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tury. Newcastle, likewise afflicted, sought to borrow the charm, and was allowed to do so upon deposit of a large sum of money as guarantee for its return. The Newcastle people became so deeply convinced of its efficacy that they offered to forfeit the money if they might but keep the penny, but the Lockharts would not suffer this, and it was duly sent back. The penny is a small, triangular pebble set in a silver coin, and is said to have been part of the ransom of a Moorish chief captured by Sir Simon Lockhart in that expedition which had for its object to bury the heart of Bruce in the Holy Land. It is kept in a gold casket, a gift of Maria Theresa's. The Lee penny is said to have suggested to Scott the story
of the "Talisman.'
Fellow of the Royal Horticultural Society has just received a quantity of seeds collected at altitudes between 7,000ft. and 14,500ft. by the small expedition which recently spent five weeks on Mount Ruwenzori. Some of the seeds are not yet identified, but there are certainly among them those of the giant Lobelia, which bears a spike of blue flowers 15ft. high; of the tree Sevecio; a tree Heath and a tree St. John's Wort,
which, with its flame-coloured flowers, is said to be the crowning glory of the Ruwenzori flora. The usual Alpine flowers are not found on this mountain.
READERS may find it useful to have note
of the date on which The Times published the text of two letters of Cardinal Mercier to the Archbishop of Canterbury, supplied to them by Viscount Halifax, who took occasion to do so by the death of the Abbé Portal. The one letter is dated Oct. 25, 1925; the other Jan. 21, 1926-two days before the writer's death. They will be found in The Times of July 5, at p. 21.
THE interesting article on the physiono
trace which Miss Mary Martin contributed to the Connoisseur for March, is continued in the Connoisseur for this month. It is devoted chiefly to the work of Saint Memin, the artist who made the physionotrace popular in America. Saint Memin, born at Dijon in 1770, a soldier in his early years, and a refugee from the Revolution, had a great talent for drawing and turned to this for subsistence in exile. He constructed the apparatus for the physionotrace from a description of that used by Chrétien, and during the twenty years or so of his life in America made 818 portraits with it. He returned to France in 1814, and before start
ing, out of sheer delight broke up the apparatus. Miss Martin gives twenty-three reproductions of these portraits, of which nineteen are by Saint Memin. All are interesting and many charming. They include a portrait of Mme Delacroix, another refugee, who after much hardship, founded a grocery store, in New York, where she and her two beautiful daughters were the first persons to dispense ice cream to the public of the United States.
SIR Israel Gollancz has found in a manuthe National Library of Wales, some lines, script of the Salisbury family, now in hitherto unprinted, by Henry Salisbury, on the subject of Christopher Columbus, a hero of whom, singularly enough, poets of the sixteenth and seventeenth century said little. The lines appear in a letter of his to The Times of July 6, which recalls his discovery, in the same manuscript, of the only known contemporary verses in praise of Hemings and Condell for the First Folio_also, Sir Israel gave reason for believing, by Sir Henry Salisbury (or Salesbury). This man was son of Sir John Salisbury of Lleweni, and father of the poet Sir Thomas Salisbury. LADY Wolseley, whose scheme for collecting
records of Sussex villages we noticed in our last number (v. ante p. 1) asks us to state that the address at which contributions
may be sent to her is: Culpeper's Ardingly,
N view of the Eton and Harrow match,
and the four consecutive draws which have terminated it, Mr. John Galsworthy made in The Times of July 5 the suggestion that, in this match, the ingoing batsman should always leave the pavilion gate for the wicket as the outgoing batsman reaches the pavilion gate. There being thirty to forty intervals on the fall of wickets, in each of which one minute at least (on the average) is lost, more than half-an-hour might in this way be saved-long enough to have finished last year's match, and not impossibly that of the year before. Mr. Galsworthy concluded by inviting reasons against this.
AT the sale of the late Humphry Ward's
books, at Sotheby's on July 5 a set of first editions of Henry James's works, in 27 volumes (1880-1911) was sold for £30. Many of them were presentation copies to Mrs. Humphry Ward bearing inscription. Among these books was also a first edition of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice' for which £17 10s. was paid.
