« ElőzőTovább »
question whereto he is himself assisting by inhabitants of the said islands are to enjoy the his opinion and advice --Surely, Sir, if such fullest security for their persons, property, a combination of legislative and judicial and other rights, as well as a free exercise of functions can be in any wise constitutionally their religion. Answer. All bunâ fide Dacentered in the same individual; the ex- nish inhabitants shall enjoy the fullest secuecution of the latter should be compensated rity for their persons and properties, as well by a fixed and limited salary (I care not as a free exercise of their religion, provided how large--the talents, the exertions and they do not in any measure cover, or attempt the integrity of the present judge of the to cover, the property of the enemies of admirally deserve every honor and claim Great Britain and Ireland. By property is high remuneration), nor should that officer to be understood, all goods and merchandise, be permitted to enrich himself by judgments now on shore. And to render any farther passed on vessels detained by his own order, explanation on this head unnecessary, it is and which must, al. I have said, prove required, that all Danish inhabitants, and lucrative in proportion to the scope and those of other nations, not at war with Great extent of that order. You, Sir, who so Britain, shall give is, wlien called upon, and ably exposed the unconstitutional incon- if demanded, on oath, a strict and impartial sistency of a chiet justice of the king's bench account of all property belonging to the enebeing a member of the cabinet, will, I am inies of Great Britain, either in their own sure, admit the equal incongruity manifest possession, or within their knowiedge, therein a judge of the admiralty (paid as he at by fully securing the intention of this article. present is) having a seat in the privy council. Art, IV. Arms and animunition to be deIf the former be a source of power un- livered by a commission composed of officers reconcilable with the freedom, the latter is of both parties; also the magazines and proa source of profit no less incompat: ble with visions, and what else may be found in the the purity of the constitution. British forts, as it sball be found to day according to justice, Mr. Cobbett, in the spotlessness of returns to be drawn up.--Answer. Agreed its chastity, should, like the wife of Cæsar, 10.--Art. V. All Danish oficers, and the be inaccessible even to the suspicion of a garrison, to be conveniently and safely conreproach Shond you deem the present ducted to their 1976.ve cocniry; and those worthy of insertion in your Register, I that inight desire to proceed vià America or shall trouble you with some further remarks elsewhere, to be provided with proper passon this court of judicature.- am, Sir, &c. ports, or to remain in this couniry if they 30th Novemler, 1807.
Z. wish. ---Auswer. The garrison must be con
sidered as prisoners of war, and conveyed to OFFICIAL PAPERS.
Europe as speedily as possible, and every in. ENGLAND.—On the oth of Feb 1809, the dulgence shewn them --Art. VI. No milia.
Caplure of the Danish West India Islands tary to be quartered in houses, but in barwas annonnced in the London Gazelte. racks and proper rooms to be assigned by the The following are the Articles of Capitu- burglier council, and a commissicu appointed lution,
to that end. Answer. Agreed to; but the (Concluded from p. 416.)
buildings must be such as the quarter master Sir: Alexander Cochrane, Knight of the general approves of.- Art. VII. The Danisla Bath, and Commander in Chief of the Na- laws and ordinances to remain in force. All val Forces employed at Barbadoes and the courts and jo:dicial offices to be occupied by Leeward Islands, on the part of his Britan- the present officers. Delinquents under connic Majesty, and Colonel Van Scholten, finement not to be released until their sentence Commandant of the said Danish Islands, on is passed and enforced.--Answer. The Danish the part of his Majesty the King of Den- laws and ordinances shall remain io force, submarki' 111 Biniky
ject to the pleasure of his Britannic Majesty. Art: 1. The islands of St. Thomas and St. The judicial offices to continue occupied by John's, and their dependencies, are hereby the present persons ; but they, as well as all placed under the protection of his Britannic civil officers, must be subject to the approMajesty - Answer. War being declared be- bation of the commanders in chief. The tweet the two nations, the islands of St. Tho- latter part of this article is agreed to on the mas and St, 'Jolin's, and their dependeuces, same condition. An English custom house must be sorrendered to the forces of his Brix will be established on the samne binis as in tannic Majesty. Art. 11. Military honours the British colonies.-- Art. VIII. The king's are to be shewn at the surrender : the offi- and public treasuries, ail public buok keepcers keep and contime to carry their swords. iiigs, and accounts, archieves and p:otocuis ---Answer. Agreed to.-Ari. Ilk All the remain unmolested, under the bands of the
