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22.

504 Intercessory Prayer. Of seeing St. Paul in Heaven. Homil. receive us, and about lodging with worthy persons. Erastus, XXXII. The chamberlain of the city, salutes you, and Quartus a Mat. 10,

brother. There is a purpose in his adding the chamberlain Phil. 4, of the city, for as he wrote to the Philippians, They of Cesar's

household salute you, that he might shew that the Gospel had taken a hold upon great folk, so here too he mentions the title with a view to the same object, and to shew that, to the man who gives heed, neither riches are a hindrance, nor the cares of government, nor any thing else of the kind.

Ver. 24. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

See what we ought to begin and to end all things with! For in this he laid the foundation of the Epistle, and in this he putteth on the roof, at once praying for the mother of all good things for them, and calling the whole of His lovingkindness to their mind. For this is the best proof of a generous teacher, to benefit his learners not by word only, but likewise by prayer, for which cause also one said, But we will give ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry of the word.

Who is there then to pray over us, since Paul hath de

parted? These are the imitators of Paul. Only let us yield quongo. ourselves worthy to join in such intercession', that it may not gías

be that we hear Paul's voice here only, but that hereafter, when we are departed, we may be counted worthy to see the wrestler of Christ. Or rather, if we hear him here, we shall certainly see him hereafter, if not as standing near him, yet see him we certainly shall, glistening near the Throne of the King. Where the Cherubim sing the glory, where the Seraphim are Aying, there shall we see Paul, with Peter, and as a chiefe and leader of the choir of the Saints, and shall enjoy

e

" He seems to mean, this is the is a subject on which the Fathers speak way to imitate Paul, only it implies with caution. high attainments to be worthy of doing xoqupaior, not of the Apostles, but

so.'

of the Saints in general. The manner The following passage strongly ile in which St. Paul is coupled with St. lustrates what St. Chrysostom says, in Peter, is remarkable, as in the Roman the first page of the Introduction, of his Breviary, Vesp. et Laud. Commem. affectionate intimacy with the Apostle, Com. de Apost. Peter the Apostle, through meditation on his writings. and Paul the Teacher of the Gentiles,

The Martyrs were thought to be these taught us Thy Law, O Lord. admitted to the Beatific Vision at once. R. Thou shalt make them princes over See Tertullian de Anima, 55. but this all the earth.' In the York Breviary,

Rome happy in possessing St. Peter and St. Paul. 505 his generous love. For if when here he loved men so, that Rom. when he had the choice of departing and being with Christ, he chose to be here, much more will he there display a warmer affection. I love Rome even for this, although indeed one has other grounds for praising it, both for its greatness, and its antiquity, and its beauty, and its populousness, and for its power, and for its wealth, and for its successes in war. But I let all this pass, and esteem it blessed on this account, that both in his lifetime he wrote to them, and loved them so, and talked with them whiles he was with us, and brought his life to a close there! Wherefore the city is more notable upon this ground, than upon all others together. And as a body great and strong, it hath as two glistening eyes the bodies of these Saints. Not so bright is the heaven, when the sun sends forth his rays, as is the city of Rome, sending out these two lights into all parts of the world. From thence will Paul be caught up, from thence Peter. Just bethink ye, and shudder' at the thought of what' peitura a sight Rome will see, when Paul ariseth suddenly from that deposit, together with Peter, and is lifted up to meet the 1 Thess. Lord. What a rose will Rome send up to Christ! what two is. 36, 1.

16, 24.

1 Cor.

15, 38. F. SS. App. Petr. et Paul. ad Vesp. may receive into rest; that whose Hymn. St. 2. ' These are the two olive hearts Paul hath opened by the teachtrees before the Lord, (Zech. 4, 3.) and ing of his words, to their souls Peter the candlesticks beaming with light, may open the Kingdom of Heaven. the two bright luminaries of Heaven. For Paul too did also in a manner reAnd again, 'non impar Paulus buic.' ceive the key of knowledge from Christ.' St. Augustine observes, ad Bonif. cont. And St. Gregory, 1. 1. Dial. c. 12. du. Ep. Pelag. 1. 3. c. 3. Ben. t. 10. "The A postle Paul is brother in Apo“When one says,