Literary and Historical and the other without, an r.
'TIMON OF ATHENS.'
which he seeks to refute me show that he
has completely misunderstood those methods
There is first a misstatement in the in
troductory paragraph of MR. GOLDING's
one would consistently spell the name with,
article which I desire to correct. MR.
The passages of brusque, staccato dialogue between Timon and Apemantus were attributed by me to Day because I found them exactly similar in style to the bulk of the prose in Humour out of Breath.' 1 affirmed that this, and this alone of Day's plays (I might have said of all the Elizabethan plays known to me) contained "long, continuous passages of prose indistinguishable from that found in the Timon-Apemantus scenes," adding that it was "not a question of picking out here and there a "but that the Timon-like dialogue passage," fitted more than half the play. Any reader can test this for himself by comparing the 280 odd lines I have assigned to Day in 'Timon' (I. i. 178-249, 264-282, II. ii. 50-120, IV. iii. 276-400) with the whole of the prose in II. i., III. i. iii. and iv.
and IV. iii. of 'Humour out of Breath.
To me the resemblance was so close that the inference that these prose passages were from one hand appeared irresistible, and on attentively examining them in an endeavour to discover the reason for this close resemblance I found that it was in a large measure due to two characteristics they had in common-one, the habitual ommission of the pronoun thou after a verb in the second person singular, the other persistent quibbling, or more often the mere bandying of a word to and fro."
If I had stated or implied that the omission of the pronoun "thou" in interrogatory speeches was peculiar to Day, MR. GOLDING'S citation of passages from Wilkins's Miseries of Enforced Marriage' or omissions would no doubt afford a complete Dekker's Satiromastix showing similar authorship based on such an assumption, rebuttal of any inference of identity of and the same with regard to the quibbling or repetition of words upon which there is no real play.* But I have made no such And it is, of course, upon the appearance in conjunction of the three characteristic features of the dialogue in ( Timon and in 'Humour out of Breath' -the short, staccato speeches, the constant omission of the pronoun and the persistent quibbling and bandying of words
*With MR. GOLDING'S assertion that the introduction of pun after pun alongside mere verbal repetition is common in the works of most Elizabethan dramatists I can only express my disagreement.
of a common large quantity of dialogue precisely similar That MR. GOLD- in style to that of the Timon-Apemantus
Since practically all the passages quoted by MR. GOLDING are from The Miseries of Enforced Marriage' it may be as well that I should add that my paper on Timon of Athens' was not written until after the close study of Wilkins's work I had made in connexion with Pericles' had satisfied me that he could have had no hand what
- that my inference authorship was based. DING has been able to discover in So long a play as Wilkins's 'The Miseries of MR. GOLDING further says that I have Enforced Marriage' (longer by at least a "completely rejected the dual authorship of third than the whole text of "Timon') eigh-Humour our of Breath' " in direct conteen similar omissions of the pronoun and tradiction to what I have written in '-Sideone or two passages of a few lines approxi- lights on Shakespeare.' I have not done so, mating in style to the Timon' dialogues although it is true that in discussing in no way affects the validity of my argu'Timon' I omitted any reference to Day's ment. The fact is that neither the prose admission that 'Humour out of Breath dialogue of Wilkins nor that of Dekker in was not "all of one man's getting." I did Satiromastix' bears any continuous not refer to Day's denial of his sole responresemblance in style to the 'Timon pas- sibility for the play because it did not apsages in question. pear to me to affect the subject under discussion, a close study of the text having satisfied me that even if the play was not "all of one man's getting," the dialogue, both verse and prose, was almost entirely of Day's writing.* In particular it seemed obvious to me that the prose passages I quoted were his because there is a considerable quantity of exactly the same kind of prose in The Isle of Gulls,' the only play which can with any certainty be attributed to Day's sole authorship. +
When I observed that Day rarely repeats a phrase or allusion" I had in mind phrases or allusions of a distinctive kind the presence of his hand. MR. GOLDING such as would afford assistance in detecting apparently denies this, claiming to have found "" a considerable number of expressions repeated in Day's works. It would be interesting to know what these are, for evidence of this kind is especially important with a writer like Day, much of whose work is in prose and nearly all of it produced in collaboration with others.