respective cfficers, for mutual security and -Art. XVI. The paper money issued by his Use. - Answer. All public property, and all Danish Majesty is 10 remain in circulation property belonging to the King of Denmark, as heretofore.-Answer. Granted, subject to or to his government, must be given up (to the pleasure of his Britannic Niajesty,-All his Britannic Majesty), and all public papers the frorts, military posis, and vessels of war, and records must be submitted to the inspec- must be given up as soon as the capitulation tion of the British. The records and papers is ratified by the comma,ders in chief, will be allowed to remain in the proper offi- Datud, St. Thomas, Dec. 21, 1807. ces.- Art. IX. His Majesty the King of Articles of capitulation for the surrender Denmark, having advanced loans to the of the Danish Island of Santa Croix, and its planters, the said planters continue to pay off dependencies, eniered into between General according to the nethod regulated, unto his Henry Bowser, commander of the land said Majesty the King of Deninark, who re- forces, and Rear Admiral the Honourable tains the right of norigage on the estates.-- Sir Alexander Cochrane, Koight of the Bath, Answer. Auswered in the last article ; but and commander in chief of the naval forces any sum now due, shall be paid without die- employed at Barbadoes and the Leeward Jay, to such persons as shall be appointed by Islands, on the part of his Britannic Majesty, the commanders in chief (subject to the and Governor Lillienschiold, of the said Dapleasure of his Britannic Majesty).-- Art. X. nish island and dependencies, on the part of No inbabitant shall be compelled to carry his Majesty the King of Denmark. arms, or perform duty, when he has made Art I. By duivering up the island, all his oath of neutrality.-- Answer. Agreed iv; military honours are to be given., The gure but they will be required to take an oath of rison to march ont with their arms, ammuallegiance to the British government, ex- nition, drum beating, and flying banners, pressing that they fill not, either openly or The croops shull on no account whatsoever, secretly, do any ihing hostile to the British be considered as prisoners of v:31. The in. government.----Art. Xl. The Americalis fantry and cavalry to remain in-undisturbed siull be permitted, without consiraint, to posuessica of their arms. The corps of ar. export the produce of the islands, and to illery to keep in possession two field pieces provide them with necessities. The inhabi-anilan ammunition waggon.--Answer. The fants are allowed to ship their proxiuce 10 garriswi sinil march out wiih aslie hovours America.--- Answer. These colonies must of war, as expressed, and the oficers still 1: € under the same laws as govern the keep their swords; but all prise be prison. British West India isiauds---elitX!). The ers of war, and all arms, except officers' free coloured people of this island shall be swords, all be faithfully delivered up.regarded and protected as heretotore under Art. II. The entire military force shall have ika Danish government, and they shall not liberty to remain in their quarters in the he forced to do any military day.---Answer. 1 islaod, and receive their local pay and vieThe Danish free colored people will be tuals, until the same, through suitable beans, protected as heretofire, and will not be andaipu Brilis expence, can be transportforced to do any military duty; but they od to some convenient place in Denmark, in Bijust take an oath of allegiance, conformably possession of his Danish Majests: None of to the teoth article.--Art. XII. In the ge- Ilie furces to be permitted to enter in!o the nerai claims of Danish and neutral property British service, and all to keep possession to be respected, as belonging to its lawful of their luggage and equipage. Should any owners, is also comprehended the vessels of the officers wish to go to America, or any and all property afloat in the harbours, or cther neutral country, on thçir way bome, what might arrive during the time the Dd- they are to be provided with passports to nish colores may remain in the possession of thai eifect, and they will be permined to bis Britannic Majesty.--answer. Answered stay two mopils in the island, from the ome by the reply to the third article.- Art. XIV. this capitulation is signed. --Answer. The Slaves to remain the uadi-puted property of garrison will be conveyerto England as soon their present lawful owners.-loswer. Siares as ships can conveniently be provided, and being property, this las already been served
every indulgence will be shewin them. Their by the answer to the third article. Art.
