the principal witnesses called by Council firm, instead of igning Phillips and Sons (or lor Brougham' to bear testimony before the whatever its title may be) lias split itself into House of Commons, of the fatal effects of 7 signatures, "judiciously intermixed with the the Orders in Council. -On the cross exa- other names:"this is' a piece of candour mination, by the House, of this important which one might well expect from the felperson, he was obliged to confess that he low labourer of Palmer, alias Goest and Co. was " the agent, or, if you please, the clerk Merchant, alias Agent, alias Clerk, alias of Guest and Co.';" that he had signed the something or other ---Before I conclude, alrequisition for the meeting at the London low me to furnish you with an epitome of Tavern, in the name of his employers, with- the evidence already collected at the bar of out their knowledge;' but, that he had very the house, which I trust will här è tbe same cautiously subscribed the petition 'with his effect in the country that it had there. own." When a member of the house (Mr. Q. What has occasioned the interruption of Croker) naturally enough, one should think, our trade with America - The Orders in wished to inquire by what right, or in what Council.-Q. Do you not alıribute this incharacter, this clerk had put hiniself so for. terruption parily to the non-importation act, ward before the bouse and the country as a to the non ratification of the treaty, and to merchant, the whole party took alarm ; Mr. the American embargo .-A. I attribute it Cilzen Baring, my Lord l'emple, and even to the Orders in Council...Q. Does the dit. Mr. Bragge Bathurst (Mr. Vansitiart sat just ticulty of importing into America arise from behind him) thought such an inquiry inne- their non-importation act; which prohibits cessary and even injurious: “Palmer," they that trade, or from our Orders in Council alledged, "had signed the perition, and that which permit it!--A. From the Orders in should content the house." "Mr. Croker and Council. Q. Is the non-exportation of Mr. Pole Carew, thought that“ in forming American produce from their own ports, atan estinate of the weight and respectability tributable to their embargo which prevents of a petition, the weight and respectability of the sailing of ships, or to our Orders in the petitioners were no bad ingredients, and Council that permit it?--A. To the Orders that in considering what regard was due to in Council -Q. How do you aceount for evidence, it was not quite superfluous to be the non payment of American bills, which satisfied of the veracity, experience, and (if intended to be paid) should have been character of the witness." Then came Sir provided for 2 or 3 months before the Ora John Newport, referring to the petition, and ders in Council were made ? ---A. By the discovering that it was entitled the petition Orders in Comuni. Absurd, Mr. Coba of merchants, manufacturers, and others, bett, as this appears, I venture' to assure you, and that though it might appear that this it is no caricature; when the evidence clerk was neither merchant or manufactu- comes to be published, you will find, that rer, it could not be denied that he was one however dilated, glussed, or perplexed, it of the others !!! Oh rare Sir John! So may be, it will in essentials, tally exactly anxious, however, were the party to uphold with the foregoing abridgment. -1 shall -exMr, Palmer, that undeterred by Sir John's pect, by and bye, to bear it asserted; and defence, iliey divided the house, and on the proved by merchants, manufacturers and house deciding that the inquiry sbould pro- others, that the appearance of the Comet, ceed, they were put to the open shame of the battle of Friedland, Lord Lauderdalet having one of their chief requisitory, peti- Parisian duress, the capitulation of Rosetta, tioners and witnes: es, proved to be no more and the discontents in Ireland, are all than a clerk, who sumetimes signed one chargeable on the infamous, -iin politic, and nam , sometimes another, and whose con- ruinous Orders in Council. I am, Sir, &c. nexion with America was neither more or -M. M.-.-Murch 21, 1806. less than that the house at whose desks he wrote were concerned in the American trade, THE RUINED AMERICAN MERCHANT. and that " he himself had soine little måt


I deem it to be incumbent upon ters of money due to him from persons of, me to address you again, much sooner that that country!!!"- -Now, Sir, one little it was my intention when I sent you my teiword as to the Manchester Petition, I ob- ter of the 29th of February, and which you serve that out of the 25 or 30 signatures, have inserted in page 441 of the present vothere are 7 in the name of Phillips ; I ob- lume of your Register, in consequence of an serve also, that one of the witnesses is called

act of parliament having recently, and since Phillips; I should be glad to know, whether my former letter to you been passed, respect, there are 7 separate firms of the name of ing one of the niany grievous complaints F Phillips in Manchester ; or, whether one have been compelled to make respecting the

