the community king and council to do away that restric. "! ought not to be remedied by burtbening “ tion whenever an abundant crop should " another class. But he denied the applica- " render it adviseable or safe 'so to do. Un

in. stance. The sufferings of the West India “ most formidable opponents of the “ merchants were great ; but the relief here measure might be conciliated by delay

proposed went directly to remedy the dis- “ and representation, and that substantial tress present or eventual of the country, good might be done with less difficulty by and relieved the distress of the West India affording the means of private arrangeproprietors only collaterally. G. Britain ment, he had put off his motion till this imported annually on an average 770,000 “'day. This was the sole cause of the delay, qrs. of grain from foreign countries. From “ which was entirely distinct from ministesome of these countries importation was “'rial motives. The object of attaining the now impossible. From America, in con- sanie good with unanimity, was with him sequence of the embargo, corn could not “ most important. He had therefore made now be received, and there was no pros- " the adjournment from yesterday, and he pect of the impediment being speedily re- " had also made some changes in the Reso

moved. The supply of last harvest was “ lutions ha intended to propose, which he “ not sufficiently abundant to have a surplus " had reason to think would render themi “ fund that inight be relied on. The stock

more generally acceptable. It had been hand was far short of the probable de- objected by the Irish gentlemen, that the “ mand. In the south of England the crop Report of the Committee, by proposing

was abundant, in other parts it was not. " to prohibit the importation of Irish spirits “ The crop of wheat was in general good, " into England, went to a violation of the " the crop of barley was short, and that of " articles of union. As pothing could be

pulse good for nothing. [Here the noble “ further from his wisli, than to interfere “ Jord cited the evidence of the witnesses “ with this compact in the slightest degree, “ before the committee, 'beginning with " this probibition was to be now omitted. “ Mr. A. Young, in order to establish that "The first Resolution he meant now to " the general crop of last year was short, and propose, was, that after the 1st of Joly, and " the supply in the country insufficient.] " thence to the Ist of Oct. next, all distilla“. The stoppage of distillation from grain " tion from corn, grain, flour, meal, pota" would be adequate to the importation of " tues, and biari, should cease throughout "470,000 qrs. In the present circumstan- " the United Kingdom; and 2dly, that is

ces it seemed essential to divert so large a " should be lawful for his majesty in conn. supply froin luxury to necessity. It was " cil, after the 1st Sept. to continue the reobjected to the incasure, that it iaid down “striction till 40 days after the commercea bad precedent, tending to encourage the “ ment of the next session of parliament.

perpetual interference of parliainent in “ I'lus, if the ensuing harvest should be a " such cases. But the circumstances of the " good one, the restriction might expire at

present case were peculiar, and unless the once ; if it should not, his majesty Inight, same identical circumstances existed, the continue the restraint till parliament

precedent could not apply. It was said .should provide such remedy as its wisdom “ the quantity of grain to be sown next year may think fit. ' It was intended also to rees would be diminished by the stoppage. “ duce the duty on wash made from sugeT “ Bat the quantity to be sown depended on “ These provisions, it was proposed, should " the prices, and the present prices were far “ be extended to Ireland. But as his in" from being low. Instead of falling, they " formation on the state of that part of the “ had risen since the present measure had “ United Kingdom was not so complete, he " been announced. Here the noble lord would leave the details of the arrange, “ cited accounts of prices sent to him, which “ ments, so far as Ireland was concerned, to « shewed a continued rise in the price of “ be afterwards settled and explained. He " corn in the last two weeks. In Scotland “ understood, however, 'that government, " in particular, the accounts stated that the “had received information from Ireland,




* stating it to be adviseable to stop the dis- “ mittee bad commenced its inquiries. It “ tilleries at present. If after the ensuing “ had recently risen in consequence of the “ harvest Ireland had a superabundance, this agitation produced by the investigation of

country or Scotland could not fail to afford “ the committee. The report itself allow« a vent for that surplus. With respect to ed, that every permanent interference " the West India part of the measure, he with the present established system of “ did not shink it right now to enter into agriculture was injurious; and it express« details. The committee continued to “ed great reluctance at adopting even a

employ itself sedulously on devising the temporary restraint. [Here the hon. gent. means of remedying the distresses under " entered into a detail of the management

which the West India interest. unhappily " of barley farms.] In this species of cul“ laboured. The distress of the West India ture, and that of wheat, an increase of interest was urgent, undeniable, and se- one-fourth had taken place within 15

Many who had been till lately years. The importation had proportion. opulent, were now in a state of distress, ably diminished, and the fluctuation of " and the most wealthy were in curtailed " the price of corn had materially lessened. es circumstances. The supplies sent out to " The measure went to check the establish“ work the estates were still as expensive as " ed system, and do away the progressive

The present distress of the West improvement. With respect to the West " Iodia interest arose, not from wild specu- “ India planters, be doubted wherher they “ lation, but from the shutting of the con- "í stood in need of relief. The demand for “ tinental market, a mischief which Eng- sugars had lately increased so much as to “ land had brought on the colonies, and was create an advance of 63. per cwt. on ne ar. “ therefore in a particular degree called

“ ticle. This demand had arisen from exporupon to relieve and remedy. The ques. - tation. Thedistress of the West India planters tion now before the house was, however, “ had no claim upon parliament anymore than

purely a British question. The relief to " that of any other class of men, -the Staf. " the West India interest was merely inci- “ fordshire potters for instance. A propos " dental to the primary object of providing " sition of the same nature as the present

a security against the apprehension of “ had been brouglit forward in Mr. Pitt's

scarcity in G. Britain. That this relief to " time. But it was found the revenue " the West India interest could be inciden- " would suffer materially trom it, and it

tally introduced, was a great additional was given up. Was the chancellor of the

recommendation of the measure he in- exchequer prepared to say this measure " tended to propose. If the restriction was rs would not hurt the revenue, or was he

necessary as a measure of precaution, it " prepared with a remedy for the defalca

could not too soon be carried into etfect. " lion? The land was already sufficiently " If it was not, the dispute could not be • burthened with lard-tax, property-tax, too 5000 put to rest.

He moved that the " and tythes, and it might be expected that report be referred to a committee of the

“ gentlemen would not go out of their way, whole bouse, and he anticipated from the to burthen it, for the West India planters. “ moderation and the good sense of the " He was sure the West India interest was " gentlemen present, that the wishes of the at the bottom of this measure ; for till " committee would be carried into effect.". “ their distress was represented as so severe, " MR. Coke (of Norfolk) agreed that this “ this measure was never thought of He question ought to be set at rest.

“ had no objection to the stoppage of the " Sorry to observe a practice of suspending use of grain in the distilleries, if it should " the statute of Wm. and Mary, which was “ be necessary. The government ought to " the best security of the agriculture of this « have the discretion to impose or to re

country, by affording the means of dispo- nove this restriction when corn:should

sing of the surplus produce. The brewe- come to a certain price indicative of scare " ries and distilleries took off this surplus. city or of abundance.". IR W. " If their use of corn was stopped, the de- “ Curtis avowed himself a friend to the “ mand must be lesseved, the price must " agricultural interests of the country, and fall, and the growth and supply nust of " denied that they were at all injured by

course be diminished. The landed gen- “ the present measure, the policy of which " tlemen did not seek io maintain corp at was more than adequate to counterace “the highest possible price. All they sought every other objection." “SIR JOHN

was a sure sale and a saving price, without “ SINCLAIR said that he might have less ob" which the land would not be coltivated. jection than he had to the present meaThe price this year was low till this com- sure, if he could be assured that it was

He was


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