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< not heard a word which has altered my whose hands the safety of the kin dom is " original opinion on this subject." - The placed. To find that our consumption of Civil List! Poor civil list affords, according wheat in a year of moderate plenty, exceeds to Mr. Perceval's account, only 800 a year the produce by more than a niillion sterling, for the king to give away, in the reward of accompanied as it is hy a population admitted merit. · But, this civil list is a thing imade of on all bands to be increasing, must surely be stretching materials, It can be extended considered as a just cause of apprehension. this way and that way. In 1901 or 1802 Were the countries which have usually sup(See account of 1802) there was lent out of plied us, in a state of independence and sethis civil list, upwards of £100,000 to the curity; the prospect would be far from pleaking's sons; and so the civil list fell into ar- sing; but when we cast an anxious eye to rear; and then the minister, Addington, the ports of the Baltic, the view beconis came with a bill to parliament for the pur- cireary incked. To expect our bread from pose of making the people pay off the ü- America, would be to look for it from a rear; that is to say, pay, amongst oiber country shonce it nerer came, except in things, the £100,000 which, wiihottlie quantities perfectly insignificant when coinconsent of parliament, had been lent to the pared with the magnitude of var demand. If king's sons, and that, too, observe, notwith- the price of wheat was at prese:yt high, there standing the Droils of Almiralty !-More of are many who would deprecate all considethis hereafier.
ration of the subject; but the price is 'so Botley, 4th March, iso3.
moderate as to prevent the smallest alarm
no trifling motive for such 'diseussions as AGRICULTURE, DIANUFACTURES, AND (01- may tend to throw a light on the subject;
and ought to induce the legislature of the SIR,- -It gave me very great concern to kingdom to give a direct and steady attention perceive by your last Journal, that the leiter
Who can contemplate the consein which I requested you to cancel the ac- quence
of short crop, a mildew, or a wet count of corn imporied in 1900, did not barvesi, without error? Manufactures and come to your bands in ume; as I stated in it Commerce inactive ; and ill disposed minds that the account was greatly erroneous.
Agathering discontents into petitions for severe disorder in my eyes has obliged me to pence! It is easy to imagine such a con:bidepend on an amanuensis, which has occa- 1:1tion, but not so easy 10 measure the resioped errors I much lament: the following salt. Ikoow not aty view that can be taken was the importation of that year.
of the subject, over which there is not sus. Corn imported in 1906.
pended a dark cloud which sheds a gloon
11ot easily dispersed: if there is any circun.
stance that tends peculiarly to thicken it, the
present staicoi our extensive wastes is well Q
calculated 10 dio it.-Upon this subject Mr. 5,385 5 38 6 10,307
Spence has several very just observations, Reans
but he orters one remark in which I cannot 3,100 3 13
7,451 (ats.. 510,2-12 3 25 054,80
agree wiih bim : and, as it is upon an inLease 1,514 4 13
portant point, I must crave your further inNiye. 839 5' 47 4
dulgence for a moment. It is calculated, Wheat..316.17
that in this kingdom there are twenty two 0 1.250,722
millions of acres of wote land; and, it is Totul.. *, S40,20 4
frequently asked, by the folowers of the 1,437,035
economisies, as well as by those who are of Now, Sir, as I should be sorri to trouble
a very different opinion on inaiters of politiyou mercly with an erratum, permitine, on cal economy; why this waste land is not this account to serve, that ii iurnishes a
brought into cultivation, and why such a paroof of : degree of precations in the Some of riches as this, 'is neglected ? For Hitional resources, that ought to make a this very good reason - that the greater part. diep impression on the minds of those in
of this land, with the present deciand for,
and the present prices of the produce th.t * Tour reduced to quartos ant 3 cwt. coali be raised froin it, would not pay for per quier. Incre is o err also in the cultivation. Every person wbo las bad ocsam 10ind of the import of wliet for 20 casion to let land, koows, that there are miyears, but the average', or 13.cn qis. by more turmer's winting farms, than there ji nearly ile irurli, i will not troulle you are forms to supply them; and this being wil ile Cum 11011,
the case, it tuliowa, iduisputably, ibat il the
| At per Species. Quantity. Quarter