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balance of money remaining in the hands of when the war with America broke out, were the cashier of the bank, to the credit of the infants " mewling and puking in the nurse's Commissioners on Imerican Claims. It is arms ;" paid out of the daily labour of British necessary that I do so for two reasons. industry, and rioting their annual pensions First, because it is not generally known to paid by the British government to them as mysiother caimants that such an act has British subjects at this day in their dear na, passed, or that it was in the contemplation tive land America, and laughing at the gulli, of government at length to pass such, or that bility of John Bull, that there persons might it was insiended to employ tlie balance for the possibly be intended to be again and again benefit of the claimants; and, in truth, Mr. remunerated, while we, the merchants faithCímert, it was a subject altogether not re- ful to our native soil Britain, were starving Hected upon, notil the appearance of your on hopes which we had indulged for 33 Register of the 29th of February, even by years, and to attain which, the age of an angovertiment. But, why so much secrecy in

tedeluvian would not be sufficient to

insure ; racing the bill through the House of Com naturally awakened me to the reflection up mons? Is it absolutely necessary to do good on our severe and unprecedented lot. Whatby stealth. Why not have publicly commu

ever tends to our interest and benefit, or, on nicated to those unfortunate men, who are the contrary, whatever may be enacied even the subject of the act of parliament, ine in- to our prejudice, and to add to our protracted tention of government, and have boldly beard days of misery, should be openly and boldly their opinion upon, and objections, if such communicated to us; and, therefore, as the they had, to the wording of the proposed act, secret publicity, if I may be allowed the exThe bill was raced through the house with- pression with which this act is ushered into out comment beyond the aye and no of the the printing press of Messrs. Eyre and Stra. Speaker ; ho notice whatever taken of its han, precludes the knowledge of this addiprovisions by the watchful guardians of our : tion to our laws among my brother claimants, liberties and property, and was suffered to I adopt this mode of communicating the fact pass into an act sub silentio, and so far as for their information. The act, Mr. Cobihe knowledge of the merchants interested bett, was passed on the 21st of March, and in the subject may extend, it would remain, it declares (in support of my assertion of the a dead letter without your insertion of the accumulating years that may yet be expendo, fact. The other reason is, because my ed) that " a considerable time 'may yet complaint of the sacrifice made of us and our elapse before all the claims of persons entitled interests by government, in not originally au- to receive any compensation out of the said, thorising the money paid by the United sum of £600,000 are adjudged, and it may States tụ be placed out at interest, and pro- le expedient that such part of ibe balance of viding prospectively for our benefit in con- the said sum of money remaining in the sequence of the sacrifice made of us in con- hands of the cashier of the said governor and celing our claims upon America, amounting company undistributed, as to the said com10 £5,000,000 for 1000,000, is partially missioners shall seem fit, should in the mean done away, and it is proper that I acknow- time be vested in Exchequer Bills." After ledge the act of government in this respect which it enacts, that it shall be lawful for having in my former letler referred to the the commissioners to withdraw such part of money remaining in the bank unemployed, the balance of the 4600,000 as to them shall and expressly stated the propriety of parlia- see'm fit, and invest the same in Exchequer ment placing it out at inierest, and of which Bills. Vague and unsatisfactory as is the act there should not have been the doubt of a which imperatively compels nothing, still moment. Largely interested as I am, even the delegation of a power to make interest of I should have remained equally ignorant wiib the money is a shade better than was its formy brother claimants of the fact of the act mer situation locked up in the bank; but it of parliament having passed, had not the act may still remain there it it is not deemed erbeen stated to be in the daily papers, au act pedient to withdraw it from its strong hold, for the relief of the American loyalists; this and unless the commissioners shall hold it to directed my attention to ascertain why go. | be fit to add interest to principal. I approve vernment should still year after year keep in not, Mr. Cobbett, of milk and water laws si* pay, and extend its protecting power to that milar to this; if it is deemed a good to adopt

body, of men, many of whim have been that which the act certainly enables men to more than amply remunerated for losses,' do in the exercise of their discretion, or unwhile others of them sought indemnity for der the influence of caprice compel them to imaginary losses; and again others paid for do it, leave it not to indefinite anthority. If the loss of property and professions, who it is fit and expedient to give the power to

