Professional and Administrative Career Examination: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Civil Service of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, First Session, May 15, 1979
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. Subcommittee on Civil Service
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979 - 203 oldal
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ability action Administration adverse impact agencies alternative American analysis applicants appointment authority basis blacks CAMPBELL candidates career City Civil Service Committee compared concerned demonstrate Department determine developed differences effective eligibles employees employment Equal ethnic evaluation exam examination example experience Federal female Government Guidelines higher hiring Hispanics important individuals internal job performance less LIBRARY OF CONGRESS major Management means measures meet merit methods minority occupations Office opportunity PACE pass percent percentage performance Personnel persons positions possible practices preference problem professional promotion qualified questions race racial ratings recruitment Representatives requirements response SCHROEDER scores selection selection procedures shows social Social Security Administration specific standards statistics Subcommittee successful TABLE tion Uniform validity veterans Washington women written test
66. oldal - Bakke, who had been denied admission to the medical school of the University of California at Davis because of its quota system, contended that he was a victim of reverse discrimination and that his right to equal protection under the law had been violated.
102. oldal - A selection rate for any race, sex, or ethnic group which is less than four-fifths (4/5) (or eighty percent) of the rate for the group with the highest rate will generally be regarded by the Federal enforcement agencies as evidence of adverse impact...
30. oldal - Such examinations shall be practical in their character, and so far as may be shall relate to those matters which will fairly test the relative capacity and fitness of the persons examined to discharge the duties of the service into which they seek to be appointed.
128. oldal - Under Title VII, Congress provided that when hiring and promotion practices disqualifying substantially disproportionate numbers of blacks are challenged, discriminatory purpose need not be proved, and that it is an insufficient response to demonstrate some rational basis for the challenged practices. It is necessary, in addition, that they be "validated...
87. oldal - Civil Service selection and promotion requirements are replete with artificial selection and promotion requirements that place a premium on 'paper* credentials which frequently prove of questionable value as a means of predicting actual job performance. The problem is further aggravated by the agency's use of general ability tests which are not aimed at any direct relationship to specific jobs.
88. oldal - Appropriateness of construct validity studies. Construct validity is a more complex strategy than either criterion-related or content validity. Construct validation is a relatively new and developing procedure in the employment field, and there is at present a lack of substantial literature extending the concept to employment practices.
88. oldal - ... employment practices. The user should be aware that the effort to obtain sufficient empirical support for construct validity is both an extensive and arduous effort involving a series of research studies, which include criterion related validity studies and which may include content validity studies. Users choosing to justify use of a selection procedure by this strategy should therefore take particular care to assure that the validity study meets the standards set forth below.
102. oldal - Be practical in character and as far as possible relate to matters that fairly test the relative capacity and fitness of candidates for the jobs to be filled...