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doubtedly your Majesty must suffer in requi- the patriotism of the respectable nobleman ring from your people fresh sacrifices, and in and gentleman who preside over the Cathoimposing new obligations on them--but you lic councils to tb.is country, and from the ought also to yield to the cry of all the source we presus de to hope for such an ar. French.-" No repose till the seri be free, rangement as ruay tend to obviate this ano" and a just peace shall have re-established maly. -Under such an arrangement we en“ France in the most just, the nost useful, tertain the 019.st confident hope and belief " and the most necessary of her nights." that the paternal goodness of our most gra
cious sovereign, co-operating with the en
liglitened wisdom and liberal policy of the Declaration of the Protestants of Newry, imperial parliament, would not hesitate to
lately convened by requisition--the Senes- restore our Catholic countrymen to a perfect chal in the Chair.
parity with ourselves : and we should farWe the Protestant inbabitants of New- iher hope that such an arrangement would ry, actuated by a warm wish for the tranquil- be rendered rnore complete and satisfactory lity and happiness of our country, feel our- by such a national provision for the Catholic selves impelled, at this awful and momen- clergy as would admit of adequate rewards to tous crisis of human affairs, to declare, in men of liberal education and respectable at: the most open and unreserved inanner, our tainments; rewards which the present consentiments, opinions, and wishes on a ques. dition of the Catholic church in this country tion on which the most important interests does by no means afford.-From such an adof Ireland, aud of the empire, are deeply in- justment we would anticipate consequences volved, viz. the claims of our countrymen, the most beneficial and important, án effiwho profess the Roman Catholic faith, to an cient addition to the energies of the state, an equal admissibility to the offices and digni- increased facility of military exertion, an ex, ties of the state with their l'rotestant fellow tension of mutual benevolence. ---Wę feel svibjects. We aver that towards our fellow that it is expedient to guard ourselves against citizens of that persuasion we are actuated by a possible imputation,
namely, that we have sentiments of sincere good will and unequi- taken up this subject with party views, or vocal kindness: that we do not consider di- with an intention to promote the interest of versity of religious belief as any ground of any particular set of politicians or statesmen, civil incapacity or political disqualification ; -We solemnly declare that we are inand that we shall rejoice to see them restored Auenced solely by views of public happiness to every privilege and capability which the and public advantage. God forbid that we other subject, i of this great and free empire should be instrumental in provoking discus• enjoy.-- We liment exceedingly the obsta- sions, or exciting a spirit, that might have a cles which has e hitherto impeded the ac- tendency to embarrass his gnajesty's coupcils
. complishment of that desirable object, and To whatever description of persons his maindulge the hope of seeing them removed. jesty, in his wisdom and goodness, may conWe are decisivelyi f opinion, that the chief fide the direction of the national strength; difficulty is foundea' on the appointment of we sincerely wish them success; and we de the Ronian Catholic , Hierarchy of this coun: vouily implore the favour and blessing of try, who derive their c'ignity and rank in the Divine Providence on their exertion to prochurch from the favour of a foreign poten- this empire against the machinations of tate, now ur happily subjected to the dicta- an incensed and most formidable fue. tion and tyr.any of our implacable enemy. We trust we shall be excused for stating that ENGLAND. -On the oth of Fel. 1905, the such a patro nage was unknown for nearly Capture of the Danish West India Islands eight hundi ed years subsequent to the esta- was announced in the London Gazette.blishment of Christianitvin this kingdom, and The following are the Articles of Capituthat it is not v unknown in Catholic countries. lation. -It is to 11. matter of the most sincere gra- Articles of Capitulation for the Surtitication to retlect that this view of the sub- render of the Danish Islands of St. Thomas ject has late ly been urged and insisted on by and St. John's, together with their Depenînany of the wisest, the ablest and most zea- dencies, entered into between General HenJous members of the Catholic body. We ry Bowyer, the Commander of the land therefore I ook with respect and with conti- forces, and Rear Admiral ibe Honourable dence to t he wisdom, the good sense, and
( To le continued.)
