The Library.

Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Hebrew Character collected and bequeathed to Trinity College Library by the late William Aldis Wright. By Hervert Loewe. (Cambridge University Press, 1 net.).

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THE late Dr. Aldis Wright was one of the Revisers of the Authorized Version of the Bible, and, in collaboration with the late Dr. S. A. Hirsch, published an unknown Hebrew commentary on Job. The collection he brought together in the course of this work- its volumes and rolls numbering 159-corresponds in range and interest with the importance of these tasks, and with the erudition and discrimination of the scholar upon whom they were laid. The biblical MSS. are particularly interesting: they include three Qaraite scrolls of which one dates from circa 1320; a fourteenth century Pentateuch; a thirteenth century Bible (in a beautiful Sephardic hand, on very fine vellum of 578 leaves, small quarto, with ornamentation on the first five folios) and Italian lectionary. Among the most notable of the twenty-five Bible Commentaries are the Commentary on Genesis attributed to a fourteenth century author, Samuel ha-Rofe al-Maghribi, on the ground of its resemblance to his commentaries on Exodus, Leviticus and Numbers which are in the British Museum (not mentioned either in Benjacob or in Neubauer); a rare Commentary on the Pentateuch by R. Isaak Dondon; and the original autograph MS. of R. Saul Serero's commentary on Proverbs, composed at the age of fourteen. The MS. from which S. Buber edited his text of Midrash Tehillim' is another precious item, and in the twenty-four MSS., under Talmud and Halakha' there are the commentary on the Yad of Maimonides, by R. Judah Albutini, which bears the note " Unique," and a fifteenth century copy of the Minhagim of R. Abraham Klausner, a Rabbi of Vienna in the fourteenth century. There are fourteen liturgical MSS., among them a beautiful fourteenth century example in a Franco-German hand, and a somewhat later one in an Italian hand. UnderGrammar' (thirteen MSS.) is to be noticed Qimhi's Mikhlol,' and a small MS., perhaps of the thirteenth century, giving lists of words in Rashi's biblical commentaries translated into German. The Kabbalistic MSS. number nineteen and include some otherwise unknown; those under Philosophy and Ethics' number nine, of which one is the unique Four Possessions of R. Judah Qanpanton, dated 1504. There are a few MSS. of poetry, and a fragment in Judaeo-German rhyme of the epic of King Arthur; some sermons; a biography (Hayyim Vital) and, with other miscellaneous items, several beautiful specimens of marriage contracts.

Mr. Loewe gives a brief account of the generosity of Dr. Aldis Wright in allowing


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scholars to make use of his MSS., and or the manner in which this Catalogue was worked out under his eye, with infinite care to have every possible point fully explained, that the expert. It was completed nearly eighteen years work might be useful to neophyte as well as ago, but publication was not found possible until now. It is to the Council of Trinity College that scholars-especially foreign scholars-are indebted for the satisfaction of a much felt want.

The Outlook for American Prose. By Joseph Warren Beach. (The University of Chicago Press. Cambridge University Press, 12s. 6d. net.).

MR. Beach is eager, he says, to find some development in American prose-writing comparable to what has taken place in American poetry; and in this book he applies to the American prose-writer the prick of sharp but enthusiastic criticism. Whether the criticism criticism at all in the present stage of Ameriis well-directed, and further, whether any can literary creativeness can be expected to prove useful are questions that call for reflection. There runs through these essays-what cannot but be grateful to an English readercontinuous reference to English work as the standard. We believe this sort of reference to be wholesome while it remains tacit, for the writer who works without knowledge, and some frequent consciousness, of the stock to which he belongs is likely to prove too puny for his generation; but we also believe it tends to enervate and distort if it is used to more than the slightest degree in published criticism. Mr. Beach's general line of admonition is, however, one which many modern writers would do well to ponder. He has a lively sense of the merits of "futurist art; the passages he quotes for approval reveal much delicacy of appreciation, and intimacy of intellectual sympathy; his outlook is unflinching, and any capable writer who remains inclined to be too timid may well be heartened up by it; but the principal service this book should render is that of forcing attention away from the sensuous and towards the intellectual element in. style and diction; away from immediate external effect and towards internal construction. He is perhaps, even over severe in small matters-such as the vogue of this or that word-though by no means so in his strictures upon scientific jargon. On the whole, however. his perception of weaknesses and his counsels upon them are true; if they are not, the great literatures of our heritage are shown to count for nothing. He has a clear insight into the importance of coherence, the viciousness of incoherence; and this alone, at the present moment, would give value to what he has to say. English readers will gain from this book a good deal of fresh insight into American criticism and American fiction, and yet more into the tangle of psychological fact-if we may so express it-which impedes the development in America of a great prose litera

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ture. Perhaps it is only candid to remark that we think Mr. Beach's estimate of American poetry-good as much of it is a little higher than the future will subscribe to. A Bibliography of the Parish of Annan. By Frank Miller (Dumfries: from Transactions of the Dumfriesshire and Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society.).

