to be directed to Jehovah alone. Its services, and those afterwards of the temple were perpetual, renewed every morning and every evening, that no pious Israelite should ever feel that the duties of adoration and gratitude could be omitted for a single day. The morning and evening sacrifice, we have every reason to believe, were to the religiously disposed an essential aid to devotion through the many centuries of the continuance of that imposing rite.

As no better occasion will probably present itself, I shall here give some account of the Jewish temple and its sacred rites. The temple of the Jews, the rallying point of their political existence, the consecrated seat of their religion, and the heart of their national affections, was built by Solomon one thousand years before the Christian era. It was placed on Mount Moriah in the south-eastern part of Jerusalem. On the east it was bordered by a deep valley called the Valley of Jehoshaphat, separating it from the Mount of Olives. If any one should attempt to form an idea of the temple from our modern churches he would be grossly deceived. Its purposes were different. The difference corresponds in some measure with the difference of the two dispensations. Christ said of the Old Temple, “It is written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer.” But to his own disciples he said, “Go teach all nations." Modern churches are constructed

It was

with reference to teaching as well as worship, the temple at Jerusalem for worship alone. There were no accommodations for the assembly to sit down, it was even unlawful for them to do so. simply a place for a national worship. It consisted of four enclosures, one within another on three sides, but having a common wall on the fourth. Only one of these was covered with a roof in our modern sense of the term, and that was the last or innermost enclosure, the Holy of Holies, containing the ark, the cherubim, and the mercy seat. The outer enclosure, into which all nations were permitted to enter, contained an area in the first temple of more than fourteen acres. The second was the court of the women, not because none but women were permitted to enter it, but because they were permitted to go no further. Within this was the court of Israel, which again surrounded on three sides that of the priests, where was the great altar upon which the daily sacrifice was offered morning and evening. The great idea and design of the whole, was embodied in that simple sentence quoted by our Saviour: “My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer.” It was the primitive idea of worship by prayer and sacrifice, enlarged and nationalized. It was built to accommodate a nation assembled at their annual festivals, in which all the males were bound by a fundamental law to present themselves before God, and at

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all other times such inhabitants of Jerusalem or the whole country as should choose to go to the temple to worship or sacrifice. Hence it is that we so often read in the New Testament of men going up into the temple to pray, or at the hour of prayer. They made it a point to be there at the offering of the morning or evening sacrifice, feeling as we may suppose, their devotion quickened and assisted by the thought of a national worship, and the consciousness of the sympathy of thousands lifting up their hearts at the same moment to Him who heareth prayer. These different courts and degrees of approach to the sanctuary, add beauty to that most exquisite parable of Publican and Pharisee: “Two men went up into the temple to pray, the one a Pharisee and the other a Publican. And the Pharisee stood and prayed

. thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men, extortioners, unjust, or even as this Publican. I fast twice in the week, I give tytbes of all that I possess. And the Publican standing afar off would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other."

There must have been something exceedingly grand and imposing in the Jewish national worshipa whole nation assembled in one temple, itself a mag


nificent structure, and adoring the Almighty at once, while the smoke of their common sacrifice ascended to heaven! Besides the priests, there were employed in the temple service a great company of singers, accompanied by all kinds of musical instruments then

For this service most of the Psalms were written, those sublime and glorious compositions, which have stood for ages unapproached in the literature of the world, which combining in a wonderful manner the purest and most exalted devotional sentiments, with the most forcible inculcation of truth and duty, afford the most life giving food for the mind and heart, and are surpassed only by the words of him who spake as never man spake.

in use.

“ O come let us sing unto the Lord;
Let us make a joyful noise unto the Rock of our salvation.
Let us come into his presence with thanksgiving,
And make a joyful noise unto him with psalms ;
For the Lord is a great God,
And a great King above all Gods.
In his hand are the deep places of the earth,
And the strength of the hills is his also.
The sea is his, and he made it,
And his hands have formed the dry land.
O come let us worship and bow down;
Let us kneel before the Lord our Maker,
For he is our God,
And we are the people of his pasture,
And the sheep of his hand.”

6 Who shall ascend the hill of the Lord,
And who shall stand in his holy place.
He that hath clean hands and a pure heart,
He that hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity,
Nor sworn deceitfully.
He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness,
And speaketh the truth in his heart,
He shall obtain the blessing of the Lord,
And righteousness from the God of his salvation.”

During the burning of the sacrifice, that most beautiful benediction of Moses was pronounced upon the whole congregation: “ The Lord bless thee and keep thee, The Lord make his face to shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee. The Lord lift up his countenance upon thee and give thee peace.”

The religion of the Jews, and especially their temple worship, made an indelible impression on their minds, and took a hold upon their affections, which has never been exhibited in any other people. Religion and patriotism, two of the strongest passions of the human breast, united to bind the heart of the Jew to the city and temple where his fathers had worshipped. Its very soil to him was holy ground, and to rescue it from pollution his blood was ever ready to flow. Wherever he was upon the face of the habitable globe, he yearly sent to Jerusalem a contribution for the maintenance of its sacred services. Wherever he might be, the sacred city and temple were uppermost in his thoughts; and in the

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