Prince:? 'sy Cocou Go
Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street, ing where !olinos Numbers may be had; sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Vitre, Pall. Alali
VOL. XIII. No. 12.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1808.
“ 'This is the banc, this is the curse of England, as relating to her foreign connections. Blessed with all * sorts of resources necessary to the happiness and greatness of a nation, those resources, instead of re“ maining within herself, assume, through the intervention of commerce, a shape that deposits a consi“ derable part of her wealth, and, along with it, the affections of no small number of the most opulent, "active and intriguing of her je ple, in foreign countries; and, therefore it is, that her interests are made " to give way to the interests of those countries, the case of nations being, in this respect, precisely the " opposite of that of individuals; for, in the latter case, the debtor is, in a great degree, the slave of the “ creditor, whereas, in the former, the creditor is the slave of the debior; and that, 100, observe, exact" ly in proportion to the amount of the debt and the badness of character of the debtor."- -REGISTER, Vol. XII. page 971. , 417)
[418 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. with America, which was one of the greatest ORDERS IN COUNCIL.-As a last shift, out-lets for his manufactures. Upon the in opposition to the Orders in Council, a pre. same ground every one of his poor squallid tition has been presented to parliament by weavers and spinuers might have voted at the “ persons inierested in the trade to the the ineeting; aye, every wretched soul, « United States of America.” This peti- from whose labour he derives his income. tion was the consequence of a meeting of Why might not Messrs. Cadell and Davies, such persons, called by public advertisement, Mr. Sheriff Phillips, and the rest of the which meeting was held at the London Ta- booksellers, have voted, at the meeting, upveru, on the loch instant, the same day on on the same ground? Their books go to which the petition was presented to parlia- America; and, of course, the stoppage of ment; and, just as it ought to be, Mr. Alex. tbat channel must diminish the sale of books. ander BARING was in the chair. When the Nay, why should not I vote too, if I had rote came to be put, it was found, that chosen it? Many of my Registers and other there was a decided majority against the pe- publications, went to America; this ous-let tition. This fact being stated in the House being cut off, I and my printers and bookselof Commons, it was asserted, on the other lers and bookbinders and paper makers, and side, that the cause of sucli majority was then again their rag and leather and ink selthis; that many persons not interested in the lers, and all the shoe-makers and taylors and trade with the American States were present, barbers of us all, and all the butchers and anid voted against the petition. These per bakers and millers and farmers employed in soas alledged, that thev were interested; raising and preparing food for us; in short, that they were West India merchants or all the wuole nation is interested with me in planters, and, as such, could not but be the American trade, in the same way, though deeply interested in whatever might affect in a less degree thau Mr. Sharpe, the Manour relations with the American States. chester manufacturer, is interested in that This is undeniable, I think; or else what trade. The designation was a foolish one. we have been so frequently told by the Ame- It gave to every man in the country a right ricans and their advocates is false, namely, to attend the meeting and to vote upon the that it is from the American States only that question; for, is it not absurd, that Mr B2our West India Islands can possibly receive ring, who is concerned in exporting goods a sufficiency of food and lumber. Sarely 10 America, should put forward his claiin to men who have plantations in the West In- petitiou parliament upon nieasures relating dies, or having great trade with them, must, to that counts, and deny a similar claim, on of all the persons in this country, be the the part of a journeynian, who carns his most interested in whatever relates to war or bread in the making of such goods?