Parish of Annan can boast no siderable array of authors as its denizens -about ninety, in fact, they number. It is true that none has arrived at fame (Edward Irving excepted), but more than one has come somewhere near it. Thomas Blacklock, for instance, author of the letter to the Rev. George Lawrie (1786) on Burns; or George Neilson. The second section of the Bibliography deals with newspapers, printed books, manuscripts, pictures and so on. The oldest Annan paper-but it was short-lived-was the Annandale Press and Border Magazine, first issued in 1823; the Annandale Observer


(once, as the Annan Observer, a monthly serial of eight pages, which was founded in 1857) is the paper of the district. There is a short but interesting list of ballads and songs belonging to or connected with Annan, and under' the Miscellaneous Writings (several of which are valuable local records), are four ghostly items grouped under the heading Superstitions.' Annandale people may well be grateful to Mr. Frank Miller for the compilation of this Bibliography. L'Analyse Pyschologique de la Fonction Linguistique. By Henri Delacroix. (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 28. net.).

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Lecture for 1926. Professor Delacroix distinguishes in language, or speech, as a whole four divisions. 1. Speech or language as a function in humanity at large; 2, language as an assemblage of linguistic conventions belonging to a certain level of intelligence and stage of development; 3, the art and practice of speaking in the individual person; 4, the utterance of words. He develops his argument and illustrates it largely by reference to results of pathological study, particularly Dr. Head's work on aphasia. The Somerset Year-Book, 1926. (Folk Press, Ltd., 2s. 6d. net.).


THE Somerset year-book attains with this great variety of matter: songs, legend and folk-lore; topography; tales and anecdotes; history; pieces of dialectal writing; and natural history; and should be enjoyed by readers who are not themselves Somerset folk. Humour is abundant; and in most of the articles where it is in evidence the philologist will pick up something or other worth having. A word in praise of the illustrations must not be forgotten. Our correspondent, Mr. Willis Watson, contributes a long, substantial and pleasantly-written account of

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MR. P. M. BARNARD, of Tunbridge Wells, sends us his Catalogue No. 154, describing a collection of 130 books. There are seven Swift items very well worth consideration, of which the most tempting is perhaps a good copy of the first edition of the Imitation of the Sixth Satire of the Second Book of Horace,' with the half-title, and uncut except for slight trimming of the lower margin (1738: £8). A curiosity is a folio, sold in Satyr 1708, by John Morphew, containing a there appears to be no record-nor is the in verse entitled St. James's Park,' of which author's name known (8). An original edition of the Histoire Abbregee de tovs les roys de France, Angleterre et Escosse,' by David Chambers, Lord Ormond (from the Gordonstoun Library), published at Paris "Chez Jean Feurier, pres le college de Reims " in 1579, is offered for £20. For £16 may be had a copy of the original edition of Robert Baron's Mirza,' and for £10 a first edition of Phineas Fletcher's The Locusts, or Apollyonists," 1627. the rarest item all is a copy of A New Yeare's Gifte, dedicated to the Popes Holinesse, and all Catholikes, addicted to the Sea of Rome. by B. G. Citizen of London. This is given to Barnabe Googe in the D. N. B.,' but is to be attributed to Bernard Garter. It was published by Henry Bynneman in 1579. Mr. Barnard's copy contains, what is rare, the folding table of 14 woodcuts, showing Certaine of the Popes Merchandize lately sent over into Englande." (50). We also noticed An Trauailes, into forraine Countries, the more Essay of the Meanes how to make profitable and honourable '-the original edition-(1606: £30) and Ben Jonson's Workes





two volumes folio-(1640-1631-1641:

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Printed and Published by the Bucks Free Press, Ltd., at their Offices, High Street, Wycombe, in the County of Bucks.

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SEPTEMBER 25, 1926.

Vol. 151. No. 13.

