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“ remedy consists in a fair and just com. “ chiefs in Ireland, which no legislative in. “ mutation of tythes, in the grant of a pub- “ terference can reach." He is right, and the “ lic maintenance for the Catholic and Pres- rapacity of squires of al sects, and their sys: “ byterian clergy, in a diminution of absen- tematic grinding of the poor, is one of these " tees, and an increased attention on the mischiets. Our whoie Irish representation “? part of resident landlords, to the welfare consisting of one hundred wise and well in“ and happiness of their tenantry. What formed gentlemen, who, as Fontenelle said • the clergy can do to effect such desirable of the French academicians, " ont l'esprit
objects they will do, provided the gentle- comme quatre," joined to the equally wise
men of landed property shew no disposi- and well informed representation of Eng'''tion to relieve one class at the expence of land, Scotland, and Wales, could not, I will « anotber; with the landlords therefore, it venture to say, in their anitel wisdom, de" lies to avert the evil day from Ireland, vise any law competent to remove this evil. “ and from the enipire: they alone are It is intertwister with the very fibres of a
competent to save both. Need I urge squire's nature; he imbibes it from his mo“them. nore'tis time that they awake ther, and his father inculcates it along with “ from a lethargic inactivity; 'tis time that the alphabet and the multiplication table.
they look the state of Ireland fairly in the This is the party in Ireland that is most for
face, and for their own sake at least, en- midable to the real prosperity of the coun" deavour to alter a line of conduct, which try; this is the sour balm that leavens the úr has stamped that face with features so ex- lower classes into turbulence; these are the “ pressive of ill usage and mismanage- people that Mr. Grattan should have pointed " ment."
his rhetorical rockets against : he humm'd Sir, I have taken the above extract and he ha'd, and he see-sawed himself into. from an excellent Pamphlet, recently pub. a very pretty sort of an oratorical rage lished in Dublin, entitled “ An Enquiry into against a French party ; but he should have “ the History of Tythes, with a plan for been coolly indignant against the squires, “ modifying that system, and providing an and proved plainly and simply that they are “ adequate maintenance for ihe Catholic the fountaio head, from whence ihe real wa“ and Presbyterian Clergy," which I se- ters of bitterness flow, and that if they were riously recommend to the perusal of all but commonly just to the most grateful, nomembers of parliament, or other hereditary ble hearted people in the world the Irisli, or accidental counsellors of state, and inte. the French party might either dwindle into gral parts of the government, as a work re- dancing masters and dentists, or go to Ameplete with valuable information, clear rea. rica and debate with closed doors (and winsoning and dispassionate statement; and, dows too) upon the propriety of going withtherefore, of particular use, when, as in all out great coats and breeches, by way of disprobability there will be, a talk in parlia- | tressing the Yorkshire clothiers. What ment about Ireland and tythes, it is indis- wretched shuffling and twisting and tempopensibly necessary for the members to get a rizing is this! Will members of parliament luncheon of information on these subjects, for ever come forward and stigmatize the (for the pamphlet is too short to constitute a Irish as idle, rebellious and ungrateful, and yet full meal); to the spread of instruction
conceal the real causes of these curses; the these interesting points, it would be injus- wretchedness' entailed upon the Irish by tice not to confess that your valuable Regis- the landed proprietors. One honourable genter has greatly contributed. If I do not tleman makes a very neat speech, and attria mistake, you were the very first who detect- butes all the disturbances to the tythes ; ed the trick of the Protestant country gentle. these are the Grattanites Another tells the men (whom you most properly designated as house that the Pope, poor 'man, is at the the keenest set in the world) and exposed it bottom of the riots. These are the Redesas it deserved to be exposed. Trust me, Mr. dalites; but, I have yet heard no antisquiruCobbett, till that race of Centaurs is regene- list get up in his place, and declare boldly. rated-till their bestial is converted into ra. and honestly that the distractions of Ireland tional, neither Catholic emancipation, nor arise from the exorbitant price of land, the commutation of tythes will ever work the thumbscrewing of rack rents, and its ruinous, . great work of peace. Till land is let at such impolitic, and inhuman expedient of refusing. rates as will enable the riller to feed, clothe, leases, disallowing the tenants right, and enand educate his family, the Irish peasantry 1 þancing the rate of farms by the horridi exmust remain ignorant, naked, and wretched. pedient of canting. By such infamous conIt is well observed by a very ingenious cor- duct on tie part of the landed proprietors, tęspondent of yours," iliat there are mis. the whole population of the country are alie.