-It peace with America. A Mr. Sharpe (one was stated in the House of Commons, and of the papers call him Shanks) having been not contradicted, that many of those, who amongst the persons present, who voted for voted for the petition, were American citi. the petition, was asked, in the House of zens. They were perfectly right. Commons, on what he grounded his right can reasonably blame thein for endeavourto be a petitioner. His answer was, that ing to prevent the passing of a law, which he was concerned in one of the largest will be injurious to their country, as long as manufactories at Manchester, and, of their government shall persevere in its parti, course, was deeply interested in the trade ality for France. Whai I vleine them for is
for assembling under the name of English- | Americà could no longer carry on any trade men. Blame them, indeed, I cannot say with us, without setting France at defiance, that I do much. It was one of those tricks rather than do which her rulers chose that she so common in their native land, that they should have no trade at all. Always bear may well be excašed. Change of climate these facts in mind, when you are discussing cannot, all at once, change their natures. the consequences of the Orders in Council; Mr. Baring is, I believe, a citizen in virtue but, these Orders, though they did not, beof his marriage; and, I would wish to ob- cause they could not, produce the two hostile tain from him, as chairman of the meeting, acts, may possibly, and some persons say a direct answer to these questions : are you they wil, cause a war with America. if owner, or part owner, of several Arnerican they do, they will cause great injury to those ships? To protect such ships from the hands who have debts in that country, whether of our enemy, must their papers express that due frona individuals or from the government. the owners of loth ship and cargo are ame- They will cause a total disturbance of the arrican citizens? Do you belong to thut part- fairs of those, whose property is more in that nership or family of Baring, who advanced country than in this, they will throw quite to the American government the eleven mil. off their pivot all those, who, under the lions of dollars to pay Napoleon for Louisia- name of American citizens, have been carna, and who, of course, would lose both rying on a free trade with the enemy, and interest and principal, if that government who have, when they could escape our become unable to pay? Now, Sir, if you cruizers, been conveying into his ports the cannot with truth answer these questions in materials for making vessels wherewith for the negative, I do not blame you for je in him toinvade and conquer us; these Orders in tioning against what will be injurious to Council will, in the case contemplated, cut off America; bnt, I greatly blame you for pre- the payment of the interest of money lent to tending to be aciuted by a desire to do good the American government for the purpose to the people of England. From your wife's of purchasing from Buonaparte a couniry relations, who are merchants and bankers which he had forced Spain to give to him. and fundholders in America, you will, doubt. All this may be the effect of the Orders in less, receive all the praise which you merit Council ; but, are the persons, who will
; large you will also receive applause, and at thus be affected ; are these the men, whose
property ought to be watched over with pedare say, you thought of this while in the culiar care by the members of the English chair at the London Tavern, the whole of Tlouse of Commons ? Are these the men, your conduct being calculated for transatlan- to the guarding of whose immediate interests tic effect. But, froin me and my country- the honour, the just vengeance, of England men you have no praise to expect. We ought to give way
- The petition, is an have married no Americans; we own application from men, who, though, for American ships; we have made no ad the greater part, they may, perhaps, be of vances to the American government; English birth, ought not to be considered as and, therefore, you must not expect Englishmen. It is, in reality, a petition us to enter into any of your sympathies. from Americans by adoption and by interest;
Similar to the connections and interests and it ought to be treated as a thing coming of Mr. Baring, are the connections and in. froni the City of Washington, and not from terests of thousands of persons in England ; the city of London; as a petition from and, I have not the least doubt of the faci,
King Cong" conveyed through the that, of the petitioners, nine-tênths, if they mouths of his subjects. If “ King Cong! were to make a correct account of their feel- himself chooses to petition, which he will ings and interests, wonld find the balance do, before it be long, why, then, let us decidedly in favour of America. The Or- hear him ; but, I have no notion of sparing ders in Council, though, observe, were the feelings of his haughty majesty, who want the cause either of the non-importation never spared our feelings, and, if he will act for the embargo : always bear this in persist in making his people suffer rather than mind. Always bear in mind, that these abandon his unjust partiality for France, hostile acts were adopted previous to its suffer they should if I were minister of being possible, that the ;Orders in Council England, and of short duration should be could be known in America. Always bear the reign of " King Cong."The petiin mind, that the former act was passed, tioners state, as one of the evils of the Or, with a view of compelling us to give up our ders in Council, that the said Orders, if admaritime right of searching for seamen ; hered to, will ruin the Americans. The and that the latter act was passed, because words are these : “ That the people of
