POOR-JOHN (cl. 442). Your correspon-
dent will find a reply to his query in
Shakespeare's Tempest, Act ii., Sc. 2:
"What have we here? a man or a fish?
dead or alive?
fish; a very ancient and fish-like smell: a
kind of not of the newest Poor-john."


The name is also found in Sir J. Har-
rington's writings: "Poor-john and apple-
pies are all our fare."

It is said to have been applied to hake-
fish dried and salted, or as some think, to
the herring.

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317, 356).-In my boyhood I suffered
from chilblains in my feet the first winter
which I spent at a boarding-school away from
home. I was advised to learn to skip, and
to practise it as cure for and prevention of
chilblains. I did so, and found it most
effectual; and all my life I have never been
without a skipping-rope, and never omitted
to use it if I felt my feet itching; and never
found it fail to produce the desired effect.
I am now in my eighty-third year, and

used it a few times last winter.

A fish he smells like



A. D. T.
(cxlix. 117).-It may be interesting to
record that the King Edward VII Hotel,
at Tibshelf, Derbyshire, was opened as a
fully licensed house by the Derbyshire Pub-
lic House Trust Co., Ltd., in February,


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A. L. Cox.
WAITING (cl. 424).-There is an ac-
count of this lady in the D.N.B.' Gilbert
Blakhall's Brieffe Narration' is "Dedi-
cated to Madame de Gordon... now
Dame d' Attour to Madame," pp. xxix.
xliii., and cf. pp. 196, 197.


NDRE CHENIER (cl. 390).-A portrait
in Lebom

Revue de Hollande for July, August and
September, 1916.

France (1898) and in Petit de Julleville
'Histoire de la langue et de la littérature
française,' vol. vi. The latter book devotes
twenty-eight pages to him. There is an
article on Chénier by C. Kramer in the


(cl. 400).-
Mistakes in N. and Q.' cannot be al-
lowed to go unnoticed. Queed " is not by
the late Richard Harding Davis as sugges-
ted by Mr. Gould, but by Henry Sydnor
A. J. H.



(cl. 443). The lines
(which are somewhat inaccurately
are from The Devil's Walk,' by
Southey. The first three stanzas are as
From his brimstone bed at break of day
A walking the Devil is gone,


To look at his snug little farm of the World,
And see how his stock went on.
Over the hill and over the dale,
And he went over the plain;

And backward and forward he swish'd his


As a gentleman swishes a cane.

How then was the Devil drest?
Oh, he was in his Sunday's best,
His coat was red and his breeches were blue,
And there was a hole where his tail came

At one time there was some controversy as
to the authorship of the Devil's Walk,' as
to which I would refer CICERO to the


Advertisement in the Oxford Southey (Fitz-
gerald's Edition).

Etc., etc.


It is said to be a joint composition of
Southey and Coleridge, with The Devil's
Thoughts' as title. In its original form it
was contributed to the Morning Post, Sept. 6,
1799-but in 1830 it was published as by
Richard Porson, with the title of The
IN Devil's Walk,'
I have in a
entitled Poet's Wit and Humour,' selected
by W. H. Wills.


9, Queen's Gate Gardens, S.W.7.

The lines quoted (not quite correctly) are
from 'The Devil's Walk,' by Richard
Porson. The poem is printed in Poet's Wit
and Humour, selected by W. H. Wills, pp.
Porson wrote it at the house of Dr. Vincent
179-181. A footnote explains that Professor

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G. KENNETH Strugnell.
The lines should be:-
And pray how was the Devil drest?
Oh! he was in his Sunday's best,
His coat was red and his breeches were blue,
With a little hole behind, where his tail
came through.


His host gave him the subject, and this
amusing jeu d'esprit was the result. The foot-
note states that
The Devil's Walk,'
additions, has been claimed also for Coleridge
and Southey.
R. W. B.

The Library.

The Life and Works of Edward Coote Pinkney.
Memoir and edition of text by Thomas
Ollive Mabbott and Frank Lester Pleadwell.
(Macmillan Company, 8s. 6d. net.).

