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and all four other proofs of decline in num-y the objectsrafitlemanmightsjoatly apg?season, bers (ivosti of wbichwere urges by Dr Price ably have entertdhed!witinrespect to the use and-M: Jackson and were refuted by me morahad thirty years ago; the returns to their property, as tho probibition to the


growers seenieditou beed And I sone the pulation act. have sufficiently proved what wondered that you had det, du your whưwas right) these methods of depressing former discussions rót. ibis subject, expressed a' Fär adversary, (than whon, no man more your-chirpprobation nfibis prohibition. But, Cadhires your talents) rarely answer longer now I perceive, :bn your yesterday's Regis.

thán for a moment is the triumph is short ; ter, that you agree with me in this seatis and you will certainly admit that I did ment, and, therefore, I now earnestly and por produce to the committee the authority contidently hope, that your arguments will f a writer who mistook rabbits for wonen. have the effect of procuring success to the Although you are ready to declare thar the

present bill for the relief of the poor sugar singular fact I produced bas nothing to do pianters, without ibat prohibitory claybe with the main goestion, you must permit against the corn growers. - Fut the planters me to think very differently. It ought tu are really in great distruss, and justly entitled convince the legislature that barley is the 10 the attention and compassion of govern Last object opon which to make experiinerul$ ; ment, by all practicable and reasonable me: that depressing consumption is not the way thudo ; and are, as you rightly observe, the to encourage production ; these trurbs, so subjects of the crowd as much as the iphrabį. obvious to plain understandings, are denied, tants and natives of Great Britain itself. And Sir, by the evident tendency vi all you the arguments of Mr:ehrthur Youing and Ali. have written on this business of the distillery. Wakefield, against the intended permission Jam, &$,-ARTHUR YOUNG.

to the sugar plauters, when naaccompanied

with the prohibition to the corn growers, CORN AGAINST SUGAR.

appear to me to have been thoroughly refu. SIR, I am a constant reader of your ied and overthrown by the aaswers you bave excellent Political Register, and a great ad- given thentrennan your obedient fermirer of the powerful reasons, and your clear vant 1.1 May 15, 1808. Land strong manner of stating them, with which you generally support your opinions;

CORY AGAINST HUGA Rat, aud, for the most part, i accede to those opi.

I have read with much pleasure, 2100s. And I have accordingly had great your very excellent address to the Freehold :pleasure in, reading your reflections on theers of Hampshire, and I think the country measure now in parliament, for permitting bighly indebted to you, for the clear elucida .

the sugar-planters of our West India islands tion of the subject therein given. There is 10 slistid, for the use, of the inhabitants of however, one part of yours, statement fins Great Brjtain, the great quantities of sugar which Mr. Wakefield appears to acquiesce) they have lately, been inported into England, not quite correct. You assume that the CUTII and wbich, ihey cannot otherwise dispose of used in the distilleries is, us food courown

o their advantage. Your reasonings upon away." This is not the fact, kran of the this suhject convinced me that this

permis- 470,000 qrs. of grain used (as the Report of Sou ought to be granted to them; but they the Committee siates) in the British distilledid not aboroughly convince me that the bill ries, there remain after the extract is made that-is ngw in parliament, ought, in its pre- 300,000 grs. of grains. There is also a very sent form, lo pass; because, I understand considerable quantity of wash lett after the mabat this bíll does not only grant a permission spirit is drawn from the extraet of the core, to the sugar planters to distill their sugars, These grains and wash are used in the feedbur prabitils ihe growers of barley from dis. Ing of cattle, which must otherwise be fatilling their corn and this I thought rather tened on coru... This statement however, so hard upon ih:m, as it was depriving thein by far as it goes diminishes the value of the disan ex, post facto Jaw (excuse the expression tiheries as a grapary. For if guai be proborrowed from the Latin language, as I don't! bibited in the manufacture of spirits

