than meets the ear, and that whilst he pre- Swedish Majesty. The latter having judged tends to quarrel merely with tythes in the a mode of communication inadmissible, ordinary acceptation of the word, he un fact, which, from the absence of the Swedish emmeans to convey a sly censure on adminise

bassy, and the interruption of direct corresitation, who have not only sanctioned, but pondence with Stockholm, appeared to the adopted the principle of tything in an upli. undersigned the only way, and, at the same mited extent, by taking trom the subject a time, the speediest and most authentic mode tenih of the whole produce of the country of communication. It only remains to reof every denomination. O, ho! Mr. Slya quest Baron Taube will have the goodness boots!!

to express to his court the wish contained in

the note addressed to the aforesaid Baron.-OFFICIAL PAPERS.

It is of material importance for the Danish Leller from Count Bernstori', Danish Mi- government to be enabled to refute, in an

nister for foreign Affairs, to Baron Wet- authentic manner, an invidious charge, cleara terstedt, First Secretary of the Cabinet of 1 ly destined to compromise a sovereign, his Suelish Majesty-Kiel, Oct. 171h, whose loyalty is above all suspicion, to make 1807.

hiin share in the odium, which attaches to a (Continued from page 320.)

conduct equally atrocious and perfidious, and The loyalty of the sovereign, whose in- to produce a niisuunderstanding between Swetention it is thus attempted to calumniate, den and Denmark.---The undersigned reand the nature of the relations which subsist quesis Baron Taube to accept the assurance between Denmark and Sweden, sufficiently of his high consideration. prove the falsity of that insidious assertion. Note addressed ly Baron Taube to Count -But we shall feel great satisfaction to be Berästorff', Minister of Stale. Kiel, Noauthorised by his Swedish Majesty hinselt, vemler 5, 1807. to answer hy a formal denial an insinuation The urdersigned Swedish Chargé d'Afmore injurious to him, than it is to us. lbis, faires has just received the note, with which Sir, is the only motive which induces me to his Excellency Count Bernstorff, has this demand of you a frank and positive explana- day honoured him.--Although the events tion on this subject.--I take leave to re- which have taken place, as well as the season, quest you will send it me by the bearer of seem already to resolve the question which this letter, Mr. de Holsten, Lieutenant of forins the object of your Excellency's note, the Royal Navy.-I feel happy in having an the undersigned will take the earliest opporopportunity of calling me to yonr recoilec- tunity to bring it to the knowledge of his tion, and ot offering you the assurance of my master, and flatters himself, be shall soon be high consideration.

able to return the answer. The undersignAnswer from Baron Wetterstedt, Minister of ed avails himself with pleasure of this opState. Helsintourgh, Oct. 27, 1807. portunity, to request his Excellency will be

I had this afternoon the honour to re- pleased to accept the assurance of his sinceit ceive, through Lieutenant Holsten, the let- respect. ter which your Excellency has addressed to thobe addressed ly Baron Taube to Count me, dated the 17th October.As the duiies Bernstorf, Direcior of the Department of of my place do not allow me to deviate froni Foreign Affairs, Kiel, Nov. 24, 1807. the regalar mode of official communication The undersigned has not failed to bring betteen the two courts, your Excellency to the knowledge of the King, his master, will permit me to restrict myself entirely to the contents of the note which bis Excellera acknowledge the receipt of your letter, and cy Baron Bernstorff addressed to hiin, the to express to you the happiness I feel in have 5th of November last, and of the copy wbich ing the opportunity of renewing to you the accompanied the same.--It is by order of bis assarance of the high consideration with court that the undersigned hastens to declare which I have the honour to be, čze.

to the Danish minister, that all explanation Vote addressed by the Minister of Slale, with regard to the pole alvove mentioned be.

Count Bernstorfi', co Baron Taube, Chargé comes superfluous, his Majesty being of opid' Afaires of his Swedish Majesty. Kiet, nion ibat he ought solely to be judged by his Nov.5, 1807

actions, which he shall always know how to The annexed copy will inform Baron justify.-The undersigned having the honour Taube of the object of a communication, to present this answer to Count Bernstorff, which the Undersigned, Minister of State, Director of the Department of Foreiga Althought it right to address to Baron Wetter- fairs, begs leave at the same time to repeat stedt, First Secretary of the Cabinet of his the as trance of his bigh consideration.