nated. All the bonds that bind
have appeared in your Register on various man, and men to their native land are subjects, one in your last, signed J. P. D. snapped in twain; the permeating principles has, I confess, excited not a little surprise of local attachment, that like the roots of the in my mind.-My object in addressing you pine, make their way through the hardness (and I confess I do it with diffidence, be. of the barren mountain, and bind the tree | ing the first time I have ventured to write, even to the naked rock, are rudely extirpa- | Mr. Cobbelt) is to notice the fallacy of ted. Home, that dear delightful refuge of J. P. D.'s statement with respect to rithes the human heart, is denied to the poor Irish- and their influence on religion ; and to ask man,-he may be turned from one moment whether you seriously think the churches to another from the hut he has reared, and are deserted, and the established religion the garden he has planted. And, yet this suffered to decline from any such cause: -Is creature whom the Almighty endowed with it possible, Sir, such a delusion can have every noble propensity, and generous feel successfully palmed itself on J. F. D.'s imagiing, shall be stigmatized as inriately savage, nation? Or, is not it more probable that he has intemperate, and intractable, because he taken this ground, knowing how soon, above turns upon the curs that are hunting him to other causes, a religious outcry will have efdesperation, and refuses to lick the hand | fect. It surely cannot be difficult to trace that is raised to scourge and to torment him. the desertion of our churches to some other This, Mr. Cobbett, is the truth-and till the cause. It arises out of the palpably notorious truth be told in and out of parliament, negligence of so many of its clergy. I know things will proceed as they have done, most the objections that exist against such an opidisastrously. I really congratulate the coun- nion, but I also know ihat you and all other try that there is one channel yet left for the honest men, Mr. Cobbett, must conclude, dissenyination of truth--the Political Register that while the majority, or at least a large is that channel. I will not pretend to assert proportion of the church clergy are deficient that you are always right, but this I will af- in their duty to the people committed to firm from a long acquaintance with the Poli- their charge, the nature and unavoidable tical Register, that it contains more truth in consequence is, that the people, in their turn, the publications of one month, than the should fall short in the respect due only to a whole tribe of newspapers in one year; and man worthy of the office he sustains; and it I am rejoiced that you give a column now niust be equally clear, that where the minisand then to the affairs of Ireland; they are ters of religion fail to stimulate by their own indeed in a perilous state ; but as the author energy and example, the religion of those from whose pamphlet I have quoted, well under their carc will soon degenerate into abserves, “ with the landlords it lies to avert nothing but the name. Such being the case, " the evil day from Ireland, and from the it is to this cause principally, and not to the “ empire; they alone are competent to save obnoxious nature of tythes, we are to ascribe “ both." I may trouble you hereafter with the decline of our established religion, and some further observations upon this subject, the desertion of our church. I would be unand throw out some hints upon the education derstood to mean, by the word “ establishof squires, which might if adopted by their ed," the form of religion in use with the sires and dams, prove eminently useful to the church of England; for the assertion that future breed. Ireland is of vital consequence real religion is on the decline, if your correto Great Britain, and recent events have only spondent means real religion by the terms confirmed the observation of Sir Richard used, I can by no means admit
. On the Cox, in the dedication of his history to Wil contrary, I firmly believe it to be increasing. liam and Mary, after stating that Ireland had I do not intend entering more on this part eost their predecessors an unspeakable mass of his letter, for in that case I should expect, of blood and treasure," but no cost can be if deemed
my letter worthy any notice, “ too great where the prize is of such va- you would declare your publication not the “ lue, and whoever considers the situation, vebicle of religious communications, and “ports, plenty, and other advantages of very properly; but I could not read J.F. D's “ Ireland, will confess that it must be re- stateinents without a few remarks on their “ tained at what rate soever, because, if it fallacy, as far as they refer to the point " would come into the enemies hands, Eng. have noticed; and though you may not ad" land would find it impossible to flourish, mit remarks on religious topics to swell your “ and perhaps to subsist without it."-I re- pagesgenerally, I have read your Register long main, &c.-Malb.-Dullin.