, there know how so "readily to express the matter must still be a quantity of caru used sårber in plain English) of the liberty of employing for feeding cattle or making brend to supply theic.corn in the manner in which they

might that deficiency of food occasjoned by the have intended to einploy it when they sowed

of the leie it in their fields.?"oli generi! I have an aver- estimating the value of three quarters of sidh to testrictions and prohibitions; and es- grains (the refuse after the extract is quade), pecially such as are Unexpected and con- to be equal in the production of figode!9: one tary to the views of the persons who are quarter of barley, I think I ara rasher oder



the mark. Upon this supposition, however, lonies to supply from the growth of this in case the distilleries should be compelled to country, can any unbiassed man hesitate for use sugar instead of corn, 100,000 yrs. of one moment, as to the propriety of bringing barley would be required for producing that into consumption as food 370,000 qrs. of food which is now supplied from the distił- grain, (tor I take it for granted that 100,000 leries.I must say, Mr. Cobbett, that be- qrs. would be still required for feeding cate fore so general and determined an opposition tle) especially, too, when it is recollected to this measure had been raised througbout that the king in council will be enabled to the country, it would have been but decent put am end to the prohibition of the distilleto have waited till the report of the commit- ries whenever the interests of the farmer tee, and the evidence given before it, had shall require it? It appears to me, ibat very been printed, in order that the principles, on serious consequences may be the result of which she prohibition of corn in the distille. our not availing ourselves of every mean of ries is recommended, might have been calm. increasing the food to be used in this counly considered and fairly discussed. The re- tay; and, I cannot but hope that the paport and the appendix are now before me, triotism of the landed interest, will induce it and if any reliance whatever is to be placed to withdraw its opposition to a measure so on the opinion of Mr. Arthur Young and just in itself, and, under the present political Mr.Wakefield (the great champions of the circumstances of Europe, so necessary to ágricultural interest), the probibition of the our welfare.I am, &c.—Z.-Muy 12, use of corn in the distilleries is a measure 1808. not only fit and proper in itself, but such as the ministers of the country are bound to do all in their power to carry into effect. On

Sir,---The present disposal of the Mr. Young being asked." Q. Under the

crown lands," would certainly be worth “probable circumstances of the country investigation, and I much wish that the pub" with respect to the supply of foreign lic attention should be directed to the sub

grain, can we look forward to the effects ject. -- I am surrounded by a valuable portion of a short crop or mildew, or a wet har- of them, which have been leased for so mapy, " vest without apprehension ? A. Not

years back to the representatives of an opuwithout great opprehension.". In fact,

Pent family in the neighbourhood, as to be the whole tenor of his answers, upon which

considered at this day a part of their own you bave so ably commented in the Register property. This family, of course, is enabled of last week proves the great distress this

to return the members; for the crown lands country would suffer in the event of a short and houses are judiciously stocked at an uncrop, and even with a plentiful harvest there would be a deficiency in the usual supply

der rent with free and independent electors,

as I understand they usually are in cities by equal to the amount of the importation. Mr.

the leading men.--I sincerely hope that an Wakrtield atier stating the average annual

immediate resumption of these grants may importation from :1800 to 1806, to be

be made. First, that the benevolence of 1,447,500 grs. , was asked, “ Do you con

the king, which might be directed to mort ceive that we are likely to have a supply deserving objects, should not be intercepted 5 equal to the average of the last five years, and turned to unconstitutional purposes by 4 in the present state of Europe ? A. Know- the middlemen. Or, secondly, that in these “

times of know that the importations from America

means the case, and which can only be fairly o have been very trifling indeed.r: Q. Must yoki not then apprehend that there will ly, because, by the destruction of this source

ascertained by a public adction. And, final. “ be a great scarcity of grain in the market?

ot ondue influence, the first stone would be 4. A. The present prices of wheat best speak thrown into the chasmi' which yawns be... "" the contrary face" at this moment : but if tween the honest voter, and the independent vale a short harvest was to take place mese candidate. Uropian. Mdy 12, 1908.

year, the coming-in year, I should think " the country in an alarming state indeed."