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THE following numbers and Volume Indices
of the TWELFTH SERIES or the complete
volumes in which they are included :-

No. 2 Jan. 8, 1916 (Vol. i).
No. 53-Dec. 30, 1916 (Vol. ii).
No. 67-Apr. 14, 1917 (Vol. iii).
No. 86-November 1917 (Vol. iv).
No. 128 Sept. 25, 1920 (Vol. vii).
No. 148-Feb. 12, 1921 (Vol. viii).
No. 168-July 2, 1921 (Vol. ix).
No. 185-Oct. 29, 1921.

No. 228-Aug. 26, 1922 (Vol. xi). Please send offers to NOTES & QUERIES," 20. High Street, High Wycombe. Bucks.



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INDEX TO VOLUME CL. THE SUBJECT INDEX to Vol. cl. (January. 1926), now available, may be obtained from "NOTES AND QUERIES," 20, High Street, High Wycombe, Bucks, England, or through local newsagents. Copies are also available at 22, Essex Street, Strand, London, W.C.2.

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NOTES:-Drayton and Henry VI,' 219 Irish
Family History, 221-Bradshaw's Railway Guide
Shakespeariana, 223 Christoferus Wren-
Comets of Omen, 224.
QUERIES: Pere l'Heureux: Andreas Eudæmon-
Joannes-Stodart: Lawrence: Jocelyn-“ Tufts
at Oxford and Cambridge-Runaway marriages
Frederick Phillips (d. 1785): American loyalist
-The Fraternity of Nazareth-Sand-glass of 28
Euxperius Families, 225-Lady Betty Germaine's
copy of The Tale of a Tub-Cromwell's burial
The Rabbit: introduction into England-Old
Chapel in Belgravia: the Belfry-Church of St.
John Lateran, Paris : Archbishop Beaton
William Cordell-Vikings in North America:
bibliography, 226-Floyd, author The Son, of
Heloise-Ancient metal crafts-Oldest inhabited
House in the United States-The blind spot

seconds-Diocese of Salisbury-Richardson and

Graham of Georgia-Knatchbull-Walsingham

-Windham of Finglas-Thomas Gregory Johnston-Henry Fenton Jadis.- Caradoc's Hunt '— Author's Error-Author wanted, 227. REPLIES:-Coats for identification-Lambarde's

Perambulation A Pepys Query: Mrs. Woolly -De Regibus Siciliæ': Parallela Alfonsina, 228-Margaret Savile-Death of Bishop Bull of St. David's-" Quod fuit esse quod est The Doones of Exmoor, 229-Portrait of Sir Edward Hales Dickens: Barnard Castle, 230 Genealogies wanted-Liverpool Museum: British Gallery-Abraham des Carrières-" Poor Mr. Hume The Hats of Humanity by G. A. Sala, 231-Medical degrees La Princesse de Clèves' Talbot of Carr Hall, Lancashire


Humphrey Hedgehog," 232-Lloyd's History of Powys-Fadog - First Picture Postcard-Epitaphs-Thackeray and Great Coram Street Thom, sculptor The Mayflower-Disraeli quotation wanted Hall Caine's novels: criticism wanted 'The Benevolent 'Bus' Authors wanted, 233.

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THE LIBRARY:-'The Cambridge Medieval History: Vol. V. Contest of Empire and Papacy.'

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N continuation of work begun in 1913 Professor Ernest Sellin of Berlin has now concluded a successful season's excavation at Shechem. In a lecture at Jerusalem, before leaving for Europe, Professor Sellin said that walls, two city gates (the largest as yet found in Palestine), towers, several rooms and entrances have been discovered; together with a palace, built about the eighteenth century B.C., where a large room and a gallery with bases of nine columns have been revealed. The Temple of Baalberith, mentioned in the Book of Judges, is the most ancient and important of the ruins. It was built with columns, and a place for the idol, its site being a terrace artificially constructed, having three smaller buildings about it, chapels probably of minor gods or goddess, and together possibly composing the "House of Millo." Four strata of buildings have been made out in this site, each showing clear separation between the strata of the upper and lower cities. Temple, palace and citadel had all been plundered long ago and yielded few objects of interest, but the lower city proved rich in these. Here were found two small Jewish altars of incense, pieces of a fine gold necklace, images of Astarte, scarabs, vases and weapons. More valuable still are two cuneiform tablets of the Tel el Amarna period, or a little later (but not later than B. c. 1200) which contain a private letter and a list of personal names, and may possibly, when fully studied, throw new light on the settlement of the Israelites in Palestine.

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