have no record of any collaboration between It is true, as MR. GOLDING says, that we Day and Middleton, nor are their names coupled by any contemporary writer but Jonson, who brands both as
ever in Timon.' My reasons for rejecting his claims will be apparent from what I have written about Wilkins in Sidelights on Shakespeare.' I do not think it possible for anyone who has carefully examined 'Pericles' and 'Timon' to come to the conclusion that the non-Shakespearean parts of these plays are by the same author.*
MR. GOLDING expresses surprise that I have not applied the test of the omission of the pronoun "" thou to Humour out of Breath' itself. If, he says, "Day's prose is distinguishable by the omission of the second person singular pronoun, would not one be justified in assuming that I. iii.. II. i. ii. iii., IV. ii. of 'Humour out of Breath' are by Day and the rest by another To this I reply that I do not suggest that Day's prose is distinguishable by this feature alone, or that it is an invariable characteristic of his prose. He also asks why it is that I have practically confined my attention to certain scenes in 'Humour out of Breath' for my comparisons with Timon of Athens'; to which my reply is that this play alone contains a
But the collaboration is on the face of it likely. Day seems scarcely ever to have written a play unaided. Both dramatists wrote in conjunction with Rowley and with Dekker, and it is known that at different times they wrote for the same Companies the Admiral's men, Worcester's and The
Children of the Revels.'
Assuming, as I do, that Shakespeare was called upon to adapt a play at short notice, and that the task was one in which he took little interest, I think it by no means inconceivable that he would have overlooked, or not troubled to remedy, such discrepancies and defects as one finds in Timon.' Ample justification for this opinion is afforded by 'Pericles,' written much about the same time. This play was written by Shakespeare and Wilkins, whose work I think it is clear that Shakespeare revised. All the critics assign the fifth Act of Pericles' to Shakespeare, and it is in this Act that we find allusions to an incident and also to actual speeches made by the characters which do not appear in the text, but which clearly must have been in the original draft of the
play. The case of the Henry VI.' trilogy,
MR. GOLDING finds it inconceivable "that Shakespeare, with his long dramatic experience and his profound knowledge of stagecraft, would have revised with such colossal ineptitude and left in such an execrable condition the heterogeneous composition known as Timon of Athens.'" A similar objection to the theory of Shakespeare's revision of an earlier play is raised by Fleay, who asks whether we are to believe that Shakespeare, working up an old play, would have left so many gross and clumsy sutures unclosed." The language of both critics seems to me a good deal more forcible than the occasion warrants. To speak of the "colossal ineptitude of the reviser and the execrable condition of the text of 'Timon is surely gross exaggeration. No doubt the discrepancies between certain passages in the play and the defects in its structure are apparent enough to a careful reader, but (except for the double epitaph at the end) they are not such as to obtrude
PHAIRE, THE REGICIDE.
themselves on a cursory perusal of the play THE BURIAL-PLACE OF COL. ROBERT or attract the attention of the spectator at a performance. I speak with some confidence on this point for I saw the play presented at "The Old Vic." three years ago, and was surprised to find how well it acted, and how little one was conscious of the gross sutures so evident to the critic in the study.
MY attention has recently been called to a statement in the Victoria County History of Hampshire, vol. iii., p. 28, which runs thus:
the large yew tree on the left side of the path inside the churchyard. Under the tree a demarcation in the ground is all that remains to show the spot where once stood a tombstone to Colonel Phayre, one of Charles I's regicides. He is said to have lived at Cobden's farm-house at Empshott, but to have been buried at Newton Valence. Although many people remember the tombstone with the name clearly inscribed upon it, it has now curiously enough disappeared. Either it was accidentally removed during the restoration of the church in 1872, or a snowstorm caused it to fall and then it was carried away, but no one knows where or how.
This statement is repeated in the very dainty Country Life Diary' of the Selborne Society: "in the churchyard lies buried Colonel Fayre, who was one of those who condemned Charles I. to death."
These statements vary greatly from that in Smith's History of Cork,' Book ii., p.
206 (1815 edition): "He died peaceably do not seem, however. to contain any record near Cork and was buried in the anabaptist of his burial. burying-yard of that city."