LIVERPOOL PETITION.... Now; Sir, having before us this evidence from two of the best practical agriculturists

DISTILLATION FROM SUGAROTO the in the country, shut out as we are from the Honourable the Commons of the United whole continent of Europe, and excluded Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in

front all commerce with America, having in Pariiament, assembled the humble PetiAddition to all this, our own West India co- quis of Whe, Gentlemen, Clergy, Mechants,

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and other Inhabilants of the Town of Liver- ceed seyen hundred and eiglity thousand pool :

quarters, and therefore the corn to be 'ex'. Sheweth, That this town essentially de

cluded from the distilleries by the proposed pends for the supply of bread to its nume

measure, supposing it to extend to Ireland rous inhabitants, and a large and populous

as well as Great Britaint, will only supply the district in the interior of the county of Lan- | place of the quantity hitherto imported from caster upon importations of corn and flour foreign parts.—That in addition to this usual from other parts, and that a large proportion | foreign supply (of which a large proportion of such supply has beretofore been derived

has been received at Liverpool), there has from foreign countries. --That of late, in

been imported into this place from Ireland, consequence of the unhappy situation of the

on an average of the last five years, two bunContinent of Europe, and the embargo which

dred and forty two thousand five hundred has taken place in the United States of Amnes

and twenty-five quarters of corn, flour, and rica, the importation of foreign corn and

oatmeal, per apnum; 'that during the period four has ceased, and the prices of these arti

now past of the present year, this usual supeles have advanced considerably, and are still ply has been greatly diminished, and in place advancing, while at the same time from the

of a continuance thereof, at this time, orders stagnation of trade, and the consequent want

for the purchase of considerable quantities of of employment ind depreciation of wages,

wheat and oats bave been received by merthe labouring classes of the people are be

chants in Liverpool, from millers and others come less able to purchase those necessaries

in Ireland, at unlimited prices, to be shipped of life at a high rate, or even more reason-.

from hence for tlie supply of districts in that able rates, as fully appears by the report

part of the United Kingdom, where lately made of evidence taken before a com

scarcity appears to be apprehended. mittee of your lionourable house, ordered to

- That large supplies of corn are annually be printed on the 12th of April last, on the

received at Liverpool from Scotland, that petition of certain cotton manufacturers and

these supplies during the present year have journeymen cotton weavers living in this

been much less than usual, owing to the county --That from the united operation of

deficiency of the last crop in several quarters these circumstances your petitioners bave

in that part of the United Kingdom, all been and continue apprehensive of much

which tends to enhance still more the price distress amongst the poor in this populous

of bread here, already too bigh for the towa and county; and it was with peculiar ticularly the manufacturing poor, from the

lalvaring poor generally to afford, and patsatisfaction that they observed, in a late re port, of, a committee of your honourable present want of employment, and consehouse, the recommendation of what your

quent depreciation of wages. That if any peiitioners humbly deem a wise measure of insuperable obstacles should prevent this precaution loudly called for by the existing

restriction from being extended to Ireland, situation of the country; nameiy, the sus

it appears there would then be a deficiency pension of the use of grain in the distille

of three hundred thousaud quarters of foreign ries of the kingdom, and the restriction of supply, to be provided for, if possible, by ibem to the use of sugar for a limited pe.

an extended cultivation of the soil of the riod.--That in proportion to the satisfaction

United Kingdoin, in order to meet the usual of your petitioners in so well-timed a recom

consumption of the country, without takiug mendation, is their regret in perceiving that

into the account the extraordinary sapplies meetings have been beld in some parts of the

of corn, flour, and bread, which, in the country for the purpose of ubtaining petitions present situation of afieirs nust inevitably be to your honourable house, against the mea

wanted by the British West India Colonies sure in question, as calculated to injure the

from the United Kingdom, as well as that farmers and discourage agriculture.-That

our allies the Swedes, being deprived of your petitioners hurnily contend that this their usual supply of bread corn from the Deasure cannot produce thiose effects, as it opposite shores of the Baltic,' and their own appears by the report of your committee, growth being generally inadequate to their that on an average of the last five years the ordinary consumption, may át this time be importation of foreign corn into Great Bricompelled to resort to this country for suptain, has not been less than seven hundred pics of barley, which wien mixed with rje and seventy thousand quarters per annum,

is, as your petitioners are informed, tised which must of course have found a consèmp

for bread in times of scarcity in Sweden.tion, but which can no longer be imported;

