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tion of, and number of slaves in,

in 1830, '33. 90. Florin, value of, '28. 165; (Austria),

its value, &c. (1829), '30. 101; gold (Baden), its value, &c. (1829), id. 103; silver ditto, ide ib.; (Basle), its value, &c. (1829), id. 109; (Dutch) its value (1829), id. 105; price of twenty ditto, id. ib.; of ten ditto, id. ib.; (Lom. bardo-Venetian), its value, &c. (1829), id. 105; (Saxony), its value, &c. (1829), id. 108; (Zurich), its value, &c. (1829), id.

109. Florus, '28. 54; '31. 65; '32. 53. Flour, penalty for adulterating, '37. 121; mode of lightening, '29. 130.

and bread, economy in the use of, '29. 126-130.

Importation Bill thrown out, '41. 209.

see further, CORN, GRAIN. Flower roots, duty on (1836), '37.

128. Flowers, in rooms, detrimental to health, '28. 111.

artificial, duty on (1829), '30. 204. “ Flowers of History," '32.58. Flowering asb, '29. 65; raspberry,

'29. 67. Flues and chimneys, Act regulating

the size, &c. of, '41. 164, 165. Flugge, August., dies, '41. 138. Fluids, theory of, Newton, '29. 61;

equilibrium of, D'Alembert, '29. 61; pressure of, Archimedes, *29.

61; resistance of, '29.61. Flushing ceded to the Freuch, *31.

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and expenditure of same for year ending 25th March, 1833, '36. 189; in the year ending 25th March, 1834, '36. 174 ; proportion of paupers relieved to the population of, in 1839 and 1840, 42. 168. SCHOOLS : number of Church of England, in, and of scholars in same (1832), '33. 121; house tax, inhabited houses assessed to, and rental of same, for year ending 5th April, 1830, '32. 106, 107; turnpike trusts, their extent and income in (1834), '35. 193; trusts in, and income and expenditure of same, in 1834, '37. 177; the same, and length of roads, in 1839, '42. 122. Flitter-mouse, or bat, '29. 30. Floating mills on the Tiber, '29.61. Flodden, battle of, '28. 49. Flodoard, '31. 67; '32. 66. Flogging in the army restricted, '34.

196 ; motion to abolish, by clause in the Mutiny Bill (1833) rejected, '34. 190 ; motion for the abolition of, rejected, '37. 196 ; abolition of, except in time of war, motion for, rejected, '37. 196 ; particulars of, for five years ending 31st Dec. 1835, '37. 184 ; the practice of, on Sunday, forbidden,

'42. 238. Flood-tide, what it is, '30. 49. Floods in various places : viz., at

Brentford, '42. 235; in Germany,
and at Vienna, '31. 234; at Leeds
and Halifax, '30. 263; in and
near London, '42. 244; in Scot.
land, id. 264 ; in Scotland and in

England, '32. 236.
“ Flora Danica,” '32. 75.
Flora Peruviana, *32. 72.
Floréal, month of, '30. 20.
Florence, '31. 66.

of Worcester, '32. 58.
treaty of, '31. 55.

“History of,“ 32. 55, 56. Florian, '31.77; '32. 69. Florida discovered, '30. 94; ceded

to England, '28. 62; ceded, to America, '28. 65; ceded by Spain, '31. 42; ceded to United States, '31. 60; its extent and representation in 1823, :32. 120; popula

ne

56.

Flux, deaths from, within the bills

of mortality in 1827, '29. 110. Fluxions invented, '29. 60; New

ton, id. 66. Fly, common house, 29.39; swarms

of, indicate unwholesome air,

id. ib. Fodéré, his observations on water,

'36. 24; his observations on wines quoted, '36. 24; his opinion on

protracted pregnancy, '36. 31. Fog, what it is, *30. 77 ; how pro

duced, id. 85 ; smell of, not accounted for, id. 87.

K

Fogs, dense, in London, "29. 246. Portin, Count, dies, '42. 121.
Fogs, and mists, and clouds, disser Forcellini, '31. 76.
tation on, '30. 77–87.

Forcing pump invented—Hero, 29. Pogan, '31. 73.

61. Folard, '31, 75; 32. 68.

Ford at Findborn-bridge, expe*Folding of sheep, '28. 40.

ditious completion of, '31. 228, Foleshiil, population of, '33. 74 ; 229.

Poors' Rate Act, '31.211; church Ford, J., '32. 60. at, finished, '42. 206.

Fordun, Jobri, '31. 68 ; '32.58. Polkes, Mr., his account of the time Fordyce, population of, '33. 82.

keepers of Harrison, '42. 33, 31, Foreign apposer and deputy in the and t.