Note addressed by Count Bernstorff, Minis- FRANCE.-January 20, 1908.-Motives

ter of State, to Baron Taube, Kiel, Dec. of the Senatus Consultum upon the. Con.. 4, 1807.

scription of 1809, declared by Regnaud The undersigned, Director of the De

de St. Jean d'Angely, Minister of State, partment of Foreign Affairs, has had the ho- Senators, when your wisdom called out. nour to receive the pote, which Baron the conscripts of 1808, your wishes were Taube had the goodness to address to him on directed towards the peace which signal victhe 24th November, in order to declare that tories had prepared-you wished to ensure the court of Stockholm deems it superfluous new. means of conquering and pacifying.. to give the demanded explanation to the dis- The success surpassed your hopes—ibe faines position which the English minister has of war are extinguished upo: the Continent thought himself authorised to send his Swedish -a durable


has been sworn between Majesty with regard to Denmark. The Da- the two greatest Sovereigns in the world, nish government thought to render a service and Europe bas time to breathe.-But there to the Court of Sweden, by offering an oppor. is a government to which the


of Eu. tunity to refute a charge which it felt inclined rope is despair, to which peace is terror, !0 to consider as calumnious, and which, so long which discord is necessity, and war hope. as it remains undenied, cannot but compro- | England has replied to the offer of a generous mise him against whom it is preferred. The mediation offered by the Emperor of Russia, said government is the more surprised at the by carrying fire and the sword into the ter.. refusal of the explanation solicited, as this ritories of his most ancient ally, by professor refusal is but too liable to be considered as a ing more solemnly contempt of the rights of tacit acknowledgment of the intentions nations, by proclaiming more inhumanly which were announced to him in an official the principle of eternal war. The indigna-, manner by the intimate ally of Sweden.-- tion of all Sovereigns has replied to the inAnd these pretended intentions being alrea- jurious manifestos, lo ibe cunning declara-, dy hostile against Denmark, she was the tions, to the barbarous acts of the Cabinet of nore of opinion that she owed it to herself St. James. The predictions which the orato demand from the Swedish government a tors of his Alajesty made to you a year ago denial thereof, without waiting, that actions in this Tribune are realized. It is, we said, should furnish the necessary information on ' from the bosom of the Continent, which the subject. The reasons which occasioned | England would set in a flame, that hence- , the above demand existing still in all its forth a terrible war shall be waged against force, the undersigned is authorized to ex- her. It is by appiying to her on all the Eu. pect here, and requests Baron Taube will ropean shores the principles she has applied, have the goodness to support it at his court. in all seas, that we shall bring her back to He has the honour to repeat, on this occa- the ancient principles of the law of nations sion, the assurance of his high considera- and of civilized states. It is by exiliog her tion.

ships from all tbe coasts where we have solNote addressed by Baron Tuule to Count diers and allies, that the English miniştry

Bernstorff - Kiel, Dec. 21st, 1807. will be punished for the culpable refusal of Tlie undersigned has brought the note to giving peace to the world.'- Such, senators, the knowledge of the King 'his Master, were the words we addressed to you in which Count Bernstorff had the goodness to speaking of the conscription of 1908, and address to him the 4th of December, touch- behold a sacred and powerful league is forming the explanation required by the Court of ed to punish the English oligarchy, defend Copenhagen, with regard to a pretended the rights of nations, and avenge humanity. denunciation of intentions entertained by From the Baltic to the Mediterranean, from Sweden, to occupy the island of Zealand the Nile to the Narya, but few points remain. with 'Swedish troops. The King avoided to the English ships where ihey can land, or once to explain himself on this subject; but where they are not forbidden to touch.But s'. as the Danish government required an an

it is not sufficient to have, by a just recipro, swer, the undersigned is ordered to declare city, pronounced against England that dreade in an official manner_That had his Maj-sty ful sentence of outlawry, she must not be judged it necessary to occupy Zealand with permitted to be at rest in the seat of here his troops, jointly with those of his ally, he iniquitous domination, upon any of her

che should have done it; and the King wishes coasts, in any of her colonies, under-any that he may never find himself in the case points of the globe, which are not yet interto regret that he acted otherwise. The un- dicted to her. It is necessary that, repelled, dersigned has the honour to renew to Count from one part of the world, menaced in all Bernstorff the assurance of his high con- others, England should know not where to sideration.