waste lands in the kingdom could be profit- acres at present unproductive, would be ably cultivated, it would speedily be occu- bronght into cultivation; the necessity of impied by those farmers who so eagerly seck porting corn would be removed; and those employment for their capital." P. 28. ---It is Farmers alluded to by Mr. Spence who posI conceive, a great nistake, to suppose that sess capital, but want employment, would, these lands remain uncultivated for want of by their vigorous exertions, soon convince a demand of the uncultivated produce ; see- that gentleman that the only obstacle in ing that the prices of all the returns of grass their way is the negative at present put on lands are adequate to their production; with the power of enclosing. I have the hoa regular import of corn 10 an immense nour to be, Sir, &e.- ARTHUR Young.amount: the reason for the scandalous state Feb. 24, 180S. in which they are lett is exceedingly differeni: they are under rights of comnions, and
CURATES' SUSPENSION BILL. cannot be touched without distinct acts of
—The account published by you, parliament to permit the plough to produce
last week's Register is so extremely grass and corn, instead of gorse and ling. incorrect, that I am induced to send you a Rather than give this permission by a general statement, which will, I believe, completely act of enclosure, parliament is content that a retute the aspersions, which have been nost large portion of the people should be led by in warranzably thrown on the couduct of foreign, rather than by British corn ; and is Lord Oxford, in a transaction, which you ascontent to remain, at the present moment, a sert tu be unparalleled. By the 1st of Geo. I. quiet spectator of the waste state of these augmented curacies were subject to the lands, at a period when a short crop, or a samc rules of avoidance as other benefices, week's mildew, would make an enormous and the clause inserted in the act of 1796, import necessary. Minister's best know only declared that to be law, which, in fact, where it is to be bad; to me it seems just as was law before.-The living of Brampton probable to procure it from the moon as from
Brian was, in 1800, given by Lord Oxford Prussia or Poland. Were such a moment to his brother-in-law Mr. James Scott. In to arrive, we should see the two houses cal).
1905 the perpetual curacy of Titley became ed together; committees appointed; exami- vacant. To this curacy Lord Oxford's annations, proceedings, proclamations issued;
cestors had been great benefactors to the harangnes pronounced; substitutes recon- aimount of near L1200.; and, in consemended; the volunteers in activity; govern- quence', the right of nomination had always nient alarmed; and Buonaparte delighted. been exercised by them. On this occasion, And what would be the effect of all this? however, the Warden and College of WinExperience has told us: the general alarm chester dispated the right, and it appeared would raise the price rapidly, and thus les- that they were legally entitled to it, because sening the sumption, what might have proved nothing but an act of parliament, could aliea dreadful famine, converted into no more nate their cimrch preferment: but had the than a severe scarcity; but with the foreign curacy been in Lord Oxford's nomination, supply cut off we might expect these evils to he would have given it to Mr. Bissel, and not attend a much smaller deticiency than pro- to Mr. Scout. Though a contrary statement duced the same evils on a former occasion. I was made, in ihe House of Commons, by leave to others fully to appreciate debates on Mr. Whitbread, yet he was positively conCopenhagen, and the other very important tradicted on this point, by another honourobjects occupying that attention which might able member. It is to be observed, that at be given 10 measures for establishing the se- the time of Mr. Scott's nomination to the curity and prosperity of the kingdom on the perpetual curacy of Titley, he was a Fellow solid foundation of our domestic resources. of New College Oxford, of which College But to return; The demand for farms is at the Warden and all the Fellow's of Winchespresent very general, a proof that capital is te
ter, must necessarily have been previously Bot wanting; and wherever an act of enclo- Fellows.--it is impossible to construe Loral sure appropriates a tract of waste land, nei- Oxford's having become the renter of part ther hands nor inoney are wanting for its of the tyihes in the parish of Tilley, into a culture, plaatation, or other improvement, consent and approbation, on his part, of Mr. according to the soil and other circunstances Scoit's nomination to the curacy, because of the case. Entieid Chase is not a proof to Lord Oxford's principal residence is in the the contrary; and were other royal forests parish, and he only rented the tythes of the enclosed on the same principles, the measure land, in his own occupation. I leave it to would be equally bugatory. If a general
If a general you to judge, whether the compounding for enclosure bill was to pass, many millions of small tythes, instead of paying them in kind
