fuccour that island. Diferent views and condu&t of the boftile coma
manders. Engagement. Extraordinary acts of gallantry. Vice-Admiral
Barrington wounded. French persevere in their resolution of not com-
ing to a close' action. Views of the British commanders totally changed,
upon discovering that the island was already loft, as they had no force
capable of attempting its recovery. Transports and disabled ships sent
off to St. Christopher's in the evening. Followed next day by the fleet;
the enemy having returned to Granada in the night. Prodigious loss
of men on the French fide accounted for. Claim a victory ; and upon
what ground. M. D'Estaing directs his operations to the northward.
First object, the reduction of Georgia. Second, an attack upon New-
York, in conjunction with General Washington. Arrives upon the Coafi
of Carolina ; takes the Experiment man of war, and joine frigates.
Anchors off Tybee. Lands bis troops, and invests the town of Savan-
nah. Summons General Prevost. Is joined by General Lincoln, and
Count Polaski. Attacks the British lines, and is repulsed with great
Jaughter. French retire to their ships, and totally abandon the coasts
of America.


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CHRONICLE. (193 to [240
Births for the year 1779.


Principal Promotions.


Prices of stocks for the year 1779.

Abstract of the late Act for altering the duty on houses and servants.

of an Act for extending the provisions of the 12th of Geo. I. in-
titled, an AE to prevent frivolous and vexatious arrests.

of the late A& pafèd to prevent smuggling:
of an Ax for laying a duty upon post-borfes, &c.

of an AE før recruiting his Majejly's land and sea forces. 254
Proceedings at the trial of Admiral Keppel.

Charge against him for misconduct and negleet of duty.

His speech before the court-martial, on opening his defence.
Copies of letters between the Hon. Admiral Keppel, the Secretary to the Ád.
miralty, the Fudge Advocate, and Sir Hugh Palliser.

Votes of thanks of the two Hauses of Parliament, and of the City of London,
to the Hon. Admiral Auguftus Keppel.

Extract of a letter from Lieut. Gen. Burgoyne to his constituents, upon

late resignation ; with the correspondence between him and the Secretaries
at War, relative to his return to America.

Copy of a letter from Capt. Pearson, of bis Majesty's ship Serapis, 10 Mr.

Stephens, containing an account of his engagement with, and being cap-
tured by, Captain Paul Jones,




either of which could not fail of prizes to the amount of a million proving detrimental to the com- iterling money. The clamour raispany, considering that the Bengaled by the merchants in consetrade, notwithstanding the various quence of this disaster, induced the restraints imposed by the Nabob, Emperor to send one of his officers was still very lucrative. For forty from Delhi, with orders to hear years therefore the English com- the complaints of the English, and pany attempted no military re- to mitigate the oppreflions which fiftance.

they had suffered. Hoftilities soon Bat the peaceable acquiescence of after ceased; and by a treaty fignthe English rather increased than ed in August, 1687, it was ftipudiminished the exactions imposed lated that the English should not by the governors of the province ; only be permitted to return to all besides, that the acts of oppreflion their factories in the province, but exercised by those inferior despots might likewise erect docks and were abetted by the Emperor at magazines at Ulabarca, a village Delhi. Determined therefore to situated on the western bank, about try the effect of arms, the company fifty miles from the mouth of the in the year 1685, with the ap- river. probation of King James II. fitted This treaty was no sooner raout two fleets, one of which was tified than the war at Surat broke ordered to cruise at the bar of Su. out afresh, and the Nabob of Benrat, on all vessels belonging to the gal not only gave up the English Mogul's subjects, and the other de- trade to the rapine of his officers, signed not only to commit hoftili. but demanded a very large sum, ties by sea at the mouth of the as an indemnification for the loss Ganges, but likewise carried fix which the country had sustained by hundred regular troops, in order the late hoftilities. In consequence to attack the Nabob of Bengal by of some unexpected events, howland.

ever, an accommodation again took The conduct of this war was en- place between the contending partrusted to Job Charnock, the com- ties without this requisition being pany's principal agent at Hugh- granted ; and the company receive ley, a man of courage, but void of ed a patent from the Emperor, almilitary experience. He defeated lowing them to trade free of cufthe forces of the Nabob in two toms, on condition of paying andifferent actions ; but pitching nually the sum of three thousand his camp in an unhealthy part roupees. of the province, in the space In 1696, an insurrection was comof three months he lost by fick. menced by the rajahs on the western ness three hundred Europeans, side of the river Hughley, within which was two thirds of his whole whose jurisdiction were fituated the force.

principal settlements of the English, The misfortune attending the French, and Dutch, all which imarmy was compensated by the mediately augmenting their respecsuccess of the fleet chac had been rive forces, declared for the Nafent cut to Surat, which greatly bob; of whom they at the same distressed the trade of the Mcgul's time requested permission to put fubjects, and took from them their factories into a state of de


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written in verie ; but that the which every line is marked by its writings of the prophets are not of initial letter; the other nine less that number."

perfectly alphabetical, in which The delign of the preliminary every stanza only is so diftindifiertation is to refute this erro- guilhed.” neous opinion; to Thew that there After examining some remarkis a manifest conformity between able circumstances in these computhe prophetical style and that of fitions, he concludes, that “ both the books supposed to be metrical; these species of alphabetical poems a conformity in every known part consist of verses properly so called ; of the poetical character, which of verses regulated by some obequally discriminates the prophetic servation of harmony or cadence; cal and the metrical books, from of measure, numbers, or rhythm, those acknowledged to be prose. For it is not at all probable in the This subject, which the learned nature of the thing, or from exauthor had before treated in his amples of the like kind 'in other eighteenth and nineteenth Prelec- languages, that a portion of mere tions, is here more fully and mi- proie, in which numbers and harnutely discussed.

mony are totally disregarded, should “ The first, he says, and most be laid out according to a scale of manifest indication of verse in the division, which carries with it such Hebrew poetical books, presents it- evident marks of stody and labour, self in the acrostick or alphabetical of art in the contrivance, and expoems, of which there happily re- actness in the execution. And in main many examples, and those of general, that the rest of the poems various kinds. The nature, or of the Hebrews, bearing evidently rather the form, of these poems is the same marks and characteristics this: the poem consists of twenty- of composition with the alphabetitwo lines, or of twenty-two syftems cal poems in other respects, and of lines, or periods, or stanzas, ac- falling into regular lines, often into cording to the number of the let. regular stanzas, according to the ters of the Hebrew alphabet; and pauses of the sentences, which stan. every line, or every itanza, begins zas and lines have a certain parity with each lerrer in its order, as it or proportion to one another, thele stands in the alphabet, that is, the likewise consist of verse measured first line, or first stanza, begins by the ear, and regulated accordwith aleph, the second with beth, ing to some general laws of metre, and so on.

There are still extant rhythm, harmony, or cadence.in the books of the Old Teita. The attempt to discover the laws ment, twelve * of these poems; of the Hebrew metre, or rhythm, reckoning the four first chapters of he considers as vain and impossible: the Lamentations of Jeremiah as but he conceives that there are so many distinct poems; three f of other circumstances which sufi them perfectly alphabetical : in ciently discriminate the parts of the

* Pfal. xxv, xxxiv, xxxvii, sxi, cxii, cxix, cxlv. Prov, xxxi. v. 10-31. Lain. i, ii, iii, iv. † Plal. axi, cxii. Lam. jii.


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