"The Apostle,' without stolical preeminence (principatu) to saying what Apostle, no one under- Peter, the first of the Apostles. See stands any but Paul, because he is best also St. Chrys. on Gal. 1, 18. Tr. p. 25. known from the number of his Epistles, where he says, ' equal in dignity with and because he laboured most.' St. him, for at present I will say no more.' Maxiinus. Hom. 5. de Nat. Petr. et and Gal. 2, 8. p. 34. Tertullian, adv. Paul. “Therefore the blessed Peter and Marcion. 1. 5. and others, consider him Paul are eminent among all, and have especially intended in Jacob's blessing a kind of peculiar precedency, but be- of Benjamin. St. Cyr. Hier. Cat. vi. tween themselves, which is to be pre- Tr. p. 68. speaks of. That goodly pair, ferred to the other, is uncertain. For I Peter and Paul, the Rulers of the think they are equal in merits. because Church.' Many more passages might they are equal in suffering. He also be cited, but these may suffice to shew says in the same Homily, ' To Peter, in what esteem St. Paul was held as to a good Steward, He gave the key among the Fathers, and at the same of the Kingdom of Heaven. On Paul, time that this did not interfere with as on an able Teacher, He enjoined their view of the prerogatives of St. the mastership in the teaching of the Peter. Church; that is, that whom the one

i Mar, adds and they still possess has instructed unto salvation, the other his sacred body.'

506

He longs to visit the Relics of St. Paul.

envas Gal. I, 24.

дата

46.

Homil. crowns will the city have about it! what golden chains will XXXII.

she be girded with! what fountains possess! Therefore I admire the city, not for the much gold, not for the columns, not for the other display there, but for these pillars of the Church. Would that it were now given me

to throw rigimu: myself round the body of Paul, and be rivetted to the tomb,

and to see the dust of that body that filled up that which was

lacking after Christ, that bore the marks, that sowed the Gal. 6, 17.orig. Gospel every where, yea, the dust of that body through which

He ran to and fro every where the dust of that body through which Christ spoke, and the Light shone forth more brilliant than any lightning, and the voice started out, more awful than any thunder to the devils ? through which he uttered that

blessed voice, saying, I could wish that myself were acPs. 119, cursed, for my brethren, through which he spake before

kings, and was not ashamed ? through which we come to know Paul, through which also Paul's Master! Not so awful

to us is the thunder, as was that voice to the demons! For if Acts 19, they shuddered at his clothes, much more did they at his

voice. This led them away captive, this cleansed out the world, this put a stop to diseases, cast out vice, lifted the truth on high, had Christ riding upon it, and every where went about with him; and what the Cherubim were, this was Paul's voice, for as He was seated upon those Powers, so was He upon Paul's tongue. For it had become worthy of receiving Christ, by speaking those things only which were acceptable to Christ, and flying as the Seraphim to height unspeakable! for what more lofty than that voice which says, For I am persuaded that neither Angels, nor Principalities, nor Powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of Ciod, which is in Christ

Jesus? What pinions doth not this discourse seem to thee Ez. 10, to have! what? eyes! It was owing to this that he said, for 2 Cor.2, we are not ignorant of his devices. Owing to this did the

devils flee not only at hearing him speak, but even at seeing his garments from afar. This is the inouth, the dust whereof I would fain see, through which Christ spake the great and

12.

12.

1l.

8 See Macarins, Hom. I. and 7. also la Denudata, t. 1. p. 507. Where this Schaare Orab. ap. Knorrium. Kabba interpretation is carried farther,

Acts of the Spirit by the mouth and heart of St. Paul. 507 secret things, and greater than in His own person, (for as He Rom. wrought, so He also spake greater things by the disciples",)