That in the opinion of your petitioners, the while the quantity of corn used in the dis

prices of corn are likely to continue high, tilleries of the United Kingdom does not ex

though they trust that the adoption of this

measure will prevent them from becoming, have recourse to barley bread, which exorbitant. That the advantage of exorbi- they are not accustomed to use except in tant prices even to the farmers is very ques times of scarcity and comparative deara. tionable, experience having shewn that they ness of other sorts of grain. That terminate eventually, in uncommon depre- your petitioners conceive that the conciation, while, in ibe meantime, the evils | fining of the operation of the measure in that ensue to the public at large are unques- question to a single year, with a power vested tionably great, and your petitioners feel in his majesty in council to put an end to it assured that your honourable house will. within that period, if necessary, would be so deen the good of the whole to be preferred guarded a proceeding, as under all the çirto a doubtful interest of one class of the cumstances of the case, cannot reasonably people, however numerous and respectable; excite in the minds of those concerned the à class, moreover, which being protected, least feeling of alarm or apprehension. -That by a special act of the legislature, from the although your petitiovers are anxious to reinjurious effects of an excessive depreciation

commend the proposed measure to your of the prices of coro in times of plenty, by

honourable house, on grounds of general bounties on its exportation, payable out of benefit, without reference to any partial itthe public revenue, ought, at other times, terests, yet they cannot be insensible of its in fairness and justice, to submit cheerfully to tendency to afford relief to the West India such measures as may be necessary to guard colonies, in their present distressed situa-, the public against the contrary extreme

tion, which have been shewn to have pecuof exorbitant prices, particularly in the pre

liar claims on the consideration of the legis-, sent peculiar situation of the country, and un

lature, and which, in the apprehension of precedented state of the couinent of Europe. your petitiouers, affords a strong additionalar-,

- That with regard to the local interests of gument in favour of this measure, more esány particular districts in which barley may pecially as the preservation of the colonies be chiefly cultivated, your petitioners hum

from the ruin which threatens them, is conbly conceive they have a still less claim to fessedly an object of the first national importbe put into competition with a measure of auce, as it appears the article of sugar alone general advantage ; but your petitioners are

pays an annual duty of above three millions of opinion, that even the local interests of to the country, that the manufactured goods the barley counties are now likely to be

exported annually to these colonies have exmaterially affected by the proposed measure,

ceeded six millions in value, and that this for though barley, is the grain chiefly used

trade is one of the principal remaining nurin the English distilleries, and thougir it series for our seamen, and of employment appears there are some lands in this king

for our shipping. Your petitioners therefore dom where no substitute for the crops of that,

pray that your honourable house will pass grain can be resorted to without injury to, an act 10 suspend the use of grain in the the farmer; yet, on the other hand, it

distilleries of Great Britain and Ireland, and appears there are also lands on which bar

to contive them to the use of sugar for one ley, is grown where oats would prove an

year froni che ist day of July next, subject advantageous substitute ; and wben your to a discretionary power to be vested in the petitioners consider, that, of the quanti!y of

king in council, upon a sutricient notice, barley annually produced in England, only to do away the suspension, aad allow the disa one sixteenth part, or thereabouts, has been tilleries to carry on their trade in the accusconsumed. in the distilleries, they cainot

tomed manner.--And your petitioners will doubt that such a change of culture might

ever pray, &c. take place as would prevent barley from 1 being reduced below, its proportionable price

OFFICIAL PAPERS. compared with other grain, or if it should Report from Lirut. Col. Robertson, Comfor a time be somewhat lower than its just mendunt of Scylla Castle. ----(Concluded proportion, it would soon, in the opiniou. from page 800.) of your petitioners, find a more 'extended The fire from the breaching batconsumption as : brcad. corn, the effect of teries had been variously directed till which must inevitably be to raise it to its the evening of the Toth, when they natural level; in confirmation of which, bent their undivided fury against the your petitioners are enabled to state to your Jett bastion with such suecess, that the breach honourable houses that of late, in con- would probably bave been practicable by sequence of ile advance in wheat and oats, the following evening. It was under these as well as the reduction of wages, the circumstances that I received your orders to lower classes in this county have begun to evacuate the castle, and have the great satis

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faction of reporting, that we accomplished lost some gallant