is not, what every man would do, whether light they are just coming into vogue. Even a the incunabent bad obtained bis preferment, man may become a capital good soldier by with or without his consent...Lord Oxford introducing some barbarous accent into the availed himself (f his right to present to plainest and simplest English words of comBrampton Brian, as soon as ever he was in- mand. Every thing for sound and shew.formed that the living was voidable. He But whence comes it, Mr. Cobbeit, that all thought himself fully intified in so doing, this low imitation and frivoliły, originate enas disputes of a very unpleasant nature bad tirely in the higher ranks of the army, a'd arisen between him and Mr. Scott, in con- that there is such a total dearth of genius and sequence of which he was anxious to remove talent am og that class of men who bear the Mr. Scott, from the neighbourhood of name of Generals? But this would only be Brampton Brian, where his lordsbiy has another mausion, at which he frequently re
a temporary grievance : the evil, Mr. Cobo
bett, has a much deepül 1901. I proceeds sides, and the garden of which is immediate- from this, thai no nan of superiur talent, ly adjoining to the Parsonage House.---Lord
(and very few of those who pussejs cona Oxford's cbaracter and con luct are too well sense), will remain in the army, if their known, in his own county and neighbour- rank runs so high as to remove them from hood, to admit of a suspicion that he would the command of a battalion. The command act either unjustly or oppressively towards of a battalion is an object of ambition, wich any individual, especially towards one, with almost every one who aspires to it can a:ta), whom he was so bearly connected. With and it is a situation also, in which a man regard to the respective values of Brampton may chance to distinguish himself. But the Brian and Tilley, the latter has hitherto been officer who gets a step beyond that, unless as profitable as the former; and had the rec
he possesses great faniily connexions, or par. tory of Brampton Brian been “ TEN TIMES?
Jiamentary interest, sees nothing before him SEVEN TIMES" the value of the
but “a dull, dreary, unvaried, vista of excuracy, which is upwards of £200 a year, clusion and despair " Despair drives the how came Mr. Scott to hold this valuable
man of genius from the field, and the prurectory together with his fellowship of New dent man will rather turn his commission College, for more than four years, when, by into cash, than be honoured with the apthe statutes of that College, no Fellow can pellation of General, while he starves dubold preferment of a greater annual valuering the rest of his life on a lieut. colonel's than £120? _Your assertion, that Mr.
pay. Hence it comes, that in the last ten Scott's curate at Brainpton Brian refused to
years, 4-51hs of our best: officers have retired accept the living is totally destitute of foun- from the service before they attained the dation.-I rely upon your candour, either to
rank of generals. It is the radical defect of insert this letter, or to contradict what was our English army, and if you or any man in erroneous in your original statement.--I England, will point out a cure, you will ren: am, Sir, yours, &C-A.B.C.- Feb. 25, 190S.
der a greater service to your country than if you had added thousands to its numerical
force. -I am, Sir, yours, &c.V. SIP, -Whenever our
army becomes the subject of conversation, either in or out of parliament, I always bear a great fuss Copy of the Petition, presented to the House made about their high state of discipline.
of Commons, Feb. 19, 1808. Yet, neither members, field marshalls, gene
To the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses rals, or inspecting field officers, seem to know of the Honourable House of Commens, of wherein real discipline consists. One thinks Great Britain and Ireland, in the United it lies in the cut of a soldier's hair, and in the Parliament assembled :- -The Petition of particular length of his queue ; another on Alexander Stephens, of the Honourable Sohis being able to stand for hours on one leg ciety of the Middle Temple, and Park House, like the geese on Botley common. Sir in the Couniy of Middlesex, Esquire, HumJames Cradock hates the mustache ; Lord bly sheweth, That certain persons lately Paget and their Royal Highnesses the Prince serving the office of grand jurymen for the of Wales, and Duke of Cumberland, are county of Middlesex, to the number of about great friends to its growth. A few svars nine, having visited the House of Correction ago a dragoon was thought to be defenceless for the said county, commonly called the without his helmet, now lie is clad in fus Cold Bath Fields Prison, on Tuesday, Nov. and tippets like a man-milliner, with a great 3, in the year of our Lord 1807, between muff
upon his head, Among the heary dra- the hours of 11 and 12 in the forencon :googs cocked bars are abolished, among ile They there discovered, that all the loaves
COLD BATH FIELDS PRISON.
found hy them (nach of which ought to con to a continual current of external air, withtain 16 ounces, and to be distributed daily, out the possibility of obtaining, even during at 10 o'clock in the morning) were greatly the severest frost, an artificial warmth by deficient in point of quantity, as will be seen means of fuel, while the convicts below enfrom the annexed statement on the part of joyed all the comforts of an open roomy one of the magistrates of the city of London. | ward, with occasional access to fire.