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withdraw this money from the bank, why dresses you, wbo has an equal opinion of all not make it incumbent upon the holders of party men, and wbo neer did belong, and this money to appropriate it to useful pur- never will, 10 any party, believing Miar the poses in the way of gain, for the benefit of instant a man sets his foot in office his senti. the much injured and insulted claimants, ments change, and his principle, if he ever and let not the possibility remain of this mo- had any, becomes subservient to his inte. ney continuing for the next seven years, as rest. Yet, I must cxcept out of my general it has several years hitherto up to the time reason two men, the late Mr. Fox and Mr. of passing the act, wholly unemployed (at Pitt, the former, if ever there was a man Jeast not employed for the benefit of the ne- who had the welfare of his country at heart, glected sufferers) at an annual loss of even to the sacrifice of every personal consi. £30,000. As government have at length deration, was justy entitled in the distinc. thought proper to declare that interest may tion; and Mr. Pits also, for his deternuined be made of this money in future, and have perseverance in the measures which he by the act now passed, decided upon the im- deemed beneficial to his couatry --A RHIN, propriety of the conduct of those men who ED OLD AMERICAN MERCHANT - April 7, composed the administration at the time the 1308.

11 : : 18 : :) 11-3 original act was passed individually, the

W 110 same men who now hold the reins of go.

VAILS, A vernment, and who neglected to make inte

SIR, As a constant reader of your rest of the money heretofore, it would have gister, I have observed with muci satisfac. been well if they had not deemed it proper tion, ibat however our opinions on some to confess thcir negligence or wilful miscon- few political occasions may have differed. I duct, at least to have struck out some means have always seen reason to applaud your of indemnification for the loss sustained by manly assertions of the principles of truth, us upon

the 2000,000, during the years it however unpalatable to some classes ; and has been suffered to remain an incumbrance above all, you are intitled to the esteem of in the hands of the cashier of the bank.

every honest man, for your endeavours 10 £30,000 a year, will in 7 years amount to check those moral evils 'which läre. of late £210,000, a sum more than equal to one- increased to an alaiming heighi, This.16 third of the amount of the price of the you have done without any methodistical - composition money, the price of our sacri- cant, which some petsons neither wiser not fice by that very able and experienced vego- better than their weighbouws, think it for ciator Lord Hawkesbury, who with that their advantage to adnpt. Without further happy liberality for which he justly sanks preface then, and in the full confidence, if " eminently high, stipulated only for L100.000 iny sentiments appear just, that they will : to discharge £5,000,000, when Abr. Rufus

ineet: a portion of your attention ; I will King was empowered by America, to agree proceed to point out the approaching return to the payment of £1,200,000, this high trait of an intolerable evil, in various ways, which in the character of that noblemas, certainly our foretathers saw cause to exert themselves entitles irim to the thanks at the virtuous re- in abolishing. I allude to the nuisance of pnblican, and, from the time of the accept-vais, or rather extortions, the meaning of

ance of ihe composition, insolvent American wlzich appears to me to be coinprised in the * debtors, and the gracioussniiles of King Cong, folly of the masier and the exactions of the as you stile the dear ally of France. It is to domestie; and wbich in these times bave

be recollected too, that this concession was taken a tresh currents by she infamous con- made by men who severely retort upon the..nivance of persons in trade, 7 Some cireumproposed concessions of the Fox administra- stances which have come before my eyes, ition to America, a concession far exceeding, appear to me of a nature so contaminating 10

I mean in principle (for what is the conces- these classes of people, that I should. (though sion of £5,000,000 to the wind of aien ac- but an humble one), acquit myself very customed to the amount of the national debt, as an individual, if I did not endeavour to

one bundred, times that sum), any conces-1.apply the remedy, by an exposure of the dis.sions géanted or about to be granted by ease...Formerly, when the odious.custom “s the late administration, of which Mr. Fox of vajls existed, wages were not above one

formed a part. However, which soever par seventh of the sums: now generally paid. ty actually made the greatest concessions is But to those: low. wages an inhospnabla right not material to_u8, now, our rights having was annexed, of exacting presents from bisbniebow or other been frittered away by those who partook of the cheer of the mas

one party or the other, and-by which, is of ter's board. This practice afier as time came no monsequence to the person who now ad- to such a pitch, that a dinner at a gentleman's house cost as much or more than a tavern - price, where the butler or housekeeper is to

bills for une fellow brought a glove, another partake of bis profits, without sharing bis ine ig hat; a third a stick, a fourib a great coat, beurs, or experiencing his risks and possible

