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all he knows. But on the mention of his own fister being so treated, probably his honour will be roused, and he will think himself included in the infamy and disgrace which the prejudices of the world yet throw upon want of delicacy or virtue in the female chara&ter. But, Do as you would be done by was no part of his Education. Yours, &c. BE Lzebub. (T, be continued.

Annexed we have given our Readers an
exact Piew of the last Decisive Engage-
ment, between the Kusan and Turish
Fleets, of which the following are the
Particulars, the Authenticity of which
our Readers moy depend upon, as we have
our Intelligence from the very beft Autho-
* rity. ... a
Y an account sent by Prince Potemkin
Tawrick Rewskay to the Emperor of
Vienna, dated the 19th of June iast, we
have the following:
“That on the preceding day the fleet of
the Empress gained a complete vićtory over
the fleet commanded by the Captain Pacha,
the whole of which was cither burnt, ta-
ken, sunk, or got off; -that the Admiral,
Vice Admiral, and four others of the line
were burnt, two of the line were taken, to-
gether with the Pacha's flag, and between
four and five thousand prisoners; that this
great victory had been preceded by another
which happened on the Ioth, when most of
the gunboats and small craft of the Turks
were disabled.—The Prince informed the
Emperor that he intended going immedi-
ately against Oczakow.

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HE origin of commerce is alonost coeval with that of society. When tribes had abandoned their wandering life, and fettled in fixed abodes, their new situation gave rise to new ideas and pursuits. They soon found, that the sources from which they had formerly derived their subsistence, the spontaneous fruits of the earth, and the flesh of wild animals killed in the chase, were insufficient to maintain them, when their mutubers were increased, and their situation nore confined. Hence they were obliged to have recourse to the breeding of tame cattle and to the culture of the earth. Property being estabiished and ascertained, men began to exchange one rude commodity for another.— While their wayts and their defires were confined within narrow bounds, they had no other idea of traffic but that of simple barter. The husbandman exchanged a part of his harvest for the cattle of the shepherd ; the hunter gave the prey which he had caught at the chase for the honey and the fruits which his neighbour had gathered in the woods. This commercial intercourse begins among the members of the same community. From the incluality and diversity with which the produćtions of nature are distributed in different countries, a more general correspondence was by degrees efiablished between distant tribes and nations.— No longer satisfied with the necessaries, they aspired to the conveniences, the accommoditions, and the luxuries of life. As the objects of commerce became varied and multiplied, they invented a common measure or standard of the value of commodities: after different experiments of this kind among different nations, the precious metals, from their rarity, their beauty, their permanency, and facility of transportation, were universally adopted as the symbols of property, and the representatives of all the produćtions that are formed by Nature, or fabricated by human industry. Commerte, thus introduced by the exchange of commodities between individuals, gradually diff.sed from city to city, and from kingdon to kingdom, till at last it comptehended and united the remotest regions of the earth and the inoff distant

mations of the world. Political

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