That the prison weight demanded and Niat in one of these lonely cells was closely used upon the present occasion, for trying contined a foreigner of some rank, the Chéthe loaves in rotation, proved also deficient, valier de Blin, who, as we were told, by one as was fully demonstrated in both instances of the jailors, while so immured, had been on the same day, when compared with the deprived of his reason, and who presented to standard at Guildhall, in the presence, first, your petitioner, after communicating with of Sir W. Leighton, Knight, then Lord him for some time in the French language Mayor; and atilswards of Richarel Phillips, through the key-hole, and demanding Esq. then and still one of the sheriffs of Lon. entrance, a memorial on his knees.don and Middlesex, as well as of four of the That in this place, originally destined lite grand jury; and, moreover, that the for the improvement of the morals of scales of the said prison were false and frau- petty offenders, a female prisoner, as we dulent:
bave learr.ed, has been lately debauched by Copy of a Letter from Nr. Sheriff Phillins the son of the chief jailur, or governor, wło
to William Mainwaring, Esq. Chairman then held an office of trust in the prison, and of the Quarter Sessions, &c.
bas since had a child, now, or at least lately, SIR; consider it a duty which I burdensome to the parish of Kensington, ows the public to inform you, as chairman in the county of Middlesex -That four of the quarter sessions, and, I believe, one debtors were shut up in this House of Corof the committee for conducting the business rection, the only communication beof the prison, that I was present when an tween whom and the rorld, appears to take appeal was lately made by the grand jury of place occasionally, by means of two iron the county to the standard weights in Guild- gates, at upwards of six feet distance from ball; that I witnessed the examination of each other, with a jailor walking in at interthe pound weight for weighing meat and vals, so as to preclude complaint ; and that other provisions in the House of Correction, from the examination of a debtor, and also, Cold Bath Fields, when it was found to be by a letter from him, both in the possession seren-eighths of an ounce too light; and of your Petitioner, it appears that he was that on weighing some loaves which were shut up :vith persons guilty of robbery, and found in the same prison, by the grand jury, unnatural crimes~~And, lastly, that six isthey appeared also to be considerably too nocent persons, the bills against whom had light, one or two of them being froin an been thrown out by the Grand Jury, were ounce and a balf to two ounces under weight. dragged from Cold Bath-fields prison to I should compromise the feelings which I Hicks's-hall, in open day, at the close of bear towards the respectable magistracy of the session, first manacled, and then fastened the county of Middlesex, if I were to omit together by a rope, to be discharged by proto make this formal communication.clamation. Your petitioner, therefore, have the bonour to be, &C. - R. Phillips, conceiving that such gross instances of fraud, Sheriff ;-Bridge street, Nov. 13, 1807." coupled with such an open violation of the
Your petitioner, together with other gen, laws, and even of the express orders of sesdemen, late menubers of the grand jury, also sion, are calculated to bring his Majesty's godiscovered : that several of ihe liege subjects vernment into contempt, and cast an unme• of this realm were committed to close custo- rited edinm on our most excellent constituie dy in cell: destitute of fire, 3 feet 3 inches tion ; thinking also, that if such malpractices
in irons, although sick; some, if not all, of these were innocent in point of fact, as all were then innocent in point of law, being detained under the pretext of re examination, and consequently uncondemned by the legal judgment of their peers, or even the accusatory verdict of a grand jury. Of this number were a mother, a daughter, and a son, of creditable appearance; ine two for. mer in one cell, so situated as to be exposed
of less than two hours duration, far greater abuses are likely to be brought to light, by the intervention of the grand inquest of the nation, most humbly and earnestly solicits this Honourable House to take the premises into consideration, and by a public and open examination at its bar, or any other mode, afford such relief as may seen meet.