Exchequer abolisbed, '34. 144. Folly Bridge, further Act, '33. 219.

Enlistinent Act suspended, Fontana dies, '38. 128.

36. 245. Fontainebleau, concordat at, '31.

money, value of, in English 58; peace of, id. 49; prelimi currency, '28. 165. naries of, ich 52; treaty of, '31.

post-master established, '40. 53.

63. number of Englislı

postage, increase of, '42., 98, residing at, in 1829, '30. 217.

99. Fontainesia phillyræoides, 29. 65.

Secretary, Earl of Dudley, Fontanini, '31. 74.

29. 234; Viscount Palmerston, Fontenelle, '31. 75; *32. 68.

'31. 240; Duke of Wellington, Fontenoy, battle of, '28. 61.

'36. 239. Food, unrestricted trade in articles

trade of the United Kingof, shewn to be beneficial, '35. dom. Number of vessels, their 110; articles of, prices of, regu tonnage, and crews, engaged in lated, '39. 64, 65 ; duty on (1829), 1836, '38. 176 ; in 1838, '40. '30. 206 ; import duties on ar 186 ; in 1839, '41. 190; in 1840, ticles of (1839), '41. 119.

42. 160, 161. of labourers and artizans, ob- Foreigners (except ambassadors or servations for the improvement of, their servants) to be registered, '34. 42.

37. 113. of agricultural labourers in

in Distress, Society of 1796, '34. 38; in Yorkshire Friends of, '30. 151. (1833), *34. 41, 42.

trade of, with China, '31. “ Fool of Quality," '32. 61.

131-133. Fool's parsley, poisonous properties Forest of Dean railway, account of,

of, and remedies against, *28. 122. *37. 87; '41. 62; roads Act, '39. Foot, origin of the measure, '30.111. 213.

guards. Motion that their Forestalling, laws relating to, '39. privileges should cease rejected, Forfar, population of (1821), '29.65, '37. 192; number of, and whether $3; in 1811, 1821, and 1831, English, Scotch, or Irish, in the 33. 84. British army in 1830 and 1810, and Arbroath Railway Act, '42. 171.

*37. 221; further Act, '41. 220; rot obviated by moles, '30. railway, particulars of, id. 74, 82, 46.

83. Footway, law relating to (1829), Forfarshire, population of, and of '30. 138.

the principal towns of, in 1811, Foote, Samuel, '32. 61.

1821, and 1831; value of real “For the public good, league, '31. property in, and its representation,

'33. 84; summary of same in “ Forbidden and permittel food," 1821 and 1831, distinguishing 32. 47.

the sexes, id. 89; the same in

1841, 242. 108 : population of, in Forres, population of, '33. 84;

Gaol 1801, 1811, 1821, 1831, and Act, '35. 219. 1841, and increase per cent., id. Forster, '31. 76.; *32. 65. 110; electors, number of in, in

Thomas, his article “Cloud," 1836, '37. 182; houses, number in Supplement to Encyclopædia of inbabited, uninhabited, and Britannica, referred to, 30. 684. building in 1841, '42. 108; occu Fort St. Darid built, '32. 26 ; taken pations of persons in (1831), '35. by the French, '32. 29. 98, 99; turrrpike trusts, their St. George built, "32. 28; extent and income in (1834), '35. made a presidency, id. ib. 103 ; gates in, rents of in 1833, Vittoria given to the English, 1834, and 1835, '37. 178.

32. 28. Forfarshire, incendiary fires in, '35. - William, Calcutta, built, '32, 254.

26. « Porfarshire" steamer, wreck of, Forteguerra, N., '31. 74; '32. 57. 39. 251.

Fortescue, John, '31. 68; '32. 59. Forfeiture. Act to amend the law Forth, Frith of, passage Act, '31.

relating to escheat and forfeiture 211. of real and personal property

- and Clyde Navigation Act, holden in trust (4 W. IV. c. 23),

37.224;

Canal and River Clyde, '35. 132; Act remoring doubts Canal to connect, Act for, id. 222;

on (1 & 2 Vict. c. 67), '39. 157. Canal to Campsie Alum works. Forged notes, uttering, increase of, Canal from, Act for, '38. 212; in 1840, '42. 101.