, enemy, and without leaving an individual no means great. I have the honour to be behind. The approach of the boats from -G. D. ROBERTSON, Lieul. Colonel, Faro gave the French full intimation of our Commandant Scylla Castle, design, but the tempestuous state of the To Maj. Gen. Sherbrooke, commanding bi

, bra weather obliged us to seize the short oppor- British Majesty's troops in Sicily tunity of an hour's lull. -Every battery Return of the killed and wounded of the poured its utmost fire upon the castle, and detachments forming the British garrison of subsequently upon the boats; while in fantry the Castle of Scylla, in Calabria, from the with feld pieces tried the breach ou either 4th to the 17th of Feb, 1808; riž.-Royal side.-The garrison was drawn off in succes- Artillery, 3 gunners killed; i bombardier, sion, and the embarkation effected with the | 8 gunners wounded. --27th Reg. Ist bal. 3 greatest order, notwithstanding the tremen- rank and file killed, 14 rank and file wounddous fire of grape, shells, &c. Our loss in the ed. -68th Reg. 3 rank and file killed. 6 rank operation was small; and before we were a and file woanded.-62d Reg. 2 rank and file musket-shot distant, the French were in the killed, 2 rank and file wounded.--Total, 3 fort --The masterly arrangement of the gonners, 8 rank and file kiled; I boinbar. transport boats and man of war launcher's dier, 8 gunners, 22 rank and file wounded, upon this occasion, does high honour to (Signed) J. CAMPBELL, Brig. Gen. Capt. Trollope, of his majesty's ship Elec

Adjutant-General tra, who personally superinteuded this service ; and the conduct of the officers and Russia.- Declaration published at St. Pa men under him was marked with all the tersburgh, March 16, 1809, in consecoolness and dexterity of British seamen. I

quence of the Arrest of the Russian Am. regret to add, that one of them was killed bassador at Stockholm. in the operation, and ten wounded, some of The emperor has informed all the cabinets of them dangerously. The uniform good .con- Europe and his own subjects of his constant, duct of the garrison which I have had the endeavours to inforce his rights grounded on good fortune to command, demands my subsisting treaties with Sweden, and to obtain warmest gratitude ; and their intrepid spirit by virtue thereof the co-operation of his Swe. during the siege is hardly more commend. dish majęsty against England. Atter having able than the zeal with which they went pursued these measures for several months. through the fatigues that preceded it-The his imperial majesty was concerned off detachment of the Royal Artillery was high- that while he was endeavooring to preserves ly conspicuous; the excellence of their good understanding between Russia. gunnery was proved by the severe losses Sweden the latter preferred the friendship which the enemy has sustained ; and I can- England his enemy.--Hisimperial majesty has not too strongly express iny sense of the not concealed from the king of Sweden, 95 skill and indefagitable zeal which Lient. all Europe, that the welfare of his people Dunn has displayed throughout the siege. required of him to employ all the means I feel highly indebted to the exertions of which providence has bestowed on bio far Capt. Cruikshanks of the 62d, Jordan of the the safety and welfare of his empire.-- Faith27th, and Pringle of the 21st, as well as to ful to his system of moderation, bis majesty the obicers and men under them. From declared to the king of Sweden his readiLiegt Dickons, of the engineers, I received ness to convett the step which he bad re. every assistance; and my adjutant, Lieut. luctantly taken, into a mere measured Hadfield, of the 35th, has been throughout prudence, if the king would immediately indefatigably zealous. I cannot, conclude, and without delay, perform bis engagements, Sir, without expressing my particular thanks and co-operate with him and the king to Capt. Nicholas, Assistant Quarter-Master Denmark to shut the Balti General, wlause abilities and activity render- English fleets. The silence ob ed him eminently useful. And I have the king of Sweden, the accounts satisfaction of reflecting, that the support I papers of the conclusion of have received from all ranks has enabled me which subsidies, a feet, and to sell Scylla dear; and that General Regoland forces of Great Britain, nier has obtained possession of this little the disposal of that monarch heap of ruins with the loss of several hun- thing bespoke the real sentiments dreds of his best troops. The return of cur prince with regard to Russin: erot killed and wounded in audexed. We have clearly shewed, that his imperia

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