pay cannot be paid by the British, bụt they XV. The police of this island, continues to will receive the usual rativas and allowance's perform its official functious with the saine issued to prisoners of war. The officers and withority as under the Danish government, men will have their private property preand according to the laws, and usages of the served to them. Passports shaoil be given to contrr.- Answer. This has already been such officers as may require them, to go to auswered by the reply to the seventh article. Atnerica. Those officers who wish to re: be given
main trvo or three months, shall be allowed, the enemies of Great Britain and Ireland.and the men shall be quartered as long as The latter part ei this article will be referred they remain on the island. No other an- to in the answer to article XIII-Art. VIII. swer can be given to this article, except that No inbabitant shall be compelled on any the officers may rely upon every respect and pretence whatever to bear arnis against bis civility being shewn to them -- Art. III. Danish Majesty, or any other power, or perThose military officers, who wish to remain form any military duty. The inhabitants in the island, are perinitied to do so. are to keep their arms and ammunition Answer. Agreed 10.-Art. IV. All the arms those who wish to remain on the island, and aninunition to be delivered up by a shall swear to observe'a strict neutrality, and commission of officers of both parties ; also those who may wish to quit it, shall be althe roral stores and provisions; and what else | lowed to dispose of their property, or to apof his niajesty's property shall be found in point attornies for the administration of the the furts ; also the money in the king's trea- same.--Answer. The inhabitants shall not suries, all according to the specification be compelled to bear arms against his Danish which is to be inade as soon as the ccuntry Majesty, but they must take an oath of alle. is surrendered - Answer. Agreed to; but a giance, binding themselves to do nothing bona fide account supported by proofs shall bostile against the British government, open
Art V. All churches and reli- 1 ly, or secretly. --They shall keep their arms, glous congregations shall be supported in but subject to the contioul of his Britannic their respecuve rights and privileges. Majesty's governor.-—They may remain in Answer. Agreed to.--Art VI. The Danish the island, or quit it, as they please; they lli's and Special ordinances of this country, may also dispose of their properties, and apshall remain in till and uncontrolled vigour point attornies for the administration of the and execution as hitherto); and justice to be same.--Ant. IX. The free people of colour adorastered by the persons now in office. shall continue to enjoy their freedom and Tuezopeal froni the upper court, to go as property, and in every respect to be treated usual to the high court of justice at Copen.
as ihe other inhabitants.--An-wer. Agreed hagen. All the civil oflicers are to remain to; they taking the oath of allegiance to the in the administration of their respective otti- British government.--Art. X. No officer or
The police of this island is to be ad. soldier shall be billetted on the inhabitants, mninistered as hitherto, with the same autho- every assistance shall be given to procure rity as under the Danisli government, ac- proper quar!ers. -Answer. Agreed to; but cording to the received 17es of the island, proper quarters shall be assigued to the Briard by the same persons. - Answer. The tish garrison, which shall be approved of by Danisa lavis and ordinances shall remain in the quarter master general of the army, fil-force until the pace. The same officers, Art. XI. The loans belonging to his Danish ja:ticini and c'l, shall reinain in their seve- | Majesty, are to be considered, as they really ral places, but subject to the pleasure of the are, private property. -Answer. All propercunnguder in chief.-- Tbe appeal from the ty whatever, which in any way belongs to opper courts, must go to his Britannic Ma- the King of Denmark must be surrendered jesty in council. The police will remain to his Britaunic Majesty the King of Great undisterbed, and exercised by the same per- Britain and Ireland ; and all sums now due sons.'" Arr. Vil. All private property be- on loans, as well as what may become so, longing to persons present or absent, io in- must be regularly paid to commissioners apdividuals, or bodies corporate, of every de pointed to receive the same; but the prin. nomination, is to be respected, and the pro- ciples of equity which have gorerned bis prietors to remain in full and uncontrolled Danish Majesty's instructions on the subpossession and administration of the same, ject, will be observed. - Art. XII. All pubby themselves, or by their atrornies. The fic books, archives, and registers of governinhabitants of this island are to have it in ment, or the burgher council, and all other their puwer either to dispose of their pro- public offices, shall be held sacred, and unduce here, or to ship it to England, Ameri- molested in the respective offices, under the ca, or elsewhere. Answer. All Danish pro- care of the present officers. - Answer. perty on shore (exceptsuch produce as may Agreed to; subject to the inspection of the have been relanded from on board ship since British government. -Art. XIII. The ports the blockade of the island; and such coffee of the colony shall be open to all American the produce of St. Dominica now stored and all other 'neutral vessels, which shall be here) shall be fully secured to the proprie- permitted to iniport provisions and supplies, tors, provided they do not in any manner and to export sugar and rum, and other colocover, or attempt to cover, the property of nial produce, free of duties. The inbabi.