Causland, who became his wife; and we find
him turning from the navy to law, and from
the law to journalism. His little book-
Poems,' by Edward C. Pinkney-was pub-
lished at Baltimore by Joseph Robinson in
1825. Two years before he had published
anonymously Rodolph,' a Fragment,' a poeti-
cal tale of the Byronic type. As editor of The
Marylander, Pinkney continued to display, the
most fiery inclination, and there is a long
account of his quarrel with Stephen Simpson
and John Neal, journalists of opposite politics.
But his health was breaking rapidly and not
eighteen months after the start of The Mary-
lander-surprisingly placed in the hands of 80
youthful and wayward an editor-he died.
His poems had been admired; he himself had
become a centre of varied interest, yet care
for the details which posterity prizes as local-
ising and keeping vivid a man's memory
were oddly lacking. Not only is the material
for his life, as we remarked, scanty; but his
very grave is unmarked by any monument.

Edward Coote Pinkney's life was a brief one,
and his poetical output of the most slender
bulk. Yet he crowded into twenty-six years
greater variety of experience than has fallen
to most people at fifty; and his poetry has a
certain corresponding quality in it-a fulness
of creative vigour which makes itself felt as
something individual and original, though it
is seen by so few examples and though its
manifestation is very strongly influenced by
the current English manner in poetry of the
beginning of the century. If Coleridge and
Scott and Byron had never written, we rather
question whether Pinkney would have written
at all. Yet it was a true faculty that they
awakened, and though our poet had no fresh The editing has been carefully done; per-
notes to bring into the Muses' service, he haps the invitation to comparison with pas-
could echo daintily tone and measure belong- sages in other poets is almost too insistent
ing to the century behind his day and its chief and occasionally a note is trivial. The most
singers. His limitations may be seen by con- is made that can be made of indications of
trasting him in two respects with Keats; first Pinkney's studies in literature. We noticed
with Keat's relative impermeability to con- with interest that there is reason to think he
temporary influence, and secondly, with read Mme. du Deffand. It is a curious in-
Keats's strength in prose. Pinkney, as his stance of the greater remoteness from English
editors allow, was an undistinguished prose- life and custom to which America has drawn
writer; and defect here argues some native since Pinkney's day, that whereas in a story
defect in genius. Nevertheless, both for in--he could present the lawyer's proverbial fee
trinsic merit in no common degree, and be- of six-and-eightpence as a matter of course,
cause of his position as the first American his editor appends to the record of the sum
poet-true poet, though not great, no mere the note:- Six shillings and eightpence
versifier-he deserved to be edited completely ($1.60) seems to have no special significance."
before this, and Mr. Mabbott and Mr. Plead-
well have done real service to American
letters by this book. It contains all the verse
he left-whether published or unpublished,
and all of the prose that is not of a merely
ephemeral political import. It is somewhat
surprising that so little remains in the way
of letters, and so little in general in the way
of record of his life. He was the son of an
important diplomatist of Maryland, who, in
1802, the year of Edward's birth in London,
was one of the commissioners busied in ad-
justing United States claims under the Jay
Treaty of 1794. Edward's elder brother,
Charles, was for some time at Eton, and Ed-
ward was brought up in England-though at
what school is not known-till he was nine
years of age. He entered the United States
Navy in 1815, and resigned in 1824. His naval
career is chiefly remarkable for resistances,
disputes and imminence of duels. He was a
brave youth, and an honourable one, but
clearly something of a storm-centre, though

how he came to be so the material at com-
mand is not intimate enough to show. There
was an unsuccessful love-affair, during these
years, which inspired his finest poem. Then
came his falling in love with Georgina Mc-


MR. ALLEN FRENCH, of Concord, Mass., U.S.A.,
writes to us:-"May I inquire, through your
columns, for information as to unpublished
material bearing upon the Siege of Boston,
Massachusetts, in 1775 and 1776? Last sum-
land, valuable historical data in the form
mer I had the good fortune to find, in Eng-
I should much appreciate help to find more.
of diaries, letters, and orderly books; and
I shall of course respect the conditions im-
posed by owners of family papers. Until the
middle of August my address will be in care
of Morgan, Harjes and Company, 14, Place
Vendôme, Paris; and from August 15th to
September 20th I may be addressed in care of
Brown, Shipley and Company, 123, Mall, Lon-
don, S.W.1."