direct the little military force of which she

has the disposal ; and that our armies, more pate all the doubts that might exist with re- ! formidable than ever, should be ready to spect to our intentions, and to prove to Eu.. carry into her possessions our victorious and rope, in the most signal manner, our attachavenging eagles Such, gentlemen, are the ment, and that of our people, to the commotives which have determined his Majesty mon cause; have decreed and do decree as to demand a new conscription. -The levy of follows:-Art. I. From the publication of the preceding year has been, as you fore- the present decree all the ports of our kingsaw, the pledge of continental peace-the dom shall be shut against all ships, whatever lery of this year will be the presage of a be their denomination. Those only are exmaritime peace. The pillage of the arsenal cepted from this disposition, (and provisionand port of Copenhagen--the emigration of ally till a new order, of which mention is the Portuguese fleet, have not yet left the made in the 2d article.—II. Armed ships of Continent without ships.-Oar legions can our allies are not included in the exclusion yet reach the English militia ; Ireland may directed by the preceding article. They may yet hope for succour against oppression ; enter and quit our ports, and bring in their India may yet expect deliverers; and while prizes by conforming to the ordonnances isour ancient phalanxes shall march to hasten sued relative to the entrance and departure the days of justice, new legions of young of ships of war.-I11. Ships of the allies or warriors shall be trained to discipline and to neutral powers, wbich may enter our ports battle, under the paternal eye of those war- to avoid the danger of the sea, shall have no like magistrates, of those senators generals, communication with the interior of our who with so happy a zeal have already formed kingdom. They shall be subjected to quabrave men to replace those whom war has rantine, and be under the niost severe supersnatched from the country, or who have intendance. The commandant of the port been restored to their families.-His Majesty shall make them put te sea as soon as the will have a superabundance of means to weather shall permit. IV. Fisbing boats realise bis pacific views, or to execute his are under the direct superintendance of the warlike projects. To the powerful armies civil and military authorities upon the coast. of bis faithtul allies, his Majesty will unite, These authorities shall take care, on their for cornmon defence and triumph, so for- responsibility, that no communicatioa take midable a mass, that success will not long place, by means of the fishermen, with the be doubtful.-So just a cause will not be enemy's ship and other ships. To that end, vainly defended by so much force, and pro- there shall be placed as a sentinel, a soldier tected by so many powers. A league so on board each tishing boat. On the return imposiug in its elements, so generous in its of the boat, the sentinel shall make liis report policy, so just in its objects, so great in its of what has passed during the fishery, cormeans, will at length bring back our enemies trary to the dispositions of the present deto justice through fear, or to submission cree, and the owner of the boat and crews through victory.

shall be prosecuted with all the rigour of the

laws. Given at Utrecht, 23d January. HOLLAND. --Commercial Decree.-- Jan. 23, 130s.

FRANCE.--Decrees for raising Conscripts Considering that every European nation anit for uniting certain Countries with ought to co-operate with all its might to the France. -234 Jun, 1808. triuniph of the cause of the continent, in a The Couservatory Senate assembled to contest which will not be of long duration, the number of members presented by act and whose result is not doubtful. Consider- / 90, of the act of the Constitution of the ing that our particular duty as well as the 22d of Frimaire, year 8, having considered dearest interests of our people command us the project of the Senatus Consultom, drawn to accéde in all points to the desires of his in the form prescribed by article 57 of the Majesty the Emperor of the French, our il- constitutional act of the 10th Thermidor, lustrious brother, and even to surpass his year 10.--After having heard on the mo. hopes. Considering that the indemnity and tives of the said project, the orators of the relief whieh our kingdom has a right to de- Council of State, and the report of the Spe. mand and expect depend entirely upon the cial Commission nominated in the sitting of powerful intervention of France.' Consider- the 16th of this month; the adoption bara ing, in five, that however great the sacrifi- ing been discussed with the number ot voices ces hitherto made by this country may be, prescribed by article 5ô of the org nie and however paintul its situation, both under Senatus Consultum of the 18th of Thermi. the relations of commerce and those of fi- dor, year 10, decrees as follows:--Art. 1 Aande, it is of much greater interest to dissi- Eighty thousand Conscripts of the Conscrip