tants shall enjoy the same liberty of imporo | Emperur Napoleon wills, that tbis fine tation and exportation in their own vessels, country shall be governed entirely in his and with regard to the payment of customs name, by the general in chief of lois and duries on importation, be placed on a Army --The task which this mark of the footing with the most favoured British colo- benevolence and confidence of my mister nies.-Answer The colony ngust trade snb. inposes on me, is of difficult execution, but ject to the British law's, as in force in the Bri- I hope to perforin it in a proper manner, tish West India islands, and shall have supported as I am by the labour of the whatever advantages are allowed to the most most intelligent men of this kingdom, and favoured British colony.- -Art. XIV. His the kind disposition of its inbabitants. I Danish Majesty bas, for the use of this and have fornied a council of government to the other Danish islands, issued a certain pa- enlighten me with regard to the good which per currency, whereof a considerable sum is
I must do ; and perennial Administrations now in the possession of the community. As shall be appointed, in order to point out to such paper money has bitherto passed, to the me ihe ineans of improving the admi. great convenience of the inhabitants, it is to nistration, and establishing order and pass hereafter as current money, as well as economy in the management of the public jocs, dollars, rials, stivers; and no alteration wealth I shall order roads to be made to be made in their respective values.-An- and canals formed, to facilitate conswer. Agreed to ; subject to the pleasure of munication, and to cause agriculture and his Britannic Majesty.--Art. XV. Certain national industry to flourish, two persons, Danes, having engaged in a danger branches indispensibly required for the ous conspiracy, for the purpose of subvert-prosperity of a county, which it will be ing, even by means of assassination, the ex.
easy to restore to a people, enlightened, isting order of things, the enquiry already persevering, and intrepid. --The Portuguese instituted is to proceed against the persons iroops, commanded by the most deserving arrested, and such others as may hereafter of iheir chiefs, will soon form but one be detected to have been implicated, in the family with the soldiers of Narengo, same manner as if the colony had remained Austerlitz, Jena, and Friedland ; and ino: under the D.:nish flag; and when the en- rivalry will exist between them, but that quiry is at an end, those persons are to be of valour and discipline. -The poblic sesent to Denniark to take their trials.--An- venue, well managed, will secure to every swer. Agreed to; but from this time all fur
person employed in its administration, ther proceedings must be subject to the final ihe reward of his labours ;' and public orders of the King of Great Britain and Ire- instruction, that only source of the civililand. Art. XVI. The commanders in chief sation of nations, shall be diffused through are to dispatch immediately two swift sailing the different provinces, and Algrave and vessels to Denmark with copies of this capitu- opper Beira will also produce their Camoens. dation.--Answer. The commanders in chief | The religion of your forefathers, the same will forward immediately by an English ship which we ali protess, shall be protected by of war ary dispatches that the governor may the same hand which restored it to the vast have vià London. ---The forts and batteries French empire, free from the superstition. shall be delivered up as soon as these articles which disgraced it ; justice will be equally are ratified by the commanders in chief.- administered, freed from alt delays and Dated, Frederickstadt, Santa Croix, Dec. arbitrary proceedings which degrade it25, 1807.