and a fifth, if nothing else were left, would losses. This may be exemplified in the disa * dot hesitate to search the handkerchief, if it courses of an eminent coal merchant and invitingly strewed a corner, from the unwit- horse dealer, ine former assuring me nje had ting stranger's pocket, purely for the disinte- lost several customers, from resisting ihe rested satisfaction of returning it. This shameful exaction of servants ; w.ho when practice kaving become quite intolerable, , they were not acceded to, burnt and aistrycome spirited gentlemen in spite of inceu- , ed the best coals below, and sent nothing diary threats, and blood thirsiy anonymous bin the refuse to the parlour and the dining • Jeiters, did call meetings in their counties, room.--The latter asserted that the high de

and by gerietal consent abolished the evil; mands for horses, arose chiefly from the fees tand by way of remuneration raised their required by servants, who without a share of *bervant's wagen, to their present bigh rate, the booty, would abuse their horses, and get

#liicl with The addition of board and Judg. Their customers away by various pretences ; ing is impore than equal to the pay of a subal- and be further assured ine, thai die huid lost tern othicer in bis Majesty's forces--whose, the disposal of a pair of carriage horses the life or lind may be every day required in ' day before, by refusing to add on to the

the service of his conuiry. This evil which amount demanded, the trifling sum of one ruppears to the master to be abulished, is to tisto iu be transterred by his ueans from me

niy certain kuowledge again creeptig in to pocket of the master to that of the coach* some of the great houses ut ebe dobility un- man.---Again, it is not uncommon where a i known to their dospitable owners.


liberal hospitality exists, for the head servant friends (bog'erer esteened) choosing to in- . 10 keep a sort of open table for any rascally

cur'the risk of being thought meduling or ac quaintance who may have forfeited bis i officious in the domestie affairs of another; ' place or his character, or by the economy of

and this fact being fou eer ain to my own the master have been placed upon board knowledge, I think it my duty to give it pub- : wages. For my part, I call such acts far

licity.---Not content, however, with such worse than picking pockets; as it is blackmeans of filling their pockets, they are as ened by breaches of trust and honesty ; tur, with one accurd, endeavouring to create a it is of little consequence which we are pilstill more odious species of exaction, as in fered of, money. or mopey's worth. It more

fact, it involves a breach both of trust and instances were wanting to prove the necessi* honesty, and the difficulty of discovery em- ty of crushing these criminal and growing · boldens them so far, that it is the theme of evils; many might be aduced, but that discourse at their clubs, their bops, and their enough I think bas been said to create dis

Occasional orgies, after their.. tisuspecting gust at the conduct of the pampered menial; Eimasters have retired to rest, or are absent and to excite as determination in the higher

from home. When the period for the ads classes, to resist and repress such mal-prac

justments of the annual family accounts ar- iices; as a duty even to their servanils, v, bo 1. > rives, in too inauy instances, the upper ser- from luxury and progressive acts of roguery 1.' vants- niake their demands for a per cemage and rapine, too frequently, terminate exisiBitbereon ; and, disgusting as it may seem, ence by a criminal and disgraceful death on

there are many tradesmen villainous enough the gallows, or through the lenity of their 'to hold oat bairs for castom by a competi- prosecutors have their selitences initigatçd, - tion, in the extravagant amount of their by being banished from their country as fe- bribes" Nay, Sir, the fact is scarcely at- lons and malefactors. I cannot, however,

?? (@ypted to be concealed, of which an in- quit this subject without aitaching blame, * stance occurred in my own family, an upper and a very great share of ity to the absurd

1 servant having given me waruing forsooth, fashions of the day. For now a woman who si because presoneed to pay my own bills ;- condescends to regulate the household affairs Op staring, or radiet mis-stating to me, that by of her husband's family, becomes absolutely

Ligi becoming the medium of payment, I a butt for satire and ridicule, to the ill-judga .goshould sutfer nb loss, and lie would ubtain aing, but more naiderous, part of her sex, - neonsiderable advantage; an assertion so self-which it has been but too truly said is the bevidently absurd, that no one but a mere 1.severest test of truths Nor are the masters 1:0 drivelting videor could for one moment gives of families to be spared from severe animado Trelawit. Bor, can common sense sutter version for taking, as is too constantly dope, was one to believe that an honest tradesnian can servants of indifferent characters, and iá Stafford to seld goods to the master at a fair some instances without any characters what3.15....109515941 13:21