tion of the year 1809, are placed at the dis- reserve to himself the empire. In this posiposal of government. 2. They shall be ta- tion, all powers could and ought to expect ken from among the youths born between | froin each other a mutual support -And at the 1st of Jan. 1789, and Jan. 1, 1790 what a moment did Portugal betray the cause 3. They shall be employed, should thert of the continent ? Ought England to expect be occasion to complete the legions of re- still to have an ally, when, exercising her serve of the interior, and the regiment hayo violence on every sea, she menaced the new ing their depôts in France --The present world as well as the old; attacked, without Senatus Consultum shall be transmitted to any motive for aggression, the flag of the his Imperial and Royal Majesty.

Americans, and dyed their own shores with We require and command, that these pre- their blood--when, scandalously famous by sents, sanctioned by the seals of state, and the disasters of Copenhagen, which she sure inserted in the Bulletin des Loix, shall be prised in the inidst of peace, she sought, in addressed to the courts and tribunals, and The pillage of her arsenals, for some sad and administrative authorities, that they may be bloody spoiis.--But the scandal of this uninserted in their respective registers, and ob- derstanding between the Portuguese governserved, and caused to be observed; and our nient and Eugland may be traced to other Grand Judge, the Minister of Justice, is times. When England meditated, in 1803, charged to superintend the publication. the rekindling in Europe that war which

NAPOLEON. your Majesty has so gloriously terminated, By apollier Decree of the Conservatory she sent a fleet to Lisbon; the ministers had Senate, in the same form, and in a like conferences--time has developed the object manner signed by Buonaparte, the towns of and the result.-Have not the English squaKehl, Wesel, Cassel, and Flushing, are 10 dron sent to the River Plate touched at Ja. be united to the French Empire. Kell to neiro? Did not the troops sent to Buenos the department of the Lower Rhine; Cassel Ayres and Monte Video receive provisions to the department of Mount Toonere ; from the Brazils? Those distant succours Wesel in the department of the Roer; and may have escaped the attention of Europe ; Flashing in the department of the Scheldt. but she saw Portugal receive and victual in

her ports the English ships destined to blockFRANCE.-—— Report of the Minister of To. ade Cadiz, to attack Constantinople and

reign Affairs relative to Portugal. Made Egypt; those which were to land troops in in Oct. 1907, and pullishid Jan. 24, Naples to stir up rerolt; those which were 1808.

to introduce English merchandize upon all There is no sovereign in Europe who the coasts of the Mediterranean, though does not acknowledge, that it his territory, Portugal knew all the ports in the South his jurisdiction should be violated to the were shut against them. -- A French consul, detriment of your Majesty, he would be re- whom Portugal had acknowledged and adsponsible for it. If a French ship were seiz- mitted to the exercise of his functions in the ed in the port of Triest, or Lisbon, the go-port of Faro, has been taken from his house vernment of Portugal and the sovereign to by the intendant of the custoins, sent to whoin Trieste belongs, would have to consi- prison, taken out only to be exiled, and der that violence and damage done to your the Portuguese government refused for three Majesty's subjects as a personal outrage- months to repair that outrage.- Protestations they could not hesitate to compel England of neutrality ill concealed this bostile conby force to respect their territory and their duct. The court of Lisbon should have ex, ports: if they adopted a contrary conduct, if plained itself without shuffling. Your Mathey became accomplices of the wrong done jesty proposed it to accede to the system of by England to your subjects, they would the continent, and had it done so, you would place themselves in a state of war with your have forgotten every thing.--Far from deMajesty. When the Portuguese government ferring to your Majesty's proposa), the Porsuffered its ships to be visited by English tuguese government had no other solicitude ships, its independence was violated by its than that of inforining the court of London, own consent, by the outrage done to its flags, of tranquillising England relative to her inas it would have been had E:gland violated terests, of guaranteeing the safety of the Engits territory and its ports.--The enemy ought Jish and of their property in Portugal, to be placed in a state of interdict, in the

(To be continued.) midst of the seas, of which he pretends to

Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 75. Great Queen Street, and publiebed by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street. Covent Garden, where torner Numbers may be had. ; sold also by J. Build, Crown and Mirre, Pall Mall

VOL. XIII. No. 10.)