16, 24. through which the Spirit gave those wondrous oracles to the world! For what good thing did not that mouth effect? Devils it drave out, sins it loosed, tyrants it muzzled, philosophers' mouths it stopped, the world it brought over to God, savages it persuaded to learn wisdom, all the whole order of the earth it altered. Things in Heaven too it disposed what way it listed, binding whom it would, and loc sing in the other world, according unto the power given unto it. Nor is it that 1 Cor.5, mouth only, but the heart too I would fain see the dust of, 2 Cor. which a man would not do wrong to call the heart of the 13, 10. world, and a fountain of countless blessings, and a beginning and element of our life. For the spirit of life was furnished out of it to all, and was distributed through the members of Christ, not as being sent forth by arteries, but by a free choice of good deeds. This heart was so large, as to take in entire cities, and peoples, and nations. For my heart, 2 Cor.6,

11. he says, is enlarged. Yet even a heart thus large, did this very charity that enlarged it many a time straiten and oppress. For he says, Out of much affliction' and 2 Cor. 2, anguish of heart I wrote unto you this. I were desirous to see icithat heart even after its dissolution, which burned at each sws one that was lost, which travailed a second time with the ourozas children that had proved abortions, which saw God', (for Gal. 4, the pure in heart, He says, shall see God, which became a Sacrifice, (for a sacrifice to God is a contrite heart,) 8. which was loftier than the heavens, which was wider than the world, which was brighter than a sunbeam, which was warmer than fire, which was stronger than adamant, which sent forth rivers, (for rivers, it says, of living water shall John 7, flow out of his belly,) wherein was a fountain springing up, and watering, not the face of the earth, but the souls of men, whence not rivers only, but even fountains of tears, issued day and night, which lived the new life, not this of ours,

19.

Mat. 5,

Ps. 51,

19.

38.

h Alluding to John 14, 12; 16, 12. Index, art. visio.

i St. Aug. de Gen. ad. Lit. xii. 35. k Acts 20, 19. 2 Cor. 2, 4. com. Luke He has many passages on seeing God.' 18,7. Ps. 131, 2.

XXXII.

Gal. 2,

20.

11. 2 Cor.

20.

to Rom.

13.

10.

508 Christ dwelt in the heart of St. Paul. His hands and feet. Homil. (for I live, he says, yet not 1, but Christ liveth in me,

so Paul's heart was His heart, and a tablet of the Holy

Spirit, and a book of grace;) which trembled for the sins Gal. 4,

of others, (for 1 fear, he says, lest by any means I have

bestowed labour upon you in vain ; lest as the serpent 11,3. beguiled Eve; lest when I come I should find you not Ib. 12, such as I would ;) which feared also for itself, and was 1 Cor.9, confiding too, (for I fear, he says, lest by any means after 27.

having preached to others I myself should be a cast-away.

And, I am persuaded that neither angels nor powers shall alluding be able to separate us ;) which was counted worthy to love 9, 3.

Christ as no other man loved Him; which despised death

and hell, yet was broken down by brother's tears, (for he Acts21,

1, says, what mean ye to weep, and break mine heart?) which

was most enduring, and yet could not bear to be absent from 1 Thess. the Thessalonians by the space of an hour! Fain would I 2,17; 3,

see the dust of hands that were in a chain, through the

imposition of which the Spirit was furnished, through which Gal. 6, the divine writings were written, (for behold, he says, how

large a letter I have written unto you with mine own hand: 1 Cor. and again, The salutation of me Paul with mine own hand, 16, 21. Acts 28,

of those hands at the sight of which the serpent fell off into the fire. Fain would I see the dust of those eyes which were blinded gloriously, which recovered their sight again for the salvation of the world ; which even in the body were counted worthy to see Christ, which saw earthly things, yet saw them not, which saw the things which are not seen, which saw not sleep, which were watchful at midnight, which were not affected as eyes are'. I would also see the dust of those feet, which ran through the world and were not weary; which were bound in the stocks when the prison shook, which went through parts habitable or uninhabited, which walked on so many journeys. And why need I speak of single parts ? Fain would I see the tomb, where the armour of righteousness is laid up, the armour of light, the limbs which now live, but which in life were made dead; and in

11.

5.

I So mar. Sav. rão oplaapsúrtwv, and which must be the meaning if it is the so Ben. translating it . as the envious,' true reading.

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