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herein after prescribed ; all which bonds are to be taken for Spanish milled dollass, or the value thereof in current gold goin: and the managers shall keep a book, or books, wherein shall be entered the names of those who shall apply for and receive the benefit of this institution, and of their sureties, together with the sums lent, the dates, and other necessary and proper records respecting the business and concerns ofthis institution : and as these loans are intended to assist young married astificers in setting up their bu. siness, they are to be proportioned by the discretion of the managers, so as not to exceed sixty pounds sterling to one person, nor to be less than fifteen pounds.
And if the number of appliers so entitled should be so la ge as that the sum will not suffice to afford to each as much as might otherwise not be improper, the proportion to each shall be diminished, so as to afford to every one some assistance. These aids may ! therefore be small at first, but as the capital increases, by the accumulated interest, they will be more ample. And in order to serve as many as possible in their turn, as well as to make the repaymant of the principal borrowed more easy, each borrower shall be obliged to pay with the yearly interest one tenth part of the prin. cipal, which sums of principal and interest so paid in, shall be again let out to fresh borrowers. And it is presumed, that there will be always found in Boston virtuous and benevolent citizens, willing to bestow a part of their time in doing good to the rising generation, by superintending and managing this institution gratis ; it is hoped that no part of the money will at any time lie dead, or be diverted to other purposes, but be continually augmenting by the interest, in which case there may in time be more than the occasion in Boston shall require : and then some may be spared to the neighbouring or other towns in the said state of Massachusetts, which may desire to have it, such
towns engaging to pay punctually the interest, and such proportion of the principal annually to the inhabitants of the town of Boston. If this plan is executech, and succeeds as projected, without interruption, for or hundred years, the sum will be then one hundred and thirty-one thousand pounds ; of which I would have the managers of the donation of the town of Boston then lay out, at their discretion, one hundred thousand pounds in public works, which may be judge ed of most general utility to the inhabitants ; such as fortifications, bridges, aqueducts, public buildings, baths, pavements, or whatever may make living in the town more convenient to its people, and render it more agreeable to strangers resorting thither for health, or a temporary residence. The remaining thirty-one thousand pounds I would have continued to be let out to interest, in the manner above directed, for one hundred years ; as I hope it will have been found that the institution has had a good effect on the conduct of youth, and been of service to many worthy characters and useful citizens. At the end of the second term, if no unfortunate accident has prevented the operation, the sum will be four millions and sixty-one thousand pounds sterling ; of which I leave one million and sixty-one thousand pounds to the disposition and manage. ment of the inhabitants of the town of Boston, and the three millions to the disposition of the government of the state ; not presuming to carry my views any farther.
All the directions herein given respecting the dis. position and management of the donation to the inhabitants of Boston, I would have observed respecting that to the inhabitants of Philadelphia ; only, as Philadelphia is incorporated, I request the corporation of that city to undertake the management, agreeable to the said directions; and I do hereby vest them with full and ample powers for that purpose. And having considered that the covering of its ground-plat with
buildings and pavements, which carry off most rain, and prevent it soaking into the earth, and renewing and purifying the springs, whence the water of the wells must gradually grow worse, and in time be unfit for use, as I find has happened in all old cities ; I recomiend, that, at the end of the first hundred years, if not done before, the corporation of the city employ a part of the hundred thousand pounds in bringing by pipes the water of Wissahickon-creek into the town, so as to supply the inhabitants, which I apprehend may be done without great difficulty, the level of that creek being much above that of the city, and may be made higher by a dam. I also recommend making the Schuylkill completely navigable. At the end of the second hundred years, I would have the disposition of the four millions and sixty-one thousand pounds, divided between the inhabitants of the city of Philadel. phia and the government of Pennsylvania, in the samo manner as herein directed with respect to that of the inhabitants of Boston and the government of Massachusetts. It is my desire that this institution should take place, and begin to operate within one year after my decease ; for which purpose due notice should be publicly given, previous to the expiration of that year, that those for whose benefit this establishment is intended may make their respective applications : and I hereby direct my executors, the survivors and survi. yor of them, within six months after my decease, to pay over the said sum of two thousand pounds sterling to such persons as shall be duly appointed by the select men of Boston, and the corporation of Philadelphia, to receive and take charge of their respective sums of one thousand pounds each for the purposes aforesaid. Considering the accidents to which all human affairs and projects are subject in such a length of time, I have perhaps too much flattered myself with a vain fancy, that these dispositions, if carried in to execution, will be continued, without interruption
and have the effects proposed ; I hope, however, that if the inhabitants of the two cities should not think it to undertake the execution, they will at least accept the offer of these donations, as marks of my good will, tokens of my gratitude, and testimony of my desire to be useful to them even after my departure. I wish, indeed, that they may both undertake to endeavour the execution of my project, because I think, that, though unforeseen difficulties may arise, expedients will be found to remove them, and the scheme be found prace ticable. If one of them accepts the money with the conditions, and the other refuses, my will then is, that both sums be given to the inhabitants of the city accepting; the whole to be applied to the same purpom ses, and under the same regulations directed for the separate parts; and if both refuse, the money remaino of course in the mass of my estate, and it is to be dis... posed of therewith, according to my will made the seventeenth day of July, 1788..
My fine crab-tree walking-stick, with a gald head euriously wrought in the form of the cap of Liberty, I gave to my friend, and the friend of mankind, Gene ral Washington. If it were a sceptre, he had merited X, and would become it.