A. STEPHENS. OFFICIAL PAPERS.
forces your Majesty to declare it. Longer France. Report of the Minister of Fo- delay would only place Liston in the hands
reign Affairs relative to Portugal. Made 7 of the English. in Oct. 1807, and published Jan, 24, Second Report, made Jun. 2, 1808. Pula 1808. (Concluded from p. 352.)
lished Jan 24. It had neither protected the French por His Excellency recals to the recollection their commorce; the persons and trade of of bis Majesty how necessary were the ultheir enemies have continued free and fa- tive and vigilant measures which have been voored. Portugal promised to join the cause , tüken, and so well seconded, by the rapidity of the continent, even to declare war against of the march of the French troops-Perlu. England ; but she wished 10 make it, if I gal only sequestered the English goods when nay (1se the expression, in concert with her, The English were secure from that measure, 10 furnish her, under the appearance of hos- which Portugal dit! not even affect to exetility, with the means of continuing ber ciite.--She concerred her fight with the trade with Portugal, and through Portugal English; and a little while before we lewith ile rest of Europe ; a kind of war equi- ceived the news of it, a courier had carried alent to a pertidious neutrality. Succurs to Italy, where the Emperor then was, new were demanded of England, and to gain protestations of attachment to the common time, attempts were made to deceive your cause of the continent. He announced the Iajesty by vain declarations; scruples were return of M. de Lema, who had not quitiei alleged upon some of the consequences of Lisbon, and the arrival of the ambassador exthe war when none were entertained upon traordinary, M. de Marialva, probably the war itself, which breaks all ties. In vain dupe, as was the courier, of the bad faith of did your Majesty, deigning to condescend to her court.- Portugal is at length delivered these pretended scruples, modify your first from the yoke of England ; your Majesty demands—ihe same refusals were renewed-occupies it with your troops—it had been Portugal made promises, but delayed the ex- left defenceless on the sea side, and a part ecution under different pretexts. At one of the candon on her coasts had been spiked. time it was the Prince of Beira, a child of Thus England menaces her at preserit, blocktwelve ye:irs, who was to be sent to the Brda ades her ports, and would lay waste her zils to defend that colony—at another time it sliores. Spain has had fears for Cadiz-slie was a squadron expected from the Mediter- has bad fears for Ceuta. It is against that santan, which it was wished to have in safe, part of the world that the English appear to ty in the Taguis.-Thus Portugal, enibarras- wish to direct their secret expeditions. They sed in her artifices, making with the Court bave embarked troops, at Gibraltar-they of London engagements, real and useful 10 liave recalled from that quarter those which the English, with France, vague and pre- had been driven from the Levant, and a part tended engagements, waited for succours of those which they had accumulated in the and advice from England, sought to delay city. Their cruizers on the coast of Spain the measures of the cabinet, and, humilia- become more rigilant, and seem to wish to ting herself before both, blindly commiited revenge upon that kingdom the reverses they to the chance of events, the interests, per- have experienced in the Spanish colonies. haps the existence of a nation, which unani- Ali che peninsula deserves to fix particularly mously desired her not to give them up to a the atiention of your Majesty. power so dital to all its allies.—The epoch Report of the Níinister of Ivar on the Arcas which your Majesty bad hxcd for the ex- sures taken ly France under the present pected determination, which you had con- circumstances. Och jan. sented to prolong for a month, arrived. Por- Your Majesty ordered me to form the tugal decided her own fate. She broke off first and second corps of observation of the her last connections with the continent, by Gironde. The first of those corps, com. reducing the French and Spanish legations manded by General Junot, has congtered to the necessity of quirting Lisbon.-- Portu- Portugal. The head of the second is ready gal has placed herself in a state of war with to follow the first, if circumstances require France, notwithstanding the benevolent dis. it. Your Majesty, whose vigilance is never position of your Majesty towards her. War at fault, wished the corps of observation of with Portugal is a painful but necessary du- the ocean, confided to Marshal Moncey, 10 ty.-The interest of the continent, from be in the third line. whence the English ought to be excluded,
(To le continued.)
Printeit by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Sireet, and published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Steel; Cuieiac Garden, whers formu Numbers may be had ; sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mue, Pall Mall