رسید ، . ، ر ا ن اور

ever, an evil so great in its contente con the French troops should be removed from

red to, but refused all co-operation unitik: it to be actionable at coin

the mon law, and punished as severely as a ser- the coasts, and the ports of Germany opened vant would be for obtaining a false character. to English ships. But the question here was i --To you, Sir, whose time now so useful the checking of those aggressions which ly dedicated to the service of the public, England had commenced, and by which alb some apology might seem necessary, were Europe was 'disturbed. The emperor des not the subject of my letter one of so much manded fron, the King of Sweden a co-opedin importance to the public. For I trust you ration founded on treaties ; bui bis Swedish will agree with me, that devising the means Majesty answered by proposing to delay, the of repressing crimes is a duty we all owe in execution of the treaty to another period, our several stations. T. S.

and by troubling himself with the care of

opening the Dutch ports, for England. In OFFICIAL PAPERS.

a word, with rendering himself of service, AMERICAN STATES..-President Jefferson's to that England, ‘against which measures of it

Message to the Congress, dated February defence onght to have been taken. It would 3, 1808.

be difficult to find a more striking proof of. Having received an official communica- partiality on the part of the King of Sweden tion of certain orders of the British govern- towards Great Britain, than this which here ment against maritime rights of neutrals, has here given.-His Imperial Majesty, ond! bearing date the uth of November, 1807, the 16th of November, 'caused a second dote: 1 I transmit them to Congress, as a further to be delivered, in which bis Swedish M14", proof of the increasing dangers to onr navi- jesty was informed of the rapture betweeand! gation and commerce, which led to the pro. Russia and England. This boid rehaalwedir. vident act of the present session, laying an two months unanswered, and the answer embargo on our own vessels.

which was transmitted on the gih of Jan Scary

to his Majesty's Ministers, was to the sonte Russia. Declaration against Sweden, Fel perport as the former: -The emperor is, hew. JO, 1809.

ever, far from regretting his moderaton. Justly indignant at the violence which He is, on the conırary, well pleased to re-> England has displayed towards the King of collect that he has employed every meats Denmark, the Emperor of Russia, faithful that remained to him for bringing back his to his character and to liis system of unceas. Svedish Majesty to the only system of policy." ing care for the interests of his Empire, 10- which is consistent with the interests of his tified to the King of Great Britain, that he Status; but his Imperial Majesty owes it at could not remain insensible of so unjust and least to his people, and to the security of unexampled an aggression on a Sovereign bis dominions, which is to a Sovereign the connected with him by the ties of blood and highest of all laws, no longer to leave the friendship, and wbo was the most ancient co-operation of Russia with Sweden a mati Ally of Russia.-His Iniperial Majesty in- ter of doubt.-Informed that the Cabinet forned the King of Sweden of this deter- of St. James's, endeavouring to terrife Denmination by a note, dated the 24th of Sep- mark into a concurrence with the juterests temberdast, presented to the Swedish Am- of England threatened that Swedish troops bassador. -An article of the treaty concluded should occupy Zealand, and that the posses ? in 1783, between the Empress Carlarine sion of Norway should be guaranteed to the and Gistarus III. and another in the treaty King of Sweden'; assured also that bisi" of 1800; between the late Emperor Paul Swedish Majesty, while he left the Russian and the present King of Sweden, contain note unanswered, was secretly negociating the reciprocal and -stipulated agreement to a treaty at London, his Imperial Majesty maintain the principle, that the Baltic is a perceived that the interests of his empire close Sea, with ibe guarantee of its coasts would be very ill secured were be to permit against all acts of hostility, violevce or vexas his neighbour, the King of Sweden, at ther lions whatever ; and farther, to employ for commencement of a war between Russia this purpose all the means in the power of and England, to disguise his web-known the respective contracting parties. His Im- sentiments of attachment to the latter

. power, perial Majesty, referring to these treaties, under the appearance of a pretended veutraconsidered himself vot merely authorised, lity. His Imperial Majesty, therefore; canbut bound, to call upon the King of Sweden not allow the relations of Sweden towards for his co-operation against England.-His Russia to remain longer in a state of unicerSwedish Majo.; did not disavow the obliga. 1 tainty. He cannot give his consent to such rion imposa sapoo him by the treacies refer- a neutrality.--His Swedish Majesty's being

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