enough to know how willing you are always to expose error yourself, as weil as afford others
the opportunity of doing it. I would also SIR; Among the many letters which say a few words on another assertion in the
same letter.-J. F. D, has said, that “ terly with this subject as it regards Ireland ; the tithes abolished, Old England would although I have always understood every from that circumstance become happy, thing that has appeared in the Register on prosperous, and thriving,” that “
this point, (far as my recollection will carry naries would always be filled with corn," and me) except the letter of J.F. D. to refer that, under any circumstances, we should only to the sister kingdom.--I am, &c.: never need the aid of importation. And is S.A.- London, 15th Feb. 1808. this great and wonderful change to be effected by taking from the church its tenths
OFFICIAL PAPERS. of the produce of the land, and giving the | ENGLAND AND Sweden.—Convention levalue of that tenth in some other way? I tu'een his Majesty and the King of Sweden do heartily join in that gentleman's zealous -signed at Stockholm on the sth Februahope, but I would suggest that such an event
ry, 1808. from such a cause may never take place. No, The consequences of the treaty of Tilsit, Sir, whoever may live to see this country between Russia and France, unfolding themagain " prosperous and thriving," will wit. selves more and more, in such a manner as ness much more important changes than the to threaten Sweden with a speedy invasion, abolition of tythes : he will see our satesmen for the purpose of enforcing her to accede to breathing the spirit of public virtue ; be will the French system; and his Swedish majesty see no faclious opposition to those statesmen, finding himself therefore under the necessibecause one set are in power and the other ty of bringing forward, to resist its effects, out; pensions and places will be done a greater force than he has at his ordinary away ; and a due regard paid to the coun. disposal, his Britannic majesty, animated try's rights. He will see the taxes of his with the constant desire of contributing to country lessened or more equally imposed; the defence and security of his ally, and of the national debt diminished, and our dig, supporting him, by every means, in a war, sity, as a great and independent nation, undertaken for the mutual interests of both proudly nuaintained. He will see a parlia- states, has determined to give to his Swedish ment pure and independent; its seats oc. majesty an immediate aid in money, as being cupied according to the laws; and every the most prompt and efficacious, to be paid member bearing within himself the spirit of from time to time at fixed periods; and their impartiality, deciding according to the dic- majesties having judged it expedient, that a tates of a conscientious, upright judgment, formal convention with regard to their reciand not, as now, either indolently or inten- ' procal intentions, in this respect, should be tionally giving his yea or nay to enactments concluded, they have for this purpose named agreeably to the side he sits on in the house. ' and authorised their respective plenipoten-- I would not now say much on the justice tiaries; that is to say in the name and on or injustice oi the mode adopted in collect the part of his majesty the king of the Uniing the tithes ; I am afraid with J. F. D. ted kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, that too generally it is oppressive ånd vexa- Edward Thornton, Esq. his envgs extratious : but surely in the instance he has ado ordinary and 'Plinister plenipotentiary to duced his friend could have easily gained his majesty the King of Sweden; and in ample compensation by other means than the name and on the part of his majesty remonstrance for so wanton an insult, so the King of Sweden, the Baron D'Ehrenfugrant a breach of equity and justice.-The | heim, president of his chancery, and laws of this country must be defective in- commander of his order of the poiar star, deed, if they permit such an outrage against who, after having communicated to each society withont producing adequate punishi, other their respective full poivers, have ment to prevent ils repetition ; and if they agreed up:n the following articles :do provide such a remedy, there must have Article. 1. His majesty the king of the been some defect on the part of J. F. D.'s United kingdom of Great Britain and friend, who could refrain from bringing such Ireland engages that there shall be paid to an offender onder its operation. I have my his Majesty the King of Sweden the sum self known instances where much ill will of twelve hundred thousand pounds sterhas arisen on the subject of tithes, but in ling, in equal instalments of one hundred many of them (I mean where the incum- thousand pounds sterling each, per month, bent bias collecied them himself) it had its beginning with the month of January of origin with the person from whom the tithe