Narigation Acts. Consolidation Forgery, number of executions for, and Amendment Act, '42. 198.

in England and Wales (1826), and Edinburgh Railway Act, 29. 89; number of cases of, from '37. 224 ; Alteration Act, .40. 1833 to 1836, '30. 185 ; com

216, 217. parison of forgeries committed in Fortifications of Paris, credit for, 1834, 1835, and 1836, which *42. 234; extent of, determined, were capital (1837), with those id. ib.; debates on, closed, id. 236. which were not so, '38. 186; pe- Fortingull, population of, '33. 86. tition of bankers, &c., for abolition Fortrose, population of, '33. 87. of death for, presented by Mr. Fortunate days of the Turks, '28. Brougham, '31. 205; death for, 15; 29. 17. in all cases but of wills, clause Fortunatus, Verran, '32. 66. for abolishing by Sir James Mac Foscolo, Ugo, '31. 76 ; '32. 57. intosh, '31. 206; clause restoring, Foster, Mr., his design for a Moorish inserted by the Lords, '31. 206 ; archway on the Liverpool and punishment for (1836), (1 W.IV. Manchester railway, '31. 229. c. 66), '31. 157-162; punish

Mr.John, architect of the Liment of death abolished for, ex verpool Custom House, '31. 215. cept of wills, and powers of at Fothergillia Alnifolia, '29. 65 torney to transfer stock (2 & 3 W. FOULARDS, see SILK MANUFACTURES. IV. c. 123), '33. 169; capital Found dead, number of persons, punishment for, abolished ( w. within the Bills of Mortality, iu IV. & 1 Vict.c. 81), '38. 158, 159. 1827, '29. 160.

bail for, not to be taken “ Foundation of Faith," '32. 47. except in certain cases (5 & 6 W. “ Foundation of the World,"' '32. IV. c. 73), '36. 132.

47. effect of the abolition of Foundling Hospital, '30. 155; use death for, on charges of, :42. 103. of rice in, in lieu of flour in

increase of the crime in 1795, '29. 128. 1840, '42. 101 ; former convic. Fountain, air, invented ---Hero, *29. tion, how proved, 28. 142.

61.

on,

Fouques, '31. 69; +32 66.
Four per cents. reduced to three

and a half per cents. (11 G.Il.
c. 11), '31. 139; Annuities, Act
for conversion of, into new three
and a-half per cents. (4 W.IV.
c. 31), '35. 137; reduction, de-

bate '31, 202. Four-cleft calothamnus, '31. 37. “ Four Orders," the, '32. 47. Fourcroy, '31. 77; 32. 69. Fourdrinier, Messrs., grant to, '41.

207. Fourier, intended colony on his

system in Brazil, '42. 243. Fourpences, value of, coined in

1836 and 1837,'39. 181; coined

from 1816 to 1810, '42. 155. Fouta Toro, republic of, its extent,

population, capital, and religions

in 1828, '29. 74, 75. Fowler, Mr. C., architect of New

Hungerford-market, '31. 221, 222; of the new church at Honiton, '39. 221.

and Sievier, Messrs., their premium for a design for the

Nelson monument, '40. 222. Fox, '31. 70; '32. 59.

C. J., '32. 62; in office, '28. 63; his “India Bill," "32. 37.

Jonathan, committed by the
House of Commons, '29. 201.
Fox SKINS, see FURS.
Foxglove, poisonous properties of,
and remedies against, -28. 122.

Canary, '31. 38; Ma-
deira, id, ib.
Fox grape, '29. 67.
Foxtail grass, '30. 40.
Fracastoro, G., '31. 70; '32. 53.
Fraction, definition of, 28. 105.
Fractions, continued, Loru Brounker,
29, 57.

decimal, Lord Napier,
'29, 56.
Fractures, death from, within the

Bills of Mortality, in 1827, '29.

110.
Fradgley, Mr., architect and engi-

neer of Rocester-bridge, '41. 253.
Fragaria sterilis, '29. 28.
Fragrant heath, '31. 39,
Fraisch, district of, Prussian Com.

mercial League, 42. 113.

Frame breaking, punishment for,

28. 142. Frampton, Mr., his opinion of the

good working of the Poor Law Amendment Act as regards agri

cultural labourers, '37. 59, 60. Franc, value of, '28. 165. Franc piece (French), its value, &c.

(1829), '30. 104; two ditto, id. ib.; twenty ditto, id. ib.; forty ditto, id. ib.; half ditto, id. ib.;

quarter ditto, id. ib. France founded by Clovis, '28. 56;

invaded by William I., id. 57; chronological table of monarchs of, from the year 800 to 1828, '29. 47

