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Pear, the, '28. 38; snowy, '29. 66. sexes, id. 89; the same in 1841, Pear-fruited Xylomelum, '31. 43 *42. 108; population of, in 1801, Pearce, Mr.. committed by the 1811, 1821, 1831, and 1841, and

House of Commons, '41. 202; he increase per cent., id. 110; elec. is discharged, id. 206.

tors, number of, in, in 1836, '87. Pearl-flowered heath, '31.39.

183; houses, nuniber of, inhabited, Pearson, J., '32. 60.

uniuhabited, and building,in1841, Pearson, his tables used for the Nau *42. 108; occupations of persons ticul Almanac, '29. 15.

in (1631), *35. 101; turnpike Peas, time of sowing, 28. 32; see trusts, their extent and income also, Grain.

in (1834), id. 193; gates in, rents Pease, average price of, in 1833, '35. of, in 1833, 1634, and 1635, 37. 181; import and hore consump

178. tion of, and gross duty on, in Peel, Mr., Home Secretary, *29. 1810,'42. 156 ; quantity imported 234; his bills for altering the cri. and entered for home consumption, minal law, '28. 69; dinner to, at from July 1828 to June 1811, Manchester, '29. 245; resigns his 42. 92.

seat for Oxford Universits, '30. Mr., a Quaker, claims his 260. seat, committee appointed, '34. Sir Robert, his letter declining 186; report that he is entitled, the king's visit to the city, '31.

id. ib.; takes his seat, id. 137. 210; resigus office, id. ib.; Peccam, Jolu, '37. 22; his works, motion for an address for his reid. 24.

moval from the Privy Council, Peckham, John, '31. 68; '32. 58. *34. 193; appointed Premier, '36.

church at, interded, '39. 238, 239; he resigns, id. 191, 220; completed, '42. 206.

192; elected Lord Rector of Pedraza, president of Mexico, 29. Glasgow University, '38. 213 ; 243.

attempts to form a ministry, dePedro, Don, grants a charter to clines the commission, '40. 259;

Portugal, '28. 67; abdicates Por his statement relating to his attugal in favour of Donna Maria, tempt to form a ministry, id. 202 ; id. ib. ; '29. 235; Emperor of dimers to, at Merchant Taylors' Brazil, '28. 65; opeus the Legis Hall, *36. 241; '39. 249; dimmer lative Assembly of Brazil, '31. to, at Tamworth, '36. 248; his 236; abdicates the throne of speech on education, in the ComBrazil, '32. 237; takes possession mons, '42. 178; his announceof Terceira for Douna Maria, '33. ment of a resolution against minis229; his expedition against Dun ters, id. 183; same carried, id. ib.; Miguel, id. 230; he is publicly forms a new administration, id. insulted, '35. 258; resigns the 212; his postponement of the regency of Portugal, id. 261 ; measures of his government dedies, id. ib.

bated, id. 186, 187. IV., of Aragon, abolishes the | Peel-Wellington administration, '36. era of the Cæsars, '30. 18.

239. Peebles, population of, '33. 86; Sta Peer, an Indian day, '30. 21.

tute Labour Act, '31. 211; din Peerage, hereditary, abolished in ner at, given to Messrs. W. and France, '33. 228. R. Chambers, '42. 241.

Peers of parliament, not entitled to Peeblesshire, population of, and of benefit of clergy (4 Vict. c. 22),

the principal towns of, in 1811, '42. 127. 1821, and 1831, value of real Peishwa, his authority, '32. 287 ; property in, and its representation, assigus a portion of his territory 33. 86; summary of same in to the English, id. 41. 1821 and 1831, distinguishing the Pelago, '28. 56.

Pelham, Bishop, dies, '28. 69. Pelletier, Mr., on the colouring of

leaves, '30. 45. Pelopidas, '28. 52. Peloponnesian war, '28. 51; “ His.

tory of," '32. 48. Pelops, '28. 50. Pemberton, population of, '33. 66. Pemberton-row, London, church in,

intended, '38. 219. Pembrey, population of, '33. 79. Pembroke, populatiou and repre

sentation of, '33. 81. Pembrokeshire, extent and popu.