the present year inclusively, and to continue was due, ond not with the person claiming succesively in the cource of each month, it. I confine myself, of course, to England the first of which instalments shall be paid in my remarks, for I am unacquainted ut- on the ratification of the present convention by his Swedish majesty.-11. His majesty Cardinal Cassoni. Daled Ronie Feb, 2, the King of Sweden engages on his part to 1908. ein.ploy the said sum in putting into mo- His Holiness Pius VII. being unable to tion, and keeping on a respectable es- conform to all the demands made ou him by tablishment, ali his land forces, and such the French government, and to the extent part as shall be necessary of his feet, and required of him, as it is contrary to his saparticularly his florilla, in order to oppose cred duties, and the dictates of his conthe most effectual resistance to the com- science; and being thus compelled to submon enemies.--III. Their said majesties mit to the disastrous consequences which moreover engage to conclude no peace, or have been threatened, and to the military truce, or convention of neutralily, with occupation of his capital, in case he should the enemy, but in concert and mutual. not submit to such demands :-Yielding, agreement.--IV. The present convention therefore, in all humility of beart, to the shall be ratified by the two high contracting inscrutable determinations of the Most High, parties, and its ratification shall be ex- he places his cause in the hands of the Al.' changed at London within the space of mighty; and being unwilling to fail in the six weeks after the signature of the said essential obligations of guaranteeing the convention, or sooner if it can be done rights of bis sovereignty, he has command
- Separate Articie. The two high con. ed us to protest, and formally protests in tracting parties have agreed to concert, as his own name, as well as in that of his suc. soon as possible, the measures to be taken,
cessors, agaiast any occupation whatever of and the auxiliary succours to be stipulated his dominions, being desirous that the rights fur, in the case of a war actually taking of the holy chair should remain, now and place between Sweden and the powers henceforward, uninjured and untouched. her neighbours; and the stipulation which As the vicar on earth of that God of Pesce may thence resuit shall be considered wno taught by his divine example bumili as separate and additional articles to this and patience, he has no doubt, but his most convention, and shall have the same force beloved subjects, who have given him sa as if they were word for word inserted
many repeated proofs of obedience and attherein.
tachment, will make it their peculiar study PORTUGAL.-Proclamation issued from the to preserve peace and tranquillity, private
Office of the Secretary of State for the as well as public, which his Holiness exliorts, Affairs of Portugal. Dated Liston, Dec. and expressly commands; and that, far from 4, 1807.
committing any excesses, they will rather The rulers of this kingdom being in- respect the individuals of a nation, from formed, within these few days, that the whom, during bis journey, and stay in prices of some articles of the first necessity Paris, he received so many flattering testihad been raised to an exorbitant price, or- monies of devotion and regard. der the Senate to check every excess which may in this respect take place, with all due WestphaLIA.—Royal Decree, by which it vigilance and severity, in order that, with- is ordered that the English Goods found at out the authority of government, and with- Marburg shall be publicly burned. out the most urgent motives, the prices of We, Jerome Napoleon, &c. on the provisions must not be raised; and the Se
report of our minister of justice and af. nate will, by proclamation, make this fairs of the interior, have decreed, and do known,- In prompt obedience to this in- decree as follows:-Art. 1. The English juction, the Senate hereby ordains, that no commodities, which, by orders of the preperson of any class or condition whatever, fect of the Wirra, were seized on the ist shall raise the prices of all or any articles of instant, at Marburg, and which have been the first necessity, beyond the rate at which ascertained to be English manufacture by Bich article, or any of them, were sold on, the merchants and assessors of the deputathe 28th of Nov. last.-- And whoever shall tion of conimerce appointed to make the transgress this order shall incur a penalty of inquiry, and by the printed notices of the 8000 reis, and be confined in prison, where commercial house of Wendeker and Co. at he shall remain ten days for the first offence, Wetzlar, shall be forth with burnt in the pob. and for the second such penalties shall be lic places at Marburg.--Art. II. Our mi. doubled, and such person to be prohibited nister of justice and the affairs of the in from opening a shop, or to sell any article terior is commissioned to carry into execuwhatever, &c. &c.—(Signed) FranciSCO tion the present decree, which shall be in. DB MendenZ CARRAISE MULEO.
serted in the bulletin of laws. Given in
our royal palace at Cassel, the 5th of Feb, Rome.-Notice of the Secretary of State 1808, and in the 2d year of our reign. Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street
, Govent Garden, where former Numbers may be find i sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Miwe, Pall Mall,
VOL. XIII. No. 14.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 2, 1808.