Public tranquillity shall vo more be dis
turbed by daring high-way robbers, the PORTUGAL.- Proclamation of General Junot, offspring of idleness, and should any 18
1st February, Lisbon, 1808. corrigible miscreants her found, an active Inbabitants of the kingdoin of Portugal.- police shall rid the comitry of them. No Your interests have engaged the attention bideous beggars shall henceforth oifend the of his Majesty the Emperor and King, eyes of the industrious inhabitants of this our master, all irresolution ought to dis: superb capital, nor of the interior of the appear; the destinies of Portugal are
country; workhouses: "sball be erected for brightening, and her future happiness is that purpose, where the maimed poor shall secured, because Napoleon the great bas find an asylum, and the idlebe employed taken her under his omnipotent protection in labour neeessary for his own maintenance The prince of Brazil, by leaving Portugal, and preservation, Inbabitants of the king renounced all his rights and sovereignty dun of Portugal, be peaceful ouds without over this kingiom. The house of Braganza fear ; repel the instigations of these who lius ceased to reign in Portugal; the wish to lead you to rebellion, and who do
not care how much blood is shed provided , department; court De S. Pais is nominated it be the blood of the continent ; contide counsellor of governnient for the department implicitly in our exertions for your welture; of war and that of ile marine ; M. Prin. you will reap all its fruits. Sipould it be cipal Castro is appointed chancellor of necessary, in the first moment, to make government for the department of justice some sacrifices, they will be solely required and religions worship with the title of to pl.ice the goverurnent in a proper cud. Regedor; M. Vienez Voublanc is appointed dition to meliorate your fate. They are secretary general.--6. in every province indispensably necessary for the sustenance there shall be an Administrator general, of a large arıny, required for ibe execution with the title of Corregedor-A/ór, charof the sast projects of the Great Napoleon. ged with the direction of all the branches, His watchil eres are fixed on you, and of adıninistration ; he shall keep a watchiul your future happiness is certain. He will ere over the interests of the province, point love you as much as his French subjects : out to government such improvements as endeavour to deserve bis favouis by a re- it shall be necessary to make, as well with spectful conduct and submission to his will. regard to agriculture as to industry in ge
neral. He is to correspond on the above PORTUGAL,-- Decree, of General Junot, ist subiect with the secretary of state, F.lruary, 1809.
whore department they respectively be1. The kingdom of Portugal shall hence- long, and with regard to such matters as forth be entirely governed in the name of coucern justice or religious worship, with his Blajesiy ihe Emperor and king, by ile I the Kegedor. - There shall also be in each general in chief of the French army in province a general officer, charged with Portugal.-2. The council of regency ap. ! the preservation of public tranguillity and poiuted by his Royal Highness the Prince order. His other functions shall be merely of Brazil, became suppressed from the military, but on public festivals and sovery moment that the said. Prince left the lemn occasions he shall be placed on the kingdom of Poringal.--3. There shall be right of the Corregedor-Mor. There sball a council of government under the pre. be a Corregedor Alor in the province of sidency of the general in chief, composed Estremadarà, who shall riside iu Coimbra, of a secretary of state, charged with the aud a Corregedor- lor in Lisbon, and the adıninistration of the interior and of the districts belonging thereto, which shall be tinatices, with two counsellors of govern- i defined and bounded in an exact manner. ment, one of which shall be charged with the department of the interior, and the PORTUGAL.-Decree of General Junot, dated other avith tbat of the finances ; further,
Lisbon, ist February 180o. of a secretary of state charged with the In pursuance of his imperial Majesty's var and marine department, assisted by decree, bearing date the 231 December, che counsellor of government charged with 1807, in the name of his said Majesty, we, the war and marine department; and of the governor of Paris, first aid-ce-camp of ove chancellor of government, charged with his imperial Majesty, general-in-chief of the the department of justice and religious French army in Portugal, have decreed and worship, with the title of Regedor. Iliere do decree as follow : frt. I. An extraorshall be a secretary general charged with dinary war-contribution of forty millions the archives.--4. All the Corregedores in of cruisades, shall be levied on the kingdom the neighbouring districts, all ordinary of Portegal. - The contribution of twelve judges and justices, civil and criminal; in millions of crusades, iniposed and already one word, all the public otheers shall be discharged since the arrival of the French confirmed in, their places with the ex- shall be set off from the present contribution, ception of such dismissals as the interest of and be acconnted for by our receiver genethe state shall render pecessary, and of the ral.-II. Towards the said 'extraordinary change, which may be found required in contribution, the merchants, barikers, and the various appointments they hold, and holders, of rents and contracts in the king. the nature of their fmotions.--5. M. Her: dom of Portugal, shall payo six millions of man is appointed secretary of state, and crusades, through the intervention of the charged wish the department of the interior board of trade, which is proportionally 10 and the finances, Don Pedro de Mello is 4 divide the said sum on all the individuals, nominated chancellor of government ; according to the fortune which they are M. d'Auvere is charged with the department known or supposed to poress; and this of the finances; M. Lhurte is appointed contribution shall be discharged in the fola seeretary of state for the war and marine lowing nanner :--The first third shall be