W. H. WELPLY.
Ulster Club, Belfast.
Smith's book was published in 1749 or 1750, and on March 11, 1750/1, Alexander Herbert Phaire, son of the "Regicide," writing to Onesipherus Phaire, great-grandson of the Regicide," flatly contradicts Smith's statement: As to the place of burial he [Smith] assigns my Father, It was not thot. of 50 years after his death, being built but about 20 years ago." "" And Alexander Herbert Phaire continues as follows: I know not who that Sam. Baker was, that subscribs my Father's Loving Brother, an intimacy between Captain Baker* of Killegrohan and my Father; for his Lands was joyn'd in Baker's Patent." It is unquestionable that a Captain Robert ffarre resided at Nore in the parish of Newton Valence, Hants. The parish registers have numerous references to him from 1664 onwards and, curiously enough, he had kinsfolk named Baker, as is shown by the following entry in the registers: "October 5, 1693, Anne Baker, kinswoman of Capt. ffarr was buryed in linen."
The writer of the Victoria County History of Hants could not have been aware of any relationship between Colonel Robert Phaire and the family of Baker, a relationship disclosed nowhere else save in the letter quoted above, the original of which is in the possession of Sir Arthur Phayre of Oxford, and his statement is a mere guess of his own or of some person whom he consulted.
Colonel Robert Phaire died in the autumn of 1682 at Grange, near Cork. An interval of two months occurred between the signature of his will and the date of its probate. He was very probably buried in the churchyard of Athnowen (Ovens), near Cork, in which parish he resided and his descendants after him down to the very close of the eighteenth century. But a thorough search of the tombstones in this churchyard reveals no trace of his final resting-place. Captain Robert ffare, on the other hand, of Noare als Owens, parish of Newton Valence, Co. Hants, gentleman," made his will on July 1, 1693, and probate of it was granted on May 21, 1694 (Archdeaconry Court of Winchester). The will makes no mention of any Baker relatives, though it does mention my leasehold messuage called Bakers of the Bridge." The parish registers
* He was John Baker.
SOME ADDITIONAL NOTES ON THE PEDIGREE OF REYNOLDS OF LOUGHSCUR.
(See ante, p. 3.)
1. HUMPHREY REYNOLDS (ante, p. 5, col. 1) was Deputy Auditor in 1607, and on April 20 signed a receipt for rent of religious houses. He had a re-grant of the office of Gaoler of Leitrim County in conjunction with his father April 2, 1609, and the survivor of them. On July 18, (8 Jas. I.) 1611, he had a grant from the King, and a fair on Michaelmas Day, and the day viz. :-A licence to hold a Monday market, after at Downamorra, Co. Mayo; and a Wednesday market and a fair on St. Brandarin's Day, 16 May and the day after at Clone, Co. Leitrim, rent 13s. 4d. Irish. The grant to his father of the fort of Clonmagh or Cloyne, was also made to him in conjunction.
1616, a grant of the wardship of Annabula, On the last day of February (14 Jas. I.) Anne, and Mary O'Daily, daughters and co heiresses of Teige Roe O'Daily, together with of land of the said Teige in Galway County a rent charge of 3s. 4d. from four cartrons for a fine of £2, Irish.
The King's letter dated Hampton Court, 28 Sept. (17 Jas. I.) 1619, appointed him to the office of auditor of the Court of Wards and Liveries in Ireland, during his natural life, with the fee of £26 13s. 4d., English, and all fees, profits and allowances incident to the same, with power to appoint a deputy. The next paragraph taken from Rot. Pat. 17 Jas. I., part iii., also numbered 11, says: "Grant from the King to Humphrey Reynolds of the Office of Auditor, &c., with fees &c., mentioned in the King's letter.25 Jan., 17th year (1620).” In 1623 he was receiving an increased annuity in respect to this office, desired by the Court of Wards, and approved by the Lords. In 1627, he was with others of the Co. of Leitrim-Charles and Thomas Reynolds-appointed commissioner for said County (presumably) for raising money for the army; the Leitrim proportion being £400, English.
The Will of HUMPHREY REYNOLDS of Loughscur.