“ As to the Petition, of which the Sheridans' advertisenient talks, nothing can be a more gross dcception. - There is no foundation for a petition; there is even no pretended foundation. The Sheridans well " know, that it is imposible for any candidate to observe the laws of election more strictly than Lori " Cochrane has observed them. lle despises, as all his friends do, the base and conteniprible attempt her: " made to cast an aspersion upon his character. The whole is an inipudent áttempe at imposition. It is a ** trick whereby to se money to be pocketed by the parties. Letti con rivers be prepared, however, for " a revival of the subject." ---POLITICAL REGISTER, Vol. XI. page 975. 513]
[514 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. was going forward, out came the following WesTMINSTER ELECTION. -- At the laconic report of the proceedings in the place, in the Register, above referred to, House of Commons, touching the matter beginniag at page 973, is the whole history in question. 09 Thursday, the 24th of of the promised Petition against Lord Co- March, The Speaker informed the House, chrane's return, , which petition has now " that, as Tuesday last had been appointed seen its end. It will be remembered, that, “ for taking inio consideration the petition just after the Westininster contest was over, complaining of the last election and return there was a meeting calied, by the Sheridans “for Westminster, and the right hon. Ria and their friends, through the means of a “ chard Brinsley Sheridan had not appeared public advertisement; that, at this meeting, " by himself, his counsel, or agents, withthe celebrated Mr. John Frost was a lead- “ in one hour after the time tixed for taking ing man, and that his health was given as a " the same into consideration, he had certoast, by the elder Sheridan at one time, tifier such default to the Court of Exche and by the celebrated PETER Moore at ano- quer, in order to the recovery of the rether time; that, at the aforesaid meeting, cognizonces." Thus has ended this of which Peter was chairman, it was re- long promised petition ; thus are the greensolved to raise money, by public subscrip- rooni impostors exposed, for the thousandth tion, for the purpose of prosecuting an ap: tiae, to public contempt; and thus are the peal to parliament against ibers il n of Lord calumpies, invenied and propagated for the Cochrane; and, it is well known to all those purpose of blasting the character of an howho had an opportunity of hearing the lan- nourable man, thrown back in the teeth of guage of the Sheridans and their friends, at those from whom they had proceeded. that time, that they, in the most unreserved Bat, it is right that the now undeceived manner, asserted, that they were able to public should be informed of some of the prove, that Lord Cochrane had been guilty silent proceedings of Messrs. Sheridan, of bribery, and that they stated one particu- Frost, and Aloore, a trio not, perhaps, to lar instance, wherein he gave an elector the be matched in his Majesty's dominions.sum of two guineas for his vote. I have In the business of the election, Messrs. referred to the passage, wherein I contra- Dawson and WRATISLAW of Warwick dicted these assertions, in print; but, so Sireet, Golden Square, were Lord Cor well had the base tricksters, the green room chrane's agents. Mr. Vratislaw, so whoin gang of impostors, the vile herd of divert- the business relating to the petition was more ing vagabonds; so well bad they devised particularly committed, always was of cpitheir scheme of calumny, and so industrious nion, that the Sheridans, notwithstanding had they been in the execution of it, that, the important support of the celebrated John almost every person, with whom one spoke Frost, would not proceed to trial, and, upon the subject, appeared to believe, that therefore, be delayed, till the last moment, Lord Cochrane' world to ouste: ita conse- the consultation of counsel. On Saturday's quence of the petition. Nay, 10 such an however, previous to the day appointed for extent did this belief exist, that some of the ballot, be delivered his briefs to Mr. the Electors have had several meetings, in Dallas and Mr. Warren. On the next day order to come to a resolution respecting the (Sunday), the celebrated John Frost, and, nomination of a person to be chosen in the after him, bis most worthy associate, Peter room of Lord Cochrane, the writ for which Moore, addressed very civil notes to Mr. they expected about the tenth day of this Dawson, who, of course, delivered theor present month of April. Just as all this to Mr. Wratislaw, and the latter expressed