either of which could not fail of prizes to the amount of a million proving detrimental to the com- iterling money. The clamour raispany, considering that the Bengaled by the merchants in consetrade, notwithstanding the various quence of this disaster, induced the restraints imposed by the Nabob, Emperor to send one of his officers was still very lucrative. For forty from Delhi, with orders to hear years therefore the English com- the complaints of the English, and pany attempted no military re- to mitigate the oppreflions which fiftance.

they had suffered. Hoftilities soon Bat the peaceable acquiescence of after ceased; and by a treaty fignthe English rather increased than ed in August, 1687, it was ftipudiminished the exactions imposed lated that the English should not by the governors of the province ; only be permitted to return to all besides, that the acts of oppreflion their factories in the province, but exercised by those inferior despots might likewise erect docks and were abetted by the Emperor at magazines at Ulabarca, a village Delhi. Determined therefore to situated on the western bank, about try the effect of arms, the company fifty miles from the mouth of the in the year 1685, with the ap- river. probation of King James II. fitted This treaty was no sooner raout two fleets, one of which was tified than the war at Surat broke ordered to cruise at the bar of Su. out afresh, and the Nabob of Benrat, on all vessels belonging to the gal not only gave up the English Mogul's subjects, and the other de- trade to the rapine of his officers, signed not only to commit hoftili. but demanded a very large sum, ties by sea at the mouth of the as an indemnification for the loss Ganges, but likewise carried fix which the country had sustained by hundred regular troops, in order the late hoftilities. In consequence to attack the Nabob of Bengal by of some unexpected events, howland.

ever, an accommodation again took The conduct of this war was en- place between the contending partrusted to Job Charnock, the com- ties without this requisition being pany's principal agent at Hugh- granted ; and the company receive ley, a man of courage, but void of ed a patent from the Emperor, almilitary experience. He defeated lowing them to trade free of cufthe forces of the Nabob in two toms, on condition of paying andifferent actions ; but pitching nually the sum of three thousand his camp in an unhealthy part roupees. of the province, in the space In 1696, an insurrection was comof three months he lost by fick. menced by the rajahs on the western ness three hundred Europeans, side of the river Hughley, within which was two thirds of his whole whose jurisdiction were fituated the force.

principal settlements of the English, The misfortune attending the French, and Dutch, all which imarmy was compensated by the mediately augmenting their respecsuccess of the fleet chac had been rive forces, declared for the Nafent cut to Surat, which greatly bob; of whom they at the same distressed the trade of the Mcgul's time requested permission to put fubjects, and took from them their factories into a state of de


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written in verie ; but that the which every line is marked by its writings of the prophets are not of initial letter; the other nine less that number."

perfectly alphabetical, in which The delign of the preliminary every stanza only is so diftindifiertation is to refute this erro- guilhed.” neous opinion; to Thew that there After examining some remarkis a manifest conformity between able circumstances in these computhe prophetical style and that of fitions, he concludes, that “ both the books supposed to be metrical; these species of alphabetical poems a conformity in every known part consist of verses properly so called ; of the poetical character, which of verses regulated by some obequally discriminates the prophetic servation of harmony or cadence; cal and the metrical books, from of measure, numbers, or rhythm, those acknowledged to be prose. For it is not at all probable in the This subject, which the learned nature of the thing, or from exauthor had before treated in his amples of the like kind 'in other eighteenth and nineteenth Prelec- languages, that a portion of mere tions, is here more fully and mi- proie, in which numbers and harnutely discussed.

mony are totally disregarded, should “ The first, he says, and most be laid out according to a scale of manifest indication of verse in the division, which carries with it such Hebrew poetical books, presents it- evident marks of stody and labour, self in the acrostick or alphabetical of art in the contrivance, and expoems, of which there happily re- actness in the execution. And in main many examples, and those of general, that the rest of the poems various kinds. The nature, or of the Hebrews, bearing evidently rather the form, of these poems is the same marks and characteristics this: the poem consists of twenty- of composition with the alphabetitwo lines, or of twenty-two syftems cal poems in other respects, and of lines, or periods, or stanzas, ac- falling into regular lines, often into cording to the number of the let. regular stanzas, according to the ters of the Hebrew alphabet; and pauses of the sentences, which stan. every line, or every itanza, begins zas and lines have a certain parity with each lerrer in its order, as it or proportion to one another, thele stands in the alphabet, that is, the likewise consist of verse measured first line, or first stanza, begins by the ear, and regulated accordwith aleph, the second with beth, ing to some general laws of metre, and so on.

There are still extant rhythm, harmony, or cadence.in the books of the Old Teita. The attempt to discover the laws ment, twelve * of these poems; of the Hebrew metre, or rhythm, reckoning the four first chapters of he considers as vain and impossible: the Lamentations of Jeremiah as but he conceives that there are so many distinct poems; three f of other circumstances which sufi them perfectly alphabetical : in ciently discriminate the parts of the

* Pfal. xxv, xxxiv, xxxvii, sxi, cxii, cxix, cxlv. Prov, xxxi. v. 10-31. Lain. i, ii, iii, iv. † Plal. axi, cxii. Lam. jii.


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23, 224 eier to ásgle Paralel joes be redeces to three words is Hebrer. forts : paralle's hronym:25, paral- Soaeises, be obserres, tbe lises leis antii petic, and para. tis in. Ocaba, each of dobbie Dembers, ihais, Cf each of tzelt be gives or two proposes. a variety of examples, in order to • Brruth beares, o ta, zi de tew the various forms, coder which they appear: firft from the Tochte pases, and in 123] books wriversaily acknowledged to

ics & Fici. . be poetical ; then correippedent

• Are the fall bed bocles, and it all Examples from the prophe: lfazah; Aré cez ten passends, and shall

irzotti and sometimes also from the other

er befreittrees, &c. 1. In. 21. prophets ; to thew, that the form

Sometimes they are formed by a and character of the composition is repetition of part of the first fenin all the same.

tence. First, of parallel lines fyntagmous: trat is, which correfpond one to

? My voice is urto God, and I cry aloud; another by exprefing the fame My voice or to God, and he will hearken

unto me,' sense in differeat bu: equivalett kerms. As in the following ex

The waters saw thee, o God; amples:

The waters saw thee; they were seized

with anguith.' Pj. lxxvii. 1. 16. • (). Jehovah, in- thy - strength the-king

( For be hath humbled those that dwell on thell-rejoice; Ard-in-thy falvarion how greatly Mall-he


The lotty city, he hath brought her down: exult! I he-dehore oi-his-heart thou-haft-granted He hath levelled her with the dust.

He hath brought her down to the ground; unto him;

The foot shall trample upon her; And the request of-his-lips thou-haft-not.

The feet of the poor, the steps of the denied.' Pf. xxi.

needy.' Ija. xxvi. 5, 6. • Because I-called, and-ye-refused; I-ftretched-out my-hand, and-no-one re- There are parallel triplets, when gardei, &c. Prov. i. 24.

three lines correspond together, and fark-ye Jehovah, white-he-ray-be-found; form a kind of ftanza; of which Call-ye-upon-him, while-he-is near,' &c. however only two commonly are

Ifa. iv. 6. synonymous. 5

6 The

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