[PRICE 10r,


** The civility of this man is wonderful: ne sparcs us the trouble of contadeing him, by contradicting

hinselt. Nay, he goes still fuitlics, and, by proving himself to be a var, spures us the pain of calling 6 bin so."



have accepted of. But, by-and-by you have WILLIAN ROSCOE, Esq. 11) say something about continental connecLETTER IV.

tions, as considered with regard to the peace SIR,

that may now be made ; and then, it being The part of your pamphlet, your object to induce us to insist upcn nowhich remains to be examined, is, as you ihing tliat Buonaparté is likely to wish not state, iniended to show, that a peace with to grant, your sentiments are quite altered;. france, to be made as soon as possible, up- and

you tell us, that you hope, that “ foon the terms before proposed by her, is ab- reign subsidies will never again be advertsulufely necessary to the safety of England, " ed to, but to be erecrated." In another and that “nothing but a political suicide, a place, that, “if, instead of blindly aiming " total incapacity to meet the bounties of at continental influence and connections, « Providence and to improve its blessings, we duly estimate our own interests, imi can induce us to hesitate for a moment, as portance, and security, we may regard all " to the course we ought to pursue.” If " the efforts of France to rival us, as a mayou had, by any regular chain of reasoning, “ ritime power, without dismay. The bafounded upon admitted, or notorious, facts, “ lance of power, that chimerical source of endeavoured to make the truth of these as- war and blood-shed, now exists not even sertions apparent, it would have required " in name. Let us attend more to ourselves but a short space, wherein to answer you ; " and less to our neighbours." All this bur, you have mingled, or, rather, mashed would have been very well, if it had stood up, so much of bistory and of other matter by itself; if it had not appeared in the same along with the argument which you employ, pamphlet with your attected lamentation at

that, after much pains taken to pick out the the fatal consequences of the Danish expedi* latter from the former, I find myself obliged tion, amonget which you number the loss of to follow you through thick and thin.

powerful allies upon the continent," Amougót the fatal consequerices of the which Joss has left us, for cur defence, Danish expedition, you mention - our loss of “ British courage and British blood alone." all continental allies. “ In every contest," But, you had two purposes to answer, and say you, “ that may henceforth take place but one matter to work upon. You wanted - berween France and England, British to persuade us that the Danish expedition

courage alone must be employed, and Bri- had produced a fatal consequence to us; and is tish blood must row. We are now et- you also wanted to persuade us, that leaving

fectually deprived of those powerful allies, ihe whole of the continent with all its ports

who hitherto engaged the attention of and arsenals, in the hands of Napoleon, " our enemies, and rendered the continent would not be at all dangerous to us. To ef" the theatre of war.” Sentiments of the fect the former purpose, it was necessary to same turn are expressed by you elsewhere, set a high value upon the aid we derived aod, it must not be forgotten, that you set a from continental connections; to effect the high value upon Hanover (a thing which latter purpose, it was necessary to decry France has to offer us), and tell us, that, if those connections, and to represent England we had but accepted of Napoleon's ternis as self-dependent for her safety. You wantof peace, we might have had our share of ed to blow both hot and cold, and, if

you influence upon the continent. This is your had (poor gentleman!) but one mouth, it language, and these are your sentiments, was nature's fault, and not yours. when you are endeavourivg to impress your But, we are now coming to a passage, at readers with an idea of the evils of the Da- the penning of which you must certainly nish expedition, and to induce them to be- have invoked the genius of the great Taileylieve, that the terms of peace, which wire rand, and at the conclusion of which you offered by France, were such as we cughtio must have bridled up your lead, with a self

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