“ America, even if they shovid remain at work of conquering the liberty of the seas
peace with us, must, by the want of a blockade themselves by an act of embargo “ demand for their produce, and by the ge- And now, behold, we are told, that, unless « neral distress our measure's mist occasion, we, retract our act of retaliation against “ be disabled from paying their debts to France, the Americans, owing to their dis" this country, which may fairly be esti- tresses (though, observe, the acts of non“ mated to amount to the enormous sum of , importatioo and embargo preceded our Orders " twelve millions sterling." ---The reader in Council), will not be able to pay the will do me the justice to remember, that I debts, which they owe to those Englishmen, never went beyond this estimate. Indeed, this who, for the sake of higher interest, and, was the exact sum at which I stated the run- as they thought, better security, preferred ning debt ; and I asked, shat America was America to England as a place wherein to to do, if deprived of ihe use of such a cre. deposit their wealih. These men have now dit. But, I was, in another instance, speaks the impudence to tell us, that it is we who ing of the evils of commerce ; and I then have occasioned the distresses of America, spoke of this debt in the words which I have and to complain, in her name, of our in. takeo for my niotto.- -This argument of justice and cruelty, while the language they the petition is an excellent argument for the put into her mouth is, in substance, yield petitioners; that is to say, for persons,
demands, submit to my open parwhose treasures are in America, and whose " tiality for your enemy, and to all the six per centun will vanish into air, upon a " insults I otter you, or I shall become, declaration of war'; bac, if it be a good from my measures of self-punishment in argument as to this nation, in the present “ order to punish yon, too poor to pay the case, it must be good in all cases; and, then " debts which I have solemnly engaged to it becomes a settled point, that we must, by pay you, whether we are at war or at some means or other, so act as not to have peace.” What should you, reader, think war with America. No matter what she ofa tradesman, who, being in your debt, were may require us to do, or to forbear to do, to say to you, make me a surrender of your Do it or forbear to do it we must; or.... right to prevent me from inveigling away and we lose twelve millions sterling. But, corrupting and detaining your servants ;
gentiemen, do consider, you have had who, upon being refused so insolent a deour goods and borrowed our money ; mand, should lay by liis tools, shut up bis
and, though we quarrel about other mat- shop, and swear that he would, in order to “ tery, you should pay us hon sily.” No : injure you, do no gvore business, until his and the more we reason the more insolent demand were assented to; and who, upon They become. Like Brass, in the Confe- being asked for the aniount of the debt due deracy, as ibey perceive our hesitation re- to you, were to plead his poverty, arising turn,
they repeat their thireats. Ah, from the cessation of his trade? What would " well, I'll call a coach,"
you think of such a man? America dis. swindler, BRASS; and, say the Ame- covers, in this case, the insolence and base. ricans, "
[welve millions sterling, that's ness of the virago), who, in order to screen “ all.” They make demands opon us ; they her carcase froni the blows brought upon it arrogantly and insolently demand of Eng. / by abuse too great' for mortal endurance, Jand, without whose permission they dare thrusis forward her helpless bastard, with a not venture upon the seas; tbey demand of " kill my innocent baby, you cruel villain, her that she shall yield to them, what she “ do !" . No: we do not wish to kill your never yielded to any power in the world, the baby creditors, whether peers; baroneis, or right of searching neutral vessels for her own simple commoners; but, we are resolved, seamen, which seamen, by means the most or, I hope so, at least, that what you have fraudulent and base, they have long been in been unable to bolly, us out of, we shall not the practice of inveigling away and detain yield to reir jew-like supplicatioris. fs ing; this demand is rejected, and upon the ihis, re gods, the lofty-spirited republic of ground of that rejection, they pass an act to Ainerica! Are these the sons of " St. prohibit the importation of certain English | Tammany," who would rather be thought goods, for the express purpose of compel- the descendants of a copper-coloured savage Jing England to submit to their demand; than the sons and heirs of Ergiishmen! İs France issues a commercial decree, intended this the " new Amphycujovic Council !" Is to deter America from having any communi- this the great and renowned “ King Cong!" cation with England; England retaliates ; Sending up under-hand petitions to the thereupon the Americans, who had before parliament of England, and resting, for a shreatened to set in good earnest about the hope of impurity, upon the circumstance