lation of, and number of sessions, magistrates, and parishes in, 28. 79; population of, and «f the principal towns of, in 1811, 1821, and 1831, value of real property in, and its representation, '33. 81; summary of same, in 1921 and 1831, distinguishing the sexes, id. 89; the same, in 1841, '42. 108 ; population of, ini 1801, 1811, 1821, 1831, and 1941, and increase per cent., id 110; difference of time between the principal towns of, and Lone don, '31. 23; bastards, number of, born in, in 1830, '34. 89; reutal of charities and income of schools in, '36. 175; education, proportion per cent. of persons married in year ended June 1840, who could write, '42. 171; excise liceuses issued, and public houses iu, number of (1831), '32. 185; huuses, number of, inhabited, uninhabited, and building, in 1841, '42. 107; jurors in, in 1835, 37. 175; occupations of pers us in, (1831), '35. 94; offenders in, and proportion of, to population (1837), '39. 90; Rates: amount of poor and county rates levied in, in 1826, '29. 197 ; the same, for 1827, and account of its expenditure, id. 198; of poor rate levied in, from March 1827 to March 1828, and expenditure of same, '30. 216; from March 1828 to March 1829, '31.195 ; for year ending 25th March, 1830, '32. 184; for the year ending 25th March, 1831, '33. 187; expended

on the poor iu year ending Easter 1832, 34. 175; amount of poor rate levied in, and expenditure of same, for year ending 25th March, 1833, '35. 189; in the year ending 25th March, 1831, 136. 174; proportion of paupers relieved to the population, in 1839 and 1840, 42. 168; schools, number of church of England in, and of scholars in same (1832), 33. 121 ; TAXES : house tax, inhabited houses as. sessed to, and rental of same, for year ending 5th April, 1830, '32. 106, 107; turnpike trusts, their extent, and income in (1831), '35. 193 ; trusts in, and jucome and expenditure of same, in 1834, '37. 177; the same, and length of the roads, in 1839, 42. 122; coals, cinders, and culm entered coast. wise, and duty thereon, in 1829,

31. 190. Penacerrada taken, and defeat of

the Carlists, '39. 250. Penæa mucronata, '31. 42.

sarcocolla, '31. 42; squaPeñafort, R. de, '31. 69; *32. 70. Penalties, not due to the crown may be remitted by the crown, '28. 141.

how to be applied, '28. 140, 141; punishment for no: paying, id. 141, 146 ; appeal against, id. 141; produce of, in

1827, .29. 188. Pendulum, Galileo the younger,

29.61 ; inequalities of, by Richer, id. 59.

by whom applied, '42. 28.

the compensating, described, id. ib.

clock, Galileo the younger, Christian Huygens, '29. 61; invented by the latter, '42. 28; Harris, St. Paul's, Covent Garo den, 29. 61.

watch, invented by HuyPeweuden Heath Protestant meeting,

29. 245. Penine Alps, and their several

heights, '33. 35; alphabetical iudex to same, &c., id. 49-53.

mosa, id. ib.

gens, '42. 28.

Penitentiary, and correctional insti. ! article “Horology," referred to,

tutions in and near London, 30. '42. 287. 149.

Penny Magazine, attack upon, in at Millbank, number of the New Mouthly Magazine, noprisoners, male and female, in, ticed, and its assertious refuted, discharged from, and died, the '31. 250, i. ii. earnings of prisoners, and other - postage, remarks on the proparticulars relating to the (1827), posed uniform (1838), '39. 107; '30. 100, 101; Act further re report of the Committee of the gulating (7 W. 1V. and i Vict. House of Commons relating to, c. 13), *38. 129, 130; escaping id. 111; proposed, aud pledge of from, a second time, punishment the House to make up deticiency, for, 1837 (7 W.IV. and 1 Vict. if any, '40. 206 : Act for (2 and c. 91', id. 164, 165; ove pentagon 3 Vict. c. 52), id. 155, 156 ; made a prison for soldiers and the postage established by Treamarines, '40. 158; expenses of sury minute, id. 261; it comes the establishment in 1836, '38. into operation, .41. 253; adran). 187; power to commit to, see tages of, id. 105 ; various stateCENTRAL CRIMINAL Court Act, ments, and tables shewing the bePrisons REGULATION ACT.

neficial operation of, '42.92-100. Penkridge, Stafford, and Stove Roads Penrhynmaur Railway, account of,

Trust, tolls collected on, in 1831 '37. 88; 41. 61. and 1839, 42. 119.

Penrice and All Souls College ExPennaut, his opiniou on the singing change Act, '39. 215. of birds, :29. 39.