—54; population of, from 1817 to 1825, 28.89; extent, population, and military force of, in 1828, '28. 70; and her colonies, extent and population of, in 1828, id. 74; monarchy of, its extent, population, sovereign, capital, religion, revenue, debt, army, and navy, in 1828, -29.70, 71; amount of population of (1829), '29. 86; number of Jews in (1829), '30. 100; extent, population, and military force of, and extent and population of same with its colonies (1831), '33. 54–56 ; population and sovereign of(1836), '36. 107; population of, enumerations of, when taken,'10. 104; increase of inhabitants in, 29. 78; limits of, defined, *28. 64; evacuated, id. 65 ; boundary of, settled, '31.55; proportion of revenue, debt, army, navy, and representation to population (1829), '30. 100; gold, sil. ver, and copper coins of, their names, value, weight, alloy, and value in English money (1829), '30. 103, 101; revolution in, July 1830,'31. 237; the Duke of Orleans made lieutenant-general of, '31. 237 ; conspiracy to dethrone Louis Philippe and restore the Bourbons, '33, 229; the King's speeches on the opening of the Chambers, '35. 252, 259; '37. 252 ; '39. 248; '41. 253. Ministries : formation of the Lafitte ministry, '31. 239; list of, id. ib.; Perreir ministry formed, '32. 236;

Soult ministry formed, '33. 232; 1814 to 1830, '32. 180; EXPORTS Marshal Soult minister, '40. 258; to, value of, in 1828, '31. 177 Thiers ministry formed, '41. 253; of British produce, &c. to, in discontent of the Chambers, '31. 1630, '33. 179; in 1831, '84. 234, 235; Chamber of Deputies 158; in 1827, 1830, 1933, 1834, dissolved, id. 236; disputes be and 1835,'37. 160; in 1836, '38. tween the Chambers, '34. 241; 173 ; in 1836 and 1837, '39. 189; Chamber of Deputies dissolved, in 1838, '40. 181; in 1839, '41. peers created, '38. 247; Chamber 188; in 1840, '42. 163; British of Deputies dissolved, '40. 256 ; copper, quantity of, exported to, opening of the Chambers,'41.256; in 1833, 35. 179; brass and cop

new electoral law of, '32. 236. per manufactures, exports to, France, hereditary peerage, abolition value of, in 1838,'40. 183; coals. of, proposed and carried in the

quantity of, exported to, in 1833, Deputies, '32. 240; abolished in 35. 186 ; in 1836, '38. 178; in France, '33. 228; law of inheri. 1840, '42. 163; cotton goods, tance, infringement of, prevented, value of, exported to, in 1832, -35. '35. 253; laws against the press, 178; cotton goods, British, quan&c., '36. 247; anti-slavery ques tity and value of, exports to, in tion decided by the Deputies, 1833 and 1834,'36. 169; in 1838, emancipation refused, id. 243; '40. 182; hardwares and cutlery, mediation of, between the Porte ex ports to, value of, in 1838, id. and Mehemet Ali, '31. 241, 242; 183; iron and steel, exports to, armed peace, policy of, '42. 234 ; value of, in 1838, id. ib.; linens, disturbances in, on the tax survey, exports to, value of, in 1838, id. ib.; id. .241; British consul.general, linen yarn, exports to, quantity consuls, and vice-consul to, where and value of, in 1838, il. 183; employed, and amount of their machinery, exports to, value of, in salaries (1828), '31. 181; num. 1836, 38. 178; and mill work, ber of English in (1836),'37.256 ; same, in 1838, '40. 183; quantity copyright term is determined, '42. of rum exported to, in 1829, '31. 237; patents in, '30. 127; num

in 1831, '33. 183 ; in 1832, ber of, granted in, from 182] to '34. 169; silk manufactures, ex1826, id. 130; crime, statistics of, port to, value of, in 1835, 37. in, '35. 39—59; criminals, ages 168; in 1838, '40. 183; tin, of, from 1826 to 1832, id. 50, 51; quantity of, exported to, in number of persons tried in the 1833, '35. 180; in 1835, '37. courts of assize from 1826 to 1832, 168; tin and pewter wares, in id. 43-45; crime, state of, in 1838, 40. 163; wool and wool. France and England, '36. 59 lens, British, value of exports to, 62; letters sent to, and received in 1832, '31. 167; woollen manufrom, prior and subsequent to the factures exported to, in 1840, '42. Post-office Convention of July 161; woollens and woollen yar, 1836, '38. 197; coal, quantity exports to, value of, in 1838, '40. annually raised in (1826 and

IMPORTS from, cotton, quan1836), '39. 192; mercantile ship tity imported from, in 1834, '36. ping of, number and tonnage of, 168; wool, import of, from, and in 1810, '40. 187; prohibitory sys value of exports of British wooltem of, its impolicy, '35. 104 lens to, in 1833, '35. 176, 177; 108; vessels of, employed in the value of imports from; and of foreign trade of the United King exports of home produce, &c., and dom, in 1840, '42. 160; trade of foreign and colonial merchandize the United Kingdom with-ac to, in 1831, '31. 160; imports and count of the amount of British ex exports, value of, to and from, ports to France, and of all imports with Great Britain, in each of five from France in each year, from years from 1815 to 1839, '41. 190.

186;

183;

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