At cl. 445, col. 1, signature of article on
M.A.," read F. William Cock, M.D.
Cromwell's Head,' for "T. William Cock,

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WE cannot undertake to answer queries

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NOTES:- Timon of Athens,' 21-The burial-place of Col. Robert Phaire, the regicide, 23-Some additional notes on the pedigree of Reynolds of Loughscur, 24-Joris Hoefnagel-Newly identified lines by Southey, 26. QUERIES:-London Cemetery Account-booksAmbling-Vincentio Lauriola-Chaff in EgyptGeorge Ongall Esquire, 1586-Tin in CornwallFirst use of stone-coal-Michelangelo's Madonna at Bruges, 27-The Cross-in-hand-Hugh Ronalds -Inscription on brass bowl-Col. Alexander Campbell C.B. and K.H.-Volkow: VolkovGriffith: Bingley-Wilkins Family-P. Jones, engraver, 28-William Evans, engraver- "Stew houses": 'hot houses "-Sir Francis MichelQuotation wanted-Author wanted. 29. REPLIES:-Monsieur Blondin, 29-The Old and New Style, 30-Change of Baptismal Names-The



German Legion" at Colchester, 31-Gordon's Itinerarium Septentrionale The Potato in the Seventeenth Century-" Upper Classes": origin of expression-Stephen Popham, 32-Arms for identtification-The United States Geographic Board--The fifth daughter of William Conqueror-Irish change of name in AmericaWick as a scopril "-Bibliography of the bicycle-William Bromley-A problem of early English history, 33-Christmas as a placename-Family of Forth-Derivation of Surname Mundy, 34- Natural History '-Authors wanted, $35.

THE LIBRARY A Dictionary of Modern English Usage Two Chapters of Persuasion.'


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THE Egyptian Ministry of Pious Foundations some time ago stirred all the world interested in architecture by starting a competition, open to architects of all nationalities, for designs to reconstruct the mosque of 'Amru at Cairo. This great national monument has remained neglected for close on a hundred years, and no one can wonder if the Government considers it is now time to do something about it. But reconstruction is an enterprise which has often had disastrous results, and a memorial was addressed to the Minister last February signed by the Secretary of the Society of Antiquaries of London; the President of the Royal Academy; the Chairman of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings; the President of the Royal Institute of British Architects; the Chairman of the Ancient Monument Society; the President of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland; and the Secretary of the Congress of Archeological Societies-all persons who know full well what chances of devastation are involved in re-building-setting out something of their experience and begging the Government "to review its decision to permit the reconstruction of the Mosque." The Minister of Pious Foundations, replying in April, said that the competition was now too far advanced to be withdrawn, seeing that more than 500 competitors had entered for it, but promised to take into serious consideration the views set forth in the letters, and to examine the designs sent in in the light of them. As The Times remarks (July 5) it is clear the

Government is too deeply committed to forgo its main intention.

THE Times for July 6 prints a telegram of the previous day from Sir Arthur Evans in Candia. Sir Arthur says that after a search of twenty-five years the early tombs have now come to light about 500ft. up, on rocky heights beyond the stream east of the palace. They are of the chamber form with short entrance and passages, predecessors of those later found on the mainland of Greece. All those as yet opened had been re-used; but all contained part of the original relics. They are clearly part of an extensive cemetery. Further, Sir Arthur reports that a colossal work has begun to come out about 100ft. above the stream, with a wall, in one place nearly four yards thick, running into the hillside and turning north, faced with massive blocks. It dates from the foundation of the Palace about 2000 B.C. On July 5, it may be noted Candia was visited by yet another earthquake, which fortunatey did no damage.

AN interesting discovery is reported from Professor Olaf Opsjon (v. The Times, July Spokane in the State of Washington. 7) has made out that an inscription which has long been known on a lava boulder near that place is in Norse runic and records the adventure of certain Vikings in the year 1010 A.D. inscription, the party consisted of twentyHe says that according to the four men, seven women and a baby; that they to camp by a spring; that Indians came up were following an old trail and had stopped and attacked them; that they put the women and the baby on the top of the rock, and fought round its base; that the woman with and the other six were taken; that twelve the baby was hurled down from the rock, men were killed, and the rest escaped. Of these six came back to the rock later on, buried the dead (whose mound is still visible) and cut the runes. These are said not to have been fully translated as yet and to contain reference to an earlier expedition of the Norsemen. If all this is substantiated Professor Opsjon is to be congratulated on an important find.


MR. D. B. F. Campbell, a correspondent of Scottish Notes and Queries sends, in answed to a query, the legend of the Lee Penny." This is an heirloom of the Lockharts of Lee House, Lanarkshire, and was used as a charm against disease when plague broke out in Scotland in the seventeenth cen

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