that others, though innocent, would share given in her reason for this partiality. in the panishment inflicted; procuring, as Wben Frrore av: England are at war, Ameit were, a pregnancy berore hand, in widos
rica, be says, braving great maritime inicto escape, or at least to defer, the day of rets, and leing, of course, desirous to preexecution ; and, therein, acknowledging tu l'cat any power from oiaining a complete une world, that all their charges, against our predon, inance at sea. will naturally throw justice and humanity, they ihemselves hory her weig'it into inc scale of France, as long to be false! Well is it for us that the biood a, France is inferior to England, ip point of of the parent cannot be debased by that of maritine for She will? She patuthe children. There is a remedy for the rally do this, vill she? She will lay aside all " distresses of the people of Aunerica, Biber considerations, and kep s'eadily in which, as the petitioners do not seeni to view the preventing of Englant from mainbave thought of it, I will take the liberty to taiving a naritine predominance ? This is point out. More than three-fourths of the ber wise natural and obvious line of policy, is trade of America, that trade, the loss of it! It may be so, and it may berune those which so distresses her," is with England and who own American ships, wir lend money ber dominions. What is it that bas putra to America, and who are, in fact as well as stop to this trade? The' non-importation in forin, American citizens, to applaud this act and the act of embargo. Well, then, policy in her government; but, I am sure it why does she iot repical those acts? This is becomés not us Englishmen to listen to their a thing to be accomplished in the space of advice; I am sure it becomes us not to trust three days. What an casy remedy and how them with the guardian-bip of either onr patural! Ave, but there are our Orders in money or orir di svar. Unless England had Council. Yes, but these Orders do not a decided predunivance at sea, France, every prevent a trade with England and her do- maa must see, would soon become her con. minions. They prevent a trade with "France, queror. Aye, says Mr. Baring, tnt what is and America cannot trade with England, that to America ? I think it is a good deal unless England" allows her to trade to her ; but, if she thinks otherwise, I am with France. Verytrue. Nothing can sure it is a very good reason for our not lis. be more fair and reasonable; and all, tening to the councils of those who have her then, that America has to do, is to ask interests at heart more than they can be sup. France whether she will repeal her blocka. posed to have the interest of England at heart. ding decree. If she does, all is open again; Me: Grattan, in the debate of the if not, all that America has left for it, is, to 1leh instant, afier having gone over the old endeavour to compel France to repeal that arguments (with a due share of amplifica. decree; or, if she choose not to adopt that tion), with respect to the commercial concourse, to continue to trade with England sequences of the Orders in Council, as beara id her dominions. This is so clear and ing upon America, is reported to have added su just, tbat every man of common sellise something touching the great political con must perceive the reasonableness of it, and sequences of the saine measure. every disinterested inan must approve of it. sage, as reported in the Morning Chronicle, But, the petitioners know, as well as I do, is this: “An American war, bowever, apo that the American governnent are disposed " peared to the right honourable gentleman nu sacrifice the interests of that country, that to be much more dangerous on other tiey are disposed to make the people suffer grounds than any that could arise out of to the ulmost extent of their endurance, ra- inere cominercial considerations. He ther than abandon their partiality for France; ** called upon the British parliament to con which partiality this same Mr. Jeffersou and “sider the consequences of separating Great his abettors formerly professed to groänd “ Britain and Ainerica, and thus dividing upou a similarity in principtes of government, “ and weakening the only force that remain bit which they adhere to with even encreased " ed in the world to sustain the character of ferveux ,, now that the government of France liberty to hold out hopes to the Continent. is becoine a military despotisni, and now “The right honourable gentleman enforced that her chiefs have declared, that republicat " this appeal in a strain of peculiarly inter: government is the ho - bed of rascality (relle “ esting and impressive eloquence --- and * foyer des scétérats")), as may be seen by " concluded with exhorting gentlemen to a reference to the report of Talleyrand pre- " reflect, that any loss to Anjerica or Eng, puratory to the last change of government "* land, would but add to the accumulated w France. Mr. Alexander Baring (always gains of France-would but advance the reaciv to defend and justify the conduct oi e strength of that power which was equally msica) has, indeed, in bis pamphlet; “ the enemy of both." The eloquenceof