Penrith, population of (1821), '29. Pennethorne, Mr. James, architect 82.

of the church in Clarence-street, Penryn, population and representa'38. 219; architect of the new tion of, '33. 59; Disfranchisement

church in Gray’s-inn-road, id. ib. Bill brought in, 29. 202; debates Penningham, population of, '33. upon, iil. 202-210; negatived in 88.

the Lorus, id. 212. Pennington, population of, '33. 66.

granite used for London Penusylvania, abstract of the con Bridge, '32. 230.

stitution, government, legislative | Pensacola, consul at, his salary and executive, judiciary appoint (1828), *31. 182. ments, and elective franchise of Peusion list, amount of, in 1831, (1831), '32. 116; extent, pu 1835, and 1836, '37. 152; mopulation, and number of repre tion for a committee on, by Mr. sentatives, id. 120 ; population of, Harvey, rejected, id. 146 ; comand number of slaves in, in 1790, mittee to enquire into, appoiuted, 1800, 1810, 1820, and 1830, '33. '39, 199, 200. 90; paupers in, number and ex

societies, general and parpenses of, in various years, '34. ticular, in aud uear London, '30. 69, 70; state of, number of con 145, 146. victions in, from 1787 to 1825, Pensious, amount of, '32. 144 ; 29. 101.

select committee ou, id. 188; anPennies, coined in 1834, 36. 153 ; nual amouut of, limited (2 and 3

value of, coined in 1834 and W. IV. c. 116), '33. 165 ; mo1835, '37. 155; in 1836 and tions for enquiry into, negatived, 1837, '39. 181; Maunday and 35. 201, 205. copper, number of, coined, from

and half-pay, amount of, 1816 to 1840, '42. 155.

in 1822, '32. 90, 91; for the year Pemy of twopence (1540), '37. 33. ended 5th of January, 1841, '42.

Cyclopædia, correction of the 150. article “ Harrison" in, '42. 40;

compensations, and allow

27.

17.

ances for civil offices, Act regu. Percival, Dr., his hygienic essays lating, &c. (4 W. IV. c. 24), for the use of house-painters, mers. '35. 132-135.

tioned, '36, 297. Pensions for civil services, principle Percussion mechanics, Borelli, '29.

of granting, and regulations as to 62. application for, '35. 133; yearly Percy, M., his experiments on the sum set apart for, and regulations nutriment of potatoes, carrots, concerning, '39. 142; to officers and turnips, '29. 129. of the insolvent courts (5 and 6 Perdiccas, '28. 50. W. IV. c. 42), '36. 123.

Pereira, A. de Barros, '32. 71. Pentecost, or Whitsuntide, '28. 12, Peremptory challenge, regulated, 14 ; second feast of, id. 14.

'28. 129. Penworthan, church at, intended, Perez, '31. 68. 39. 220.

Perfumed heath, '31. 39. Penzance, population of (1821), Periæci, meaning of the term, '42.

'29. 82; population of, '33. 59; Pier Dues Amendment and New Perigee, derivation and ineaning of Pier Act, '41. 222.

the word, '34. 12; of the mooli, port of, customs duties 28. 44. collected at, in 1840, '42. 164. Perihelion of the sun, '28. 44. Peony, the early, *28. 35.

Peringskiold, John, 31. 75 ; *32. People, income and expense of, iu 75. 1688, '35.72; occupations of the,

Peristaltic motion of the intestines, id. 69—103.

obstructed by tight stays, "29. Pepin, king of France, '28. 56.

122. steam-engine, 29. 63.

Peritius, a Macedonian month, '30. Pepper, duty on (1836), '37. 128 ;

produce of additional duties on, Perizonius, J., '31. 73; '32. 73. 1840 and 1811, '42. 153.

Perkins, Mr. Charles, extract from import, export, and home his evidence on the consumption consumption of, in 1828, '31. of coals in London, '30. 120. 174; in 1830, '32. 178; '33. Perlethorpe Chapelry Act, *37. 219. 177 ; in 1831, *34. 155 ; quantity Permanent Night Asylum for the imported, from 1824 to 1828, 29. Houseless Poor at Liverpool, 191; quantity entered for honie foundation of, '31. 220. consiimption, and amount and " Permanent settlement in India, rate of duty, from 1825 to 1829, what it meant, '33. 92. 31. 188; import and horne con Permanent-cupped melaleuca, '31. sumption of, and duty on, in 41. 1837, 39. 186 ; the

Permits, excise, Regulation and 1838, '40. 178; the same, in Consolidation Act (2 W. IV. c. 1839, 41. 185; the same, in

16), '33. 126. 1810, '42. 158; see further, Pernambuco, consul at, his salary Spices.

(1828), *31. 182. Peppermint tree, '31. 39.

Pernan, '28. 61. Pepys, Mr., appointed Solicitor-Ge Peronne, treaty at, '31. 44. neral, '35. 255.

Perouse, Count de la, his fate asSir Charles, Master of the certained by Captain Dillon, 29. Rolls, '35. 261; created Lord 237. Cottenham, and inade Lord Chan Perrevos, '31. 78; '32. 52. cellor, '37. 252.

Perreir ministry, in France, formed, Pera, fires at, '30. 263; '32. 239. '32. 236. Perceval administration, '28. 64.

Casimir, dies, '33. 230. Mr., assassinated, 28. 64. Perrivale, rental of the parish of Percier, dies, '39. 142.

(1829), '29. 85.

same, in

Perry, duty on (1829), '30. 205. Perseus, defeated at Pydna, 28. 53. Pershambe, a Turkish day, '30. 21. Persia, conquered by Alexander, '28.

52; extent, population, and military force of, in 1828, id. 71; kingdom of, its extent, populatioil, sovereigu, capital, religion, reve. uue, and army, iu 1828, 29. 72, 73; gold and silver coins of, their names and value in English inoney (1829), 30. 106; death of the king of, '36. 210; British ambassador quits, '39. 250; uiplomatic relations between Great

Britain and, given up, 10. 255. Persiau army, assembles at Ardabil, 28. 68.

authors, list of, and of their principal works, froin A.D. 1000 to A.D. 1700, '32. 78, 79.

era, '30. 18.

Literary Chronology, '32. 78, 79. Persians, reduced by Odovathes,

28. 55. Persicory, the, 28. 37. Persil, M., his report concerning the

prostitutes of Paris, '35. 48. Persius, '28. 54; 31. 65; '32. 52. Person, offences against, decrease

of (1826), 29. 98; otiences against, in England and Wales (1826), id. 90, law of, Consoli. dation and Amendment Act (9 G. IV. c. 31), 29. 149—154 ; Act amending 9 G. IV. c. 31, and 10 G. IV. c. 34 (7 W. IV. and i l'ict. c. 85), 38. 159, 160;(Ireland) Consolidation Act (10 G. IV. c. 34), '30. 180.

number of, in France (1826), *29. 90. Personæ, -31. 68; Gobeliu, '32. 63. Personal Diligence (Scotland), Act

amending law of (1 and 2 l'ict.

c. 114), '39. 168. Personal Estates Duties Repeal Act

(3 W. IV. c. 12), '34. 107. Personating owners of stock, punish

able by transportation (1830),

(1 W.Il. c. 60), '31. 158, 159. Persons, number of, in Great Bri

tain, 28. 84; see POPULATION, Census.

Persoins, number of, in the islands or

the British seas, '28. 81. Persoonia lanceolata, '31. 12; line

aris, ich ib. Perspiration, its operation and use,

29. 119; excessive, how cured, *28. 112; seusible, how produced,

29. 119. Perth, population of (1821), '29.

83; population and representation of, '33. 86; earthquake felt at, '42. 201; Harbour Act, 31. 212; Harbour and Tay Improvement Amnendment Act, '35. 223; Harbour Improvement Amend. ment Act, '40. 218; Paving, &c. Act, id. 213; Water Works Act, 30. 232.

Swan River, formed, '31. 235. Perthshire, population of, and of

the principal towns of, in 1811,
1821, and 1831, value of real
property in, and its representation,
33. 86; summary of saine, in
1821 and 1831, distinguishing the
sexes, id. 89; the same in 1811,
'12. 108; population of, in 1801,
1811, 1821, 1831, and 1841, and
increase per cent., id.110; electors,
number of, in, in 1836, '37. 183;
houses, number of, inhabited, un-
inhabited, and building, in 1811,
'42. 108; occupations of persons,
trusts, their extent and income in
(1831), '35, 193; in (1831), '35.
101, 102; turnpike gates in, reuts
of, in 1833, 1934, and 1835, '37.

178. Pertivax, '28. 54. Peru, discovered, *30. 91; conquest

of, '28. 59; extent and population of, in 1828, id. 73; republic of, its extent, population, president, capital, religion, revenue, debt, army, and navy, in 1828, '29. 74, 75; evacuated, '28. 67; new constitution of, 29. 236; revolution in, 10.251; sugar from, first cargo arrives, '35. 260; British consulgeneral, consul, and vice-consul, where employed, and amount of their salaries (1828), '31. 183 ; Trade with: coals, quantity of, exported to, in 1833,'35. 186; cot.. ton goods, British, quantity and

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